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(d) LABELING STANDARD.—(1) It is a violation of section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act for any producer, importer, exporter, distributor, or seller of any tuna product that is exported from or offered for sale in the United States to include on the label of that product the term “Dolphin Safe” or any other term or symbol that falsely claims or suggests that the tuna contained in the product was harvested using a method of fishing that is not harmful to dolphins if the product contains,
(A) tuna harvested on the high seas by a vessel engaged in driftnet fishing; or
(B) tuna harvested in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean by a vessel using purse seine nets which do not meet the requirements for being considered dolphin safe under
paragraph (2). (2) For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), a tuna product that contains tuna harvested in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean by a fishing vessel using purse seine nets is dolphin safe if
(A) the vessel is of a type and size that the Secretary has determined is not capable of deploying its purse seine nets on or to encircle dolphin; or
(BXi) if the product is accompanied by a written state ment executed by the captain of the vessel which harvested the tuna certifying that no tuna were caught on the trip in which such tuna were harvested using a purse seine net intentionally deployed on or to encircle dolphin;
(ii) the product is accompanied by a written statement executed by
(I) the Secretary or the Secretary's designee, or
(II) a representative of the Inter-American Tropical
Tuna Commission, which states that there was an approved observer on board the vessel during the entire trip and that purse seine nets were not intentionally deployed during the trip on or to encircle dolphin; and
(iii) the statements referred to in clauses (i) and (ii) are endorsed in writing by each exporter, importer, and proc
essor of the product. (e) ENFORCEMENT.-Any person who knowingly and willfully makes a statement or endorsement described in subsection (dX2(B) that is false is liable for a civil penalty of not to exceed $100,000 assessed in an action brought in any appropriate district court of the United States on behalf of the Secretary.
(f) REGULATIONS.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, shall issue regulations to implement this section not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, including regulations establishing procedures and require ments for ensuring that tuna products are labeled in accordance with subsection (d).
(g) 3 TREATMENT OF FISH CAUGHT WITH DRIFTNETS.
(h) NEGOTIATIONS.—The Secretary of State shall immediately seek, through negotiations and discussions with appropriate foreign
3 Subsection (g) amended sec. 101(aX2) of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972.
governments, to reduce and, as soon as possible, eliminate the practice of harvesting tuna through the use of purse seine nets intentionally deployed to encircle dolphins.
(i) EFFECTIVE DATE.-Subsections (d) and (e) shall take effect 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
6. Negotiation of International Agreements for the Conservation
of Sea Turtles
Partial text of Public Law 101-162 (Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1990; H.R. 2991), 103 Stat. 988 at 1037, approved November 21, 1989 AN ACT Making appropriations for the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1990, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1990, and for other purposes, namely:
SEC. 609.1 (a) The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, shall, with respect to those species of sea turtles the conservation of which is the subject of regulations promulgated by the Secretary of Commerce on June 29, 1987–
(1) initiate negotiations as soon as possible for the development of bilateral or multilateral agreements with other nations for the protection and conservation of such species of sea turtles;
(2) initiate negotiations as soon as possible with all foreign governments which are engaged in, or which have persons or companies engaged in, commercial fishing operations which, as determined by the Secretary of Commerce, may affect adversely such species of sea turtles, for the purpose of entering into bilateral and multilateral treaties with such countries to protect such species of sea turtles;
(3) encourage such other agreements to promote the purposes of this section with other nations for the protection of specific ocean and land regions which are of special significance to the health and stability of such species of sea turtles;
(4) initiate the amendment of any existing international treaty for the protection and conservation of such species of sea turtles to which the United States is a party in order to make such treaty consistent with the purposes and policies of this section; and
'16 U.S.C. 1537 note.
(5) provide to the Congress by not later than one year after the date of enactment of this section
(A) a list of each nation which conducts commercial shrimp fishing operations within the geographic range of distribution of such sea turtles;
(B) a list of each nation which conducts commercial shrimp fishing operations which may affect adversely such species of sea turtles; and (C) a full report on
(i) the results of his efforts under this section; and
(ii) the status of measures taken by each nation listed pursuant to paragraph (A) or (B) to protect and
conserve such sea turtles. (b)(1) IN GENERAL.— The importation of shrimp or products from shrimp which have been harvested with commercial fishing technology which may affect adversely such species of sea turtles shall be prohibited not later than May 1, 1991, except as provided in paragraph (2)
(2) CERTIFICATION PROCEDURE.—The ban on importation of shrimp or products from shrimp pursuant to paragraph (1) shall not apply if the President shall determine and certify to the Congress not later than May 1, 1991, and annually thereafter that,
(A) the government of the harvesting nation has provided documentary evidence of the adoption of a regulatory program governing the incidental taking of such sea turtles in the course of such harvesting that is comparable to that of the United States; and
(B) the average rate of that incidental taking by the vessels of the harvesting nation is comparable to the average rate of incidental taking of sea turtles by United States vessels in the course of such harvesting; or
(C) the particular fishing environment of the harvesting nation does not pose a threat of the incidental taking of such sea turtles in the course of such harvesting.
7. Driftnet Impact Monitoring, Assessment, and Control Title IV of Public Law 100-220 (United States-Japan Fishery Agreement Approval
Act of 1987; H.R. 3674), 100 Stat. 1458, approved December 29, 1987
AN ACT To provide congressional approval of the Governing International Fishery
Agreements between the United States and Japan; to implement the provisions of Annex V to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973; to reauthorize the National Sea Grant College Program Act; to improve efforts to monitor, assess, and reduce the adverse impacts of driftnets; and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
TITLE IV-DRIFTNET IMPACT MONITORING, ASSESSMENT,
SEC. 4001.' SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the "Driftnet Impact Monitoring, Assessment, and Control Act of 1987.” SEC. 4002. FINDINGS The Congress finds that
(1) the use of long plastic driftnets is a fishing technique that may result in the entanglement and death of enormous numbers of target and nontarget marine resources in the waters of the North Pacific Ocean, including the Bering Sea;
(2) there is a pressing need for detailed and reliable information on the number of marine resources that become entangled and die in actively fished driftnets and in driftnets that are lost, abandoned, or discarded; and
(3) increased efforts are necessary to monitor, assess, and
reduce the adverse impacts of driftnets. SEC. 4003. DEFINITIONS. As used in this title
(1) DRIFTNET.—The term “driftnet” means a gillnet composed of a panel of plastic webbing one and one-half miles or more in length.
(2) DRIFTNET FISHING.—The term “driftnet fishing” means a fish-harvesting method in which a driftnet is placed in water and allowed to drift with the currents and winds for the purpose of entangling fish in the webbing.
(3) EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OF THE UNITED STATES.—The term "exclusive economic zone of the United States” means
1 16 U.S.C. 1822 note. See also sec. 206 of the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act, as amended by Public Law 101-627, page 30.