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or superseded functions set forth in Reorganization Plan No. 8 of 1953, relating to previously terminated programs or temporary in character, are superseded by section 9 (b) of this Plan.

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There have been in recent years a number of excellent, thoughtful studies, reports, and hearings dealing with the organization of our public diplomacy activities. Most of these had substantial public input and participation, and all were studied carefully by the Administration in the process of preparing this reorganization plan. Principal among these were (1) the report of the Panel on International Information, Education, and Cultural Relations (the Stanton Panel), March 1975, (2) the report of the Commission on the Organization of the Government for the Conduct of Foreign Policy (the Murphy Commission), submitted in July 1975, (3) the May 1977 report of the General Accounting Office, (4) the May 1977 report of the U. S. Advisory Commission on Information, and (5) the extensive hearings held this past June by the Fascell Subcommittee of the House International Relations Committee. I note that the President was required to consider the first four of these by section 501 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1978, though he most assuredly would have considered them in any case.

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I will not take the time here to set forth the findings and recommendations of these various studies, since they are


There were of

described in the Appendix to my statement.

course many differences among them, but each called for consolidation of the educational and cultural programs

of State with some or all of USIA's programs. I do want to say that the President's basic line of thought on this matter was that the separation in Washington of programs that are consolidated in the anomalous; the nonpolitical nature of the cultural programs and the independence of VOA's news operations are eminently desirable, but can be assured as a functional matter without making them structurally independent and fragmented; and the new agency containing these programs should have sufficient distance from State to assure its basic independence, but should at the same time have some relationship with State reflecting its position as part of our foreign policy mechanism.

I have already referred to the Board of Foreign Scholarships and the fact that it will be retained without change in the new agency. Three other significant entities outside State

and USIA are involved in or affected by this reorganization:

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The two advisory commissions that now advise USIA and
the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs will be
combined into a single advisory commission, known as
the Advisory Commission on International Communication,
Cultural and Educational Affairs. The new commission
will have seven members, appointed by the President and
confirmed by the Senate. They will be drawn from various


fields related to the mission of the agency and
will be selected on a nonpartisan basis. The new
commission will report annually, and at such other
times as it chooses, to the President, the Congress,
the Secretary of State and the Director of the agency
on its appraisals of, and recommendations for the

programs vested in the agency.

The commission is

also authorized to report to the public, here and
abroad, to develop a better understanding of and
support for the programs of the agency.

The East-West Center is a national educational insti-
tution, established by Federal statute and incorporated
in the State of Hawaii, where it provides scholars
from countries of the East and West a place to
study, receive training, and exchange views. No
change will be made in the Center by the reorganiza-
tion, though its backstopping funding, which have
been through the Bureau of Educational and Cultural
Affairs, will now come from the new Agency for

International Communication.

Section 11 provides that the President shall estalbish

the effective date or dates of the Plan, but that they shall be no later than July 1, 1978. If the Plan is permitted to take effect, we hope to have the Agency for International Communication open its doors on April 1, 1978.


We believe that this is a sound proposal. The Plan will both increase the efficiency of our public diplomacy programs and provide a framework for the emerging spirit of mutuality. It provides full protection for the nonpolitical character of the educational and cultural exchange programs, and for the independence of the news operations of the Voice of America. We earnestly solicit your support.

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The United States Government's international information, educational and cultural programs (collectively known as our "public diplomacy" program) have two separate but related objectives:



to foster the long-term American foreign policy goal
of promoting interactions which deepen mutual under-
standing, encourage rational approaches in dealing with
problems among nations, and strengthen cooperation be-
tween our people and the peoples of other countries, and
to inform the world about perspectives and perceptions
that underlie American policies.

These programs include:

Cultural Exchange. Programs for the exchange of academics, artists, political leaders and others are now directed by State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (CU). Dissemination of information. This function includes the dissemination of information about American society generally

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