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clusters, from damaged and seriously damaged clusters and small clusters, from pieces and detached fragments, and from any other defects which detract from the appearance or edibility of the product.

(1) "Portion of a head” means an individual portion or section of a head made up of buds or buttons and the adjoining stems or portions of stems and attached modified leaves or bracts.

(2) "Cluster" means a portion of a head which weighs more than 4 ounce and which is not less than 34 inch in the greatest dimension measured across the top of the cluster.

(3) "Small cluster" means a portion of a head which weighs not more than 4 ounce and which is not less than 3/4 inch in the greatest dimension measured across the top of the cluster.

(4) "Piece" means a small portion of a head which is less than 3/4 inch in the greatest dimension measured across the top of the cluster. "Pieces" are considered as defects whether or not defective. (5) "Detached fragments" are detached leaves, detached modified leaves or bracts, or detached portions of stems. Detached fragments are considered as defects whether or not defective.

(6) "Poorly trimmed cluster" or "poorly trimmed small cluster" means that the appearance of the cluster is seriously affected by ragged cutting or gouging, or both, or is seriously affected by attached modified leaves or bracts.

(7) "Damaged cluster" or "damaged small cluster" means that the cluster is damaged by dark discoloration, pathological injury, insect injury, or any other injury or defect which singly or in combination affect materially the appearance or edibility of the cluster.

(8) "Seriously damaged cluster" or "seriously damaged small cluster" means that the cluster is damaged to the extent that the appearance or edibility of the cluster is seriously affected.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen cauliflower that is practically free from defects may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. "Practically free from defects" means that the product is practically free from pieces and detached fragments and from any defects not specifically mentioned that affect materially the appearance or edibility of the product, and, in addition, means that:

(1) No seriously damaged clusters are present; and

(2) Not more than a total of 15 percent, by weight, of the cauliflower may be poorly trimmed clusters, poorly trimmed small clusters, damaged clusters, damaged small clusters, and seriously damaged small clusters: Provided, Not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the cauliflower are damaged clusters,' damaged small clusters, and seriously damaged small clusters: Further provided, Not more than 5 percent. by weight, of the cauliflower are seriously damaged small clusters.

(c) (B) classification. If the frozen cauliflower is reasonably free from defects, a score of 28 to 33 points may be given. Frozen cauliflower that falls into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably free from defects" means that the product is reasonably free from pieces and detached fragments and from any defects not specifically mentioned that affect seriously the appearance or edibility of the product, and in addition, means that:

(1) Not more than a total of 30 percent, by weight, of the cauliflower may be poorly trimmed clusters, poorly trimmed small clusters, damaged clusters, damaged small clusters, seriously damaged clusters, and seriously damaged small clusters: Provided, Not more than 15 percent, by weight, of the cauliflower are damaged clusters, damaged small clusters, seriously damaged clusters, seriously damaged small clusters: Further provided, Not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the cauliflower are seriously damaged clusters and seriously damaged small clusters.

(d) (SStd) classification. Frozen cauliflower that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

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degree of freedom from ricey and fuzzy units.

(1) "Ricey units" are sections of the head on which the ultimate branches have become elongated, causing the flower clusters to separate and present a loose or open and sometimes granular appearance.

(2) "Fuzzy units" are sections of the head that have elongated individual flowers or pedicels that result in a very fuzzy appearance.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen cauliflower that possesses a good character may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. "Good character" means that not less than 80 percent, by weight, of the cauliflower are firm and compact clusters of buds or buttons; and that the remainder of the clusters may be reasonably firm and reasonably compact or may be slightly soft, slightly ricey, or slightly fuzzy.

(c) (B) classification. If the frozen cauliflower possesses a reasonably good character, a score of 14 to 16 points may be given. Frozen cauliflower that falls into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably good character" means that not less than 60 percent, by weight, of the cauliflower are at least reasonably firm and reasonably compact clusters of buds or buttons; and that the remainder of the clusters may be soft, ricey, or fuzzy but not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the cauliflower may be mushy.

(d) (SStd) classification. Frozen cauliflower that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION § 52.728

Ascertaining the grade of a lot. The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the regulations governing inspection and certification of processed fruits and vegetables, processed products thereof, and certain other processed food products (§§ 52.1 to 52.87).

(22 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957]

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§ 52.741 Product description.

"Sulfured cherries" are prepared from properly matured whole cherries (Prunus avium or Prunus cerasus) of similar varietal characteristics; are packed with or without the addition of a hardening agent, in a solution of sulfur dioxide of sufficient strength to preserve the product.

§ 52.742 Styles of sulfured cherries.

(a) "Unstemmed and unpitted" is the style of sulfured cherries consisting of whole cherries (irrespective of size) with pits, and not less than 80 percent, by weight, of all the cherries have the stems attached.

(b) "Stemmed and unpitted" is the style of sulfured cherries consisting of whole cherries (irrespective of size) with pits and not more than 2 of 1 percent, by weight, of all the cherries are cherries with stems attached.

(c) "Stemmed and pitted" is the style of sulfured cherries consisting of whole cherries of which not more than 2 of 1 percent, by weight, of all the cherries are cherries with stems attached

and: (1) For each 40 ounces of all the cherries there may be present not more than 2 cherries with pits when all cherries are of small size or extra small size; (2) for each 40 ounces of all the cherries there may be present not more than 1 cherry with a pit when all cherries are of medium size, large size, or different sizes; and (3) for each 60 ounces of all the cherries there may be present not more than 1 cherry with a pit when all cherries are of extra large size.

(d) "Unstemmed and pitted" or "cocktail" is the style of sulfured cherries consisting of whole cherries of which not more than 7 percent, by weight, of all the cherries are cherries without the stems firmly attached and: (1) For each 40 ounces of all the cherries there may be present not more than 2 cherries with pits when all cherries are of small size or extra small size; (2) for each 40 ounces of all the cherries there may be present not more than 1 cherry with a pit when all cherries are of medium size, large size, or different sizes; and (3) for each 60 ounces of all the cherries there may be present not more than 1 cherry with a pit when all cherries are of extra large size.

(e) "Unclassified" consists of sulfured cherries which do not conform to any of the foregoing styles.

(f) "Pit" means an entire pit or portion thereof attached to a sulfured cherry or within the pit cavity.

§ 52.743 Recommended sizes of sulfured cherries.

(a) Although size is a factor in connection with some styles of sulfured cherries, it is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. The size range of sulfured cherries varies on the basis of the diameter of the fruit. The diameter of the sulfured cherry is the minimum diameter of the fruit that will pass through a rigid ring of the same diameter without using pressure. The name designations of the various sizes are shown in the first column of Table No. I of this section. Sulfured cherries will be considered as meeting a particular designated size if not more than 10 percent, by weight, of all the cherries are 1 mm. smaller or 2 mm. smaller and not more than 10 percent, by weight, of all the cherries are 1 mm. larger or 2 mm. larger than the diameter range of the particu

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Small------.

Medium

Large...

16 mm.

16 mm. to, and including, 18 mm.

18 mm. to, and including, 20 mm.

20 mm. to, and including, 22 mm.

Extra large----. 22 mm. and over.

§ 52.744 Grades of sulfured cherries.

(a) "U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy" is the quality of sulfured cherries that are clean; that possess a good color; that are practically free from defects; that possess a good character; and that score not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "U. S. Grade B" or "U. S. Choice" is the quality of sulfured cherries that are clean; that possess a reasonably good color; that are reasonably free from defects; that possess a reasonably good character; and that score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) "U. S. Grade D" or "Seconds" is the quality of sulfured cherries that are clean, but for other reasons fail to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice.

(d) "U. S. Combination grade" is the quality of sulfured cherries that are clean; and that with respect to color, absence of defects, and character meets the following requirements:

(1) Not less than 90 percent, by weight, of all the cherries, possess at least a reasonably good color and a reasonably good character and are free from misshapen cherries, cherries seriously damaged by mechanical injury, and seriously blemished cherries; and

(2) Unless otherwise specified, at least 50 percent, by weight, of all the cherries, possess a good color and a good

character; and are free from blemished cherries or seriously blemished cherries, misshapen cherries, and cherries damaged by mechanical injury or cherries seriously damaged by mechanical injury. 8 52.745 Definition.

"Clean" means that the product is practically free from loose pits, leaves, detached stems, bark, fruit spurs, dirt or other foreign material.

FACTORS OF QUALITY

§ 52.746 Ascertaining the grade with respect to "U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy" and "U.S. Grade B" or "U.S. Choice."

(a) The grade of sulfured cherries is ascertained by considering, in addition to the requirements of the respective grade, the respective ratings for the factors of color, absence of defects, and character.

(b) The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given each factor is:

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bleached sulfured cherries for the variety. Sulfured cherries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(c) (SStd) classification. Sulfured cherries that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points. Sulfured cherries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade D or Seconds, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

§ 52.749 Absence of defects.

(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from misshapen cherries, cherries damaged or seriously damaged by mechanical injury, and cherries blemished or seriously blemished by discoloration, rain or solution cracks, bird pecks, pathological injury, insect injury or blemished by other means.

(1) "Misshapen cherries" means any deformed cherries or double cherries.

(2) "Cherries damaged by mechanical injury" means any pitter tear or pitter tears which materially affect the appearance of the cherry; any open pitter hole measuring more than % inch across, but not more than 16 inch across, or open pitter holes aggregating more than inch across, but not more than 36 inch across; any pitter hole where there is a material loss of flesh; and other mechanical injury which materially affects the appearance of the cherry.

(3) "Cherries seriously damaged by mechanical injury" means any pitter tear or pitter tears which seriously affect the appearance of the cherry; any open pitter hole measuring more than 16 inch across, or open pitter holes aggregating more than 16 inch across, any pitter hole where there is a serious loss of flesh; and other mechanical injury which seriously affects the appearance of the cherry.

(4) "Blemished cherry" means any cherry which is affected by:

(1) Dark surface discoloration exceeding in the aggregate the area of a circle 18 inch in diameter, but not exceeding in the aggregate % of the surface of the cherry;

(ii) Any rough surface areas which slightly affect the appearance of the cherry;

(iii) Light surface discoloration exceeding in the aggregate % of the surface of the cherry, but not exceeding in the aggregate 2 of the surface of the cherry;

(iv) Rain checks or rain cracks (a) in the stem basin more than 4 inch in length, but not more than 1⁄2 inch in length, (b) any rain checks or rain cracks outside the stem basin more than 16 inch in length but not more than inch in length;

(v) Any solution cracks or other blemish or combination of any blemishes which materially affect the appearance of the cherry. The term "blemished cherry" also means any cherry the flesh of which is materially discolored.

(5) "Seriously blemished cherry” means any cherry which is affected by:

(i) Dark surface discoloration exceeding in the aggregate % of the surface of the cherry;

(ii) Any rough surface areas which materially affect the appearance of the cherry;

(iii) Light surface discoloration exceeding in the aggregate 2 of the surface of the cherry;

(iv) Rain checks or rain cracks (a) in the stem basin more than 1⁄2 inch in length, (b) any rain checks or rain cracks outside the stem basin, more than 6 inch in length.

(v) Any solution cracks or other blemish or combination of any blemishes which seriously affect the appearance of the cherry. The term "seriously blemished cherry" also means any cherry the flesh of which is seriously discolored.

(b) (A) classification. Sulfured cherries that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. "Practically free from defects" means that not more than a total of 10 percent, by weight, of cherries are misshapen cherries, cherries damaged by mechanical injury, seriously damaged by mechanical injury, blemished cherries or seriously blemished cherries of which not more than five percent, by weight, of all cherries are misshapen cherries, cherries seriously damaged by mechanical injury or seriously blemished cherries.

(c) (B) classification. Sulfured cherries that are reasonably free from defects may be given a score of 28 to 33

points. "Reasonably free from defects" means that not more than a total of 10 percent, by weight, of cherries are misshapen cherries, cherries seriously damaged by mechanical injury, or seriously blemished cherries. Sulfured cherries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(d) (SStd) classification. Sulfured cherries that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section for any reason may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade D or Seconds, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

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(a) General. The factor of character refers to the firmness of the cherries and to the condition of the flesh.

(b) (A) classification. Sulfured cherries that possess a good character may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. "Good character" means that the cherries possess a firm fleshy texture, retain their approximate original shape, are not shriveled or watery, and do not show more than slight collapsed areas of flesh. To score in this classification, sulfured cherries may contain not more than five percent, by weight, of cherries which fail to meet requirements for "good character."

(c) (B) classification. If the sulfured cherries possess a reasonably good character, a score of 28 to 33 points may be given. Sulfured cherries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably good character" means that the cherries possess a reasonably firm texture, may have slightly lost their original shape, may be slightly shriveled, or may show moderate collapsed areas of flesh. To score in this classification, sulfured cherries may contain not more than 10 percent, by weight, of cherries which fail to meet the requirements for "reasonably good character."

(d) (SStd) classification. Sulfured cherries that are soft, flabby, wrinkled, leathery, or have materially lost their original shape, or show seriously collapsed areas of flesh, or fail to meet the

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