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length portrait of one of Scotland's most Herren Mahlan & Waldschmidt, of Frankinteresting characters.- Athenæum.
fort-on-the-Maine, have just published an *Old Boston,' by Miss A. de Grasse Stevens,
International Montefiore Album, edited by is
, we understand, now on sale at Messrs. W. Dr. Joseph Fiebermann, in royal 8vo., with H. Smith & Sons' bookstalls.
illustrations and a likeness of the late respected
baronet. The new work by Q., which will be
· Le Kassai et la Louloun de Kwamouth à published by Messrs. Cassell & Co. under the Louebo levés à bord du Steamer “Stanley, title of "The Astonishing History of Troy par le Capitaine Thys," is a new map which Town,' is now in a forward state of prepara- forms an important contribution to the hydrotion, and will be ready for publication by the graphy of the Congo State, and is issued by the end of the present month.
Institut National de Géographie, at Bruxelles. A Milwaukee (U.S.) bookseller has taken,
Nero' is the title of a new novel by Ernst says the Athenæum, to issuing his catalogues Eckstein, which will be published on October 1 in a novel form, which he states his intention
by Carl Reissner, of Leipzig. of patenting. The books offered for sale are unpriced, and customers are invited to make
Herr J. P. Bachem, of Cologne, will publish their offers, on the understanding that each shortly 'Peter Pázmány, Cardinal Erzbischof book must go either to the first bidder, or, if und Primus von Ungarn und seine Zeit,' von the first offer is not accepted, to the highest Dr. Johann Heinrich Schwicher. The subject bidder at the end of four weeks.
of this biography, who died more than 200
years ago, was not only a distinguished ecclesiOn Saturday, September 1, the employés astic, but also one of the most prominent of Messrs. Hamilton, Adams & Co. had writers and statesmen of his time. their first annual excursion to Chingford. Favoured by beautiful weather, a most enjoy: “Die Anwendung und der Betrieb von Stell
A work of interest to railway engineers, able time was spent. Among other festivities a cricket match, married versus single, was
werken zur Sicherung von Weichen und played during the afternoon. In the evening Signalen,' von Richard Kolle, with 133 wooda concert was given by the members of the Herren Ernst & Korn, of Berlin. The author
cut illustrations, has just been published by house, Mr. John Ellis in the chair. The
is toast of “The Firm' was given by Mr. Hallett
government inspector of Prussian railways. and responded to by Mr. Long, and drunk Herr F. A. Brockhaus has just published the with cheers and acclamation. The party re-fourth edition of his 'Kleines Conversationsturned home, resolving that this should not be Lexicon.' Although called a small cyclopaedia, the last of these enjoyable gatherings. it nevertheless comprises 80,000 articles
illustrated with 98 maps and pages of plates, thirteen being chromo, and forms two volumes,
each containing about 1,000 pages of clear Continental Notes
type on good paper. For such a work in halfAmongst the important announcements of leather binding, the price of 18 marks seems new publications, which show as plainly as the very low. fall of the leaf the approach of winter, that of Georges Ohnet's popular story, “Le Maitre Sir Morell Mackenzie's work on 'Frederick des Forges' is now appearing in an illustrated the Noble' eclipses all others in interest. edition by the Librairie Illustrée. The same M. Paul Ollendorff announces 'La Dernière
house will also publish periodically 'La France Maladie de Frédérick le Noble,' and Herr Ad. Pittoresque' in weekly parts at 50 centimes. Spaarmann, of Styrum (Rheinland), 'Friedrich The second of the separate plays of Molière, der Edle und seine Aerzte. Both the French annotated by Auguste Vitu and illustrated and the German translations of Sir Morell by Louis Leloir, contains · Le Dépit AmouMackenzie's answer to the Berlin doctors will reux.' It is published by the Librairie des be published simultaneously with the English Bibliophiles, which has now ready “ Almanach original edition.
des Spectacles,' tome xiv., 1887. Sir Morell Mackenzie has found many M. Edouard Guillaume will publish by subadvocates and defenders in Germany. For scription next month an édition de grand luxe instance, “Mackenzie und seine Verläumder' of Pierre Loti's clever book, Madame Chrys(Mackenzie and his Traducers), by Hermann anthème,' illustrated by Rossi and Myrbach Norvid ; and the valuable contribution of Dr. with 200 designs, in one volume, octavo J. L. Kleist to the literature of this subject Tellière, printed by Lahure. M. Guillaume of undying interest, Die Krankheit und der proposes publishing three or four standard Tod Kaiser Friedrich III., und der Kampf French works annually in the same style as gegen Mackenzie' (The Illness and Death of Madame Chrysanthème.' Amongst those the Emperor Frederick 11I., and the Conflict announced for early publication are Notre with Mackenzie).
Dame de Paris,' by Victor Hugo, and · Jack,' Herren Breitkopf & Haertel, of Leipzig,
by Alphonse Daudet. announce a new edition of Beethoven's works. MM. J. Lebègue & Co. announce ' Paris : The vocal and piano music will be published Histoire et Description,’ par Robert Harthany; in weekly parts, and his chainber music will in one vol. 4to., with thirty-four engravings on appear in monthly parts.
I wood, forming the first of a series of descrip
tions of the great cities of the world, to appear of Thackeray's rare Second Funeral of Napounder the general title of 'A travers le Monde.' leon,' was sold in a bundle of tracts for 3s. It
M. Calmann Lévy will publish soon the was in matchless state. fifth volume of the Duke d'Aumale's Histoire At Leiden, on the 8th prox., commences des Princes de Condé ;' the second volume of a sale of books. They are, though many in 'L'Histoire du Peuple d'Israël,' par Ernest number, of a mediocre class, and form the Renan ; ' Le Théâtre et les Maurs,' by the library of Dr. Ledeboer, of Leiden. Mr. E. distinguished critic, J. J. Weiss; and 'La Vie J. Brill is the auctioneer. Littéraire,' by the well-known littérateur, Anatole France, of Le Temps. We have received from Herr Richard Bong
Obituary in Berlin the 7th Heft of Vol. II. of Moderne Kunst in Meisterholzschnitten.' This part
RICHARD ANTHONY PROCTOR.—This celecontains six large whole-page woodcuts besides brated astronomer died of yellow fever at New text-engravings, printed with the greatest care York a day ortwoago. The Times obituary notice on excellent paper.
Everyone will turn to the says : - Richard Anthony Proctor was born in contribution of the present German Emperor Chelsea, March 23, 1834. His father, William Wilhelm II., which represents a fight between Proctor, was a gentleman of ample means, an ironclad and torpedo boats. It is full of who was called to the Bar, but never practised. spirit, and shows artistic talent in the young Proctor was a weak boy physically, and was Emperor, an excellent portrait of whom ac educated at private schools. His father died companies the descriptive text.
in 1850, and a protracted lawsuit so impoHerr Otto Harrassowitz, of Leipzig, sends verished the family that in 1854 he entered us the 9th and 10th Heft of Centralblatt für the London Joint Stock Bank as a clerk. The Bibliothekswesen for September and October, family position, however, soon improved, and containing the conclusion of Herr von Geb- Richard entered King's' College, London, in hardt's interesting article, “A Book Treasure- 1855, and almost a year later King's College, trove in Bobbio'; Emil Henser's Year's Cata- Cambridge, where, though he seems to have logue of German University Publications';
worked little, he came out twenty-third together with critical notices and library news.
wrangler. In 1860 he graduated B.A. It was * Samson Wertheimer der Oberfactor und only in 1863 that Mr. Proctor took to the
serious study of mathematics and astronomy, as Landesrabbiner (1658-1724)und seine Kinder, von Professor Dr. David Kaufmann, recently born. His first production seems to have been
a distraction from grief at the death of his firstpublished by Herr Friedrich Beck, of Vienna, a paper on double stars in the Cornhill Magais a valuable contribution to the history of zine for 1863, and next year he began a series culture in Germany in the 16th and 17th of investigations which ultimately were emcenturies. Samson "Wertheimer was not only bodied in his first important work, Saturn à Rabbi, but also a man of business and and His System (1865). Up to 1866 Mr. culture and a prominent public character in Proctor worked simply because he liked it; his day. A General Meeting of the Austrian Book: in that year deprived him of his all and com
but the failure of Overend, Gurney, and Co. sellers' Union was held at Vienna on the 1st pelled him to use his talent and knowledge inst., under the able presidency of Herr to earn a living for himself and his growRudolf Lechner, who opened the proceedings by a short but telling speech, in which he ing family. Though his articles were readily thanked those assembled for their presence, it difficult to persuade publishers to undertake
accepted by magazines, he for some time found and solicited their support in obtaining for the his works. But his popularity soon grew, and Austro-Hungarian Book Trade a reasonable reward for their labours in diffusion of litera- familiar and favourite one with English readers
with unusual rapidity his name soon became a ture and knowledge throughout the Empire, all the world over. The works to which we A great number of resolutions were submitted have already referred now appeared in rapid to the meeting, at the conclusion of which a succession : - Constellation Seasons, dinner was given, at which the health of the Views of the Earth, Planetary Orbits,' Emperor Francis Joseph, the cordial protector " Half-Hours with the Stars,' "Orbs Around and promoter of the Arts and Sciences, was
Us,' and many others too
to proposed by Herr Rudolf Lechner, the Presi
mention. His last, and in his own estimadent of the Assembly, and drunk with the tion his great life work, is his Old and greatest enthusiasm, and three times three New Astronomy,' now publishing in parts, cheers were given for the popular Sovereign of in which he embodies the gist of all he has Austria-Hungary.
written. It was in order to be able to finish Ernst Eckstein's new novel ' Nero' will this that he retired to Florida, where he had be published next month by Herr Carl bought an orange estate, and where he hoped Reissner, of Leipzig.
to be free from distraction. We believe that
the manuscript of the work is nearly complete. Sald Jollings
Some years ago Mr. Proctor started a scientific
journal under the name of Knowledge, at first Messrs. Puttick & Simpson open the new weekly, but latterly monthly. He was elected season in London by a sale, about October 15, a Fellow of the Astronomical Society in 1866, of good modern miscellaneous books.
and was for some time one of its secretaries At a sale in Hull a few days since, a copy and editor of its Proceedings.
It appeared first in journal form in the BookTrade Changes binder for May last. Since then I see it has Mr. G. E. Stechert, of 26 King William England and America, and quoted as from the
been reprinted in several magazines, both in Street, W.C., has undertaken the agency for
Bookmart. the North American Review in Great Britain,
I do not complain of its being reprinted, Mr. Iredale, bookseller, has just secured, but I very strongly object to its having been on a long lease, the premises No. 13 Strand, conveyed’ without proper acknowledgment. Torquay, which he proposes to adapt to the
I am, &c., requirements of his library, to the new and
THE EDITOR OF THE · BOOKBINDER.' second-hand book trade, book-binding, and to the provision of reading-rooms for residents
Sept. 6, 1888. and visitors. The premises have a 40-feet [We regret that the editor of the Bookbinder frontage, with a depth of 170 feet, and are should have cause, and just cause, for this rethree stories high. He expects to have all in monstrance. It is greatly to be deplored that readiness in about six weeks hence.
the spirit of American journalism is not Mr. Walter Knightley, who served his
more generous in regard to the acknowledgapprenticeship in Cambridge, with Mr. Harry
ment of sources of information, and the Johnson, has commenced business at the
Bookmart is one of the chief delinquents, Clissold Library, 160 Green Lanes, Highbury
We are sorry that several newspapers in this New Park, N., as a bookseller and stationer.
country are following the Transatlantic He was for many years in the well-known
example.-Ed. P.C.] houses of Messrs. Hamilton, Adams & Co., and George Philip & Son. For the past eighteen months he has had the management of a branch of the North London Book Depôt
Reviews, &ą. of Stoke Newington.
From Mr. E. W. Allen, Ave Maria Lane.-
ideal' woman, one who has a high notion THE BARCELONA EXHIBITION.
of her sex's share in endeavouring to make the
world better. What I want to do' (she says, To the Editor of the PUBLISHERS' CIRCULAR. p. 296) • is to make women discontented-you SIR-I have observed the remarks of your
have heard of a noble spirit of discontent? I correspondent at the Barcelona Exhibition
thought for a long time that everything had
been done that could be done to make the printed in your last issue.
world better ; but now I see that there is one In describing the exhibits, he remarked
thing more to be tried. Women have never yet with reference to this journal's stand that it
united to use their influence steadily against was seemingly always empty.
that of which they disapprove,' &c. The book This inferred that proper attention and is enlivened by many a quotation. The author display were neglected.
writes of Lessing as quoting from Minna, who I at once communicated with our agent in is apparently a Frenchwoman, for her. The Barcelona, as to its accuracy or otherwise, and words are: Which made me think of a to-day I have received a reply containing favourite quotation of Lessing's from Minna : convincing and conclusive evidence that, from “ Tout (sic) les gens d'esprit aiment le jeu à la the date of the opening of the Exhibition down
folie.”' to the present time, an attendant has been From Messrs. F.J. Bright & Son, Bournemouth constantly on the spot exhibiting the journal, (London: Mason & Payne).-We have before us and receiving subscriptions to the Spanish an édition de luxe of Bright's Illustrated Guide edition ; and I am satisfied that the best to Bournemouth,'which includes graphic descripinterests of the British Trade Journal have not tions of Christchurch, New Forest, Poole, Wimin any form or manner been neglected. I
borne, Swanage, Corfe Castle, &c., compiled by could show you a letter forwarded to us in
Mr. C. H. Octavius Curtis, F.S.A. A book of this June from an independent source in which the
description deserved to be well embellished, writer states that the British Trade Journal
and there cannot be the slightest doubt that
the manner in which it has been produced by is the only paper of any language having an
the publishers shows that even the metropolis installation which is complete in itself in the
itself will have to look to its laurels, and entire exhibition.' In justice to the journal,
Edinburgh as well, in the matter of printing. I have to ask you to publish this letter.
The etchings especially are very beautifully I am, your obedient servant,
produced. GEORGE EVANS,
From Mr. James Clegg, Rochdale (London: Publisher, British Trade Journal. Mr. Elliot Stock). The directories published
by Mr. Caspar of New York, are more complete than Mr. Clegg's Directory of Second-hand
Books and List of Public Libraries,' though A REMONSTRANCE.
comparison is hardly fair when we remember To the Editor of the PUBLISHERS' CIRCULAR.
the difficulties of the task of compiling such a
work in this country. Notwithstanding some SIR, --The interesting article which ap failings, clerical and typographical, Mr. Clegg's peared in your recent number, on The Last book has the merit of supplying what was Publisher of Manuscript Books,’ is copyright. wanted by the British trade and all who are
brought in contact with it. Moreover, it is an Friedrich’are perhaps the most amusing. Of interesting book to look over, for the editor has the nine musical contributions one is by Sir not confined his attention to the essential but Arthur Sullivan and another is from Carl dry list of names, preferring to add particulars Maria von Weber's posthumous opera, Die of the book-world which are not usually incor drei Pintos.' We had almost forgotten to porated in works of reference. For example, mention that the Almanack contains some we find lists of pseudonyms and initials, notes capital anecdotes of celebrated musicians, and on ancient centres of printing, on bibliographical we have no hesitation in commending it to the works of reference, trade directories, journals of notice of our musical readers. the book trades, and so forth. The remarks on copyright are somewhat misleading and might From Messrs. Macmillan & Co.--Graced by a well have been subject to revision. On the
noble preface from the pen of Mr. Ruskin, whole Mr. Clegg is to be congratulated upon
A Popular Handbook to the National Gallery,' the appearance and genuine value of his volume, compiled by Edward T. Cook, is one of the most which we have little doubt members of the useful of art guides, or companions. Mr. Cook's trade will cordially support.
descriptions are elaborate without being diffuse;
they are artistic without having the objections From Messrs. Diprose & Bateman, London.
of dilettante pedantry. Some difficulty must • Sharks of Society,' by Bracebridge Hemyng. have been encountered by the compiler with This is a racily written book in Mr. Hemyng's
regard to the arrangement of his materials, best style. The sbarks are divided under three
but there can be no question that the departheads, viz., The West End Shark, The Domestic
ment has been sensibly managed. Each room Shark, and The Marrying Shark. Mr. Hemyng and school' have their special descriptions. is a close observer of the niceties and shades of
With regard to our great collection we cannot human (haracter and he brings them out in a
refrain from repeating what Mr. Ruskin says in crisp manner that cannot fail to attract and
a portion of the preface : We have indeed, please, if only by reason of the strong dramatic be it to our humiliation remembered, small interest created. It is an exceedingly good reason to congratulate ourselves on the enshilling's-worth to take up to while away the largement of the collection now belonging to tedium of a long railway journey.
the public, by the sale of the former possessions From Mr. Elliot Stock.- The first part of the
of our nobles. But since the parks and castles new volume (II.) of “Book Prices Current' is
which were once the pride, beauty, and political before us. It shows very clearly the market
strength of England are doomed by the progress value of books sold in the principal auction
of democracy to be cut up into lots on building rooms of the metropolis, from December 1887
leases, and have their libraries and pictures to February 1888. Remembering the fluctua.
sold at Sotheby's and Christie's, we may at tions of the value of old books, we can honestly
least be thankful that the funds placed by the commend this guide, which bears the appearance
Government at the disposal of the Trustees for of practical and accurate supervision.
the National Gallery have permitted them to
save so much from the wreck of English From the same.- The Early Writings of William mansions and Italian monasteries, and enrich Makepeace Thackeray,' by Charles Plumptre the recreations of our metropolis with graceful Johnson. The author of this bibliographical interludes by Perugino and Raphael.' monograph deserves all praise and honour. There is an amount of genuine enthusiasm From the same.--- Chris,' by Mr. W. E. Norris, is shown in the work, which is coupled with a one of the author's cleverest things, and the scrupulous regard to the fundamental principles new cheap edition for two shillings is peculiarly of honest rescarch. We question if a dull line welcome to his many admirers. could be written about Thackeray by anyone who has read and even half-digested his works. From the same.— The Reverberator,' by Henry For our own part we have little or no sympathy
James. The uncommon attention attracted by with the cry that this or that should not have
this book when published in June will be well been published; nothing in literary study is
remembered, and there can be little doubt that more useful than tracing the development of a
tte story has taken a place that is more pergreat man's genius. Concealing or burying the
manent than the general run of every-day fiction. crudities of early thought is a form of snobbery
The new cheap edition is a very convenient which could only be tolerated in exceptionally
volume, nicely printed, tasteful in appearance vain folk, When dealing with genius, not
and handy in size. mere talent, one should analyse everything, and towards the elucidation of Thackeray's 'life. From Messrs. Marpon & Flammarion, Paris.work Mr. Johnson has done yeoman's service.
• Teurkia, par Albert Caise. Under the guise
of a novel, or story of the day, this is an From Mr. Ernst Eulenburg, Leipzig.–Eulen elaborate picture of Algeria and of its native
burg's Musikalischer Haus- und Familien population. We learn from it many curious kalendar, 1889,' herausgegeben von Franz particulars as to the influence of religion and Huldschinsky. This is a very attractive publi. ancient custom on the relations between resication. It contains not only interesting and dent Frenchmen, Arabs, and Arabs who have amusing literary contributions, but also pieces become French by law. The author, already of music and illustrations, the latter of various
known as a wiiter of fiction, here gives us degrees of merit, it is true, but some of un
pictures from the life. The book, in effect, doubted merit. The headpieces to each month's
while depicting the condition of the Arabs in almanack are very piquant and clever. In the Algeria, is an ardent plea in their favour, and literary portion of the Almanack the Neue
its plain speaking is likely, we imagine, to Erinnerungen an Richard Wagner' will per cause much controversy in Algerian circles. haps attract most attention. There are also some amusing tales and sketches, of which From Messrs. Pfautsch & Co., Stuttgart.. Das Rundreise Konzert' and Der Tenor's Mackenzie und seine Verläumder,' von Hermann
Norvid. This pamphlet ( Mackenzie and his Parliament from him, and after a variety of Detractors') is a hearty show-up of the misre incidents the book ends with a fire at a theatre, presentations which have appeared in print, and Gladys is rescued by Rex, who then dies with regard to the last illness of the Emperor from his injuries, and perhaps Gladys made Frederick. The drift of it is summed up in Lord Lostwithiel happy after all. the concluding paragraph, which we translate: * That, however, Frederick ascended the Im- From the same. — Six Girls: a Home Story,' by perial Throne, we owe, under God, to the
Fanny Belle Irving, illustrated by F. T. Merrill. illustrious Empress Frederick, and to her
We are rather inclined to think that Messrs. champion Sir Morell Mackenzie.'
Unwin are too generous in giving such a vast
amount of reading in one volume. Here we From Messrs. Routledge & Sons.— The Women
have 456 pp., cr. 8vo., of rather closely printed of Israel,' by Grace Aguilar. These sketches of
matter in one domestic story. It is very feminine life in the Holy Land come to us in a
prettily, even elegantly written, and a strong very readable form. They are illustrative of
interest is created and maintained throughout, past and present conditions, and are charac
which must prove exceedingly good reading. terised by a sincere devotional spirit. The fine
It will make an excellent gift-book, for not only intelligent thoughts of the author give a tone
is it prettily got up, but the illustrations are to the work which one rarely discovers in books
good. We regret that space precludes us from of a like character.
quoting from its well-written pages. From Mr. W. Stevens, London. Golden
From Mr. F. Volckmar, Leipzig.–Atlas UniverMists,' by the Author of 'Squabbles ' &c. The
sal para las Escuelas primarias, secundarias y * Family Story-Teller' is a popular series and
normales, segun los ultimos adelantos de la one which, no doubt, affords delicious gratifica
Pedagogia Alemana publicada por F. Volckmar.' tion to numberless readers. The present volume
Edicion grande con 38 mapas para el Reino de contains 208 pages of closely written matter,
Espana. 'Mr. Volckmar, by the publication of yet in a readable type. The scene is laid in
this Atlas, has conferred a real benefit on Ireland, and two young ladies, daughters of a
Spanish teachers and learners. German maps man who is kept on a bare maintenance by a
and atlases have long been celebrated for their rich father, are the heroines. They both feel,
accuracy, and it was an excellent idea to proand rather energetically utter, their disgust of
duce so good and yet handy an atlas as the one poverty, and would do anything, short of
before us with the names of places printed in criminal, to liberate themselves from it. May,
Spanish. The work deserves to be largely circuone of the daughters, manages to marry a rich
lated in the Peninsula, and cannot fail to be of old nobleman, who conveniently dies, leaving
the greatest assistance to Spanish students of her his wealth, upon which she incontinently
geography. It is evident that no pains have marries an old love, who has dissipated his
been spared in the production of this atlas, fortune. The book is well written and full of
which contains 38 maps beautifully engraved incident,
and coloured. The cloth binding is neat and
strong. From Mr. T. Fisher Unwin, London.- Gladys Fane: a Story of Two Lives,' by T. Wemyss Reid. From Messrs. Ward, Lock, & Co.- Miss Lou,' This is a story of high life. Gladys Fane is
by Edward P. Roe. Not a few situations that beloved by Lord Lostwithiel, who is immensely
may reasonably be termed dramatic appear in wealthy, but his homely appearance and curious
this story. Perhaps the most original of Mr. manner of opening a campaign against the fair
Roe's previous works was . He Fell in Love with Gladys' heart, excites her ridicule, and no won
His Wife’; but we must say that there is der, for she is only a child, and if she were not
hardly a chapter in this new work which has it is fair to suppose that a man moving in the
not its share of absorbing, qualities. True, same circle as any lady with whom he wished
it opens rather tamely and is suffused with to be acquainted would adopt the usual course
hackneyed humours in negro dialect; yet still it rather than try surreptitiously to catch her eye
has not a little of that power, freshness, and and throw kisses at her from a balcony in a
quaintness which are so evident in the author's house over the way, where lived the object of
previous stories. The story ought to be one of
the most successful minor books of the season. his admiration. However, the novelist like the poet is allowed some license, and if we think From the same.--The editor of The Technical the above somewhat outré, we may forgive it Journal has compiled a work bearing the folon account of the general excellence of the lowing title: A Dictionary of the Leading writing. The beautiful Gladys, heiress of a Technical and Trade Terms of Architectural time-honoured Dame, seems to be rather Design and Building Construction. This somefond of escapades, which, however, shows that what extensive designation explains the aim of human nature cannot be altogether fettered the book thoroughly. Most of the materials and made to perform a series of actions in ac have been gathered from the columns of the cordance with the dicta of society. Gladys is journal which the compiler edits. The de wilful and headstrong, the consequence of which scriptions are practical and tersely put together is that she is always in disgrace. Her escapades in a manner that makes reference easy. There and flirtations fill up the long pages, some is a sort of redundancy in the opening matter of which are amusing, if not thrilling. She, which consists of a preface, an introduction, however, falls in love with Rex Mansfield, a and a preliminary dissertation, all of which man who tried to win her father's seat in might well have been amalgamated.