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143 Ditto

Both living

James Sands

1401 Staffordshire |Died 1770. Fuller's His Wife 120 Ditto

Worthies, p. 47; Countess of Desmond 140 Ireland

Raleigh's Hist. p. 166. Ecleston

Died

1691 (a) J. Sagar 112 Lancashire

1668 (b) Laurence 140 Scotland

Living

(، Simon Sack 141 Trionia

Died May 30, 1764 Col. Thomas Winslow 146 Ireland

Aug. 26, 1766 Francis Confist 150 Yorkshire

Jan. 1768 Chrift. J. Drakenberg 146 Norway

June 24, 1770 (d) Margaret Forster

136 Cumberland her Daughter 104 Ditto

1771 Francis Bons 121 France

Died Feb. 6, 1769 John Brookey 134 Devonthire

Living 1777 (e) James Bowels 152 Killingworth

Died Aug. 15,1656 (f) John Tice

125
Worcestershire

March 1774 (8) John Mount 136|Scotland

Feb. 27,1776/h) A. Goldsmith 140 France

June 1776 () Mary Yates 128 Shropshire

1776 (k) 126 Northampton

April 5, 1706 (1) William Ellis 130 Liverpool

Aug.16,1780 (m) Louisa Truxo, a Negress in S. America 175 Tucuman, S. America Living O&t. 5,1780 (n)

Lockneugh near Pail-Lynche's Guide to Margaret Patten

ley

Health Janet Taylor 108 Fintray, Scotland

Died O&t. 10, 1780 Richard Loyd 133 Montgomery

Lynche's Guide to

Health Susannah Hilliar

Piddington, North

Died Feb. 19,1781 (0)

amptonshire James Hayley 112 Middlewich, Cheshire

March 17,1781(P) Ann Cockbolt

Stoke-Bruerne,North1051 amptonshire

April 5, 1775 (9) William Walker, aged 112, not mentioned above, foldier at the battle of Edge-hill.

John Bales

1381

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a

(a) Fuller's Worthies, P: 140. (k) Ibidem, Aug. 22, 1776. b) Phil. Trans. abridged by Lowthorp, (1) See Inscription in the Portico of Vol. III. p. 306.

All-Saints Church. (C) Derham's Physico Theology, p.173. (m) London Even. Post, Aug. 22, 1780. (d) Annual Register.

(n) London Chronicle, Oct. 5, 1780. le) Daily Advertiser, Nov. 18, 1777. ) Northamp. Mercury, Feb. 19,1781. ) Warwickshire.

(P) Gen. Evening Post, March 24, (8) Daily Advertiser, March 1774..

1781. (b) Morning Post, Feb. 29, 1776. (1) Well known to Persons of Credit ) Daily Advertisers June 24, 1776. at Northainptora

If we look back to an early pe- thentic method of knowing the ages riod of the christian æra, we shall of men. From it, there were found find that Italy'has been, at least in that part of Italy, lying between about that time, peculiarly propi. the Apennine mountains and the tious to longevity. Lord Bacon ob- river Po, one hundred and twentyserves, that the year of our Lord four persons who either equalled or 76, in the reign of Vespasian, was exceeded one hundred

years

of

age, memorable ; for in that year was a namely : taxing, which afforded the most au

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Mr. Carew, in his survey of Corn- parish, the sum of whose years, tas wall, assures us, that it is no un- ken collectively, amounted to three usual thing, with the inhabitants of hundred and forty. Now, although that county, to reach ninety years of longevity evidently prevails more age and upwards, and even to retain in certain districts than in others, their strength of body, and perfect yet it is, by no means, confined to use of their senses. Besides Brown, any particular nation or climate ; the Cornish beggar, who lived to nor are there wanting instances of one hundred and twenty, and one it, in almost every quarter of the Polezew to one hundred and thirty globe, as appears from the preyears of age, he remembered the ceding, as well as the subsequent decease of four persons in his own table.

TABLE

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1041

150 Bononia

105 Ludlow

103 Eflex

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0 F LONGE VI TY. Names of the Persons. Age., Places of Abode. Where recorded, Hippocrates,

Physician Island of Cos Lynche on Health, Ch. 3. Democritus, Philosopher 109 Abdera

Bacon's History, 1095. Galen, Physician 140 Pergamus

Voff. Inft: or Lib. 3. Albuna Marc

150 Ethiopia

Hawkewell's ap. Lib. I. Dumitur Raduly

Haromszeck, Tran. Died Jan. 18,1782, Gen. 140 filvania

Gazetteer, April 18th. Titus Fullonius

Fulgofus, Lib, 8.

Charles-town, S.
Abraham Paiba

142

General Gazetteer.

Carolina
L. Tertulla

137 Arminium Fulgofus, Lib. 8.

Bacon's Hift. of Life, &c. Lewis Cornaro

100 Venice

p. 134.
Robert Blakeney, Esq. 114 Armagh, Ireland General Gazetteer,

See Inscrip. on her Tomb
Margaret Scott
125 Dalkeith, Scotland

in Dalkeith Ch. Yard. W. Gulftone

140 Ireland

Fuller's Worthies.
J. Bright

Lynche on Health.
William Poftell

120 France

Bacon's Hift. p. 134. Jane Reeves

St.J.Chron. June 14,1781. W. Paulet, Marquis of

106 Hampshire Winchester

Baker's Chron. p. 502. John Wilson

116 Suffolk

Gen. Gaz. Oct. 29, 1782. Patrick Wian

Lesbury, Northum - Plempius Fundammed.
berland

Sec. 4, Chap. 8.
M. Laurence

Buchanan's Hift. of Scot.

CarmarthenWork-Gen. Gazetteer, Oct. 12, Evan Williams

1451 houfe, still alivel 1782. The antediluvians are purposely climate, situation, or occupation in omitted, as bearing too little re- life. For we see, that it often preference to the present race of mor- vails in places where all these are extals, to afford any satisfactory con- tremely diffimilar; and it would, clufions; and the improbable stories moreover, be

very difficult, in the of some persons, who have almost histories of the several persons rivalled them in modern times, bor- above-mentioned, to find any cirder too much upon the marvellous, cumstance common to them all, to find a place in these tables. The except, perhaps, that of being born present examples are abundantly of healthy parents, and of being sufficient to prove, that longevity inured to daily labour, temperance, does not depend so much, as has and fimplicity of diet. Among the been supposed, on any particular inferior ranks of mankind, there.

fore,

115

140 Orcades

fore, rather than amongst the fons years, viz. from the year 1728 to of ease, and luxury, shall we find 1758, the sum of the deaths amountthe most numerous instances of lon- ed to 750,322, and that, in all this gevity; even frequently, when other prodigious number, only two hunexternal circumstances seem. ex- dred and forty-two persons survived tremely unfavourable: as in the the hundredth year of their age! This case of the poor sexton of Peter- overgrown metropolis is computed, borough, who, notwithstanding his by my learned friend Dr. Price, to unpromising occupation among contain a ninth part of the inhabidead bodies, lived long enough to tants of England, and to consume bury two crowned heads, and to fur- annually seven thousand persons, vive two complete generations *. who remove into it from the coun. The livelihood of Henry Jenkins, try every year, without increasing and old Parr, is said to have confifted it. He moreover observes, that the chiefly of the coarseft fare, as they number of inhabitants in England depended on precarious alms. To and Wales has diminished, about which may be added, the remark- one fourth part, since the revolu. able instance of Agnes Milburne, tion, and so rapidly of late, that, in who, after bringing forth a nume- eleven years, near 200,000 of our rous offspring, and being obliged, common people have been loftt! If through extreme indigence, to pass the calculation be just, however the latter part of her life in St. alarming it may appear in a naLuke's work-house, yet reached her tional view, there is this consolahundred and fixth year, in that tion, when considered in a philofordid, unfriendly situation t. The fophical light, that without partial plain diet, and' invigorating em- evil, there can be no general good; ployments of a country life, are ac- and that, what a nation loses in the knowledged, on all hands, to be scale of population at one period, it highly conducive to health and lon. gains at another; and thus, probably, gevity, while the luxury and refine- the average number of inhabitants ments of large cities are allowed to on the surface of the globe contibe equally destructive to the human nues, at all times, nearly the same. fpecies : ' and this confideration By this medium the world is neither alone, perhaps, more than counter- overstocked with inhabitants, balances all the boasted privileges, kept too thin, but life and death of fuperior elegance and civiliza- keep a tolerably equal pace. The tion, resulting from a city life.

inhabitants of this island, compaFrom country villages, and not ratively speaking, are but as the from crouded cities, have the pre- duft of the balance; yet, instead of ceding inftances of longevity been being diminished, we are assured chiefly supplied. Accordingly it other writers, that within there appears from the London bills of thirty years, they are greatly inmortality, during a period of thirty creased ||

* Fuller's Worthies, p. 293, from a memorial in the cathedral at Peterborough

+ Lynche's Guide to Health, C. III.
1 Obiervations and Population, &c. p. 105;

# The Rev. Mr. Howlet, Mr. Wales, and others. Vol. XXVIII.

F

nor

The desire of self-preservation, the diet and regimen of every per. and of protracting the short span of fon who dies at eighty years of age life, is so intimately interwoven or upwards, and mentioning whewith our conftitution, that it is juftly ther his parents were healthy, longesteemed one of the firft principles lived people, &c. &c. An accurate of our nature, and in spite even of register thus established throughpain and misery, seldom quits us to out the British dominions, would be the last moments of our existence. productive of many important adIt seems, therefore, to be no less vantages to society, not only in a our duty than our intereft, to exa- medical and philosophical, but also mine minutely into the various in a political and moral view. It means that have been considered as is therefore to be hoped, that the conducive to health and long life ; legislature will not long delay takand, if possible, to diftinguish such ing an object of such great utility circumstances as are essential to that into their serious confideration. great end, from those which are All the circumstances that are merely accidental. But here, it is most essentially necessary to life, much to be regretted, that an accu- may be comprised under the fix rate history of the lives of all the following heads : remarkable persons in the above table, fo far as relates to the diet,

1. Air and climate. regimen, and the use of the nonnaturals, has not been faithfully

2. Meat and drink. handed down to us; without which,

3. Motion and rest. it is impossible to draw the necessary

4. Sleep and watching. inferences. Is it not then a matter

5. The secretions and excretions.

6. Affections of the niind. of astonishment, that historians and philosophers have hitherto paid fo little attention to longevity? If

These, though all perfectly nathe present imperfect liit should ex- tural to the conftitution, have by cite others, of more leisure and bet writers been styled non-naturals, ter abilities, to undertake a full in- by a strange perversion of language; vestigation of fo interesting a sub- and have been all copiously handled ject, the enquiry might prove not under that improper term. Howonly curious, but highly useful to ever, it may not be amiss to offer mankind. In order to furnish ma

a few short obfervations on each, terials for a future history of longe. as they are fo immediately connectvity, the bills of mortality, through- ed with the present subject. out the kingdom, ought first to be 1. Air, &c.-It has long been revised, and put on a better foot- known, that fresh air is more iming; agreeably to the scheme which mediately necessary to life than you pointed out some time ago, and food ; for a man may live two or of which Manchester and Chester three days without the latter, but have already given a specimen, not many minutes without the forhighly worthy of imitation. The mer. The vivifying principle conplan, however, might be further tained in the atmosphere, so effenimproved, with very little trouble, tial to the support of flame, as well by adding a particular account of as animal life, concerning which

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