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of her marriage : which, confidere such a reverence towards the cathoing all circumstances, would have lic church, that, all his former brought much grief of mind to prejudice being removed, he would another parent, but he was of that now throw himself into the arms of rare constitution, that those worldly it. He parted not with him in debt things never gave him trouble, nor for any good words, commended did he more consider the loss of a the catholic religion as containing child, in an adventure which pro- most excellent inducements to a bably might bring some conveni-' pious life, which could not but be ence to him (for himself was still attended with salvation ; he admired firft, if not fole in all those conside, and extolled the institution of the rations) than if it were his neigh- society, and their strict and pious bour's, being absolutely divested observation of the rules prescribed of all troublesome affections which to them, which in his judgment might obstruct or disturb his fortune, made them preferable to all other and with this kind of providence religious orders, and that he would he made provision for two of his always preserve a particular devochildren.

tion for them. But he said, whether Hitherto he had preserved, as he it were by the difference of their believed, his own reputation, as to educations, or the inequality of being a protestant, unblemished.- their understandings and judgments, He had resisted the temptations of he found that many arguments which France without being maken, and appeared to them as infallible dethough the jesuits always courted monstrations, seemed in truth to him him with wonderful application and to carry little weight with then, observance, and he them again with and so briefly enlarged upon some the same dexterity, frequently gra- particular instances with a great tifying them with some arguments iharpness of reason, yet with great against the protestants, and acknow- modefty, and confession of his own ledging fome defects to be in their weakness ; he concluded, that there church, which he could with sup- was somewhat wanting in their replied; yet after he had lodged fix ligion which kept him yet from bemonths at Albey, in a college of the ing reconciled to it, and so he jesuits, where he studied very hard, took his leave of Albey. But he and read all books recommended by now found that he must calculate them to him, when the superior his designs to another meridian, and came to him at his remove towards that the temper which had done him Italy, and passed many compliments no harm in France would do him with him of the honour the society no good in Flanders, that the

repuhad received in entertaining fo no- tation of being a Christian was a ble a person and fo rarely qualified, title sufficient for many preferments, he told him, he hoped that the ob- but that not being a catholic, in fervations he had made of their pro- Spain took away the advantage of feffion and their course of life, and being a Christian. He never had the reflections which had occurred any lively hopes of the king's restounto him upon the arguments he ration, at leaft that he could ever had found in such and such books, be restored but by catholic arms, had by this time confirmed him in and he had just now seen the most


D 3

and power

probable design the king had ever ment from the favour of Don Juan, had, upon the hope of the affection yet, as was said before, religion was

of his own subjects, mif- that which could only make a man carry in the attempt of Sir George fine in the court of Spain, and he Booth, which was thought to be had made as much of his as it would founded upon so good mediums, yield him throughout his whole that the king had withdrawn pri- course of life, an

it was like now vately from Bruffels incognito, and to do him no farther service. As attended only with four or five fer- soon as he came to Ghent he prevants, whereof that person was one, tended to be very fick, fent for to the maritime parts of France, in physicians, described his disease to some assurance that the rebel's army them, and proposed some reasonable would find so many diverfions in remedies to them; his friend the other parts of the kingdom, that he abbess, who was really a much betihould find a competent body of ter casuist than her confessor, did men to receive him in Kent, with not fail to administer her spiritnal which he might march as he should remembrances; and Courtney, the find it most counsellable. But all provincial of the English jesuits (a these high imaginations coming to man who could never have been too nothing, by the sudden defeat of Sir hard for him, if he had not been George Booth before Chester, and reduced to great weakness) was at the surprisal of many other parties hand to do all his offices, and he did in several parts of the kingdom be. it very effectually, though in great fore they were well formed, and in secret. He sent then to the mara word, the imprisoning of all per- quis of Ormond and his other friend fons of honour and reputation at Brussels, upon whose friendship throughout the whole kingdom, he had ever depended, and had who were in the suf- found him always fast and unshaken pected to wish well to the king, to him, notwithstanding his many feemed at the same time to discredit imbecilities; he conjured them and reproach the late too easy ima- both (who were indeed the two only ginations, and to pull up by the friends he had in the world) to reroots all the king's future hopes of pair to him at Ghent, for that his reftitution, and in this melancholy condition of health being at that discomposure of mind the king re time so very doubtful, he had some. turned again to Brussels, and the what to impart to them of the last other person to his retreat at Ghent, importance. The enemy had fafto the admired abbess and to his tened themselves in some places bebeloved daughter.

tween Brussels and Ghent, and the It was the great benefit and hap- season of the year was not so pleapiness of his conftirution, that he sant as to invite men to unneceffary never continued long irresolute, or journies ; it was therefore agreed remained in fufpence; if that door between them, that the presence of was not open which he would chuse one of them would serve the turn, let to enter at, the next was welcome the business be what it would, and to him. His hopes under the king so the marquis made a journey to

now blasted, and though he him, the other remaining still with promised himself much encourage- the king. When he came to Ghent



fo great

he found him well recovered of his and himself, that he might not only fickness, of which he made him a have deferred making his conversion large relation ; by what degrees it public, but have performed all his came upon him, and how foon it had usual offices and services about his deprived him of his strength, how majesty as he had used to do, even his sleeps forsook him, and that the at his devotions, so that no man night yielded him no rett; that in jould have been able to make the his agony he had made many reflec- least discovery. But that his contions upon his past condition of life, feffor, upon great deliberation, and and principally upon fome scruples conference with many other very in religion, which had been long in learned men, had declared to him, bis mind ; that he had sent for a that what he proposed was so absolearned jesuit to confer with him, lutely unlawful, and inconsistent with and in a word, that he had received the catholic religion, that it was not

satisfaction from him, that in the power of his holiness himself he was become catholic, and was re to dispense with it. This being his conciled to the church ; which he case, he had no more to do but to had no sooner submitted to, but that desire that the whole relation might he found so great a tranquillity and be candidly made to his majesty, serenity of mind, that he had won- and a gracious interpretation ob. derfully recovered in fo few days tained from him upon it. The marhis perfect health, and almost his quis (who was less surprized than former strength. That having thus his other friend, as having less opi. provided for the salvation of his nion of his constancy in that partifoul, all his other thoughts were for cular than the other had) answered the advancement of his majesty's him only, that he was forry for the service, or that at least, that this change, and that he should give his alteration in him might have no majelty a full relation of it, and so reflection upon the other, and that returned to Brussels. in this confideration he desired a Within few days he came thi. conference with his two best friends; ther; and having been very careful and since one of them came not, he to be first seen by Don Juan at mals, would desire the same from the other, he attended the king, who received which he meant to do from both, him without any cloudiness, looking that he might receive his advice upon him of the same religion as how the fame might be communica- he had before understood him to be. ted to the king; and how, and His majesty making himself very when, and in what manner it should merry with his other friend for bebe made known; and that it was ing to weak a man as to imagine hitherto so great a secret, that it that he could be constant to any was only known to his confessor and profession, and made himself no leis himself; and that it should remain merry with the person himself upon to as long as his majesty should his scruples of conscience, and the think it requisite; that he had in method and circumstances of his truth himself endeavoured, as a conversion, and upon Father Courtting practicable in his own opini- ney's having gained so great an afon, that it might have remained so cendant over his understanding ; entire a secret between his confefTor and he was very glad to compound:



for being laughed at, and could could no longer wear the character bear a better part in it, than in the either of his secretary or counsellor, serious debate of it. He was ex and it may be, that consideration ceedingly troubled to find his other had made him condescend to be so friend, whose true affection to him merry upon the conversion ; and he had been upon all occasions so ma was very well content that his friend nifeft, fo fevere that he could not should plainly declare to him in his disemble it in his countenance with presence the necessity of his dehim; and when the other renew- clining being present at future couned all professions of kindness and cils, and of returning the signet to friendship to him, against all per- the king; with which, how much fons and all pretences in the world, foever he was surprised or displeasand desired that this alteration in ed, he presently submitted, and dehim, which was the effect of con- livered the signet the next day: science, and for his own salvation, This was a change he did not might not deprive him of his friend- expect his conversion would have fhip, or alienate his affections from produced, but had promised himhim, he answered him very undly, self more advantage from his chathat he could not dislemble the trou- racter in his new religion than in ble he sustained, nor could bear that his old ; that there was no more Teproach which would fall upon hope now of the protestant intereft, himself if he were thought not to and therefore that the catholic muft be displeased with it; that he knew be now wholly applied to, and that not how he could hereafter bear any those transactions could pass through part in the king's councils, or how no other hand but his ; and that as he could be communicated with; the confidence of the catholics that though the profeffions he made should be able to advance the king's to him of the constancy of his friend- service, fo his so near relation to snip might be at that time accord- his royal person and councils would ing to his intention, yet that he had give him great credit with the cano reason to believe that they, who tholics. Such a crop of imaginahad power to prevail over him in tions and presumptions was always this affair of the highest importance, his first harvest upon any notable would ever be contented that he new design or enterprize, but this should retain a friendship with a new exclusion demolished all these person so opposite to all their prac. hopes, and was a greater discovery tices, and all their principles ; of the king's dislike of what he had against which they would always be done, than in his calculation of state able to speak more pertinently, both he thought seasonable for his majesin reason and religion, than they had ty's service, and upon that ground done in any other part of his con- was the less expected by him ; and version; which he took very heavily, this he never forgave his old friend, and could not forbear undervaluing though he continued to make the. and envying, against the whole bo- fame professions, and seemed to dy of them, with more reproach take it very unkindly that it ihould and contempt, than could have been be thought that religion shoul be expected from so young a profelyte. able to make any impreflion on him The king had well foreseen that he with reference to the friendships

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which he had contracted. After means he would bring that person
the first congratulation for the be- with him ; which was a sufficient
coming a Christian, which those evidence of prejudice. Notwith-
people do very liberally make for a standing which, the cardinal having
few days, he found no sunshine from expressly refused to grant a safe.
the change of his climate ; that no conduct to his majesty to pass through
proffer of place or penfion came France, and as expressly diffuaded
from Spain ; and that the pope, to his going to the treaty, as a thing
whom he had made an early com which would prove to his disadvan-
munication of his sorrow for, and tage, and disenable his eminence,
renunciation of his former heresy, by the noise of it, to do those good
had returned him no other exalted offices for his majefty which he was
expressions, which he expected, than resolved to do in his absence, the
Tu conversus, converte fratres tuos; king thought fit to follow the ad.
that Don Juan's own countenance vice of the other favourite, and to
was so far from shedding more gra- make a journey 'thither through
ces towards him than it had formerly France incognito. And to that pur-
done, that it was in truch more re- pose he made choice of four or five
served ; for the Marquis of Carra- servants to attend him ; and though
cina, and especially Don Alonzo, he liked very well that gentleman's
who were not pleased with the fre- company in those jolly journies,
quent admiffion he had to Don Ju- yet at this time, the intimation he
an, and his serene countenance to- had from Spain, and the knowledge
wards him, had sent their adver- he had of the cardinal's particular
tisements into Spain little to his ad- and irreconcileable displeasure to-
- vantage, and the prince had re- 'wards him, made him plainly dif-
ceived some reprehenfion from cern that it was by no means fit to
thence for his conferring those gra- have him with him. However, the
ces. But there happened shortly other in the end prevailed so far
after another instance, which mani- with him, for the experience he
fested enough what opinion that had of the ways and places through
court had of him. The treaty be- which they were to pass, that he was
tween the two crowns being ap- admitted to attend, together with
pointed to be at Fontarabia between the Marquis of Ormond, Daniel
the cardinal and Don Louis de Ha- O'Neale, and three other servants;
ro, Don Louis, who always pro- and in that manner they went from
fessed great affection to the king, Bruffels with all the secrefy imagin-
sent him a private advice by his re. able ; nor was it known in many
fident in that court, Sir Henry Ben- days after whither the king was
nett, to find himself there, profef- gone. The king was contented to
fing that he would do all he could see as many considerable places as
to engage the cardinal, that the two were within any distance of the ways
crowns, being once reconciled, through which they were to pass,
might both engage in his majesty's and the other, who was the role
interest, and at the same time ad- conductor, led him so far about,
vised that his majesty would come that the treaty was upon the mat-
with as small a train as he could ter concluded before the king came
fitly do, and particularly that by no to the borders; and then, upon the


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