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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED

AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1971

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-FIRST CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED AGENCIES

JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington, Chairman MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio

BEN REIFEL, South Dakota JOHN O. MARSH, JR., Virginia

JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania JOHN J. FLYNT, JR., Georgia

WENDELL WYATT, Oregon DAVID R. OBEY, Wisconsin 1

GEORGE E. Evans, Staf Assistant

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WASHINGTON

: 1970

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

GEORGE H.

MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio
JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi
GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama
JOHN J. ROONEY, New York
ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida
OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana
JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee
EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts
WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
TOM STEED, Oklahoma
GEORGE P. SHIPLEY, Illinois
JOHN M. SLACK, West Virginia
JOHN J. FLYNT, JR., Georgia
NEAL SMITH, Iowa
ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut
JULIA BUTLER HANSEN, Washington
JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York
JOHN J. McFALL, California
W. R. HULL, JR., Missouri
JEFFERY COHELAN, California
EDWARD J. PATTEN, New Jersey
CLARENCE D. LONG, Maryland
JOHN O. MARSH, JR., Virginia
SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois
BOB CASEY, Texas
DAVID PRYOR, Arkansas
FRANK R. EVANS, Colorado
DAVID R. OBEY, Wisconsin

HON, Texas, Chairman
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio
CHARLES R. JONAS, North Carolina
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts
ODIN LANGEN, Minnesota
BEN REIFEL, South Dakota
GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin
HOWARD W. ROBISON, New York
GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas
JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania
MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota
LOUIS C. WYMAN, New Hampshire
BURT L. TALCOTT, California
CHARLOTTE T. REID, Illinois
DONALD W. RIEGLE, JR., Michigan
WENDELL WYATT, Oregon
JACK EDWARDS, Alabama
DEL CLAWSON, California

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GEORGE B. HARTZOG, JR., DIRECTOR
J. E. N. JENSEN, ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR
EDWARD A. HUMMEL, ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
C. P. MONTGOMERY, ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
ERNEST A. CONNALLY, CHIEF, OFFICE OF ARCHEOLOGY AND HIS-

TORIC PRESERVATION
THEODOR R. SWEM, DIRECTOR, NATIONAL CAPITAL AND URBAN

PARK AFFAIRS
RUSSELL E. DICKENSON, GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT, NATIONAL

CAPITAL PARKS GEORGE A. GOWANS, CHIEF, DIVISION OF PROGRAM PLANNING JOHN A. RUTTER, DIRECTOR, NORTHWEST REGION, SEATTLE,

WASH. FRED C. FAGERGREN, DIRECTOR, MIDWEST REGION, OMAHA, NEBR. DR. LESLIE L. GLASGOW, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR FISH AND

WILDLIFE, PARKS AND MARINE RESOURCES RICHARD R. HITE, DIRECTOR OF BUDGET, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

Mrs. HANSEN. The committee will come to order. This afternoon we will hear the National Park Service. We are pleased to welcome back our old friend George Hartzog, the Director, as the principal witness.

GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE DIRECTOR Mr. Hartzog, will you insert your general statement in the record and summarize it for us. Mr. HARTZOG. Thank you, Madam Chairman. (Prepared statement follows:)

(1)

STATEMENT OF GEORGE B. HARTZOG, JR., DIRECTOR, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE,
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE HOUSE APPROPRIATIONS SUB-
COMMITTEE CONSIDERING THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND RELATED
AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 1971.

I am pleased to appear before you again to report on our management of the National Park System and to review with you our plans, programs, and fund requirements for the forthcoming year.

At the outset, let me express my deep appreciation for your constructive participation as our partners in presenting America's natural and cultural heritage and in preserving it for the benefit and enjoyment of our posterity. Your strong support, interest, and enthusiasm mean much to each of us in the National Park Service in our efforts to manage the National Park System. Without your helpful suggestions, guidance and confidence we simply could not have acco lished that which has been achieved.

It is a pleasure, also, to appear before the newly appointed Member of the Subcommittee, Representative Obey.

We stand ready to serve you in every way we can, and we look forward with pleasure to working with each of you in this second session of the 91st Congress.

The National Park System, An Old Program

A New Relevancy

The National Park System is a living legacy linking generation to generation and century to century.

From 1872--when Yellowstone National Park was established--to 1906 the purpose of the National Park System was the preservation of large areas of scenic grandeur as public parks for the benefit and enjoyment of the people.

The Congress broadened the concept and purpose of the National Park System in 1906, when, largely in response to the depredations on the Indian ruins of the Southwest, it authorized the President, by Proclamation, to establish national monuments on lands owned or controlled by the United States to preserve historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other areas of historic or scientific interest.

In the midthirties the Congress again broadened the concept and purpose of the National Park System:

First, the act of March 3, 1933, providing for reorganization within the Executive Branch, resulted in an Executive Order transferring to the Department of the Interior for administration by the National Park Service the national memorials and parks of our Nation's Capital, many national monuments, and historical and military parks administered by other Federal agencies.

Second, in the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935, the Congress enunciated a national policy, charging the Secretary of the Interior

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