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through the National Park Service, to preserve for public use historic sites, buildings and objects of national significance for the inspiration and benefit of the people of the United States. Today, historic areas represent more than one-half of all of the areas of the nal Park System.
More recently, as the result of the creative work of the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission appointed in 1958, the national recreation areas added to the National Park System have accelerated in response to the burgeoning demands of our urban society for outdoor recreational opportunities.
Thus, the National Park System has evolved until today, in more than 270 areas, it is concerned with the preservation of natural wonders and scenic grandeur; the protection of places of scientific interest; the conmemoration of the places and the sources of our greatness and of our prosperity; and the management of natural and man-made environments, primarily, for healthful outdoor recreational opportunities.
Our Nation began with migrations, grew with migrations, and remains a Nation of people on the move.
Love of locality is one of the roots of social cohesion, according to Charles E. Merriam, who was one of our greatest political scientists. But in a new country like the United States, and in a society where one family in five moves each year, and where we have over 80 million automobiles, we have a hard time developing local roots of the kind familiar to Englishmen in Sussex, Frenchmen in Brittany, or Irishmen in County Cork. Our national parks like Yosemite and Grand Canyon, and our historic places like Independence Hall, the Lincoln Memorial, and Mount Vernon, take the place of local roots for tens of millions of mobile Americans. They give us the assurance of a "sense of place" expressive of our country that we can tie to permanently, wherever we move or live.
Many people go to the national parks and landmarks not simply to satisfy a need to get back to nature from crowded cities or for outdoor recreation. Many people go to the national parks and landmarks to strengthen their identity with their country. "Seeing is believing," and touching the Liberty Bell or setting foot in Yosemite Valley is worth a long trip to experience a sense of identity with America where it is unchanging. It isn't subtle. It's the deep human need to know "I was there" at Independence Hall or Yosemite Valley; and, as a result am a little more of an American. This experience is especially needed in these times of war, turmoil, and technological change.
Beyond our need to identify with the Nation is the urgent need to understand our place in the world environment and to join hands in doing our part to rescue it from impending ecological disaster. As Freeman Tilden put it, we need "to understand our place in nature and among men. we will reach this objective more quickly and we will heal our environsent more rapidly if we develop social cohesion "at home" by learning we
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED
AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1971
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENCIES
JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington, Chairman
BEN REIFEL, South Dakota
JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania
WENDELL WYATT, Oregon
GEORGE E. EVANS, Staf A88istant
1 Assigned to Subcommittee, February 20, 1970.
Bureau of Outdoor Recreation
National Park Service
Office of the Secretary
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1970
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas, Chairman MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi
CHARLES R. JONAS, North Carolina GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan JOHN J. ROONEY, New York
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio OTTO E, PASSMAN, Louisiana
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts
ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
BEN REIFEL, South Dakota DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin TOM STEED, Oklahoma
HOWARD W. ROBISON, New York GEORGE P. SHIPI Y, Illinois
GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas JOHN M, SLACK, West Virginia
JOSEPH M. MCDADE, Pennsylvania JOHN J. FLYNT, JR., Georgia
MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota NEAL SMITH, Iowa
LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshire ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut
BURT L. TALCOTT, California JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington CHARLOTTE T. REID, Illinois JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York
DONALD W. RIEGLE, JR., Michigan JOHN J. McFALL, California
WENDELL WYATT, Oregon W. R. HULL, JR., Missouri
JACK EDWARDS, Alabama
DEL CLAWSON, California
DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENCIES
APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1971
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 18, 1970.
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
GEORGE B. HARTZOG, JR., DIRECTOR
PARK AFFAIRS RUSSELL E. DICKENSON, GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT, NATIONAL
CAPITAL PARKS GEORGE A. GOWANS, CHIEF, DIVISION OF PROGRAM PLANNING JOHN A. RUTTER, DIRECTOR, NORTHWEST REGION, SEATTLE,
WASH. FRED C. FAGERGREN, DIRECTOR, MIDWEST REGION, OMAHA, NEBR. DR. LESLIE L. GLASGOW, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR FISH AND
WILDLIFE, PARKS AND MARINE RESOURCES RICHARD R. HITE, DIRECTOR OF BUDGET, OFFICE OF THE
Mrs. HANSEN. The committee will come to order.
This afternoon we will hear the National Park Service. We are pleased to welcome back our old friend George Hartzog, the Director, as the principal witness.
GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE DIRECTOR
Mr. Hartzog, will you insert your general statement in the record and summarize it for us.
Mr. HARTZOG. Thank you, Madam Chairman. (Prepared statement follows:)