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Flanders, which was confined to the had endeavoured, by all the ways city of Bruges, rather as a prince he could, to dispose and persuade incognito than as a king whose him to continue in that service with quarrel and intevest they had wed- great promises of reward and preded. As soon as they were engaged ferment, finding at last that he could before Conde, finding that there not be wrought upon, he gave him were fome Irish regiments in that a licence for his own departure, garrifon, they sent to the king to but refused to licence his men ; saydesire him that his majesty would ing, That they were readier for the fend the Marquis of Ormond to the king of England's service whilst they camp, to the end that by his pre- remained in France, than if they fence some of the Irish in the gar went into . Flanders. Whereupon rison might be wrought upon, the Muskerry himself, with his servants which his majesty coniented to, and and equipage only, repaired to Brusfent the marquis accordingly, of sels, where he was received with which Don Juan found the benefit; great applause, both the colonel and for the jealousy the garrison had of the regiment having made themthe Irish, made the French com- felves very signal in very remarkmander and governor treat the able services ; and Don Juan no fooner upon the surrender ; and sooner afligned him quarters for the though the Lord Mukerry, who was reception of his men, but the whole nephew to the Marquis of Ormond, regiment, by tens and twenties, re. and commanded a strong regiment paired with their arms to him, inof Irin in that town, positively re

somuch that there were not above fused to bring over his regiment to one officer and very few private folthe Spaniard upon the surrender of diers who were not present with Condè, which he conceived would him, and there they continued till not be honourable for him to do, the making of the peace. yet he declared to his uncle, that as About the same time, and towards foon as he came into France with his the end of the campaign, there was men, he would repair to the court, a strong garrison fixt and poffeffed and bare faced demand from the by the French at St. Gillen, within 'cardinal'a fafe conduct for himíelf five miles of Brussels, under the and his men to march into Flanders, command of Monsieur Schomburgh, according to the ftipulation agreed who, having been possessed thereof between them, That whenever the by the space of above a year, had *king should require his service, he with great pains and care made

should have a pass to march to him it very strong, and was a thorn in with his whole regiment ; that the side of Flanders, and exceedingly when he had done his part, and the discommoded their whole affairs. cardinal should refuse to comply The Spaniard had attempted the with his engagement, he would take særprize of it before it was thohimself to be at full liberty, and roughly fortified, and made after'would with all speed repair to his wards several attempts to recover it, majelty, and made no doubt but that bat were always beaten off with his regiment would quickly find great loss, and left hopeless of fucthemselves with him; which fell out cess. The major part of this garri. accordingly; and after the cardinal son were Irish, whereof most of the


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pollicers were of one family, and consented to, promises made for the
nearly allied to a gentleman who payment of such and such sums of
had long served the Marquis of Or- money out of hand, such and such
mond in the place of a secretary, penfions to be granted upon funds
They found means to let this gen- which could not be disappointed,
tleman know that if the king thought and all other things to be done for
it would be for his service, they officers and , soldiers which they
would undertake, whenever they themselves required; and to this
should be required, to put it into purpose a treaty was entered into
the Spaniard's hands. The secre- and signed with all requisite for-
tary quickly informed his lord of malities.
the overture, and his majesty ap This negociation was attended
proved that the secretary should re- with other conveniencies; he had
sort to the army, that Don Juan hitherto appeared only in the qua-
might know and consider the propo- lity of a volunteer, which title
fition, and whether it might be would be at an end as soon as the
practicable ; and the marquis rather army retired into their winter
chose to commit the conduct of it quarters, and he had reason to ap-
to the gentleman who had made prehend (though there continued all
himself so gracious to Don Juan, fair weather in Don Juan's cour-
than to reserve it to himself, his tenance) that the Spanish council
wisdom and his honour railing many would not be so well pleased to fee
fcruples in him concerning that him frequently in the court, and in
negociation ; and he was still unsa. private with the prince, upon whose
tisfied that the benefits his majesty temper and inclinations he was al-
received from the Spaniard were ready thought to have some ascen-
not proportionable to the advantages dant; but this affair of St. Gillen,
they received from the king. which was imparted to the principal

The secretary no sooner commu- couniellors, added infinitely to his nicated this affair to the other gen- reputation with them, and made his tleman, but he received it with open presence at Brussels to be even aiarms, and looked upon it as a thing folutely necessary, there being many done which his stars had contrived difficulties which were in view for for the raising and establishing his the execution of the design. Schomy fortune; he made all the promises burgh was known to be an officer imaginable of managing it for the of great vigilance and courage, and particular benefit and preferment of it was very probable that the daily the officers and soldiers, and then resort of so many Irih into Flan. ..communicated it to Don Juan, as an ders, who withdrew from the French affair that wholly depended upon service, would raise a jealousy of all him, and upon the entire depend- those of that nation who remained ence those officers had upon him.- in that service, and therefore if the The overture could not but be very design were not speedily executed, grateful to Don Juan, the reduction they must expect that the garrison of that place being the most de-“ would be reinforced with other men, krable thing before them, and to be and the Irish removed; and the purchased at any price, and there- truth is, this was in Schomburgh's fore all the conditions were readily purpose from his natural jealouly of VOL. XXVIII.



the inconstancy and infidelity of that caused him suddenly to be apprenation, without having discovered hended, with a resolution as suddenthe least circumstance of the treaty. ly to execute him, but the officer But from the time of the taking of advised him not to make too much Conde, which administered the first haste, and resolutely told him that suspicion of the Irish, it was not in his own life, and the lives of all his power to draw new forces to who adhered to him, should exhim, or, to dismiss those out of his piate for the loss of his; and in garrison whose company he least de- the same instant all the Irish betook fired; thereupon he only changed themselves to their arms, and porone resolution he had, which was to sessed themselves of some of the make a journey himself to Paris, outworks, and of a place of some the knowledge and time whereof ftrength in the town; and a trumwas the firit ground that disposed pet was sent from Don Juan with a the officers to this undertaking, as letter to the governor, in which he his presence made the work the more let him know that he was very

fure dimcult ; but they were too many, of the place in spite of all that he and those too far engaged, to give could do, and therefore if he should over the design, and therefore the take away the lieutenant'colonel's officers within were as solicitous for life, himself and all his friends the execution of it as the Spaniards should suffer, but if he would prethemselves.

fently treat for the giving "p af ihe In the depth of winter, about place, he would give him

conditions Chritmas, in a very great frost and worthy of a soldier; in this freight snow, Don Juan assembled all his the governor found it absolutely nearmy before St. Gillen, with which cessary for him to treat, and quickly Schomburgh was very much surprif- consented to the conditions propoed, and knew well that the army ed, and marched out with all those could do him no harm if his men who had a mind to follow him, were true to him, and therefore con much the major part remaining in cluded that the enemy without de the Spanish service, And so Don pended upon treachery within, and Juan returned triumphantly to Brushe quickly found, by the frequent lels, where he was the better welassembling of many of the Irish of

come for having reduced so misficers, and by the neglect of his chievous a neighbour in the depth orders, and sometimes changing the of winter, which they durft not have guards, that there was a conspiracy attempted in the spring or summer. againtt him, and that some religious This action so prosperously carried men had been suffered to pass in on gave great advantage to the afand out; and he intercepted one fairs of that country, and the dexletter by which he found the lieu terous conduct of it, much reputatenant colonel of the Irish regiment, tion to the person who had been so of whom he had always had a very inftrumental in it, who was likegood opinion (and he was indeed wise liberally considered by the much fuperior in abilities to that Spaniard for the service he had kind of people) deeply engaged in done, besides the confideration he ?he design, and indeed the whole took for himself out of the monies conductor of it. Whereupon he assigned for the officers and soldiers; +


and he now looked upon himself as to his father, not at all meddling fettled in the service of that crown, with the business of the office, nor and in the particular affection of believing that it would ever come Don Juan, of which he made daily to be an office in England, he being use. From the time of his first ap at that time poffefied with as full proach into Don Juan's good opi. a despair of his majesty's ever being nion, he used all the ways he could restored to his dominions, as Cromto inculcate into the king the great well himself was with a confidence benefit would accrue to his service that it could never come to país, by the reputation he had gotten and so modelling all his designs to with the prince and in the Spanith live in a good condition abroad, in councils, where he would employ which he had hitherto prospered lo all his talent and his time to pro- wonderfully, and all places being mote his majesty's pretences; and alike and equal to him. therefore he proposed to the king,

Hither to the avouched nothing that he might be restored to the more than his being a protettant character of his secretary, as he had above temptation, frequented the been to his father, and the place had exercise of devotion in the king's never been yet disposed of, there house, and gave all the evidence of being always two secretaries of his affection that way as could be ftate, one of which, who had expected from a man who was long been joint officer with him, be- known to have great latitude in ing then attending upon his ma- religion ; and he had lately commitjelty, and sufficient to dispatch all ted a younger son to the care and the business of that office. The education of the jesuits in France, arguments which he used to the upon some promise the queen regent king to gratify him in that his had made to him when he was in defire, were, that he should be credit with her, that she would prothereby enabled to do his majesty vide a liberal support for him in great service by the reputation that pensions, and church-livings, the character would give him ; that he receiving whereof he thought no would not intermeddle with his coun- religion could oblige a, man to be sels, otherwise than as his majesty averse from.

Soon after his first fhould think fit to communicate them coming into Flanders, and as soon to him, in reference to the transac- as he found he had got credit there tions which were to be made with (which he still believed to be greater Don Juan and in the court of Spain; than in truth it was) he {ent into that when the king should find it ne. England for a daughter he had cefiary, by the advancement of his there, of a full growth, who lived affairs in England, to dispose of the not ealily with her mother, in erder place of the secretary to a person by his authority to compofe fome who might merit it by any notable domestic differences, and to finish a service, he would willingly put it treaty of marriage for her with a into his majesty's hands to dispose gentleman of the fame country, who of, and betake himself to any other had long made that address. As office he should be assigned to. foon as she arrived in Flanders, he By these inducements he prevailed provided a private lodging for her with his majesty to admit him into in Ghent, which being in the midthe same relation he had formerly dle between Bruges, where the king



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resided, and Brussels, where the into the monastery, where none of Spanish court was, he thought to be any quality had ever been admitted a place where he could probably into the inclosure who did not prospend most part of his time; be- fess the Roman religion. But she fides, having a great reverence for had been there very few days, when the lady abbess of the English mo a half-witted man of a good family nastery there, he had a particular and a competent fortune, meeting devotion for that city ; not without this young lady at some house whia design to have his own devotion ther she used to accompany her fathe better thought of, his daughter ther, made love to her, and there remained very few days in the lodge being a great friendship between the ing he had provided for her, before abbess and the mother of the young he removed her to the English gentleman, who was a widow of cloyster for her more honourable very great reputation and esteem in accommodation, whilst her stay that place, the matter was quickly should be necessary in those parts. proposed to the father, who, accordThe

young lady was as averse from a ing to his natural alacrity, presently monastery, and from the religion that looked upon it as a new manifestais professed there, as is polible for tion of providence, that he and his a daughter who had been bred from family ihould never fall to infup, her cradle under the severe disci- portable necessity; and transported pline of a mother of another faith, with the vanity of the reputation he and in an age and region where the hould acquire, that being despoiled Romish religion was perfectly de. of his estate, and banished from his tested, and she herself had always country, he should raise himself to been taught very sharp objections such a reputation with a neighbour against it ; but her father easily nation, as to marry a daughter into persuaded her that there should be one of the best families of it, adornno attempt made upon her religion, ed, as he would believe, with an but that the lodging hould be very ample revenue, and without any honourable, and the conversation other portion than a promise to pay such as the could not but take de.

a competent one when he should be light in, and that she should always able. Without long deliberating be with him when he was in town, on the business, and without cononly lodge in the monastery, and fidering the weak spirit of the young eat there when he was away. And man, which was in truth contempit cannot be denied but that the tible, or so much as examining the accommodation was very good, and value and yearly revenue of the prudently provided for her, the eitate, which was not the twelfth abbess being a lady of great repu- part of what he himself gave it tation and wisdom, and the whole out to be; he first persuaded his community consisted of ladies of daughter to renounce her own renoble extraction, great beauty, and ligion, and become a Roman caunblemished virtue; and it was a tholic, which was a condition withgreat respect in the abbess towards out which the marriage could not her father, and her dependence upon be attained to, and then frankly his great power at court, that per- gave her up to perpetual misery, suaded her to receive his daughter which she entered into from the day


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