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desired to see him at the mercy of his own person in, and that he his own rebels, which they saw now fhould have the honour to redeem was like to be the case, and they and restore his father. This difwere therefore resolved to wed his course ended, he wanted not laninterest in such a way and manner guage to extol the generosity and as the queen of England should de- the magnanimity of the resolution, fise, in which he well knew how and to pay the cardinal all his commuch her majefty would depend pliments in his own coin, and from upon his counsel. He said it was thence to enter upon the condition absolutely necessary, since the crown of Ireland, in which the cardinal of France resolved to wed the king's presently interrupted him, and told interest, that the person of the him he knew well he was come prince of Wales hould reside in from thence, and meant to return France ; that the method he had thither, and likewise the carriage thought of proceeding in was, that of the nuncio ; that the marquis of the queen of England should make Ormond was too brave a gentle. choice of such a person whom she man, and had merited too much of thought best affected, and best qua. his master, to be deserted, and France lified for such an employment, was resolved not to do it's business whom the king would immediately by halves, but to give the king's send as his extraordinary ambassador affairs an entire relief in all places, to the king and to the parliament; that he should carry a good supply that he should govern himself wholly of money with him into Ireland, by such instructions as the queen and that arms and ammunition should give him, which he knew should be speedily fent after him, would be his work to prepare ; that and such direction to their agent all things should be made ready as there as fhould draw off all the Irish foon as the queen would nominate from the nuncio, who had not enthe ambassador ; and that upon the ar- tirely given themselves up to the rival of the prince of Wales in any Spanish intereft. part of France, as soon as notice The noble person had that which Thould be sent to the court of it, for he most desired, he was presently which due preparation should be converted, and undertook to the made, the ambassador should be in queen that he would presently conthe same manner dispatched for vert all at Jersey, and that the England, with one only instruction prince should obey all her comfrom France, which should be, That mands, and entered into consultahe should demand a speedy answer tion with her upon the election of from the parliament, whether they an ambassador, and what inftrucwould satisfy the demands he had tions should be prepared for him, made ; which if they should refuse which he took upon himself to preto do, he should forthwith in the pare. Monsieur Bellievre was named king his master's name declare a by the queen, whom the cardinal war against them, and immediately had designed for that office; the carleave the kingdom and return home, dinal approved the instructions, and and then there should be quickly caused. fix thousand pistoles to be such an army ready as was worthy paid to him who was to go to Ire'for the prince of Wales to venture land; and though it was a much


less sum than he had promised him- that his instructions would be exfelf, from the magnificent expreffi-' actly observed by him (so great a ons the cardinal had used to him, power he had always over himself, yet it provided well for his own oc that he could believe anything cafions. So he left the queen with which was grateful to him); that a his usual professions and confidence, war would be presently proclaimed and accompanied those lords to Jer- upon their refusal to do what the sey, who were to attend upon his ambassador required; and that there highness with her majesty's orders wanted nothing to the expediting for the prince's repair into France, this great affair but the prince's for the advancement whereof the immediate repairing into France cardinal was so solicitous, that he without further delay, there being writ a letter to the old prince of no other queition concerning thuc Condè, which he knew he would matter, than whether his highness forthwith fend to the queen, as he should stay in Jersey, where there did; in which he said that he had could be no question of his security, received very certain advertisement until he could receive express diout of England, that there were rection from the king his father some persons about the prince of and therefore he conjured his friend Wales in Jersey, who had under- to concur in that advice, which taken to deliver his highness up would be very grateful to the queen, , into the hands of the parliament and be attended with much benefit for twenty thousand pistoles, and to himself; telling him how kind this letter was forthwith sent by the her majesty was to him, and how queen to overtake the lords, that confident the was of his service, and it might be shewed to the prince, that if he should be of another opiand that they who attended upon nion, it would not hinder the Prince him might discern, what would be from going, who he knew was rethought of them, if they dissuaded solved to obey his Mother ; and so his highness from giving a present concluded his discourse with those obedience to his mother's com arguments which he thought were mands. As soon as they came to like to make most impresion in Jersey, he used all the means he him, and gave him the instructions could to persuade his friend to con- by which the ambassador was to be cur in his advice for the prince's guided. His friend, who in truth immediate repair into France ; he loved him very heartily, though no told him of all that had paffed be- man better knew his infirmities, tween the cardinal and him, not told him, whatever the prince would leaving out any of the expressions be disposed to do, he could not of the high value his eminence had change his opinion in point of counof his particular person; that an fel, until the King's pleasure might ambassador was chosen by his ad- be known ; he put him in mind how vice, and his instructions drawn by he had been before deceived at Oxhim, from no part of which the ford by the comte de Harcourt, ambassador durit swerve, and, which who was an ambassador likewite, as is very wonderful, he did really be was then thought, named by ourlieve for that time, that he had selves, and whose instructions he had both nominated the ambassador, and likewise drawn, and yet he could



not but well remember how foully when that was unavoidably to be that business had been managed, done, and the commissioners from and how disobligingly himself had the parliament arrived to receive it, been treated by that ambassador; he found means again to transport and therefore he could not but won himself into France, where he imder that the same artifices should mediately found himself engaged in again prevail with him, and that he sever al quarrels upon the account of could imagine that the instructions what had formerly paffed in Enghe had drawn would be at all con- land, which without any kind of sidered or pursued, further than they fcruple he appeared ready to answer might contribute to what the car with his sword in his hand, his cou. dinal for the present designed ; of rage having always faithfully sethe integrity whereof they had no conded him in all his designs. When evidence, but had reason enough to these contests were over, he repaired suspect. And so neither's persuasi- again to his new friend the cardi. ons working upon the other, the nal, who received him not with the prince fhortly removed into France, esteem he formerly had done, and and he pursued his journey for Ire- only as a man who had proposed to land with as much of the French himself to live upon them; yet he money as was left, whereof the lord gave him very good words, promilieutenant never received one thou: fed him fome command in the arsand pistoles towards the support of my, he propoting to himself no his majesty's affairs.

other course of life for his subfiftWhen he landed in Ireland, he

ence and preferment, than in the found the whole treaty of peace dif- war; and in the mean time gave avowed and made void by the Irish, him a very mean supply for his preunder the command of the nuncio, fent subaltence, nor did he find any who was declared both general at better reception from those of whom land and admiral at sea of that he expected to be admitted as a full kingdom. Here was a new field for sharer in all they enjoyed. This action, which this person presently mortification would have broken any entered into, made a journey upon other man's spirits, but it gave him very little encouragement or fecu- only fome fits of indignation, withrity in his own person to the nun out working in the least degree upcio, was received and entertained on the vigour of his mind, resolv. by him very rudely, till he found it ing to take the first opportunity to necessary, with great difficulty, to make himself to be more confidered, make what haite he could again to and an opportunity fhortly offered Dublin, where he continued to have itself, which could have hardly been many imaginations of uniting par- propitious to any man born under ties, and dividing the Irish amongst another constellation. themselves, until he plainly dir The disorders of Paris had for. cerned that there was no way left to ced the king to retire from thence preserve that kingdom from being to St. Germains, and all overtures irrecoverably lost to the crown, but towards accommodation being hopeby putting it into the hands of the less, forces were raised on both parliament, which still made pro- fides, some of the princes of the feffion of all duty to the king; and blood being in the head of those in


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Paris, and others with the king ; very serene towards him, and himand when both armies were one day self quickly possessed of an honourdrawn up at a small distance from able command of horse, with such each other, the person we are dif- liberal appointments as made his courfing of, having with some dif- condition very easy, the Cardinal ficulty procured a horse, had put taking all occasions to do him hos himself as a volunteer into the nour, and he very well knowing king's troops, and a person of the how to cultivate those inclinations. other side coming out fingle out of

If he had been born to be happy, the troops in a bravado to change a or had had a temper to have repistol (as the phrase is) with any ceived the approaches of good forsingle man who should be willing to tune, when she made moft hafte toencounter him, he, without speak- wards him, no man had ever preing to any body, moved his horse pared such an ascent to himself to very leisurely towards him, the any height he could propose ; he other seeming to stand still and ex was the discourse of the whole court, pect him, but he did in truth dex- and had drawn the eyes of all men terously retireso near his own troops, upon him; his quality, his educa. that before the time he could come tion, the handsomeness of his perto charge him, the whole front of son, and even the beauty of his that squadron di charged all their countenance (being not at that timecarbines upon him, whilst the other above thirty years of age, and retired into his place. By this dif- looking much younger) his alacrity honourable proceeding, he received and fierceness in action against the a shot in the thigh with a brace of enemy, his softness and civility in bullets, and keeping itill his horse, all kind of conversations, his proneeded no excuse for making what found knowledge in all kind of halte he could back, when he could learning, and in all languages, in no longer fit his horse. This action which he enlargedor restrained himbeing performed fo gallantly in the self, as he faw opportunity, made view of the king, the cardinal, him grateful to all kind of persons. and the prince of Condè, all men His first troop of horse confifted enquired who the gentleman was, most of English, who resorted to and very few knew more than that him in as great numbers as he he was an Englishman; but his could with, and who thought their name was quickly known and pub- fortunes made by their dependance lished, and direction given for his upon him ; and he was well conaccommodation and recovery, in tented they should do so, not consuch a manner, as expressed that the cealing any imagination of his own king thought himself concerned of the vast height his stars would that he should want nothing, and carry him to, imputing still all sucfrom this action and accident hè cess to his own rare contrivance, and made another glorious flight into dexterity in the management, and the world, for he was no sooner re- encouraged them to hope all for covered of his wounds, and went to fortunes under his conduct, which make his acknowledgment to the brought great joy and satisfaction king and the cardinal, but he to them both; they, congratulating found the cardinals countenance with themselves for the great bles,

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iece of iron, under it, lebration, requited them only in these wo!us, ferro vivendum eft tibi, giving them equal testimony as quid præjiuntia pluma ? --alluding brave men, excellent officers, who to the nature of the ostrich to live having the choice of all offices and upon iron, which was now his forpreferments, made it their choice, tune to do, without any benefit out of their mere love and esteem from the beauty of her feathers, as of his person, to grow up under his he was to expect none from the lufshadow, and in the mean time that tre of his pen, in which he believed they would wait with patience and he excelled all men. The invenindustry, that they might take their tion had sharpness in it, and added turn with him. But patience and to his reputation, even when it apindustry were virtues that neither of peared to be full blown. them were acquainted with, they Whilst the civil wars of France were pleased with him because his continued, and every day discoprofessions and promises were very vered treachery and falsehood in the early, and so like preferments, that court, amongst those who were least they concluded, that he that said suspected, his credit grew to that more than they could wish in the degree, both with the queen and first and second weeks, would give the cardinal, that he was admitted them poffeffion of something within into the greatest trust, and was in three or four months. And he again truth ready for the boldest undertabelieved that all their professions kings, in which he had sometime and zeal proceeded purely out of an success, which he never forgot, but innate affection to his person, would he never remembered want of it, or never be weary of their dependance, when he had succeeded very ill; and or that he should still be able to keep was as prepared for any new underit warm with the same fire by which taking. And in truth, the changes he had kindled it. So that they he met with, and even the reparabeing men of licence and expence, tions he fometimes received, might who expected present liberal fup- well work upon a nature less fanport, he having given them cause guine than his. Upon the king's to expect much more, and he have firit coming to Paris after the muring not in his nature the least in ther of his father, at which time he clination to bounty or generosity, food poffeffed of the office of sethey grew quickly weary of each cretary of state, he had some very other, they abandoning him as a good friends about the young king, person who promised valtly, light- who did wish that he might receive ly, and unreasonably, and who all gracious crcatment from his mawould not perform, if it were in jesty, as a man who had behaved his power to do it as easily as to himself faithfully and signally in


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