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cific Ocean, with the Hebrew.- exactly the sense in which it feems From the 8th vol, of the Archæ- to occur in the journals of Captain ologia.

Cook, &c, with the flight transpo

sition of one vowel, My dear Friend,

I.

Genefis Ixiii. 32.
TQU know my opinion as to

the originality of the Hebrew «s i And they set on (meat) for, language : to this you must attri. him (Joseph) by himself, and for bute the trouble I am now giving them (the fons of Jacob) by them.

selves; and for the Egyptians which you.

If there was a time when all the did eat with him (in his presence) inhabitants of the world spoke He- by themselves, because the Egypbrew, then we are justified in our tians might not eat bread with the attempts at tracing to that primary Hebrews, for that is awn, Tacoba, fource any word in any language to the Egyptians.” spoken on the habitable globe: and An inhabitant of O-why-hee an argument connected with these would have given the very fame data, though it may not carry con

reason for such a separation at his viction with it, will not, I hope, be meal. considered, primâ facie, as absurd

II. and impoffible.

Genesis xlvi. 33, 34. It is my opinion, then, that the word taboo, which is so common in • And it shall come to pass when all the islands of the Pacific Ocean, « Pharaoh shall call you, and shall and which occurs so very frequently “ say, · What is your occupation?” in the journals of our circumna « That ye shall say, " Thy servigators, is, poffibly, of Hebrew " vants trade hath been about cat. origin.

“ tle, from our youth even until
At least thus much is certain, that now, both we and our fathers :'
the Hebrew word awn Taooba, " that ye may dwell in the land
froin ayn, has the same precise fig « of Goshen, for every shepherd is
nification with the word Taboo, as « navn Tacob-ath, to the Egyp-
used in the Sandwich and Friendly“ tians."
ifles, &c.

III.
The word ayn as a verb fignifies

Exodus viii. 25, 26.
transitively, to loath, nauseate, abo-
minate, both in a natural and mental And Pharaoh called for Moses
sense. From hence is derived navn

and Aaron, and said: “ Go ye, Taaob-a, and nain Taoob-ath, an

“ sacrifice to your God in the abomination.

« land.”
And Moses said :

" It is not It occurs in several places of the

" meet so to do, for we shall facri. sacred writings; but the three following instances are sufficiently in

"o fice the abomination of the Egyp

" tians to the Lord our God point for my purpose, viz. to thew that the effect of that abomination (Tacob-ath-Mizräim), Lo, shall we speak of, was interdictory, and

, that to a very high degree, which is " which the Egyptians are forbid

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“ den

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« den to use, before their eyes, and its effects, which are exactly ana“ will they not stone us?”

logous to those of the Taboo. There is little doubt, that Moses The tenor of these observations in this place alludes to the well. is supported by the Jewish Rabbiknown Egyptian histories of Ilis nical Comment, called Targum and Osiris, and that the cow was the Onkelos, on Genesis xliii. 32. quotaboo'd animal which it was so ha- ted by the ingenious and learned zardous to sacrifice in Egypt. Mr. Parkhurst in his Lexicon, on

Herodotus gives us the reason in the word ayn, where it is said, his Euterpe :

“. For the Egyptians could not eat Tès per ev xalapes Bestys tives, " bread with the Hebrews, because και της μοσχες οι τάνιες Αιγύπτιοι « the beafts which the Egyptians Juxor δε θηλέας ου σφι έξεσι “worthipped the Hebrews eat." θύειν' αλλά τραι έισι της Ίσιος. το γάς

If I mistake not, the Taboo of TñS "Istos ayanya, éèv yuvarxiíce, the islands has some connection, not Boxéqwr ist, xalá meg "Endeves sin ’lēv accurately understood, with their reγράφεσι και τας βές τας θηλέας Αι- ligions tenets. γύπτιοι πάντες ομοίως σέβονλα, προ This conjecture will receive adGάς ων σάνων μάλιςα μακρω.

ditional strength, if in the course All the Egyptians facrifice of future enquiry there fhould apbulls, and bull-calves which are pear, as I cannot but fufpect will free from blemish ; but cows they be the case, as marked an affinity are forbidden to offer up, for they between other words in the two are holy to Isis. For the represen- languages, expressive of the fame tation of Isis is that of a female ideas; Mattee, from no, seems to with a cow's horns, as the Greeks be here in point. paint lö, and all the Egyptians do I wish I had leisure and abilities thus venerate cows (boves fæmi- to enter more deeply into such an nas) far more than all other cat: investigation.

The subject viewed in any light In consequence of this, their be- whatever is not uninteresting ; and haviour to perfons coming from a no argument in favour of the pricountry not so fcrupulous gives us mævity of the Hebrew language is a most perfect idea of the taboo. unimportant. Researches of this

Twv ftvera, čr' åvne Aiyumos, čte nature, we understand, are now gurn äveça "Eadmua pianoeieav tū só- making, under the direction of a malu se jagaien avêços "Enamvos great princess, as well as by the asxeńcélai, gdo cércios, & de nanti, de fiduous care of learned individuals. repéwç xalupě Béos docet éluenpséve ‘Ea- I am fully persuaded, that these reληνικη μαχαίρη γεύσείαι, ,

fearches will terminate in some new On this account no Egyptian discoveries of the connection beman or woman would kiss a Greek, tween the language of every kingnor use the sword of a Greek, nor dom upon earth, with that presumed Grecian spits, or caldrons ; nor will to have been spoken by Adam and they even taste the flesh of a clean Noah. beast, which is carved with a Gre Yours most affectionately, cian knife.”

G. H. GLASS. This was the Taoob-a-Mizräim in

Oberrations

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Observations on a Pieture by Zuc a Spanish one, called Primero, which

caro, from Lord Falkland's Col- probably might have been introlection, supposed to represent the duced by Philip the Second, or some Game of Primero. By the Hon. of his fúite, whilst he was in Eng, Daines Barrington. Inscribed to land, and was much in vogue

durihe Rev. Mr. Bowle. From the ing the reign of queen Elizabeth, fame work.

as appears by the following paffage

from Shakespeare:
Inner Temple, May 4, 1785.,

I left him at Primero
Conceive that the following

16 With the duke of Suffolk." account of a picture, which was

Henry VIII. A& V. Sc. I. fold last week at Greenwood's auction-room in Leicester-Fields, may I have taken some pains to find be interesting to the society.

out how this formerly favourite game It originally belonged to the great was played, and find the following and good lord Falkland; from whom account of it in Duchat's notes on it descended to the late viscount of the twenty-second chapter of the that title, who died not long since, first book of Rabelais, in which all

According to tradition in the fa- the games, with which Gargantua mily it was painted by Zuccaro; amused himself, are mentioned, and represented lord Burleigh play- amounting to nearly two hundred, ing at cards with three other per- and the second of which is Pria fons, who, from their dress, appear to be of distinction, each of them I shall fubjoin a translation of having two rings on the same fingers Duchat's note on this word, which of both their hands.

feems moft clearly to prove, that The cards are marked as at pre- Primero is the game described in fent, and differ from those of more this picture of lord Falkland's. modern times only by being nar " Each player hath four cards, rower and longer; eight of these " which are dealt one by one ; a fie upon the table, with the blank • seven is the highest in point of fide uppermost, whilst four remain “ number, which he can avail in each of their hands.

or himself of,] and counts for Other particulars deserving no twenty-one ; the next is the fix, tice are, that one of the players 66 and counts for sixteen; the next exhibits his cards, which are, to the " is the five, and counts for fifteen; best of my recollection, the knave " the ace reckons for the same of hearts, with the ace, 7 and 6 “ number, but the duce, trois, and of clubs. There are also con quatre, count only for their refiderable heaps of gold and fil “ spective number of points." ver on the table, so that these dig Duchat adds, that the knaye of nified personages seem to have play- hearts most commonly is pitched upon ed for what would not at present be for the quinola, which the player called a chicken stake.

may make what card, and of what It should seem, that the game is colour he pleases *; if the cards are

* Hence the Spanish phrase, efiar de quincla,” which fignifies the joining different colours.' See the Distionary of the Royal Academy at Madrid, voce Quirtola,

all

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all of different colours, the player leigh with three others playing at wins primero, and if they are all cards t, I have found some confirof the fame colour, he wins, the mation that those exhibited in the Auch *

hand of one of these players relate From this outline of Primero, to Primero I, because the Sydney there seems to be little doubt but papers mention § that queen Elithat it is the game which the pain- zabeth formed a party at this game ter means to describe ; and that the with the Lord Treasurer, Mr. Seperson exhibiting his cards to the cretary, and the lord North. spectators hath won the fius, flux, or I am fince informed likewise, that flush; for his three clubs are the this picture was purchased by Mr. best cards for counting, and his Bird of Hanover-Square. knave of hearts may double the best I proceed to give the beft aċof these, whilst it also becomes a count I am able of the first introclub, and thus wins by the number duction of this pastime now become of points, as well as by the four fo general. cards becoming a flush of clubs. The earliest mention of cards that

Whilft I have thus been endea. I have yet stumbled upon, is in Mr. vouring to explain this picture of Anstis's History of the Garter ll, Zuccaro, some other observations where he cites the following passage have occurred, with regard to cards from the Wardrobe Rolls, in the in the more early centuries, which fixth year of Edward the First. with the indulgence of the society " Waltero Sturton ad opus reI may possibly lay before them gis ad ludendum ad quatuor reges hereafter.

VIII s. v.d. q” from which entry DAINES BARRINGTON.

Mr. Anstis with some probability conjectures, that playing cards were not unknown at the latter end of the

thirteenth century; and perhaps Obfervations on the Antiquity of Card: what I shall add may carry with it

playing in England, by the Hon. some small confirmation of what he Daines Barrington. Infcribed to

thus supposes. the Rev. Mr. Bowie. From the

Edward the First (when prince of fame work.

Wales) served nearly five years in

Syria, and therefore, whilft miliINCE the last paper which I tary operations were suspended, the society, giving some account of sedentary amusements. Now the a picture representing lord Bur- Afiatics scarcely ever change their

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* The Spanih term is “flux,” which signifies the same with our word Alush, and which, when applied to cards, imports that they are all of the fame colour : x in that language, moreover, hath the power of p, or nearly fo.

+ See the preceding article.
I This ancient game is sometimes written Primera.

Sydney Papers, vol. I. p. 1541
Ň Vol. II. p. 307.

This entry seems to have been communicated to Mr. Anstis by some other person.

customs;

customs ; and, as they play at cards fore rather conceive that the trois (though in many respects different jeux de Cartes, in this article, means from ours *) it is not improbable three sets of illuminations upon pathat Edward might have been taugh per; carte originally fignitying no the game, ad quatuor reges, whilft he more I. continued so long in this part of the If this be the right interpretation globe.

of the terms, we see the reason why If however this article in the Gringonneur, limner to Charles VI. wardrobe account is not allowed to was employed, and these three sets allude to playing cards, the next of illuminations would entertain writer who mentions the more early the king during his insanity by their introduction of them is P. Menel- variety, as three sets of wooden trier t, who, from such another ar- prints would now amuse a child bet. ticle in the privy purse expences of ter than one ; whilst on the other the kings of France, says, that they hand one pack of cards would have were provided for Charles the Sixth been fufficient for a mad king, by his limner, after that king was who probably would tear them in deprived of his senses in 1392.- pieces upon the first run of bad The entry is the following," Donné luck. “ a Jacquemin Gringonneur, Pein How this same king moreover “ tre, pour trois jeux de Cartes, was to be taught or could play a

a or et a diveries couleurs, de game at cards whilft he was out of “ plusieurs devises, pour porter his senses is not very apparent; and “ vers le dit Seigneur Roi pour fon the physician, who permitted such “ abatement, cinquante fix fols amulement to his majesty, seems not « Parisis."

to have considered the ill conse. I muft own, that I have some quence to his health by losses at doubts whether this entry really re play, which so much inflame the lates to playing cards, though it is pafions. Some ttress likewise may admitted that trois jeux de cartes be laid upon this entry not being would now signify three packs of followed by another || of money isa cards. The word jeu however had sued to the winners, as there seems anciently a more extensive import to be little doubt, but that his ma. than at present, and Cotgrave in eíty in this ftate of mind mut have his Dictionary applies it to a cheyt been, in modern terms, a pigeonito of violins, jeu de violons. I there- his hawks of courtiers.

" For their pastimes within doors they have cards differing fro mours in the " figures and number of tuits.” Pietro della Valle.

Nienbur (in his Travels) also mentions the use of Chinese cards, p. 139, and fays, that the Arabians call this amusement Lab-el-kamer. We have cheislikes wise from the Afiatics.

+ Bibliotheque Instructive et Curieuse.
I Paper also in the fourteenth century was a modern invention.

|| Our worthy member Mr. O.de hath lately favoured me with the perusal of Henry the Seventh's private expences, by which it appears that money was issued at three several times for his lofles ar cards,

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