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ly, he took up the argument and high treason. And from hence he polithed it, making the edge more grew into fo entire a confidence with harp to wound than it was before, the other cabal, which did not then dresling the general charge with consist of above feven or eight, that fome smart instances, which made he was immediately received into the enormity more fenable, and his the bowels of their design, and delivery, and manner of speaking, made one of those who were trusted from so lo ely a perfon, and a very to prepare such a charge against the lovely aipect he had, was fo grace- Earl, that might satisfy the rest that ful (though not altogether without they had done well in accusing him; affectation) that it wonderfully re. and so he became quickly privy to conciled him to his auditors. When all their secrets, knew what every any grievances in religion were particular man thought he knew, touched upon, and the government and by what means they intended of the church assaulted or reproach- to know more, what prooís they ed, no man improved the discourse could for the present make, and with more bitterness and animolity, how they meant to fupport and en. fpeaking of the things he would be large those truths, all their arts and thought to value, gravely, and, as artifices, which were neceílary to be it seemed, with piety and devotion; communicated amongst themselves, and of the persons against whom he and with those lords who were joinfound it grateful to inveigh, wittily ed with them, to make their confpiand pleasantly, and scornfully; lo racy more practicable. In a word, that that party, which had the most the whole method they proposed for mischievous intentions in religion, their proceedings, and what they and against the church, believed most apprehended might obstruct that they had gotten a champion to those proceedings, was as clearly their own defire, who would be equal understaod by him, as by Mr. Pym to their stouteft adversary, even to and Mr. Hambden themselves. the bishops themselves. The great. Having now got himself to the top est combination was, and which was of the pinnacle, he began to look leaft communicated, the design a about him, and take a full prospect gainst the Earl of Strafford; which of all that was to be seen; and it is was no sooner entered


and very possible, that the desperate defome short instances given of his signs of the persons with whom he exercise of a very exorbitant power had communicated, not answerable in Ireland, than he entered into the to the reputation they had of inteargument, made him the chief au- grity to the nation, the uningenuity thor of all that was grievous in Eng- of their proceeding, and the foul land, giving some instances of words arts they could give themselves leave and expreflions he had used in pri- to use, to compass any thing they vate conversation, of a very unpopu proposed to do; as in truth their lar'nature, which he took


him method was, first to consider what felf to prove ; which fome very con was necessary to be done for some fiderable actors in that tragedy did public end, and which might reaoften protest afterwards was the fonably enough be wished for that principal inducement to their hafly public end, and then to make no refolution of charging that earl with scruple of doing any thing which

might probably bring the other to particular expresfions that had passed pals, let it be of what nature it between them, and which offended would, and never so much concern more persons than had been privy the honour or interest of any person to the conferences, and 'looked like who they thought did not, or would a discovery of future projections not favour their designs : I say, pof- which were not yet ripe. In the fibly this observation might make public prosecution of the Earl of some impression upon him, who Strafford he continued still in the without doubt had no wacked pur- fame conjunction, and kept his post poses himself. Let what would be amongst those who were to manage the cause or the temptation, resolve the evidence against him, but with he did, to steer another course, and such a temper (which could not be to set up for himself upon that stock reasonably excepted againft) that of commodities, in the getting to- manifested enough, that he neither gether whereof there were so many brought the spirit, nor would bring joint sharers with him ; and so he the testimony they expected from found ways easily enough (and his him, and as soon as the trial was nature was marvellously disposed to over, and it was discerned that the that dexterity) to infinuate to the house of peers would not take upon court, that, if they gave him reasons them the condemning the Earl, but for it, they might depend upon his that it would be neceifary to pass an service, and that he would make it act of Parliament to that purpose, very useful to them : and the streights the bill was no sooner brought into they were in, and the benefit they the house of commons, but he apmight receive from such a prompt. peared most violently against it, difness, bringing him such a return covered many particulars which had from thence as he could with, he passed in their most private confetook the first occasion (before he rences, which he said had first perwas so much as suspected) to give plexed him ; and enlarged fo pahis party cause to believe, that he thetically upon the whole matter, meant not to venture himself in their and against the condemning of the bottom. As soon as there was an Earl, that that whole party had fo occafion, by the address of a great great a detestation of him, that they number of ministers by way of pro. had not less appetite to destroy him, position, to reform many particulars than the Earl of Strafford.' And both in the doctrine and discipline this conteft produced another discoof the church, he discovered his dif- very, that a very important paper, like of those designs, and the spirit which had been produced and perthat produced them, very warmly; used in the close committee, and and because it was well known that upon which they principally demany of those ministers had had fre- pended for making good their quent communication with him, and charge, had been taken away, and even consulted that very address by could never afterwards be found ; his consent and approbation, he took and it was confidently alleged, that notice of it himself, and feemed at the time when that paper was last much offended that they had insisted seen, and lay upon the table in Mr. upon many particulars which he had Pym's chamber, there were only disallowed ; and so mentioned some three persons present, whereof he


was one. This produced an order beloved, than any man I ever knew; in the house that every one of that and then would make the greatest clofe committee, who were about hatte, to fall from that estimation eight, should make a folemn pro- into a gulph of prejudice and deteitation in the house, that he nei- testation, which can be imagined ; ther had that paper, nor knew what which wrought the unusual effect, became of it. Which teft he cheer- that he had scarce a notable enemy fully submitted to, with the most throughout his life, with whom he folemn and bitter execrations that had not held a very great friendcan be imagined, upon himself and ship, or at least profeit such an inhis family, if he knew what was bę, clination to, which, in any other come of that paper, or if he had man, would have amounted to a ever taken it away ; notwithstanding friendihip, and he bore both the exwhich, they who were angry with tremes very unconcernedly, imputhim did not believe him, and confi- ing the first to his own virtue, and dently reported, that it was found transcendant parts, and his dexterity afterwards amongst fome papers of in managing them; and the latter, his which were taken in the house of to the uniteadiness and inconstancy his father in the war; which is not of other men's humours, to their probable, since it may be presumed envy and jealousy of his master fathat a man who had gotten it in culties. such a manner, would at least, after He was now compelled to transsuch an enquiry was made upon it, plant himself into the court, when have cast it into the fire, though the soil was neither so fruitful, nor there was not then any suspicion that the air so pleasant as it had forfuch an action could ever have pro- merly been ; indeed, where a nipduced it.

ping frost had induced a marvellous However it was the inconveni- fterility, and in this too his conftience of that discovery, produced by tution was so happy that he found a the furreption of that paper, that it consolation for himseif, and indusproduced many other notable disco-' triously imputed that to his genero“ veries with it, which were all cast fity and election, which other men upon


accompt, who was looked thought to be the effect of his neupon as a deferter at least, if not a ceflity, and that he could grow në betrayer of his party ; and fo from where else, when he endeavoured to as great an height of applause, and grow there. It was a very melaneven adoration, which he had at- choly season there, where most of tained to by Christmas, before Eaf- those who had received the greatest ter he was fallen to fo low an esteem obligations from their master, and with all that people, that they were most able to have done him thought no reproach equal to his service, not only forlook him, but demerit, and profecuted him ac- betrayed him; and in order to get, cordingly with their utmost animo- ting credit with those who suppressed sity and rage. The truth is, he had all other authority, they discovered a wonderful, and a very extraordi- all they knew which might advance nary facility throughout the whole the evil designs of the other, with course of his life, to arrive sooner to whom they resolved to go thorough a great pitch of esteem and being sharers in all that was to be gotten;


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and the other few who retained ftill thrown into that stronger side. He their fidelity and their zeal, with could no longer act upon the stage: indignation enough to see the back- where he had so long flourished, and sliding of their fellows, were yet so where his mercurial temper was not terrified with the power of the grateful, even to those to whom the other, and with the perfidiousness violence and ill designs of the others that they saw every day practised, was visible, and equally odious ; fo insomuch as nothing was said or that he was called up by writ to the done in the most secret places of the house of peers, as fit to move in that court, even by the king or queen sphere, where he no sooner came themselves, but it was communicat- than he gave fresh life and vigour to ed to those who had no modesty in the it, the real temper of that house reconsidering it, but impudently de- taining a vigorous affection to the clared that they would remove all king, church, and government, and persons from the king and queen, confequently very inclined to folwhose very looks were not grateful to low his example, and to be swayed them, of which they had already by his reason, who always delivered given many instances. So that they, himself with notable advantage, and who, I say, wanted not faith, were was now known to be trusted by the yet without skill to foresee what they court, and so like to carry on their were to do, and the king himfelf designs in the method prescribed found his infelicity to be so mon- there, and where he was looked strous, that he knew not with whom upon, not as having deserted his to advise, nor in truth whom to principles or his party, but as a trust; for they, who had no mind prudent discoverer of their exorbito betray him, were betrayed them- bitant designs contrary to the prinselves, and out of their trusting others, ciples they owned, and had fo etirmade them accessary to the betray- ed himself from their dangerous coning him. In this conjuncture, the versation and loit their confidence, vivacity of such a person could not because he would not part with his but be very acceptable, who had a innocence. And truly, if the too brain perpetually working, and a great activity and restlessness of his conception and understanding deli- nature would have given him leave berating and resolving together, and to have fat ftill, and expected, and a courage so keen and fearless, that made use of those advantages, which he was ready to execute the fame the hasty and choleric humour of the minute whatsoever was resolved. house of commons was ready every The truth is,

day to present to them, and which Si duos præterea tales Idæa tulisiet temper was the utmost extent of Terra viros

courage the house of peers could be God only knows what might, or carried to, which did not yet suspect might not have resulted from his the designs of the worst men to be bold

temper; when the party, that so monitrous as they shortly after did all the mischief, was made up appeared to be, it is very probable, of those whose despair of being safe the wisdom and temper of the one any where else, and belief that the house, with the concurrence it would king would yield to any thing that have found from the major part of should be confidently demanded, had the other, which was far from be.

ing corrupted, would have prevent- himself, as well as with others. But ed those calamities, which, under such accidents were fo far from makthe specious authority of the parlia- ing such impression upon him, that ment, were afterwards brought upon he was the more ready to embrace the kingdom. But his nature was a new enterprize, when the old mif. impatient of such repose, and he als carried, and was the only man I ways embraced those counsels which ever knew of such incomparable were boldest and most hazardous, parts, that was never the wiser for which he thought would give a any experience or misfortune which greater lustre to his wit and conduct., befell him; but was as ready to take And this unhappy infirmity and va.' the same meafures, and pursue the nity made him always reserved to fame expedients, often times to emthose with whom he most intimately ploy the same persons by which that confulted, 'and without whose con- miscarriage and those misfortunes currence he pretended to resolve no- had befallen him, which proceeded thing. Yet in any determination from a notable fagacity and confia that was ever made between them, dence in himself, towards whom he he always reserved fome fuch im- never could entertain the least jeaportant particular to himself, which lousy. This inconvenient presumpwould in truth have changed the tion was the longer from being diswhole council, and have made them covered or taken notice of, except all protest against that which he re- by a few of his moit intimate friends, solved to have done, as a matter by the wonderful faculty he had of mutually adjusted between them ; difiimulation, which was so profound which he did not do out of jealousy that he appeared the most offended and distrust of the other, or a con and enraged when he saw any thing tradiction of their opinions and judg. done that was notoriously disliked, ment, which he was still most ready and bitterly inveighed against the to comply with, and was upon any anthors of those counsels which debate the most easily persoaded to himself alone had contrived, and to depart from his own inclinations the execution whereof no man else of any man I ever knew of such a

was privy. So when he had pretalent in understanding : but the vailed with the king to cause the fix other reservation proceeded only, members to be accused, and had first, from an opinion that if he should undertaken to cause them to be comcominunicate it, it would find a ge- mitted, when he found in the house neral approbation (as he was very of peers the general disapprobation indulgent to himself in believing and diflike of it, he stood himself up that what appeared reason to him, and spake against it, and whispered would appear fo to every body else) the lord Mandeville in the ear, that and then the reserving it would keep the king would be undone if he did fomewhat for credit and reputation not publicly discover those who had to himself, which was unthought of given him that counsel, and that he by the rest; and by this unlucky would immediately go to the court temper in his nature, many defpe- and dispose him to it; when he rate inconveniences felt out to the alone was the only man, who, withking and to himielf, which would our communicating it to any other, liave confounded any other man in had advised that prosecution, named

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