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same should be passed by the legislac other West India merchandizes than ture of Ireland. zdly, Against the such as were the produce of our own importing into Ireland, and from colonies ; -and zdly, That Ireland thence into Great Britain, of any should debar itself from trading to

any IV. That it is highly important to the general interests of the British empire, that the laws for regulating trade and navigation should be the same in Great Britain and Ireland; and, therefore, that it is essential, towards carrying into effect the present settlement, that all laws which have been made, or fall be made in Great Britain, for securing exclusive privileges to the ships and mariners of Great Britain, Ireland, and the British colonies and plantations, and for regulat. ing and restraining the trade of the British colonies and plantations,“ such laws “ imposing the same restraints, and conferring the fame benefits on the subjects of "both kingdoms, should " be in force in Ireland, “ by laws to be passed by the “ parliament of that kingdom for the same time, and” in the same manner as in Great Britain.

V. That it is farther essential to this settlement, that all goods and commodities of the growth, produce, or manufacture of British or foreign colonies in America, or the West Indies; and the British or foreign settlements on the coast of Africa, imported into Ireland, should, on importation, be subject to the fame duties “ and regulations” as the like goods are, or from time to time shall be subject to, upon importation into Great Britain ; " or if prohibited from being “ imported into Great Britain, thall in like manner be prohibited from being im“ported into Ireland.”

VI. That in order to prevent illicit practices, injurious to the revenue and commerce of both kingdoms, it is expedient that all goods, whether of the growth, produce, or manufacture of Great Britain or Ireland, or of any foreign country, which shall hereafter be imported into Great Britain from Ireland, or into Ireland from Great Britain, should be put, by laws to be passed in the parliament of the two kingdoms, under the fame regulations with respect to bonds, cockets, and other initruments, to which the like goods are now subject in pafling from one port of Great Britain to another.

VII. That for the like purpose, it is also expedient that when any goods, the growth, produce, or manufacture of the British West India Inands, “ or any « other of the British colonies or plantations," hall be shipped from Ireland for Great Britain, they should be accompanied with such original certificates of the revenue officers of the said colonies as thall be required by the law on importation into Great Britain ; and that when the whole quantity included in one certificate shall not be shipped at any one time, the original certificate, properly indorsed as

to quantity, should be sent with the first parcel ; and to identify the remainder, if shipped at any future period, new certificates should be granted by the principal officers of the ports in Ireland, extracted from a register of the original documents, specifying the quantities before shipped from thence, by what vesels, and to what ports.

VIII. That it is essential for carrying into effect the present settlement, that all goods exported from Ireland to the British colonies in the West Indies, or in America, “ or to the British settlements on the coast of Africa,” should from time to time be made liable to such duties and drawbacks, and put under such regulations as may be necessary, in order that the same may not be exported with less incumbrance of duties or imposition than the like goods shall be burdened with when exported from Great Britain.

“ IX. That it is essential to the general commercial interests of the empire, VOL. XXVIII,


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any of the countries beyond the charter of the English East India Cape of Good Hope to the Streights Company. of Magellan, so long as it should be In the course of the debates upon thought necessary to continue the the propositions as they stood with



“ that so long as the parliament of this kingdom shall think it adviseable that the “ commerce to the countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope shall be carried on folely “ by an exclufive company, having liberty to import into the port of London only, “ ne goods of the growth, produce, or manufacture of any countries beyond the Cape “ of Good Hope Tould be importable into Ireland from any foreign country, or “ from any settlement in the East Indies belonging to any such foreign country, and « that no goods of the growth, produce, or manufacture of the said countries should “ be allowed to be imported into Ireland but through Great Britain ; and it shall “ be lawful to export such goods of the growth, produce, or manufacture of any “ of the countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope to the Streights of Magellan 66 from Great Britain to Ireland, with the same duties reiained thereon as are now “ retained on their being exported to that kingdom ; but that an account shall be “ kept of the duties retained, and the net drawback onthe said goods imported to “ Ireland; and that the amount thereof shall be remitted by the receiver-general “ of his majesty's customs in Great Britain to the proper officer of the revenue in “ Ireland, to be placed to the account of his majesty's revenue there, subject to “ the dilposal of the parliament of that kingdom; and that whenever the com6 merce to the faid countries shall cease to be carried on by an exclusive company “ in the goods of the produce of countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope to the

Streights of Magellan, the goods should be importable into Ireland from coun“ tries from which they may be importable to Great Britain, and no other; and os that no veslel should be cleared out from Ireland for any part of the countries from the Cape of Good Hope to the Streights of Magellan, but such as shall “ be freighted in Ireland by the said exclusive company, and thall have failed from “ the port of London; and that the tips going from Great Britain to any of “ the said countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope hould not be restrained from “ touching at any of the posts in Ireland, and taking on board there any of the “ goods of the growth, produce, or manufacture of that kingdom.”

X. That no prohibition should exist, in either country, against the importation, use, or sale of any article, the growth, produce, or manufacture of the cther i except such as either kingdom may judge expedient, from time to time, upon corn, meal, malt, four, and biscuits ; " and except such qualified prohibitions, 66 at present contained in any act of the British or Irish parliament, as do not ab: • solutely prevent the importation of goods or manufactures, or materials of ma“ nufactures, but only regulate the weight, the size, the packages, or other

par“ ticular circumstances, or prescribe the built or country, and dimensions of the « ships importing the same; and also, except on ammunition, arms, gunpowder, " and other utensils of war, importable only by virtue of his majesty's licence ; and that the duty on the importation of every such article (if fubject to duty in either country) should be precisely the same in the one country as in the other, except where an addition may be necessary in either conntry, in consequence of an internal duty on any such article of its own consumption," or in consequence of ~ internal bounties in the country where such article is grown, produced, or ma“ nufactured, and except such duties as asther kingdom may judge expedient, « from time to time, upon corn, meal, malt, four, and biscuits."

XI. That in all cases where the duties on articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of either country, are different on the importation into the other, it

these amendments and additions, the system altogether) was the fourth, that which met with the moft vigo- in which Great Britain, it was af. rous opposition (independent of such ferted, assumed both a present and general reasoning as went against future power to bind Ireland by such


is expedient that they should be reduced, in the kingdom where they are the highest, to or an amount not exceeding" the amount payable in the other ; " so that “ the same shall not be less than ten and a half per cent, where any article was " charged with a duty, on importation into Ireland, of ten and a half per cent. " or upwards, previous to the 17th day of May, 1782 ;” and that all such articles should be exportable, from the kingdom into which they shall be imported, as free from duty as the similar commodities or home manufactures of the fame kingdom.

XII. That it is also proper, that in all cases where the articles of the consumption of either kingdom Thall be charged with an internal duty on the manufacture, the said manufacture, when imported from the other, may be charged with a farther duty on importation, adequate to countervail the internal duty on the manufacture « as far as relates to the duties now charged thereon ;" fuch farther duty to continue so long only as the internal consumption hall be charged with the duty or duties to balance which it shall be imposed; and that where there is a duty on the importation of the raw material of any manufacture in one kingdom, greater than the like duty on raw materials in the other, fuch manufacture may, on its importation “ into the other kingdom,” be charged with such a countervailing duty as may be fufficient to subject the fame, fo imported, to “ burdens * adequate to those which " the manufacture composed of the like raw material is subject to, in consequence of duties on the importation of such material in the kingdom into which such manufacture is so imported; and the said manufacture, so imported, shall be entitled to such drawbacks or bounties on exportation, as may leave the same subject to no heavier burden than the home-made manufacture.

XIII. That, in order to give permanency to the settlement now intended to be established, it is necessary that no new or additional duties should be hereafter imposed, in either kingdom, on the importation of any article of the growth, produce, or manufacture of tlie other ; except such additional duties as may be requisite to balance the duties on internal consumption, pursuant to the foregoing resolution, “ or in consequence of bounties remaining on such articles when ex36 ported from the other kingdom.”

XIV. That for the same purpose, it is necessary, farther, that no prohibition, or new or additional duties, shall be hereafter imposed in either kingdom, on the exportation of any article of native growth, produce, or manufacture, from " the

one kingdom” to the other, except such as either kingdom may deem expedient, from time to time, upon corn, meal, malt, four, and biscuits.

XV. That for the same purpose, it is necessary that no bounties whatsoever should be paid or payable in either kingdom, on the exportation of any article to the other, except such as relate to corn, meal, malt, flour, and biscuits,' " and ex. cept also the bounties at present given by Great Britain on” beer, and spirits distilled from corn; and such as are in the nature of drawbacks or compensations for duties paid ; and that no bounty should be “ payable" on the exportation of any article to any British colonies or plantations, “ or to the British settlements on " the cóalt of Africa,” or on the exportation of any article imported from the British plantations, " or from the British settlements on the coast of Africa, or * British settlements in the East Indies ;” or any manufacture made of such arti..

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acts as she should pass relative to the own statutes--That it was a resumptrade and commerce of both king. tion of the right of legislating for domis. This was stated to be di- Ireland, which this country had rerectly in the teeth of what had been nouncedThat it was bartering the solemnly ftipulated betwixt the two liberties of Ireland for the advan. kingdoms, namely, that Ireland was tages held out to that kingdom by in future only to be bound by her the system now proposed, and there. cle, unless in cases where a similar bounty is payable in Great Britain, on exportation from thence, or where such bounty is merely in the nature of a drawback or compensation of or for duties paid, over and above any duties paid thereon in Britain ; and where “ any internal bounty shall be given in either kingdom, on any “ goods manufactured therein, and shall reinain on such goods when exported, a “ countervailing duty adequate thereto may be laid upon the importation of the “ said goods into the other kingdom.'

XVI. That it is expedient for the general benefit of the British empire, that the importation of articles from foreign « countries” should be regulated from time to time in each kingdom on such terms as may “ effectually favour " the importation of similar articles of the growth, product, or manufacture of the other ; except “ in the case of materials of manufactures, which are, or hereafter may be al"s lowed to be imported from foreign countries, duty-free ; and that in all cases “ where any articles are or may be subject to higher duties on importation into « this kingdom, from the countries belonging to any of the states of North Ame“ rica, than the like goods are or may be subject to when imported, as the growth, “ produce, or manufacture of the British colonies and plantations, or as the pro« duce of the fisheries carried on by British subjects, such articles shall be subject « to the fame duties on importation into Ireland, from the countries belonging to “ any of the Itates of North America, as the fame are or may be subject to on im“« portation from the said countries into this kingdom.'

« XVII. That it is expedient tlrat measures should be taken to prevent disputes « touching the exercise of the right of the inhabitants of each kingdom to fish on the coait of any part of the British dominions."

XVIII. That it is expedient that such privileges of printing and vending “ books as are or may be legally possessed within Great Britain, under the grant of “ the crown or otherwise, and” the copyarights of the authors and booklěllers of Great Britain, should continue to be protected in the manner they are at present, by the laws of Great Britain ; and that it is just that measures should be taken by the parliament of Ireland for giving the like protection to the copy-rights of the authors and booksellers of that kingdom.

XIX. - That it is expedient that regulations should be adopted with respeet to “ patents to be hereafter granted for the encouragement of new inventions, so that “ the rights, privileges, and restrictions thereon granted and contained, shall be of 66 equal duration and force throughout Great Britain and Ireland.”

XX. That the appropriation of whatever fum the gross hereditary revenue of the kingdom of Ireland (the due collection thereof being secured by permanent provisions) shall produce, after deducting all drawbacks, re-payments, or bounties granted in the nature of drawbacks, over and above the sum of fix hundred and fifty-fix thousand pounds in each year, towards the support of the naval force of the empire; to be applied in such manner as the parliament of Ireland shall direct, by an act to be passed for that purpose, will be a satisfactory provision, proportioned to the growing prosperity of that kingdom, towards defraying, in time of peace, the necessary expenees of protecting the trade and general interests of the empire.


by purchafing Irish Navery at the Finally, it was argued, that such expence of English commerce. was the nature of the propositions,

With respect to the last propofi. that in whatever proportion one tion, which stipulated, that whenever country might benefit from them, there should be a surplus of the in the very fame the other would berevenue of Ireland, over and above come a loser; and that as to Ire. the sum of 656,000 l. such surplus land, whether the advantages gained should be applied to the support of on her part were great or small, they the British navy, it was urged, that were to be purchased at the price of if this was held forth as a compen- her liberty. fation for advantages voluntarily re In favour of the fyftem it was figned by Great Britain, nothing argued, that it was a measure of ab. could be more fallacious, the present solute necessity, in order to put an net revenue of that kingdom being end to the discontents which prelittle more than 333,000l. and there. vailed to so alarming a degree in the fore little more than half the ftipu- fifter kingdom.-That if the present lated sum, over and above which the propositions were not passed into a surplus only was to be applied in law, all that had already been done aid of the public revenue of this in favour of Ireland would prove country.

nugatory, as it was clearly inadeThe arguments which were of. quate to the expectations of that fered generally, and against the country. whole of the proposed lyitem, went

That with respect to the fourth chiefly upon the supposed injury proposition, it was a condition which which the manufa&tures and commerce the safety of our own navigation of Great Britain would sustain from laws made it necessary to annex to it: the former, from the compara- the boon granted to Ireland. That tive small price of labour in Ire- it was unfair to infer from hence land, which alone, it was contend- that the British legislature had any ed, would foon enable that king- views of trenching on the inde. dom to undersell us both at home pendence of Ireland, since it left and abroad; the latter, from the to that kingdom the option of tak. facility with which it was welling or refuling the advantages held known the revenue laws in Ireland out to her, subject to sucha conwere evaded.

dition. That the condition itself The impossibility of preventing was such as had frequently been the clandestine importation of a va- adopted in the negotiations of inderiety of the most important articles, pendent states--as in the late treaty was strongly insisted on ; and it was betwixt this kingdom and France, added, that the competition which when the latter bound herself to puba would arise betwixt the two king., lith certain ediêts, as soon as other doms, which should fell cheapeit, edicts ftipulated on our part were would of course encrease the evil. published by this country.


In answer to this argument, Mr. Fox replied, that in the case stated, one narion bound itself to do something defined and specific, when the other adopted some other defined and specific measure. To make the cases similar, an instance should


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