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the War Training Service (CPT), Civil Aeronautics Administration, civilian flying training schools under contract with the War Department to train aviation cadets, when released from such employment by reason of personnel reduction or for other causes beyond control of the individual, will be given an opportunity to express a preference for either call to active duty for service in an enlisted status with the Army Air Forces, or for discharge from the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve. If, however, the release of such Reservists is not occasioned by causes beyond their control, they will be called to active duty in enlisted status for service with the Army Air Forces. Air Corps Enlisted Reseryists employed by the Air Transport Command, or by civilian airlines under contract with the Government, will be called to active duty at the request of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces, upon notification by the employer of the individuals concerned of their separation from such employment, or sooner 11 the military situation requires.

(5) Preprofessional students (premedical, predental, and preveterinary) who are members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, and who have upon their own application continued on an inactive status to complete preprofessional work at their own expense under the authority contained in current War Department instructions, will be called to active duty upon completion of minimum requirements for admission to schools of medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine, or upon the initiation of ASTP preprofessional training at the institutions which they are attending.

(6) Members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, referred to in paragraph (a) (2) of this section, who are at the time of their resignation attending an approved school of medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine, will be called to active duty immediately upon enlistment. Those who have completed the minimum requirements for admission to the appropriate school of medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine, and where the interval between the date of enlistment (or date of this circular, in the case of those now enlisted) and the entering date of the class for which accepted is 8 weeks or less, will be called to active duty at such time as will enable them to arrive at the respective institution by which accepted not later than 5 days prior to the entering date of the class for which accepted. Those who have completed such minimum requirements, and where the interval between the date of enlistment (or date of this circular, in the case of those now enlisted) and the entering date of class for which accepted is more than 8 weeks, will be called to active duty immediately upon enlistment, or as soon as practicable after date of this circular, in the case of those now enlisted.

(7) Voluntary requests for call to active duty:

(1) Members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, may be called to active duty upon

submission in writing of their formal request to the commanding general of the service command of residence.

(11) Members of the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve may be called to active duty upon their own request subject to the approval of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces.

(8) Members of the Signal Corps Enlisted Reserve assigned to the Electronics Training Group, Office of the Chief Signal Officer, will be called to active duty at such time as they have completed the prescribed course of training at the institutions where they are receiving training. Students who fail to maintain satisfactory scholastic averages will be discharged from the Signal Corps Enlisted Reserve.

(9) Women enlisted in the Women's Army Corps and transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, will be called to active duty consistent with the time specified on their orders and the needs of the service. This period will not exceed 30 days, except that in individual cases under exceptional circumstances when the commanding general of the service command of residence may grant a reasonable extension.

(d) Discharges. (1) Members of Enlisted Reserve Corps components may be discharged:

(1) By order of the President or the Secretary of War.

(11) Members of the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve may be discharged for reasons not included in (111) below by direction of the commanding general of a service command upon the recommendation of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces.

(111) By direction of the commanding general of a service command, or such officers who may be designated by him for that purpose:

(a) On account of physical disability. See paragraph (a) (2) (1) of 8 604.13.

(b) Upon acceptance of a commission in the Armed Forces.

(c) Upon conviction and sentence by a civil court for the commission of a crime or crimes as enumerated in Army Regulations.

(d) Because of inaptness or failure to possess the required degree of adaptability for military service, or because of evidence of habits or traits of character which render retention in the service undesirable.

(2) Members of National Guard units. Upon being relieved from active duty in the military service of the United States all individuals who were members of the National Guard of the United States ordered into the active military service will revert to their National Guard status.

(e) Conflict with other regulations. In instances where this section is in conflict with 88 604.1-604.13, the provisions of this section will govern.

All instructions on the Enlisted Reserve Corps issued previous to this section and in conflict with same are rescinded. (39 Stat. 195, 41 Stat. 780, 44 Stat. 705; 10 U.S.C. 421, 423-427) [Pars. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 7b, W.D. Cir, 117, Mar. 22, 1944, 9 F.R. 3417] [Preceding section, in small type, superseded by following section, also in small type, during period covered by this Supplement]

$ 604.20 Current procedures pertaining to the Enlisted Reserve Corps. The following current procedures govern the enlistment in, transfer to, call to active duty from, discharge from, and reports of status of, the Enlisted Reserve Corps:

(a) Enlistments in Enlisted Reserve Corps. All enlistments in the Enlisted Reserve Corps will be in the seventh grade only. Army serial numbers will be assigned at the time of enlistment from blocks allotted for use by the Regular Army. All men in the Enlisted Reserve Corps must be qualified for general military service.

(1) Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned. (1) Any man who has attained his seventeenth birthday but has not attained his eighteenth birthday may be enlisted in the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, provided consent of his parents or guardian is obtained. Included in this category are successful applicants in the Army-Navy College Qualifying Tests.

(ii) Applicants for the Enlisted Reserve Corps unassigned (which includes candidates for AST Reserve Training) must be physically examined and found qualified for general military service prior to enlistment. When necessary, applicants who are otherwise qualifled may be transported from the recruiting station to the nearest station where a physical examination may be given, and return, at Government expense.

(2) Air Corps Enlisted Reserve (ACER). (1) Any man who has attained his seventeenth birthday but has not attained his eighteenth birthday may be enlisted in the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve, provided he has previously qualified for aviation cadet training under current standards and provided the consent of his parents or guardian is obtained.

(11) An applicant for air crew training who has been otherwise qualified may, when necessary, be transported from the station at which the examining board is located to the nearest station where a physical examination for flying may be given, and return, at Government expense. See $ $ 704.1 to 704.7 and $ 701.10 of this title.

(b) Transfers to enlisted reserve components. No enlisted person will be released from active service and transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, or to the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve without authority of the War Department, except as follows:

(1) Voluntary induction and transfer to the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve of instructors and mechanics employed by civilian contract flying schools under contract with the War Department to train aviation cadets is authorized.

(2) United States citizens of Japanese ancestry who are inducted in the Army under

normal induction procedures will be transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, to await call to active duty.

(3) Women at the time of enlistment in the Women's Army Corps may be transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, to await call to active duty.

(4) Enlisted men, except former members of the National Guard, over 38 years of age serving overseas and having applied for release under the provisions of Circular No. 92, War Department, 1943, and whose applications have not been processed may be released and transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, or the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve, whichever is appropriate upon return to the continental limits of the United States.

(c) Call to active duty. (1) Men enlisted under the authority contained in paragraph (a) (1) and (2) of this section will not be ordered to active duty until they have attained their eighteenth birthday but in every instance will be ordered to active duty within 6 months after attaining such age, Provided, That:

(1) Students in colleges and secondary schools may, upon their own application, be deferred from call to active duty to complete the semester, quarter, or trimester in which they reach their respective eighteenth birthdays, Provided further, That no such student will be deferred more than 6 months after reaching his eighteenth birthday.

(ii) Students in the Army Specialized Training Reserve Program will not be called to active duty until the end of the term in which they reach their respective eighteenth birthdays.

(2) United States citizens of Japanese ancestry who have been inducted and transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, will be called to active duty for training in groups as determined by the needs of the service.

(3) Enlisted personnel transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, or to the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve to accept employment in essential industry, including agriculture or other essential civilian employment, may be recalled to active duty:

(1) At the expiration of the deferment period.

(11) Upon failure to remain employed in essential industry.

(iii) Upon recommendation of the State Director of Selective Service or the employer concerned, with the approval of the War Department.

(4) Members of the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve placed in such category by reason of their employment in key positions with the civilian flying schools under contract with the War Training Service (CPT), Civil Aeronautics Administration, civilian flying training schools under contract with the War Department to train aviation cadets, when released from such employment by reason of personnel reduction or for other causes beyond control of the individual, will be given an opportunity to express & preference for either call to active duty for service in an enlisted status with the Army Air Forces, or for discharge from the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve. If, however, the release of such Reservists is not occasioned by causes beyond their control, they will be called to active duty in enlisted status for service with the Army Air Forces. Air Corps Enlisted Reservists employed by the Air Transport Command, or by civilian airlines under contract with the Government, will be called to active duty at the request of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces, upon notification by the employer of the individuals concerned of their separation from such employment, or sooner_1f the military situation requires.

(5) Preprofessional students (premedical, predental, and preveterinary) who are members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, and who have upon their own application continued on an inactive status to complete preprofessional work at their own expense under the authority contained in Memorandum No. W150-10-43, June 4, 1943, will be called to active duty upon completion of minimum requirements for admission to schools of medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine, or upon the initiation of ASTP preprofessional training at the institutions which they are attending. [Preceding subparagraph, in small type, superseded by following subparagraph, also in small type, during period covered by this Supplement]

(5) Preprofessional students (premedical and predental) who are members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps unassigned, and who have upon their own application continued on an inactive status to complete professional work at their own expense under authority contained in Memorandum No. W150 10-43, June 4, 1943, will be called to active duty upon completion of minimum requirements for admission to schools of medicine or dentistry, or upon initiation of ASTP preprofessional training at the institutions which they are attending. In the event the minimum requirements for admission cannot be completed prior to the date the class for which the student has a letter of acceptance is scheduled to begin or the class is not scheduled to begin in 1944, upon call to active duty these enlisted reservists will not be eligible for assignment to the ASTP, but will be available for assignment in the normal manner. [Subparagraph (5) amended by W.D. Cir. 257, June 22, 1944, 9 F.R. 7494]

(6) Voluntary requests for call to active duty. (1) Members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, may be called to active duty upon submission in writing of their formal request to the commanding general of the service command of residence.

(1) Members of the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve may be called to active duty upon their own request subject to the approval of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces.

(7) Members of the Signal Corps Enlisted

Reserve assigned to the Electronics Training Group, Office of the Chief Signal Oficer, will be called to active duty at such time as they have completed the prescribed course of training at the institutions where they are receiving training. Students who fail to maintain satisfactory scholastic averages will be discharged from the Signal Corps Enlisted Reserve.

(8) Women enlisted in the Women's Army Corps and transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, will be called to active duty consistent with the time specified on their orders and the needs of the service. This period will not exceed 30 days, except that in individual cases under exceptional circumstances when the commanding general of the service command of residence may grant a reasonable extension.

(d) Discharges-(1) Members of Enlisted Reserve Corps. Members of Enlisted Reserve Corps components may be discharged:

(1) By order of the President or the Secretary of War.

(ii) Members of the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve may be discharged for reasons not included in (iii) below by direction of the commanding general of a service command upon the recommendation of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces.

(iii) By direction of the commanding general of a service command, or such officers who may be designated by him for that purpose:

(a) On account of physical disability.

(b) Upon acceptance of a commission in the Armed Forces.

(c) Upon conviction and sentence by a civil court for the commission of a crime or crimes as enumerated in Army Regulations.

(d) Because of inaptness or failure to possess the required degree of adaptability for military service, or because of evidence of habits or traits of character which render retention in the service undesirable.

(2) Members of National Guard units. Upon being relieved from active duty in the military service of the United States all individuals who were members of the National Guard of the United States ordered into the active military service will revert to their National Guard status.

(e) Conflict with other regulations. In instances where this section is in conflict with $8 604.1 to 604.13, the provisions of this section will govern (39 Stat. 195, 41 Stat. 780, 44 Stat. 705; 10 U.S.C. 421, 423-427) (W.D. Cir. 178, May 5, 1944, 9 F.R. 5197, as amended by W.D. Cir. 257, June 22, 1944, 9 F.R. 7494] Sec. 604.1 Enlistments. 604.2 Qualification. 604.3 Call to active duty; authority. 604.4 Air Corps Enlisted Reserve. 604.5 Signal Corps Enlisted Reserve. 604.6 Voluntary requests for call to active

duty. 604.7 Recall to active duty. 604.8 Women's Army Corps. 604.9 Grade.

Sec. 604.10 Physical examination. 604.11 Transfer to Enlisted Reserve Corps. 604.12 Separation from service. 604.13 Identification card. 604.14 Change of residence.

AUTHORITY: $$ 604.1 to 604.14, inclusive, issued under 39 Stat. 195, 41 Stat. 780, 44 Stat. 705; 10 U.S.C. 421, 423-427.

SOURCE: $8 604.1 to 604.14, inclusive, contained in AR 150–5, Secretary of War, Nov. 1944, 9 F.R, 14274.

$ 604.1 Enlistments-(a) Grade. All enlistments in the Enlisted Reserve Corps will be in the seventh grade only.

(b) Eligibility. Enlistments will be made only from men who have attained their seventeenth birthday but who have not attained their eighteenth birthday, provided written consent of parents or guardian is obtained.

(c) Service for which enlisted. (1) Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned.

(2) Air Corps Enlisted Reserve (ACER). Enlistment in the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve will be made only in accordance with recruiting instructions.

(3) Enlisted Reserve Corps, specific assignment. Enlistment in the Enlisted Reserve Corps for specific assignment to a branch or service will be made only in accordance with recruiting instructions.

$ 604.2 Qualification. (a) All men enlisted in the Enlisted Reserve Corps must be citizens of the United States and must be qualified for general military service. United States citizens of Japanese ancestry may be enlisted in accordance with current War Department directives.

(b) The standards for physical examination will be those prescribed in MR 1-9, Standards of Physical Examination During Mobilization, except, however, the War Department may prescribe special standards for physical examination for enlistments in certain branches of the service or for special types of duty.

(c) When necessary, applicants who are otherwise qualified for enlistment in the Enlisted Reserve Corps or Air Corps Enlisted Reserve may be transported from the recruiting station or examining board to the nearest station where a physical examination may be given, retained thereat, furnished meals and lodging, and returned at Government expense. Cost of transportation, meals, and lodging, when not furnished in kind by the Government, should be charged to the

applicable open allotment number under the appropriation "Finance Service, Army" for permanent change of station travel.

8 604.3 Call to active duty; authority. (a) Men enlisted under the authority contained in § 604.1 (c) will not be ordered to active duty until they have attained their eighteenth birthday but in every instance will be ordered to active duty within 6 months after attaining such age: Provided, That students in:

(1) Colleges and secondary schools may, upon their own application, be deferred from call to active duty to complete the semester, quarter, or trimester in which they reach their respective eighteenth birthdays: Provided further, That no such student will be deferred more than 6 months after reaching his eighteenth birthday.

(2) The Army Specialized Training Reserve Program will not be called to active duty until the end of the term in which they reach their respective eighteenth birthdays.

(b) United States citizens of Japanese ancestry who have been inducted and transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, will be called to active duty for training in groups as determined by the needs of the service.

$ 604.4 Air Corps Enlisted Reserve. Members of the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve placed in such a category by reason of their employment will be called to active duty or discharged at the request of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces, in accordance with current instructions.

$ 604.5 Signal Corps Enlisted Reserve. Members of the Signal Corps Enlisted Reserve assigned to the electronics training group, Office of the Chief Signal Officer, will be called to active duty at such time as they have completed the prescribed course of training at the institutions where they are receiving training. Students who fail to maintain satisfactory scholastic averages will be discharged from the Signal Corps Enlisted Reserve.

$ 604.6 Voluntary requests for call to active duty. (a) Members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, may be called to active duty upon submission in writing of their formal request to the commanding general of the service command of residence.

(b) Members of the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve may be called to active duty upon their own request subject to the approval of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces.

$ 604.7 Recall to active duty. (a) Enlisted personnel transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, or to the Air Corps Enlisted Reserve to accept employment in essential industry, including agriculture or other essential civilian employment, may be recalled to active duty:

(1) At the expiration of the deferment period.

(2) Upon failure to remain employed in essential industry.

(3) Upon recommendation of the State Director of Selective Service or the employer concerned, with the approval of the War Department.

$ 604.8 Women's Army Corps. Women enlisted in the Women's Army Corps who were immediately transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, unassigned, in accordance with current instructions will be called to active duty consistent with the time specified on their orders and the needs of the service. This period will normally not exceed 30 days and may be extended by the commanding general of the service command in exceptional cases justifying such action. Women who at the time of enlistment are attending a college or business school as students may, upon their request, be permitted to remain on an inactive status for a period not to exceed 120 days. The date on which the enlisted woman will be called to duty will be determined at the time of enlistment.

$ 604.9 Grade. Men accepted for active duty will be called in grade held at time of relief from active duty.

$ 604.10 Physical examination. On call or recall of a member of the Enlisted Reserve Corps to active military duty, he will be given a final type physical examination unless one is of record made within 90 days of call to active duty. The report of physical examination will be prepared in duplicate on WD AGO Form 183. If less than 90 days has elapsed between the date of the reservist's call to active duty and his physical examination at the time of transfer to or enlistment in the Enlisted Reserve Corps,

he will be given a physical inspection with all clothing removed. If any member of the Enlisted Reserve Corps reporting for active duty is found physically disqualified for general military service, he will be discharged as provided for in Army Regulations.

$ 604.11 Transfer to Enlisted Reserve Corps. No individual will be inducted or enlisted and immediately transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps or released from active service and transferred to the Enlisted Reserve Corps except under the provisions of Army Regulations.

$ 604.12 Separation from service(a) Discharge from active duty. When on active duty the discharge of members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps will be governed by the provisions of Army Regulations.

(b) Discharge from inactive status. (1) Individuals on an inactive status in the Enlisted Reserve Corps will be discharged in accordance with the provisions of AR 615–363.'

*(2) Individuals will not be ordered to active duty for the sole purpose of effecting a discharge.

8 604.13 Identification card. (a) WD AGO Form 166 (Identification Card-Enlisted Reserve Corps) will be prepared and given to the enlisted man at the time of his enlistment or transfer to the Enlisted Reserve Corps to be retained in his possession until called to active duty or discharged.

(b) The reverse side of the identification card contains instructions to the reservist regarding report of change of address.

$ 604.14 Change of residence. Immediately upon making a change of residence a member of the Enlisted Reserve Corps will notify the commanding general of the service command of the fact, stating his new place of residence and address. If the new residence is within another service command, the commanding general of the service command in which the reservist's old residence is located will forward his enlistment record and other personnel papers to the commanding general having jurisdiction over his new residence.

1 Army Regulations pertaining to Release from Active Duty.

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