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NOTES AND NEWS 1010, 1011



OBITUARY 1012, 1013

TRADE CHANGES 1013, 1014




REVIEWS, <Sic 1017, 1018


BRITAIN BETWEEN AUGUST lli AND 31.. 1019, 1020

St. Dunstan's House, E.C.

September 1, 1888. rPHE winter of discontent in the book world is upon us. It has likewise fallen upon the newspaper world, though as yet we have not had any remarkable evidences of the curiosities of the silly season. One of these curiosities, it is true, has appeared, and we are glad of the opportunity to welcome a few notices of books in the columns of the daily press. Since the armistice in parliamentary squabbling, we have seen one or two reviews of books which were published a year or eighteen months ago, but though authors and publishers may think the interval rather long, it is best to be thankful for what we can get.

The condition of affairs in reviewing is without doubt amazingly unsatisfactory. The daily papers, and some high-toned weekly ones too, seem to take not the slightest notice of new books until they have been so long before the public that reviews are uncalled for, or have disappeared so quickly from publicity that reviews are valueless. Newspapers receive very considerable support from the publishers of Great Britain. The proprietors are indebted to them for a regular course of tangible aid, more regular, perhaps, than that afforded by the theatrical fraternity, and yet the latter body gets a much larger share of notice than ordinary literary workers. Something ought to be done to induce the editors of our metropolitan dailies to give fuller attention quickly to the reviews of new books; this is a subject for the consideration of authors, of whom there are a goodly number at work on the newspaper press. One or two northern papers give an example in this respect which might be worthily followed by the great journals of London to their own credit, as well as to the advancement of literature viewed in its modern light as a profession.

Sir Morell Mackenzie's Forthcoming Book.—Great interest is naturally being


FBOM AUGUST 16 TO 31 1020-1023


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evinced in what promises to be the sensation of the autumn season. The title of the book will be 'The Fatal Illness of Frederick the Noble.' It is anticipated that the famous physician will herein throw light upon many important and obscure incidents of the past. The publishers, Messrs. Sampson Low & Co., expect that the book will be ready for publication about the end of September.

A Warning.—A correspondent has requested us to warn booksellers of a man, in the garb of a clergyman, stealing books in the Leeds district. He has been there two different times, when he stole two of Leigh Hunt's books first, and the second time a spotless copy of Rogers' poems. He is a man about 35 or 40, 5 feet 4 or 5 inches high; pale face, black whiskers, and soft in speech; and carries a Gladstone bag.

Holes and Hews

'The World of Adventure' is the title of a new serial work, the first part of which will be published by Messrs. Cassell & Company next month. It will contain a graphic narrative of the brave and daring deeds done in the present day and in past centuries, and will be illustrated with several hundred engravings from original drawings.

A new and cheap edition of the splendid work ' Pioneers of the Alps ' has just been published by Messrs. Sampson Low & Co. This work contains portraits of nearly all the Alpine celebrities.

The scenery of the Alps is about to be depicted with force in a new work, privately printed and published, entitled 'The Pennine Alps.' The views, judging from the specimens we have seen, are charmingly executed. This work will appear during the early winter.

We are pleased to hear of a re-issue, revised, of Chambers' 'Cyclopnedia of English Literature,' which will be commenced on October 1. For convenience of reference this is the best book of its kind.

'Saint Margaret' is the title of a story by William Tirebuck, which Messrs. W. P. Nimmo, Hay, & Mitchell have in the press fol immediate publication.

With reference to Mr. Farmer's 1 Americanisms, Old and New,' announced in our last issue as about to be published by subscription, we may mention that the trade agents are Jlessrs. Hamilton, Adams, & Co.

Messrs. Reeves & Turner's New Trade Catalogue is before us. Besides their publications it includes a very miscellaneous lot of hooks upon all sorts of subjects, notably many of the desirable works issued by Mr. J. Russell Smith, offered at prices which should effect a speedy sale.

A new autumn edition of 'Walks in Epping Forest,' by Percy Lindley, describing portions less known to pedestrians, is in preparation. Professor Boulger has contributed some Notes upon the recent extensive tree-felling and 'forestry' operations in Epping Forest to the Bame issue.

Those of our readers who are interested in Indian law will be glad to hear that the second volume of the Anglo-Indian Codes, which Mr. Whitley Stokes is preparing for the Clarendon Press, is nearly ready for publication. It treats of Adjective Law, and includes the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Code of Civil Procedure, the Evidence Act, 1872, the Oaths Act, the Limitation Act, and other statutes. The work is fully furnished with notes and appendices, and forms a thick octavo volume of more than 1,200 pages.

Early in October will be publishod by Henry J. Dane, of Paternoster Row, 'Juvenile Literature as it is,' by Mr. Edward Salmon. Mr. Salmon's name will be known in connection with various articles in the Fortnightly Review and the Nineteenth Century on boys' and girls' books. The interest taken in these articles lias induced him to go much more thoroughly into the whole subject, and to endeavour to give an account of the books and magazines produced for the young. The work of individual -writers has been carefully considered. The first chapter is made up of statistics, and remarks by young people on the books they like best, the material for which was placed at Mr. Salmon's disposal by Mr. Charles Welsh, whose name is Bo intimately associated with juvenile literature. No previous book has taken up the question of the recent development in children's literature.

The question of a free and open church, which is just now attracting so much attention through the Canterbury Encyclical and the correspondence in the Times and other newspapers, is dealt with in a shilling 'story with a purpose,' entitled 'The Keys of Saint Martin's,' which will be published next week by Messrs. Houlston & Sons.

Miss Florence Warden, author of 1 The House on the Marsh,' will contribute a serial story of Yorkshire life to the new volume of C'litAV* Saturday Journal, commencing with the number published on the 26th inst.

Mr. Stephen, one of the editors of 'Stephen's Commentaries upon the Laws of England,' and Mr. Horace Milles, of the Middlo Temple, have prepared a work on the

Local Government Act, entitled ' The County Council Compendium.' It is dedicated, by permission, to the president of the Local Government Board, and contains several appendices of statutes of a cognate nature to the new measure, together with extracts from parliamentary papers.

It is intimated that shortly will be issued a new edition of the Ballads of Hans Breitmann, revised by the author, and containing a number of new Anglo-German poems, which it is believed will be found fully equal to any of the old favourites. The greatest pains will be taken to render this edition as perfect as possible.

Messrs. Macmillan announce that future numbers of The English Illustrated Magazine will be enlarged to seventy pages. With the increased space at the editor's disposal it is proposed to enlarge the department devoted to fiction, and to further develop the literary portion of the magazine. In future each number will contain a complete story or part of a short serial in addition to the monthly instalment of the annual novel, and the frontispiece will be printed separately on thicker paper. The leading work of fiction for the new year will be supplied by F. Marion Crawford, and is entitled 'Sant' llario.' The price of the magazine remains as before.

Continental !Qolcs

Prof. Dr. G. Schweinfurth, the well-known African traveller, has made an important contribution to the literature of the Egyptian Soudan question, by an article entitled 'Considerations on the Egyptian Soudan and the Upper Nile Region,' which appeared in the 'Deutsches Wochenblatt' of the 16th ultimo. The writer gives his views on the policy of England in the Soudan, on the fate of Stanley and Emin Pasha, and the carrying out of a German expedition for the relief of Emin Pasha.

R. Lechners K.K. Hofbuchhandlung in Wien, has just published a valuable report on the 'Development of Industry and Technics in Austria from 1848 to 1888.' This work, which results from the labours of the Commission of the Technical Exhibition, held on the occasion of the Jubilee of the fortieth anniversary of Emperor Francis Joseph's accession to the throne, contains much information about the industrial, commercial, and technical schools of Austria-Hungary.

At the present time, when the condition of agriculture in this country has so forced itself upon public opinion that the establishment of a Ministry of Agriculture has become an accomplished fact, M. Alphonse Allard's new work, 'Etude sur la Crise agricole, commerciale et ouvriere et ses causes moniStaires en Angleterre,' is sure to attract attention. It is published by C. Muquardt, of Brussels.

Yet another universal language has come to the front in La Lingoo Inteniacia, by L. Enistend. The system has at least this degree of interest attaching to it, that it has been devised by one who had hitherto warmly advocated Volapiik.

We have received from Herr F. A. Brockhaus, of Leipzig, a list of announcements bearing date the 20th ult. Amongst these we note 'Der neue Pitaval'(a collection of the most interesting criminal histories of all ages and countries), new series, vol. 22, which contains: 'Johann von Wesel and his times,' 'A Case of Witchcraft in the 15th Century,' 1 Remarkable Criminal Cases in England,' 'Vendetta in Kentucky, 1877-87,' 'The Attempted Assassination of Bazaine,' &c, &c.; Michaelis' 'New Dictionary of the German and Portuguese Languages, Part II., DeutschPortugiesisch'; and 'His tori aches Taschenbuch,' sixth series, eighth year. We do not know why this work is called ' Historical Pocket Book,' for the size being octavo is a serious objection to its being carried in the pocket; but there can be no question as to the interest of the subjects dealt with in this present volume. 'The Results of the Wallenstein Researches,' by Prof. Gaedeke; 'Arnold of Brescia,' by R. Breyer; 'The Superstition of Philip Melanchthon,' by R. Hartfeldes; and 'The Origin of the Divorce of King Henry VIII. of England,' by W. Busch, are all of them attractive topics.

The programme of the Festival of the Saxon-Thuringian Booksellers' Union, to be held on the 8th and 9th inst., appeared in the 'Biirsenblatt' of the German book trade of the 17th ult. We note one or two items of hotel accommodation and charges which strikingly contrast with those at some other places. Here they are: 'Saturday, Sept. 8. Afternoon: Arrival of guests. We recommend the Continental Hotel (Station Street 3). Single-bedded room, 2 m. 50 d. (2s. Gti.) Double-bedded ditto, 4m. (4.i.) Saturday, Sept. 8. Evening: from 7 o'clock, Conversazione in the Bischofszimmer of the Magdeburg Town Hall Cellar. Very cheap wines (50 d. (6(2.) half a bottle), and plentiful bill of fare. Sunday, Sept. 9. Afternoon : 3 o'clock, Festival dinner in the Cafe Hohenzollern (Broadway 140) 2m. (2s.) a head.'

A new work on Venezuela, by Dr. W. Stevens, of the University of Wiirzburg, with an original Map, by L. Friederichsen, has just been published by L. Friederichsen & Co., of Hamburg, which firm has also issued a new work on naval architecture, entitled ' Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete des gesammten Schiffbauwesens,' von C. F. Sternhaus, in one quarto volume, with plates and woodcuts.

MM. Hachette and Co. announce several important works. 'L'Alsace,' par Charles Grad, Deputy of the German Rechstag. A magnificent 4to. volume, with numerous illustrations on wood. 'A Suse, Journal de Fouilles,' par Madame Jeanne Dieulafoy, Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur, one vol. 4to., illustrations on wood. In this work Madame Dieulafoy relates the incidents of her stay at Susa in company with her husband, and describes tho results of the excavations and researches

made by them at that place. 'L'Acropole de Suse,' par Marcel Dieulafoy, ingenieur en chef des Ponts et Chaussees, a quarto voluni* with three large illustrations in black and white, and 13 coloured plates. 'Les Grands Voyageursde notre Siecle,' par G. Meisson. Of the 250 engravings illustrating this interesting work, forty are portraits and forty-five are maps. MM. Hachette and Co. also announce the first volume of an important work by Mr. Eugene Muntz, Conservateur de l'Ecole Nationale des Beaux Arts, 'Histoire de l'Art pendant la Renaissance.' This volume, entitled 'Italic, Les Primitifs,' will be illustrated with 500 engravings inserted in the text, four wholepage woodcuts and two plans, four chromotype plates, twelve coloured phototypes, sixteen typographic plates, and a coloured map. They will also publish translations of 'Nordenskiold's Second Greenland Expedition,' and of 'Greely's Arctic Expedition.'

OLD EDUCATIONAL BOOKS. To the Editor oftlie Publishers' Circular. Sir,—After glancing through your article, 'Some Educational Books of a Bygone Period,' I remembered that among my miscellaneous collection I had two or three of the kind.

I will give Bhort particulars, and should any of your clients care to see them I will either lend or sell them.—I am, yours truly, A. Llewellyn.

20 Stockwell Park Road, Clapham Road, S.W. : August 17, 1888.

Black Letter Arithmeticke, date 1600. 'Rules, Precepts, and Maxims composed in Meeter.' Small 4to. By Thomas Hylles.

About forty specimens of Ancient Penmanship, mounted, the frontispiece or title page being by John ' Sedden.' Some of them are dated 1630.

A Platform for Purchasers and a Mate for Measurers. By William Leybourn. 1685.

The English Grammar, or an Essay on the Art of Grammar applied to and exemplified in the English Tongue. By Michael Maittaire. 1712.

Philip Henry Gosse.—We regret to announce the death of the distinguished zoologist, Mr. Philip Henry Gosse, F.R.S., which occurred at his residence, St. Marychurch, Torquay, on August 23. Mr. Gosse was born at Worcester in 1810, and at an early age displayed a strong taste for natural history. Mr. Gosse published a general synopsis of his investigations in Canada and the United! States under tho title of 'The Canadian* Naturalist' (1840). In 1844 he visited] Jamaica, and spent 18 months in the study! of zoology, the result of his researches afterwards appearing in 'The Birds of Jamaica,' followed by an 'Atlas of Illustrations' and 'A Naturalist's Sojourn in Jamaica.' He devoted himself especially to the microscopic study of the British rotifera. In 1850 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. Among Mr. Gosse's subsequent works were: 'The Aquarium,' 1854; 'A Manual of Marine Zoo

logy,'1855; 'Tenby, a Seaside Holiday,' 1856; 'Life in its Lower, Intermediate, and Higher Forms,' 1857; 'Actinologia Britannica: a History of the British Sea Anemones and Corals,"' I860; "The Romance of Natural History,' 1860-62; 'A Year at the Shore' and 'Land and Sea,' 1865. In 1874 he published at Philadelphia his 'Wonders of the Great Deep; or, the Physical, Animal, Geological, and Vegetable Curiosities of the Ocean.' Mr. Gosse was also the author of a number of works of a sacred and historical character.

Gustavb Masson.—We have to announce the sudden death of M. Gustave Masson, .assistant-master and librarian of Harrow School, who expired on the 29th of August. &L Masson was in his 70th year, having been bom in Paris in the year 1818. Among original works by liim the following may be mentioned: 'The Early Chroniclers of Europe,' 'Life of Richelieu,' in the 'Home Library'; 4 A Chronological and Historical Atlas of the Middle Ages,' 'Mazarin,' in the 'Home Library;' 'Outlines of French Literature,' 'Introduction to the History of French Literature'; and 'Thirty Years of French Literature' (1856). He also wrote in 1881, for Cassell's 'Popular Library,' 'The Huguenots: a Sketch of their History from the Beginning of the Reformation to the Death of Louis XIV.' M. Masson edited, with notes and introductions, separate works and plays of Corneille, Moliere, Racine, Hugo, De Musset, About, &c. His translations included the following : Janet's ' Materialism of the Present Day,' from French into English ; Sir Samuel Baker's 'Discovery of the Albert Nyanza,' English into French; and Sorel's 'Montesquieu,' translated into English from the series of 'Great French Writers.' With M. Brachet and M. Brette, he issued a series of educational works on the French language and grammar, &c. He also contributed volumes to the Clarendon Press series, and edited seTeral sections from Guizot's 'History of France,' from Madame de StaeTs 'Directoire,' from Voltaire's 'Age of Louis XIV.,' &o. In 1880 he began the issue of his 'Choice Readings from French History.' In addition, he was the compiler of a 'Class-book of French Literature,' and 'A Compendious Dictionary of the French Language.'

William Chappell.—The death of this *ell-known musical publisher occurred at his residence in Upper Brook Street, W., on August 20. Mr. Chappell, who was widely known for his efforts to popularise old English ousic, was born in 1810, and was thus in his 7!<thyear. The musical firm of Chappell & Co. commenced business in January 1812, at 124 New Bond Street. In 1834, Mr. Samuel Chappell, the head of the firm, died. The b*siness was then carried on for the widow by a« sons, of whom William, the eldest, now under notice, was the moving spirit. Desiring jo propagate a knowledge of the music of the Madrigalian era, Mr. WiUiam Chappell, in 1840, projected the Musical Antiquarian Society, which held its meetings and rehearsals

at 50 New Bond Street. He edited Dowland's songs for the society, and also edited and published (1838-40) a ' Collection of English National Airs,' which was afterwards expanded into his 'Popular Music of the Olden Time,' published in two volumes, 1855-59. In addition to compiling the works abovenamed, Mr. William Chappell assisted in editing 'The Roxburghe Ballads'; he also edited 'The Crown Garland of Golden Roses,' 'The Dancing Master'; supplied notes to ' Wit and Mirth; or, Pills to Purge Melancholy,' and, in conjunction with Mr. J. W. Hales, edited Bishop Percy's folio manuscript of 'Ballads and Romances.' In 1874 Mr. Chappell began the publication of his 'History of Music' He had for many years been a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries.

Henry Stevenson.—The death is announced of Mr. Henry Stevenson, F.L.S., for many years proprietor and editor of the Norfolk Chronicle and a distinguished local naturalist. His principal work was 'The Birds of Norfolk, with Remarks on their Habits, Migration, and Local Distribution,' published in 1866.

Robert Morris.—Dr. Robert Morris, the distinguished author and lecturer on Freemasonry, died on the 31st July. He founded the Voice of Masonry and the American Freemason. In 1868 he visited the Holy Land in search of relics of Freemasonry. On his return to America he published his 'Travels in the Holy Land,' which at once became popular among Freemasons. During late years Dr. Morris devoted himself almost whoUy to lecturing, but two years ago he began an annotated work on the life and poems of Burns.

Gustav May.—We learn with regret that the hopes expressed in our last issue with regard to the survival of Mr. May, of Messrs. Whittaker & Co., are at an end, the body being washed ashore at St. Lawrence, near Ventnor, on Wednesday, August 22. The deceased was interred at Ventnor, when the body was carried to the grave by six German students at their special request. Mr. May was about 34 years of age, and had resided in England nearly six years, four of which were spent in the employment of Messrs. Trubner & Co., on leaving which firm he took the management of Messrs. Whittaker & Co.'s business. Previous to his coming to England he was in the employment of Mr. Auflarth, of Frankfort-on-the-Main, whose son lost his life at the same time.

Benjamin Stretton. — Mr. Benjamin Stretton, of 3 London Lane, Mare Street, Hackney, died on August 19 in the seventyeighth year of his age. For many years the deceased was in the employ of Messrs. Reeves & Turner, and was much respected in the trade.

Ti^ad^ Changes

Mr. Robert Mowat, for many years chief clerk and cashier in the firm of W. & R. Chambers, Edinburgh, has been admitted

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a partner into this old-established business, the head of which is now Mr. Charles E. S. Chambers, son of the late Mr. Robert Chambers.

Mr. A. G. Young, of The Poultry, Nottingham, has disposed of his business to Messrs. Freestone & Knapp, of Nottingham. This business was formerly carried on by Messrs. Carrick & Young and previously by Norris & Cockayne.

Mr. William Hutt has removed from Clement's Inn Gateway to more extensive premises at No. 3 Hyde Street, New Oxford Street, W.C., nearly opposite Mudie's Library.


Before the invention of printing the making of a book was a work of high art. The scribe or copyist wrote the text; the painter illuminated its pages with gold and glowing colour on the finest parchment; and the binder covered it with the finest velvet or morocco from the Levant, or embroidery, or wrought beautiful covers in wood or inlaid ivory, embossed with gold, and frequently set with gems; the goldsmith chiselled delicate devices in niello on silver for clasps. Thus the painter, the sculptor, and the goldworker all combined to make the precious book a work of art. Of course such books were only to be obtained by wealthy princes. Borso d'Este paid 40 ducats for a 'Josephus' and a ' Quintus Curtius,' while his large two-volume Bible cost him 1,375 sequins (about ±'(>80).

In reading 'Vespasiano's Lives,' one forms a very good idea of the business of a bookseller and publisher before the invention of printing. Vespasiano di Bisticchi (born A.D. 1421) was an author and bookseller in Florence. As an author his works go far to redeem the character of the age, for in his 'Vite delli Uomini Illustri' and his ' Ricordi delle Donne State in Italia degne,' he has shown all that those brilliant and corrupt times contained of the pure and good. His services to literature were immense; he assisted to form the three most famous libraries in Italy— the Laurentian in Florence, that of the Vatican in Rome, and the library of Federigo, Duke of Urbino, which is now, since its purchase by Pope Alexander VII., incorporated with that of the Vatican. Vespasiano gives a detailed list of the works he obtained for the Duke of Urbino, which comprised all the known classics, the Fathers, books on astrology, science, medicine, art, music, and all the Italian authors and poets. In this magnificent library, which cost 30,000 ducats, every author was found complete, not a word of his known writings was missing; every page was written on parchment with a pen, and illuminated, and every book was properly bound. Vespasiano says there was not one written of which ne sarehbe vergognato (he could have been ashamed). The great Bible, illuminated throughout, was bound in gold brocade, and had rich silver clamps and clasps. All the editions of the Greek and Latin Fathers, and other classics, were bound in crimson velvet with silver clasps. Vespasiano prides himself on the completeness of his work. He says he went to England for the catalogue of the Oxford Library, and also obtained catalogues of the libraries of Italian cities, but in all he found that they only possessed fragmentary writings,

and in very few cases had they the entire works of an author.

The bibliophile Niccolo Niccoli, having spent a long life and all his patrimony in collecting books and MSS..left them, at his death, to Cosimo de' Medici to found a public library. Cosimo built the fine pillared hall in the convent of San Marco, and then conceived the idea of filling it, so as to form a worth}' public library, of which the legacy of Niccoli should be the nucleus. Naturally, he had recourse to tho great bookseller, and sending for Vespasiano asked him how he advised him to furnish his bookcases.

'You could not buy books—it would be impossible to find enough,' said Vespasiano.

'Then what am I to do ?' asked Cosimo

'Have them written,' replied the bookseller.

On which Cosimo gave him the commission, and the bookseller forthwith employed forty-five scribes and illuminators, furnishing 200 volumes in twenty-two months; and so pleased was Cosimo with the books that he employed Vespasiano and his scribes to supply the illuminated psalters and missals for the new church of the Convent of San Marco.

Vespasiano was the last of his profession, for, even while he worked, Gutenberg, in Mainz, had brought printing to perfection, had discarded his wooden blocks and used leaden types: and, while Vespasiano illuminated the Duke of Montefeltro's Bible, Gutenberg and Fust, in 1450, printed their Mazarin Bible.—Leader Scott, in Bmhnart.


Messrs. Bell & Co.


The Dramas of Sophocles, rendered into English
Verse, Dramatic and Lyric, by Sir George
Young, Bart., M.A.
Sabrina: Corolla in Hortulis Rpgia; Scholie
Saloplensis contexuerunt tres Viri Floribus
Legendis, new edit.
Easy Translations of Nepos, Cajsar, Cicero, Livv,
&c, for Hetranslation into Latin, with Notes
by T. Collins, M.A.
Faciliora, an Elementary Latin Book on a New

Principle, by the Rev. J. L. Seager, M.A.
Key to Latin Examination Papers, by A. M. M.

Stedman. M.A. Wadhani College, Oxford. Greek Testament Selections, Second and Revised Edition, with Notes and Vocabulary by A. M. M Stedman, M.A. New Volumes of Cambridge Texts with Notes (the Texts are for the most part those of the liililiotheca Chissica; the Notes are in English at the end of the volumes): jBschylus, the Choephorue, edited by F. A.

Paley, M.A., LL.D.
Virgil, the Bucolics, Cieorgics, and JF.neid,
Profcfsor Conington's edition abridged,
by Professors Nettlcship and Wagner and
Rev. J. G. Shephard, D.C.L., in !» vols.
Xcnophon, the Anabasis, Macmichael's edi-
tion, revised by J. E. Melhuish, M.A., in
4 vols.

Xenophon, the Hellenics, Book 2, by the Rev.
L. 1). Dowdall, M.A., B.D.

Ovid, The Kasti, revised edition, by F. A.
Paley, M.A., LL.D., in 3 vols.

Virgil, the vKneid, Book 1, Professor Conington's edition abridged, with Vocabulary. New Volumes of the Public School Series:

Livy, Book XXII., edited, with Introduction,
Notes, and Maps, by Rev. L. D. Dowdall,

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