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shortage of experienced and reliable old soldiers, and, indeed, a serious shortage of soldiers of any kind. The War Department is very anxious to reenlist these men now, so that it can know definitely how many men it will have in the Regular Army after the emergency is terminated to do the required work. To discharge such men and immediately reenlist them is entirely for the convenience of the Government. After reenlisting them the War Department customarily grants them a month's furlough, and it ought to be able to pay them the same allowances as the men of the emergency Army discharged and reenlisted, who are paid travel pay and who have in every case served less time in the Army. The Secretary of War states that “The enlisted man of the old Regular Army simply can not understand and can not be expected to understand the legal basis of the discrimination against him."
The comptroller has also ruled that Regular Army enlisted men are not entitled to bonus, as it appears from the following letter from the Secretary of War:
AUGUST, 1919. To the CHAIRMAN, Committee on Military Affairs, House of Representatives.
. Sir: I have the honor to invite your attention to my letter of May 28, 1919, submitting the draft of a joint resolution providing for the payment of travel pay on discharge to soldiers enlisted prior to April 2, 1917, where such men are discharged from their old enlistment for the purpose of reenlisting under the act of February 28, 1919.
The Comptroller of the Treasury has ruled that the men who are discharged for the purpose of reenlisting are not entitled to the $60 bonus provided by the act of February 24, 1919.
Of the seven Regular Army divisions which served in France, five have returned to this country and the other two have been designated for early return. These seven divisions are more largely composed of the class of men aiiected by this decision than possibly any other units. It can readily be seen that these men feel that they are being discriminated against if they desire to reenlist, and unless the cause for this feeling can be quickly and completely removed, any attempt to carry on a successful recruiting campaign among them will be fruitless. The reenlistment of these trained men is greatly desired.
By the terms of the act providing for the $60 bonus, the bonus is payable only to men honorably disch:arged before or at the termination of the current enlistment or term of service. This, taken with the decision of the comptroller, would debar completely the payment of the bonus to men who are discharged for the purpose of reenlistment.
The foregoing places a premium on not reenlisting and the War Department feels that it is a great handicap in the securing of the necessary trained men to carry on the work of the Army.
Accordingly, I request that you endeavor to secure the amendment of H. J. Res. 84 by adding the following:
*Provided, That in case any enlisted man has been or hereafter shall be discharged for the purpose of reenlisting in the Regular Army he shall be entitled to the payment of $60 as provided in section 1408 of the act entitled "An act to provide revenue, and for other purposes," approved February 24, 1919. Respectfully,
NEWTON D. BAKER
Secretary of War. The provisions of this resolution are applicable only to enlisted men of the Army who enlisted in the Regular Army prior to April 2, 1917, and who accept discharges in order to reenlist in the Regular Army, and it puts Regular Army enlisted men who desire to reenlist on the same basis as emergency soldiers who reenlisted in the Regular Army.
COMMISSIONED PERSONNEL FOR THE ARMY UNTIL
JUNE 30, 1920.
SEPTEMBER 3, 1919.-Ordered to be printed.
Mr. Kahn, from the Committee of Conference, submitted the fol.
(To accompany S. 2622.)
The Committee of Conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the House to the bill (S. 2622) to provide necessary commissioned personnel for the Army until June 30, 1920, having met, after full and free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as follows:
That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the amendment of the House and agree to the same with an amendment as follows:
In lieu of the matter proposed by the House, insert the following: That until June 30, 1920, the Secretary of War is authorized and directed to maintain such commissioned personnel in addition to the officers of the permanent establishment and to retain at their temporary grades such officers of the Regular Army as in his judgment may be necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Military Establishment: Provided, That additional officers 80 maintained shall be selected, so far as practicable, from officers and enlisted men who served during the emergency and are applicants for appointments in the permanent establishment: Provided further, That after October 31, 1919, the total number of commissioned officers, exclusive of retired officers and disabled emergency officers awaiting discharge upon completion of treatment for physical reconstruction, shall at no time exceed eighteen thousand: Provided further, That no officer on the active list shall be detailed for recruiting service or for duty at schools and colleges, not including schools of the service, where officers on the retired list can be secured who are competent for such duty: And provided further, That hereafter officers retired for physical disability shall not form part of the limited retired list: And provided further, That 'one thousand
two hundred emergency officers shall be assigned to the Air Servioe, of whom not less than 85 per centum shall be duly qualified fliers. And the House agree to the same.
S. H. DENT, Jr.,
J. W. WADSWORTH, Jr.,
Geo. E. CHAMBERLAIN,
STATEMENT OF THE MANAGERS ON THE PART OF THE HOUSE.
The managers on the part of the House at the conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the bill (S. 2622) “ To provide necessary commissioned personnel for the Army until June 30, 1920,” submit the following written statement explaining the effect of the action agreed on:
The Senate receded from its disagreement to the amendment of the House with changes, the effects of which are as follows:
The first change enables officers of the Regular Army who, at the present time, are at the head of the construction, transportation, and other divisions of the Army, to retain their present assignments at the head of those divisions; otherwise they would be demoted to their regular grades in the Army and the temporary emergency officers who now are serving with them would outrank them and succeed to the command of the division.
By the second change, the date, October 30, is changed to October 31. This change is deemed desirable, as it was originally intended to have the date fixed as the last day of the calendar month.
The third change is intended to help retired officers and disabled emergency officers who may be in the Army hospitals under treatment.
S. H. DENT, Jr.