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(c) The Secretary shall mark, for the protection of navigarson, any component of a deepwater port whenever the licenset lails to mark such component in accordance with the applicable regula tions. The licensee shall pay the cost of such marking.

(dx1) Subject to recognized principles of international law and after consultation with the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of State, and the Secretary of Defense the Secretary shall designate a zone of appropriate size around and including any deepwater port for the purpose of navigational safety. In such zone, no installations, structures, or uses will be permitted that are incompatible with the operation of the deepwater port. The Secretary shall by regulation define permitted activities within such zone. The Secretary shall, not later than 30 days after publication of notice pursuant to section 5(c) of this Act, des ignate such safety zone with respect to any proposed deepwator port.

(2) In addition to any other regulations, the Secretary is author: ized, in accordance with this subsection, to establish a safety zono to be effective during the period of construction of a deepwater port and to issue rules and regulations relating thereto.

INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS Sec. 11.5 The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary, shall seek effective international action and cooperation in support of the policy and purposes of this Act and may formulate, present, or support specific proposals in the United Nations and other competent international organizations for the development of appropriate international rules and regulations relative to the construction, ownership, and operation of deepwater ports, with particular regard for measures that assure protection of such facilities as well as the promotion of navigational safety in the vicinity thereof.

RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER LAWS Sec. 19.5 (a1) The Constitution, laws, and treation of the United States shall apply to a deepwater port licensed under this Act and to activities connected, associated, or potentially interfering with the use or operation of any such port, in the same manner as if such port were an area of exclusive Federal jurisdiction locaud within a State. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to relieve, exempt or itmurize any person from any other requirement imposed by Federal law, regulation, or treaty. Daapwater ports incensed under this Act do not promotes the status of islands and have do tertinai seas of their own

42. Except as otserwis provided by this Act, nothing in ths Act sta in zr way are the reporter and authorities of a State or the United States within the territora. Kas of the United State

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(3) ? The Secretary of State shall notify the government of each foreign state having vessels registered under its authority or flying its flag which may call at or otherwise utilize a deepwater port but which do not currently have an agreement in effect as provided in subsection (c)(2)(A)(i) of this section that the United States intends to exercise jurisdiction over vessels calling at or otherwise utilizing a deepwater port and the persons on board such vessels. The Secre tary of State shall notify the government of each such state that, absent its objection, its vessels will be subject to the jurisdiction of the United States whenever they

(A) are calling at or otherwise utilizing a deepwater port; and

(B) are within the safety zone of such a deepwater port and are engaged in activities connected, associated, or potentially

interfering with the use and operation of the deepwater port. The Secretary of State shall promptly inform licensees of deepwater ports of all objections received from government of foreign states in response to notifications made under this paragraph.

(b) The law of the nearest adjacent coastal State, now in effect or hereafter adopted, amended, or repealed, is declared to be the law of the United States, and shall apply to any deepwater port licensed pursuant to this Act, to the extent applicable and not inconsistent with any provision or regulation under this Act or other Federal laws and regulations now in effect or hereafter adopted, amended, or repealed. All such applicable laws shall be administered and enforced by the appropriate officers and courts of the United States. For purposes of this subsection, the nearest adjacent coastal State shall be that State whose seaward boundaries, if extended beyond 3 miles, would encompass the site of the deepwater port.

(c) & The jurisdiction of the United States shall apply to vessels of the United States and persons on board such vessels. The jurisdiction of the United States shall also apply to vessels, and person on board such vessels, registered in or flying the flags of foreign states, whenever such vessels are

(A) calling at or otherwise utilizing a deepwater port; and

(B) are within the safety zone of such a deepwater port, and are engaged in activities connected, associated, or potentially

interfering with the use and operations of the deepwater port. The jurisdiction of the United States under this paragraph shall not, however, apply to vessels registered in or flying the flag of any foreign state that has objected to the application of such jurisdiction.

7 Sec. 5(a) of Public Law 98-419 (98 Stat. 1609) added par. (3), and sec. 5(c) of that Act provided, in part, that “[T]he Secretary of State shall make the first series of notification referred to in section 19(aX3) of the Deepwater Port Act of 1974, as added by subsection (a) of this section, prior to the thirtieth day following the date of enactment of this Act" (enacted September 25, 1984).

8 Sec. 5(b) of Public Law 98-419 (98 Stat. 1609) amended and restated subsec. (c), effective ninety days after the enactment of that Act (enacted September 25, 1984). Subsec. (c) formerly read as follows:

"Except in a situation involving force majeure, a license of a deepwater port shall not permit a vessel, registered in or flying the flag of a foreign state, to call at, or otherwise utilize a deep water port licensed under this Act unless (1) the foreign state involved, by specific agreement with the United States, has agreed to recognize the jurisdiction of the United States over the vessel and its personnel, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, while the vessel is located within the safety zone, and (2) the vessel owner or operator has designated an agent in the United States for receipt of service of process in the event of any claim or legal proceeding resulting from activities of the vessel or its personnel while located within such a safety zone.". 33 U.S.C. 1519.

(2) Except in a situation involving force majeure, a licensee shall not permit a vessel registered in or flying the flag of a foreign state to call at or otherwise utilize a deepwater port licensed under this Act unless

(A)(i) the foreign state involved, by specific agreement with the United States, has agreed to recognize the jurisdiction of the United States over the vessels registered in or flying the flag of that state and persons on board such vessels in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (1) of this subsection, while the vessel is located within the safety zone, or

(ii) the foreign states has not objected to the application of the jurisdiction of the United States to any vessel, or persons on board such vessel, while the vessel is located within the safety zone; and

(B) the vessel owner or operator has designated an agent in the United States for receipt of service of process in the event of any claim or legal proceeding resulting from activities of the

vessel or its personnel while located within such a safety zone. (3) For purposes of paragraph (2)(A)(ii) of this subsection, a licensee shall not be obliged to prohibit a call at or use of a deepwater port by a vessel registered in or flying the flag of an objecting state unless the licensee has been informed by the Secretary of State as required by subsection (a)(3) of this section.

(d) The customs laws administered by the Secretary of the Treasury shall not apply to any deepwater port licensed under this Act, but all foreign articles to be used in the construction of any such deepwater port, including any component thereof, shall first be made subject to all applicable duties and taxes which would be imposed upon or by reason of their importation if they were imported for consumption in the United States. Duties and taxes shall be paid thereon in accordance this laws applicable to merchandise imported into the customs territory of the United States.

(e) The United States district courts shall have original jurisdiction of cases and controversies arising out of or in connection with the construction and operation of deepwater ports, and proceedings with respect to any such case or controversy may be instituted in the judicial district in which any defendant resides or may be found, or in the judicial district of the adjacent coastal State nearest the place where the cause of action arose.

(f) Section 4(a)2) of the Act of August 7, 1953 (67 Stat. 462) is amended by deleting the words “as of the effective date of this Act" in the first sentence thereof and inserting in lieu thereof the words", now in effect or hereafter adopted, amended, or repealed".

ANNUAL REPORT BY SECRETARY TO CONGRESS

Sec. 20.9 Within 6 months after the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of the Representatives (1) a report on the administration of the Deepwater Port Act during such fiscal year, including all deepwater port development activities; (2) a summary of management, supervision, and enforcement activities; and (3) recommendations to the Congress for such additional legislative authority as may be necessary to improve the management and safety of deepwater port development and for resolution of jurisdictional conflicts or ambiguities.

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NEGOTIATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO

Sec. 22.10 The President of the United States is authorized and requested to enter into negotiations with the Governments of Canada and Mexico to determine:

(1) the need for intergovernmental understandings, agree ments, or treaties to protect the interests of the people of Canada, Mexico, and the United States and of any party or parties involved with the construction or operation of deepwater ports; and

(2) the desirability of undertaking joint studies and investigations designed to insure protection of the environment and to eliminate any legal and regulatory uncertainty, to assure that the interests of the people of Canada, Mexico, and the

United States are adequately met. The President shall report to the Congress the actions taken, the progress achieved, the areas of disagreements, and the matters about which more information is needed, together with his recommendations for further action.

10 0 33 U.S.C. 1521.

d. Intervention on the High Seas Act Public Law 93-248 (S. 1070), 88 Stat. 8, approved February 5, 1974, as amended by Public Law 95–302 [S. 2380), 92 Stat. 344, approved June 26, 1978; Public Law 97-164 (Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982; H.R. 4482), 96 Stat. 25 at 49, approved April 2, 1982; and by Public Law 101-380 (Oil Pollution Act of 1990; H.R. 1465), 104 Stat. 484, approved August 18, 1990 AN ACT To implement the International Convention Relating to Intervention on

the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties, 1969.1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the 'Intervention on the High Seas Act”. Sec. 2.2 As used in this Act

(1) "a substance other than convention oil" means those oils, noxious substances, liquefied gases, and radioactive substances

(A) enumerated in the protocol, or

(B) otherwise determined to be hazardous under section 4(a); (2) "convention" means the International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties, 1969, including annexes thereto;

(3) "convention oil” means crude oil, fuel oil, diesel oil, and lubricating oil;

(4) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating; (5) "ship” means

(A) a seagoing vessel of any type whatsoever, and

(B) any floating craft, except an installation or device engaged in the exploration and exploitation of the resources

of the seabed and the ocean floor and the subsoil thereof; (6) "protocol” means the Protocol Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in cases of Marine Pollution by Substances Other Than Oil, 1973, including annexes thereto; and

(7) “United States” means the States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas, and any other commonwealth, territory,

or possession of the United States. Sec. 3.3 Whenever a ship collision, standing, or other incident of navigation or other occurrence on board a ship or external to it re

1 See boxnote page 2.

2 33 U.S.C. 1471. Sec. 1(1) of Public Law 95-302 (92 Stat. 344) comprehensively amended and restated sec. 2. As provided in sec. 2 of Public Law 95-302, this amendment did not become effective until March 30, 1983, when the Protocol referred to in par. (6) became effective for the United States. 3 33 U.S.C. 1472.

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