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quality of daily life than it has in the broad areas of archeology, history, and historic preservation to which these programs relate.
Yet another cooperative program is the promotion of domestic travel. In the Domestic Travel Act of 1940, the Congress directed the Secretary, through the National Park Service, to undertake such a program. The success of such an effort is dependent upon the close cooperation of the Federal Government, the States and the private sector. I am pleased to report to you that we have received such cooperation. A viable program of domestic travel promotion is one of the surest ways of encouraging our citizens to see and to understand America first.
I am pleased to report again this year on the donations of cash, lands, and other objects received by the Service. During the 1969 calendar year, cash donations of $977,000 were received and donations of land and other objects valued at approximately $6.3 million were also received.
In addition to the donations from sources outside the Service, I should like again to call the committee's attention to contributions made by our employees. On a Servicewide basis for the leave year ended January 10, 1970, our employees forfeited a total of 33,000 hours of annual leave valued at more than $238,000 while they stayed on the job to serve national park visitation in this difficult period of financing and staffing. Also, during the period from July 1 to December 31, 1969, our employees contributed 115,000 hours of uncompensated overtime with a value of about $700,000. Projected over a 12-month period, the value of uncompensated overtime might well reach $1.4 million. The dedication and devotion to duty of our employees, which these. voluntary contributions reflect continue to be a source of inspiration to me.
The important land acquisition program of the National Park Service is discussed in a separate statement attached hereto. In addition to land acquisition, the 1971 fiscal year budget for the National Park Service totals $150,224,000, an increase of $22,002,400 over the amount of $128,221,600 anticipated to be available for 1970. The purposes for which the total increase is requested are discussed briefly in the following:
Management, Operation, and Maintenance of Existing Parks
The objective of the Service, as emphasized by Secretary Hickel, is to operate parks at acceptable standards during periods of justified visitor demand and to manage the resources of the System for public benefit and enjoyment in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for future generations, in accordance with the mandate of the Congress.
With the increases provided in the 1970 appropriations for "Management and Prot.ction" and "Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Physical
Facilities," I am pleased to report that during the last calendar year park operations were restored to a 7-day week basis at acceptable standards during the intensive visitor season.
However, notwithstanding the improvement in funding and staffing in the 1970 fiscal year, there remained a deficit of $12,703,000 in the financial requirements for the operation of all areas of the System at acceptable standards.
Moreover, requirements since, resulting from such things as new facilities placed in operation and increasing visitor use amount to $5,307,000.
Thus, the total requirement above the funds anticipated to be available in the 1970 fiscal year amounts to $18,010,000. The increase of $4,350,200 provided in this estimate for 1971 will meet a portion of the requirement. This amount is requested in two appropriation items; $1,703,000 in 'Management and Protection" and $2,647,200 in 'Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Physical Facilities."
Increased personal services costs incident to wage-rate increases for our blue collar work force already in effect and estimated to be approved through the end of the 1970 fiscal year are estimated at $1,770,000. Of the total requirement, $970,000 is being requested in a 1970 fiscal year supplemental estimate and hence is included in the appropriation base. The remaining $800,000 is requested as an increase in the 1971 estimate for maintenance and rehabilitation.
In the past the management, protection, interpretation, operation and maintenance of National Capital Park areas in the District of Columbia have been financed partially from funds appropriated directly to the National Park Service and partially from amounts made available to the Service from District of Columbia appropriations. Provision is made in this estimate for financing National Capital Parks operations in total from Federal appropriations to the National Park Service beginning in fiscal 1971.
As a result, there is an apparent increase in appropriations for the Service in 1971 of $7,334,000, of which $3.5 million is in 'Management and Protection" and $3,834,000 is in 'Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Physical Facilities. This is not a program increase as there is an offsetting reduction in the amounts scheduled in the National Park Service "Trust Funds" section of the President's budget.
We are requesting an increase of $54,000 to finance a Volunteers-inParks program directed toward encouraging the general public to participate in the Service's mission of making parks meaningful to people. Volunteer workers will assist primarily in providing visitors with information and
interpretive services. They will receive no salary but will receive allowances for such types of expenses as uniforms, travel and food when engaged in work away from their homes. The estimated cost for the first year includes the cost of recruiting and training 100 volunteers and incidental costs. Legislation to authorize this new program is pending in the Congress.
New Park Areas
An increase of $419,400 is requested in fiscal 1971 for the management, operation, and maintenance of five new park areas: Biscayne National Monument, authorized on October 18, 1968 (Public Law 90-606); Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, authorized on August 20, 1969 (Public Law 91-60); William Howard Taft National Historic Site, authorized on December 2, 1969 (Public Law 91-132); Eisenhower National Historic Site, designated on November 27, 1967 by Secretarial Order, with transfer of additional land from Gettysburg National Military Park authorized on December 2, 1969 (Public Law 91-133); and Lyndon B. Johnson National Historic Site, approved on December 2, 1969 (Public Law 91-134).
The appropriation of $969,000 in 1970 for the grants-in-aid program, while less than 10% of the authorization for this fiscal year, permitted a start in meeting our share of the partnership in historic preservation with the States, other Federal agencies, municipalities and the National Trust for Historic Preservation envisioned in the Historic Preservation Act of 1966. The favorable action of the Congress on our request for fiscal 1970 permitted us to make significant amounts available to the States in support of their efforts to preserve the historic links of our heritage.
Legislation is now pending in the Congress which will authorize the continuation and expansion of this program. In December 1969 we requested the States and the National Trust for Historic Preservation to submit fiveyear programs giving estimated needs for historic preservation. The 33 States, and the National Trust, which have submitted programs, indicated they would have a total of over $17.2 million available for matching in fiscal 1971, both for survey and planning and for individual preservation projects. The majority of the States have initiated the steps necessary to qualify fc: Federal matching funds. In view of this it is imperative that the States, as well as the National Trust, receive increased support if the program is to become a meaningful factor in encouraging State and local governments and private citizens to cooperate in the preservation of this essential part of a quality environment.
This estimate provides an increase of $5,150,000 for the grantsin-aid program. The total amount in the estimate for matching a portion of the amounts which will be available to the States and the National Trust for Historic Preservation is $6,119,000. Increases are also proposed in the amount of $129,000 to initiate the Historic American Engineering
Record program discussed in the foregoing and $21,000 to provide more adequate support to the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation.
I would like to mention at this point that the first biennial edition of the "National Register," consisting of over 1,000 entries was published in November 1969 with a run of 7,550 copies. An "Advisory List" of approximately 9,000 properties is currently being prepared for distribution, and a second printing of the "National Register" will be made early in this calendar year.
Secretary Hickel has directed the Service to bring PARKS TO PEOPLE. An accelerated program of development for urban parks and urban-related parks is essential to meet this objective. The Secretary, moreover, has directed the Service to support the 1972 Centennial of the beginning of the National Park System. Accordingly, the estimates include a total construction program of $40 million for 1971. The program is made up of $19.5 million for buildings and utilities construction ($16,385,000 of new appropriations and $3,115,000 estimated to be carried over from fiscal 1970 due to the cutback in construction), $500,000 of new appropriations for acquisition of water rights, and $20 million for parkways, roads and trails construction using contract authority provided in the Federal-Aid Highway Acts of 1966 and 1968. The appropriation request for cash to liquidate parkways, roads and trails construction contract authority obligations is $16 million, a decrease of $5.5 million below the 1970 appropriation.
These construction funds will be used largely to meet the Secretary's policy directives, to permit a modest beginning on facilities necessary for the 1976 American Revolutionary War Bicentennial, and for an expanded program of pollution abatement in the parks.
The Values at Stake
In his Special Message to the Congress in 1912 recommending the establishment of a new bureau--the National Park Service--President William Howard Taft said:
* * * Such legislation is essential to the proper management
With increasing leisure time, growing affluence, and improved mobility millions of our urban population each year seek the refuge and
the recreation of their National Park System and the landmarks of their natural and cultural inheritance.
For example, visitation exceeded 157 million in fiscal 1969 and it is estimated that there will be more than 186 million visits in fiscal 1971. This may be further compared to visitation for 1965 which totaled less than 114 million. While this demand for use has been surging forward at an average annual increase of 12 million visits, construction funding, particularly, has lagged and decreased. For example, in the 1965 fiscal year, construction funding (in constant 1970 dollars) for the National Park System amounted to $36.2 million for buildings and utilities and $48.8 million for parkways, roads and trails, as compared with $7.2 million and $25 million appropriated for these purposes, respectively, in the 1970 fiscal year.
The 1970 programs were subsequently reduced even further as part of the general cutback in Federal construction.
In many significant respects the management of a national park is like the management of a small city. Each has permanent residents--and transients--needing roads, schools, water, sewerage, offices, homes, recreation facilities, and police and fire departments and hospitals, hotels, and churches. In the city, if there is inadequate protection, there is a rise in vandalism and crime. And if there is inadequate maintenance, there are slums and the problems that go with slums.
Similarly, the consequences of inadequate funding for parks are increasing depredation against persons and property, deprivation of services, deterioration of capital investment, and erosion of the natural and cultural resources of the System.
The cooperative programs of the National Park Service have suffered equally in the growing gap between the need and the funding and staffing available. For example, in Historic Preservation a total of $1,369,000 has been appropriated for matching grants to the States and the National Trust for Historic Preservation in the fiscal years 1968 to 1970, inclusive, in comparison with $6,272,000 available for matching by the States and the National Trust for Historic Preservation. If these cooperative programs are to continue to stimulate State and local governments and private organizations and individuals to join hands with the Federal Government in restoring and maintaining the quality of our environment, we must commence a more meaningful effort to support them.
In his 1968 Economic Study of Travel to the National Parks, Dr. Ernest W. Swanson, Professor Emeritus of Economics, North Carolina State University, concluded that the travel expenditures of visitors to and from--and in the vicinity of the national parks--resulted in gross expenditures of approximately $6.4 billion, providing approximately $4.8 billion of personal income to the entrepreneurs and employees who serve these travelers, returning approximately $952 million in taxes to the Federal Treasury.