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e. Atlantic Tunas Convention Act of 1975, as amended
Public Law 94-70 (H.R. 5522), 89 Stat. 385, approved August 5, 1975; as amended
by Public Law 94-265 (Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976; H.R. 200), 90 Stat. 331 at 361, approved April 13, 1976; Public Law 95-33 (H.R. 6205), 91 Stat. 173, approved May 26, 1977; Public Law 96-339 (S. 2549), 94 Stat. 1069, approved September 4, 1980; Public Law 98–44 (S. 625), 97 Stat. 216, approved July 12, 1983; Public Law 99-659 (S. 991), 100 Stat 3706, approved November 14, 1986; and by Public Law 101-627 (Fishery Conservation Amendments of 1990; H.R. 2061), 104 Stat. 4436, approved November 28, 1990
AN ACT To give effect to the International Convention for the Conservation of At
lantic Tunas, signed at Rio de Janeiro May 14, 1966,1 by the United States of America and other countries, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Atlantic Tunas Convention Act of 1975".
Sec. 2.2 For the purpose of this Act
(1) The term “Convention" means the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, signed at Rio de Janeiro May 14, 1966, including any amendments or protocols which are or become effective for the United States.
(2) The term “Commission” means the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas provided for in article III of the Convention.
(3) The term “Council” means the Council established within the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas pursuant to article V of the Convention.
(4) The term “fisheries zone” means the waters included within a zone contiguous to the territorial sea of the United States, of which the inner boundary is a line coterminous with the seaward boundary of each coastal State, and the outer boundary is a line drawn in such a manner that each point on it is two hundred 3 nautical miles from the baseline from which the territorial sea is measured; 4 or similar zones established by other parties to the Convention to the extent that such zones are recognized by the United States.
(5) The term “fishing" means the catching, taking, or fishing for, or the attempted catching, taking, or fishing for any spe
1 20 UST 2887; see boxnote page 2. 2 16 U.S.C. 971.
3 Sec. 2 of Public Law 95-33 (91 Stat. 173) struck out "200" and inserted the words "two hundred".
4 Sec. 405(a) of the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (Public Law 94-265) inserted the words to this point beginning with "the waters included within a zone. lieu of: "the fisheries zone established pursuant to the Act of October 14, 1966 (80 Stat. 908; 16 U.S.C. 1091-1094),".
cies of fish covered by the Convention, or any activities in support thereof.
(6) the term “fishing vessel” means any vessel engaged in catching fish or processing or transporting fish loaded on the high seas, or any vessel outfitted for such activities.
(7) The term “Panel” means any panel established by the Commission pursuant to article VI of the Convention.
(8) The term “person” means every individual, partnership, corporation, and association subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(9) The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Commerce.
(10) The term "State" includes each of the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories and possessions of the United States.
SEC. 3.5 (a)(1) 6 The United States shall be represented by not more than three Commissioners who shall serve as delegates of the United States on the Commission, and who may serve on the Council and Panels of the Commission as provided for in the Convention. Such Commissioners shall be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the President. Not more than one such Commissioner shall be a salaried employee of any State or political subdivision thereof, or the Federal Government. The Commissioners shall be entitled to select a Chairman and to adopt such rules of procedure as they find necessary.
(2) 6 Of the Commissioners appointed under paragraph (1) who are not governmental employees
(A) one shall be appointed from among individuals with knowledge and experience regarding commercial fishing in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, or Caribbean Sea; and
(B) one shall be appointed from among individuals with knowledge and experience regarding recreational fishing in the
Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, or Caribbean Sea. (3) 6 (a) The term of a Commissioner shall be three years.
$ 16 U.S.C. 97la.
6 Sec. 201(a) of the Fishery Conservation Amendments of 1990 (Public Law 101-627; 104 Stat. 4459) inserted par. designation (1), and added a new pars. (2) and (3).
Sec. 201(b) and sec. 202 of that Act also provided the following:
"b) APPLICATION TO CURRENT COMMISSIONERS.-(1) Paragraph (2) of section 3(a) of the Atlantic Tunas Convention Act of 1975 (16 U.S.C. 97la(a)), as added by this section, shall not apply to reappointment of an individual as a United States Commissioner of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (hereinafter in this title referred to as a 'Commissioner') if that individual is serving in that position on the date of enactment of this Act.
"(2) An individual serving a term as a Commissioner on the date of enactment of this Act shall not, by reason of that term of service, be ineligible under paragraph (3B) of section 3(a) of the Atlantic Tunas Convention Act of 1975 (16 U.S.C. 971a(a)), as added by this sectior, for reappointment as a Commissioner.
"TERMINATION OF CURRENT TERMS AND COMPLETION OF PENDING APPOINTMENTS "Sec. 202. The term as Commissioner of each individual serving in that position on the date of enactment of this Act shall terminate March 1, 1991. Not later than that date, the President shall complete appointment (or reappointment) of individuals to serve as Commissioners on and after that date.".
(B) An individual appointed in accordance with paragraph (2) shall not be eligible to serve more than two consecutive terms as a Commissioner.
(b) The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary, may designate from time to time and for periods of time deemed appropriate Alternate United States Commissioners to the Commission. Any Alternate United States Commissioner may exercise at any meeting of the Commission, Council, any Panel, or the advisory committee established pursuant to section 4 of this Act, all powers and duties of a United States Commissioner in the absence of any Commissioner appointed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section for whatever reason. The number of such Alternate United States Commissioners that may be designated for any such meeting shall be limited to the number of United States Commissioners appointed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section who will not be present at such meeting.
(c) The United States Commissioners or Alternate Commissioners, although officers of the United States while so serving, shall receive no compensation for their services as such Commissioners or Alternate Commissioners.
(d) ? (1) The Secretary of States shall pay the necessary travel expenses of United States Commissioners, Alternate United States Commissioners, and authorized advisors in accordance with the Federal Travel Regulations and sections 5701, 5702, 5704 through 5708, and 5731 of title 5, United States Code.
(2) The Secretary may reimburse the Secretary of State for amounts expended by the Secretary of State under this subsection.
SEC. 4.8 There is established an advisory committee which shall be composed of
(1) not less than five nor more than twenty individuals appointed by the United States Commissioners who shall select such individuals from the various groups concerned with the fisheries covered by the Convention; and
(2) the chairmen (or their designees) of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, South Atlantic, Caribbean, and Gulf Fishery Management Councils established under section 302(a) of the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976
(16 U.S.C. 1852(a)). Each member of the advisory committee appointed under paragraph (1) shall serve for a term of two years and shall be eligible for reappointment.9 Members of the advisory committee may attend all public meetings of the Commission, Council, or any Panel and any other meetings to which they are invited by the Commission, Council, or any Panel. The advisory committee shall be invited to attend all nonexecutive meetings of the United States Commissioners and at such meetings shall be given opportunity to examine and to be heard on all proposed programs of investigation, reports, recommendations, and regulations of the Commission. Members of the advisory committee shall receive no compensation for their services as such members. The Secretary and the Secretary of State may pay the necessary travel expenses of members of the advisory committee in accordance with the Federal Travel Regulations and sections 5701, 5702, 5704 through 5708, and 5731 of title 5, United States Code. 10
7 Sec. 203 of the Fishery Conservation Amendments of 1990 (Public Law 101-627; 104 Stat. 4459) added subsec. (d).
8 16 U.S.C. 971b.
9 Sec. 4 was amended and restated to this point by sec. 1(1XC) of Public Law 96-339 (94 Stat. 1069). This amendment added to the membership of the advisory committee the chairmen of the various Fishery Management Councils.
SPECIES WORKING GROUPS
SEC. 4A.11 The United States Commissioners may establish species working groups for the purpose of providing advice and recommendations to the Commissioners and the advisory committee on matters relating to the conservation and management of any highly migratory species covered by the Convention. Any species working group shall consist of no more than seven members of the advisory committee and no more than four scientific or technical personnel, as considered necessary by the Commissioner.
SECRETARY OF STATE TO ACT FOR THE UNITED STATES
Sec. 5.12 (a) The Secretary of State is authorized to receive on behalf of the United States, reports, requests, and other communications of the Commission, and to act thereon directly or by reference to the appropriate authorities. The Secretary of State, with the concurrence of the Secretary and, for matters relating to enforcement, the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating, is authorized to take appropriate action on behalf of the United States with regard to recommendations received from the Commission pursuant to article VIII of the Convention. The Secretary and, when appropriate, the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating, shall inform the Secretary of State as to what action he considers appropriate within five months of the date of the notification of the recommendation from the Commission, and again within forty-five days of the additional sixty-day period provided by the Convention if any objection is presented by another contracting party to the Convention, or within thirty days of the date of the notification of an objection made within the additional sixty-day period, whichever date shall be the later. After any notification from the Commission that an objection of the United States is to be considered as having no effect, the Secretary shall inform the Secretary of State as to what action he considers appropriate within forty-five days of the sixtyday period provided by the Convention for reaffirming objections. The Secretary of State shall take steps under the Convention to insure that a recommendation pursuant to article VIII of the Convention does not become effective for the United States prior to its becoming effective for all contracting parties conducting fisheries affected by such recommendation on a meaningful scale in terms of their effect upon the success of the conservation program, unless he determines, with the concurrence of the Secretary, and, for matters relating to enforcement, the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating, that the purposes of the Convention would be served by allowing a recommendation to take effect for the United States at some earlier time.
10 Sec. 204 of the Fishery Conservation Amendments of 1990 (Public Law 101-627; 104 Stat. 4460) amended and restated the last sentence of this section.
116 U.S.C. 971b-1. Added by sec. 205 of the Fishery Conservation Amendments of 1990 (Public Law 101-627; 104 Stat. 4460).
12 16 U.S.C. 971c.
(b) The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary and the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating, is authorized to enter into agreements with any contracting party, pursuant to paragraph 3 of article IX of the Convention, relating to cooperative enforcement of the provisions of the Convention, recommendations in force for the United States and such party or parties under the Convention, and regulations adopted by the United States and such contracting party or parties pursuant to recommendations of the Commission. Such agreements may authorize personnel of the United States to enforce measures under the Convention and under regulations of another party with respect to persons under that party's jurisdiction, and may authorize personnel of another party to enforce measures under the Convention and under United States regulations with respect to persons subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. Enforcement under such an agreement may not take place within the territorial seas or fisheries zone of the United States. Such agreements shall not subject persons or vessels under the jurisdiction of the United States to prosecution or assessment of penalties by any court or tribunal of a foreign country.
SEC. 6.13 (a) The Secretary is authorized and directed to administer and enforce all of the provisions of the Convention, this Act, and regulations issued pursuant thereto, except to the extent otherwise provided for in this Act. In carrying out such functions the Secretary is authorized and directed to adopt such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes and objectives of the Convention and this Act, and with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, he may cooperate with the duly authorized officials of the government of any party to the Convention. In addition, the secretary may utilize, with the concurrence of the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating insofar as such utilization involves enforcement at sea, with or without reimbursement and by agreement with any other Federal department or agency, or with any agency of any State, the personnel, services, and facilities of that agency for enforcement purposes with respect to any vessel in the fisheries zone, or wherever found, with respect to any vessel documented under the laws of the United States, and any vessel numbered or otherwise licensed under the laws of any State. When so utilized, such personnel of the States of the United States are authorized to function as Federal law enforcement agents for these purposes, but they shall not be held and consid
13 16 U.S.C. 971d.