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PREFACE.

This compilation being intended to serve as a manual of leg. islative procedure, the introduction of subjects not pertinent to this object has been avoided.

The contents are :

(1) The Constitution of the United States and amendments, with analytical index thereto;

(2) Jefferson's Manual ; the principles of procedure contained in the Manual being by Rule XLIV expressly adopted by the House so far as consistent with its other rules ;

(3) The rules of the House of Representatives as amended to the date of this publication, with synopsis and marginal index;

(4) A digest of the rules and practice of the House, including sections of the Constitution and statutes which relate to proceedings of the House and to the duties of its officers ;

(5) An appendix containing useful tables and catalogues not considered appropriate to the body of the digest.

In the Digest proper the several rules and parts of rules relating to a particular subject are grouped together, thus presenting in compact form both the rules and practice relating to a point in question. Sections and paragraphs of the Constitution and laws are in like manner repeated in full where applicable. The decisions of Speakers and of Chairmen of the Committee of the Whole are sometimes given verbatim, but generally the substance or effect of the decision only is presented. On some questions the decisions are conflicting; while as to many other matters the practice of the House has been so long and well established that express rulings respecting them have not been required. In such cases the prevailing practice is briefly stated.

The general plan of Barclay's digest as published in the Forty-fourth Congress has been pursued, and so much of the

CONTENTS.

Page.

44

105

193

237

List of Members and period of service.....

List of Members-elect, Fifty-third Congress

Committees of the Fifty-second Congress...

Period of each Congress; Speakers and Clerks of the House...

Sessions of Congress con vened by law or proclamation....

Reports required by law to be made to Congress.

Statutes at Large..

Debates in Congress..

Annals of Congress.

Congressional debates.

Congressional Globe.

Congressional Record.

Index to Jefferson's Manual..

Index to Digest....

561

569

575

591

595

597

626

627

627

628

629

633

639

655

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES—1787."

WE THE PEOPLE of the United States, in Order to form a more per

fect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this CONSTITUTION for the United States of America.

Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 Dall., 419; McCulloch v. State of Maryland et al., 4 Wh., 316; Brown et als. v. Maryland, 12 Wh., 419; Barron v. The Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, 7 Pet., 243; Lane County v. Oregon, 7 Wall., 71; Texas v. White et al., 7 Wall., 700.

ARTICLE. I.

SECTION. 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Hayburn's case (notes), 2 Dall., 409. SECTION. 2. 'The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

* In May, 1785, a committee of Congress made a report recommending an alteration in the Articles of Confederation, but no action was taken on it, and it was left to the State Legislatures to proceed in the matter. In January, 1786, the Leg: islature of Virginia passed a resolution providing for the appointment of five commissioners, who, or any three of them, should meet such commissioners as might be appointed in the other States of the Union, at a time and place to be agreed apon, to take into consideration the trade of the United States; to consider how far a uniform system in their commercial regulations may be necessary to their common interest and their permanent harmony; and to report to the several

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