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the zone defined in section 3(6) of the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act (16 U.S.C. 1802(b)).
(4) MARINE RESOURCES.-The term "marine resources" includes fish, shellfish, marine mammals, seabirds, and other forms of marine life or waterfowl.
(5) MARINE RESOURCES OF THE UNITED STATES. -The term “marine resources of the United States” means
(A) marine resources found in, or which breed within, areas subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, including the exclusive economic zone of the United States; and
(B) species of fish, wherever found, that spawn in the fresh or estuarine waters of the United States. (6) SECRETARY.—The term "Secretary” means the Secretary
of Commerce. SEC. 4004. MONITORING AGREEMENTS
(a) NEGOTIATIONS.—The Secretary, through the Secretary of State and in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior, shall immediately initiate, negotiations with each foreign government that conducts, or authorizes its nationals to conduct, driftnet fishing that results in the taking of marine resources of the United States in waters of the North Pacific Ocean outside of the exclusive economic zone and territorial sea of any nation, for the purpose of entering into agreements for statistically reliable cooperative monitoring and assessment of the numbers of marine resources of the United States killed and retrieved, discarded, or lost by the foreign government's driftnet fishing vessels. Such agreements shall provide for
(1) the use of a sufficient number of vessels from which scientists of the United States and the foreign governments may observe and gather reliable information; and
(2) appropriate methods of sharing equally the costs associated with such activities. (b) REPORT.-The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall provide to the Congress not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act a full report on the results of negotiations under this section. SEC. 4005. IMPACT REPORT.
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall provide to the Congress within 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and at such other times thereafter as the Secretary considers appropriate, a report identifying the nature, extent, and effects of driftnet fishing in waters of the North Pacific Ocean on marine resources of the United States. The report shall include the best available information on
(1) the number and flag state of vessels involved;
(4) the number of marine resources of the United States killed by such fishing;
(5) the effect of seabird mortality, as determined by the Secretary of the Interior, on seabird populations; and
(6) any other information the Secretary considers appropriate. (b) INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS.—The Secretary, through the Secretary of State, shall
(1) request relevant foreign governments to provide the information described in subsection (a), and
(2) include in a report under this section the information so provided and an evaluation of the adequacy and reliability of
such information. SEC. 4006. ENFORCEMENT AGREEMENTS.
(a) NEGOTIATIONS.— The Secretary shall immediately initiate, through the Secretary of State and in consultation with the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating negotiations with each foreign government that conducts, or authorizes its nationals to conduct, driftnet fishing that results in the taking of marine resources of the United States in waters of the North Pacific Ocean outside of the exclusive economic zone and territorial sea of any nation, for the purpose of entering into agreements for effective enforcement of laws, regulations, and agreements applicable to the location, season, and other aspects of the operations of the foreign government's driftnet fishing vessels. Such agreements shall include measures for
(1) the effective monitoring and detection of violations;
(2) the collection and presentation of such evidence of violations as may be necessary for the successful prosecution of such violations by the responsible authorities;
(3) reporting to the United States of penalties imposed by the foreign governments for violations; and
(4) appropriate methods for sharing equally the costs associated with such activities. (b) CERTIFICATION FOR PURPOSES OF FISHERMEN'S PROTECTIVE ACT OF 1967.-If the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State, determines that a foreign government has failed, within 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, to enter into and implement an agreement under subsection (a) or section 4004(a) that is adequate, the Secretary shall certify such fact to the President, which certification shall be deemed to be a certification for the purposes of section 8(a) of the Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967 (22 U.S.C. 1978(a)). SEC. 4007. EVALUATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.
(a) MARKING, REGISTRY, AND IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM.-The Secretary shall evaluate, in consultation with officials of other Federal agencies and such other persons as may be appropriate, the feasibility of and develop recommendations for the establishment of a driftnet marking, registry, and identification system to provide a reliable method for the determination of the origin by vessel, of lost, discarded, or abandoned driftnets and fragments of driftnets. In conducting such evaluation, the Secretary shall consider the adequacy of existing driftnet identification systems of foreign nations and the extent to which these systems achieve the objectives of this title.
(b) ALTERNATIVE DRIFTNET MATERIALS.-The Secretary, in consultation with such other persons as may be appropriate, shall evaluate the feasibility of, and develop appropriate recommendations for, the use of alternative materials in driftnets for the purpose of increasing the rate of decomposition of driftnets that are discarded or lost at sea.
(c) DRIFTNET BOUNTY SYSTEM.—The Secretary, in consultation with such other persons as may be appropriate, shall evaluate the feasibility of and develop appropriate recommendations for the implementation of a driftnet bounty system to pay persons who retrieve from the exclusive economic zone and deposit with the Secretary lost, abandoned, and discarded driftnet and other plastic fishing material.
(d) DRIFTNET FISHING VESSEL TRACKING SYSTEM.-The Secretary, in consultation with such other persons as may be appropriate, shall evaluate the feasibility of, and develop appropriate recommendations for, the establishment of a cooperative driftnet fishing vessel tracking system to facilitate efforts to monitor the location of driftnet fishing vessels.
(e) REPORT.-The Secretary shall transmit to the Congress not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act a report setting forth
(1) the evaluations and recommendations developed under subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d);
(2) the most effective and appropriate means of implementing such recommendations;
(3) any need for further research and development efforts and the estimated cost and time required for completion of such efforts; and
(4) any need for legislation to provide authority to carry out
such recommendations. SEC. 4008. CONSTRUCTION WITH OTHER LAWS.
This title shall not serve or be construed to expand or diminish the sovereign rights of the United States, as stated by Presidential Proclamation Numbered 5030, dated March 10, 1983, and reflected in existing law on the date of the enactment of this Act. SEC. 4009. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Commerce and the Department of State, such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this title.
8. Wildlife Sanctuary for Humpback Whales 1 Public Law 99-630 (H.J. Res. 67), 100 Stat. 3514, approved November 7, 1986 JOINT RESOLUTION Calling for a wildlife sanctuary for humpback whales in the
West Indies. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President shall, in concert with the International Whaling Commission, seek a treaty or other appropriate international agreement establishing a wildlife sanctuary for humpback whales in the West Indies, in the area encompassing the Turks Islands, Mouchoir Passage, Silver Bank Passage, Navidad Bank, and such additional areas in the West Indies as may be necessary to ensure the protection of the breeding grounds of the humpback whales.
1 16 U.S.C. 916 note.
9. R.M.S. Titanic Maritime Memorial Act of 1986
Public Law 99-513 (S. 2048), 100 Stat. 2082, approved October 21, 1986
AN ACT_To encourage international efforts to designate the shipwreck of the
R.M.S. Titanic as an international maritime memorial and to provide for reasonable research, exploration, and, if appropriate, salvage activities with respect to the shipwreck
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United State of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1.1 SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the "R.M.S. Titanic Maritime Memorial Act of 1986". SEC. 2.2 FINDINGS AND PURPOSES. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that
(1) the R.M.S. Titanic, the oceanliner which sank on her maiden voyage after striking an iceberg on April 14, 1912, should be designated as an international maritime memorial to the men, women, and children who perished aboard her;
(2) the recent discovery of the R.M.S. Titanic, lying more than twelve thousand feet beneath the ocean surface, demonstrates the practical applications of ocean science and engineering;
(3) the R.M.S. Titanic, well preserved in the cold, oxygenpoor waters of the deep North Atlantic Ocean, is of major national and international cultural and historical significance, and merits appropriate international protection; and
(4) the R.M.S. Titanic represents a special opportunity for deep ocean scientific research and exploration. (b) PURPOSE.-The Congress declares that the purposes of this Act are
(1) to encourage international efforts to designate the R.M.S. Titanic as an international maritime memorial to those who lost their lives aboard here in 1912;
(2) to direct the United States to enter into negotiations with other interested nations to establish an international agreement which will provide for the designation of the R.M.S. Titanic as an international maritime memorial, and protect the scientific, cultural, and historical significance of the R.M.S. Titanic:
(3) to encourage, in those negotiations or in other fora, the development and implementation of international guidelines for conducting research on, exploration of, and if appropriate, salvage of the R.M.S. Titanic; and
1 16 U.S.C. 450rr note. 2 16 U.S.C. 450rr.