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From the return of the pay-office countant, for which he receives no of the pary, and from the examina- additional salary or emolument what, tions of the right hon. Welbore El. ever. lis, treasurer of the navy; Andrew The salaries of the other officers Douglas, esq. his paymatter; John and clerks are from forty to eighty Siade, esq. first clerk in the cashier's pounds a year, according to their branch; Adam Jellicos, esq. first leveral employments. Besides which, clerk in the pay branch ; George they have the allowances and perSwaffield, efq. cashier ; Mr. John quilites following: Fennell, chief clerk, and Mr. Ro. An allowance for extra service, bert Walker, second clerk in the which is made to those clerks who vi&ualling branch, we obtained the attend the payment of wages and following information relative to the the yards, and who complete what profits accruing to the officers and are called the full books for payment clerks in this office.

of the thips and yards. This al. The business in the pay-office of lowance is intended to defray their the navy is transacted by thete ea- travelling expences, and as a recomsurer, the paymaster, and thirty- pence for their extra trouble. The five officers and clerks, nine of which rate at which it is paid is seven shilare in the cashier's branch, twentylings a day for the number of days in the pay branch, and fix in the in which each clerk is so employed. victualling branch.

An allowance for telling money The profits of these officers con at the Bank is a poundage, at the filt of lix heads-salaries; allow rate of five shillings for every thouances for extra services, and for tell. fand pounds, allowed by the navy ing money at the Bank; perquisites board to those clerks who receive of odd pence; for casting defalca- money at the Bank for the payment tions; and for entering probates of the ships and yards ; in confe. and other instruments.

quence of which allowance, each The treasurer and his paymaster clerk is accountable for any deficiare paid by salaries only, and have ency there may be either in the no other fee or gratuity whatever. weight or tale of the money he reThe officers and clerks receive sala. ceives. ries, and also the allowances and per The odd pence is a perquisite to quifites above mentioned.

those officers and clerks, who are The treasurer is appointed by the employed in making payments. crown, and holds his office during Those whose business it is to pay pleasure. He receives a salary of perfe&t bills, the navy course, and two thousand pounds a year, redu- bills drawn by the navy and fick and ced, by the payment of the one thil- hurt boards, pay the even money ling and fixpenny duties, to 1,850l. only upon these bills, and retain to He appoints the paymaiter, and all themselves the odd pence under a the other officers and clerks in the filling. Those who are employed office.

in the payment of the officers, lea. The paymaster has a salary of men, and artificers in the dock. sool. a-year, reduced by the same yards, retain the odd pence under duties to 4621. 1os. He executes fix-pence ; in consideration of which, also the offices of cashier and ac- they are all bound to make good any



mistakes they may make in their countant, at four hundred pounds s payments.

and the salaries of thirteen clerks, The perquisite for casting defal- seven at eighty pounds each, and fix cations, is a gratuity, usually at the at forty pounds each; and in the rate of one guinea by the hundred ordinary estimate of the navy, voted pounds, paid by the chaplains, by parliament every year,ate insertsurgeons, and pursers of the navy, ed allowances--to the treasurer of to the officer who casts and pays to the navy, two thousand pounds; to them their several shares of the de- his paymaster and cashier, five hunductions made from the feamen's dred pounds; to twenty-two clerks, wages,

fix of them eighty pounds, nine fifThe perquisite for entering pro- ty pounds, and seven forty pounds bates of wills, letters of administra, each. But an increase of the busition, and warrants of attorney, is a ness in this office for these late fee of two fillings and fix pence years, has rendered it neceffary to each entry, paid to the clerk in increase the clerks to the present whose department it lies to register number, thirty-five ; and to every there instruments,

increase the consent of the navyThe salaries and allowances for board is necessary. extra-fervices, and for telling mo The allowances and perquisites ney at the Bank, are paid, for the are such as have been usually paid moft part, quarterly, by bills assign- and taken by the officers and clerks ed by the navy or victualling boards in their several departments, as far upon the treasurer, out of money back as the memory of the oldest received by him, either to pay sa. officers, now employed in this of Jaries, or from old stores, or under fice, reaches. some other head of service specified From the account set forth in the in the assignments; and consequent- appendix, it appears, that the gross ly all these are paid by the pub- amount of the emoluments received lic.

in the pay-ofice of the navy, was The perquisites are either de. 8,150l. Ios. d.; of which the falatained out of sums due to particu- ries, allowances for extra-Service, lar persons, or paid by those who and for telling money at the Bank, apply to have their business tranf- amounting to 6,5451. 45. 8d. was acted at the office; and therefore do paid by the public; and the relidue, sot come out of the public purse, being 1,6031. 55. 410. by indibut from the pockets of indivi. viduals; the net receipt of this duals.

office was 7,9381. d. The authority upon which the By the return made to us from receipt of the several profits of this the pay-office of the army, and the office is grounded, is either an order' examinations of the right hon. of the privy-council, or usage. Richard Rigby, paymaster-gene

By an order of the privy-council, ral of the forces ; Timothy Casa dated the 25th of May, 1699, the wall, esq. deputy paymaster; John salary of the treasurer of the navy Powell, efq. cashier ; Charles Bemis settled at two thousand poonds a bridge, esq. accountant; John year; that of his paymaster, at five Adam Frederick Heffe, esq. ledhundred pounds ; that of his ac- ger - keeper ; Thomas Bangham, 5.



efq. computer of off-reckonings; of these allowances is 6,0921.: out Robert Randoll, esq. cahier of of which he paid for himself and half-pay; and Richard Molef- officers, in taxes, 9621. 198.9d. ; to worth, efq. entering clerk; we clerks 17071.; and for the continreceived the following account of gent disbursements of his office, the salaries paid to, and the fees 360l. 7s. 8d. ; making together and gratuities taken by, the officers 3,030!. 7s. 5d. which reduced his and clerks in the pay-office of the clear receipt to 3,0611. 125. 7d. army.

The deputy paymaster has two This office confifts of the pay- salaries, of sool. a year each ; one master-general, his deputy, a ca- reduced, by the one shilling and fixe Mier, an accountant, a ledger- penny duties, to 4621. jos, the other keeper, a computer of off-reck- paid without deduction; together, onings, a cathier of half-pay, and clear, 9621. 1os. an entering clerk, with eight in The fix following officers are ferior clerks, an office-keeper, a those who have fees and gratuities house-keeper, and two meífen as well as salaries. gers; and nine deputy paymasters The cashier receives a salary of abroad.

2001. a year, reduced by the one The paymaster-general appoints snilling duty to 1901.; and an addihis deputies, and all the officers tional annual allowance of 27cl. and clerks einployed in his office : paid to him without deduction. His they are ali paid by falarics or al fees and gratuities amounted to lowances, fees and gratuities. 6,7151. 195. 6d. which, with his

The paymaster-general, his de- falaries, made his clear receipt puty, the inferior officers and 7,1751. 195. 6d. But, as these fees clerks, and deputy paymasters are not always paid at the time the abroad, have certain faiaries or business is done, this fum, though allowances only; the fix officers received in the year 1780, may inwho are next to the deputy pay- clude fees that accrued in a precedmatter, receive falaries, fees, and ing year; it certainly does not in a gratuities.

clude the fees for all the business The paymaster-general is ap- done by him in that year; the repointed by letters patent under mitters had not paid him their fees the great seal, during pleasure ; upon the warrants for the remit. he receives four annual allow tances issued to them after the ances as paymalter-general of the month of Febrary, 1780; and it forces, and one as treasurer of appears from an account of those Chelsea hospital : the four are, remittances, extracted from the ac3,000l. as the particular falary count of the extraordinary serviers beionging to his ofice, 1,7601. for incurred by the paymatter-general the payment of clerks, 6ool. for of the forces for the year 1760, the contingent expences of his of- that the sum illued to them befice, and i wenty thillings a day as [ween the iit of March, and the one of the staff upon the establish- 31st of December, in that year, ment; the other allowance is w

was 2,312,8301.; the fees upon twenty thillings a day as treasurer which being at ihe rate of one of Chelsea hoipital. The amount


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guinea by the thousand pounds, Sixty pounds is the salary of the
amount to 2,4271. 125. and being. entering-clerk, which, with 1,4481.
divided equally between the ca 155. 4d. received by fees, made his
thier and accountant, would have grofs receipt 1,5081. 155.4d. ; re-
added 1,2131. 16s. to the receipt duced, by vol. 1os. paid for taxes,
of each, and would have increased to 1,4981. 55. 4d.
that of the cashier to 8,3891.155.6d. The other clerks are paid from

The salary of the accountant is fifty to one hundred pounds a-year,
1501. a year, reduced by the one according to their stations and em-
Shilling duty to 1421. ios. He re- ployments in the office, and receive
ceived in fees 1,?;81. 175. od.; no fees or gratuities whatever.
which, added to his falary, makes The deputy paymasters abroad
his clear receipt to have been are paid an allowance, six of them
1,5011. 7s. 9d. Had the remitters thirty Shillings a day, and three of
paid all their fees, it had been them three pounds a day.
increased by the addition of The fees received by these of -
1,2131. 165.

the sum officers are as various as the business 2,7151. 35. 9d.

they execute ; each has fees pecuThe ledger - keeper's salary is liar to his branch: they consit, 100l. a year, besides which, he some of them, of a poundage upon receives annually sol. from the the sums contained in warrants computer of off-reckonings, and brought for payment, and in re1001. from the cashier of half-pay: ceipts; others, of certain sums per his fees amounted to 3941. 16s. regiment, paid either annually making, all together, 6741. 16s. or upon transacting particular He paid out of this sum, for taxes, branches of the regimental busififteen pounds; to his deputy eighty ness; others of them are certain pounds; and to another aliitant sums for reports, certificates, refifty pounds; together, 1451. which ceipts, entries, or other articles of reduced his net receipt to 5291. 16s. official business. The present ledger-keeper has, by The gratuities are voluntary doseason of his age and infirmities, nations upon the payment of warexecuted his office by deputy, ever rants, or for creating some trouble fince his appointment in 1765. to the office; and are given to offi.

The computer of off-reckonings cers of the department where the has no other salary but that of business is transacted. eighty pounds, which he pays to It appears from the account of the ledger-keeper; his net profits the payments made by the paymasarose from his fees, which amount- ter-general, out of the deductions ed to 1,0381. 55. 6d.

of twelve-pence in the pound, and The cahier of half-pay receives one day's pay, for the year 1780, eighty pounds a year salary; the that the salary and allowances to total of his fees was 6171. 55.; to the paymaster-general (except the gether, 6971.55.: out of which he twenty fillings a day on the staff) paid, for taxes, fourteen pounds, and the two additional salaries to and to the ledger-keeper one hun- the deputy and cashier, and the aldred pounds; this reduced his clear lowances to the deputy-paymafters receipt to 5831. 55.

abroad, are paid out of the deduc

himself pays

tions of twelve-pence in the pound; business committed to his charge, the twenty shillings a day on the The allowance to the paymasterstaff, is paid to him, in like manner general of twenty shillings a day as the general and staff-officers in upon the staff, is voted annually Great Britain are paid, out of the upon the establishment, and, togemoney granted for the ordinary fer. ther with the twenty shillings a day vices of the army : all these pay as treasurer of Chelsea hospital, is ments are therefore a charge upon inserted in his letters-patent: all the public. The paymaster-general the falaries and allowances paid to

the other salaries, out him are such as have been allowed of the sum of 1,7601. allowed him to his predecessors in this office ; for that purpose. The fees and and all the salaries, fees, and gragratuities are paid by the remitters, tuities, received by the officers contractors, agents, and persons and clerks, and deputy-paymafwhose business brings them to the ters, are the same as have been office, and therefore come immedi- paid to, and received by, those who ately out of their pockets, though have gone before them. much the greatert part of them ul From the account in the appentimately fall upon the public. dix it appears, that the gross

Usage of office is the general amount of the emoluments received ground upon which these several in this office, was 25,1081.199.1d.; payments reft, except in the two the net amount was 23,5611. is. 8d, initances of the additional allow. The sum of 13,450l. received for ances to the deputy and the cashier, salaries and allowances, was paid which are founded on special cir- by the public : the sum of cumstances, The five hundred 11,5731. 19s. id. for fees and pounds a year addition to the de- gratuities, was paid by indiviputy, is paid to him by a warrant, duals, dated 18th arch, 1774 ; it com There is moreover another gramenced on the roth October, 1771, tuity given to the officers and clerks and is to continue as long as he in each of these pay-offices, upon holds this ofiice. The ground pasting the final accounts of a treastated in the warrant is, that the furer and paymaster-general in the then emoluments of the office were office of the auditor of the impreft. not an adequate compensation for This gratuity is craved of the comhis trouble, care, and fidelity : his missioners of the treasury, by a mepredeceffors in this office had not morial from the respective officers This additional salary; for they en

and clerks in each office, as a comjoyed, at the same time, what the pensation for their trouble in carpresent deputy had not, other ap- rying on and making up the acpointments under the crown. counts of a treasurer and paymaf

The warrant for the payment of ter-general after his resignation, the additìonal two hundred and se- The quantum of it bears some venty pounds a year to the cashier, proportion to the total sum conis dated the roth of July, 1765, tained in the account to be passed. and states it to be made to him for It is allowed to them by a treahis trouble, care, diligence, and sury-warrant, out of the balance fidelity, in the execution of the remaining in the hands of the ac.


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