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$ 91.8 Accommodations for humane treatment of animals on vessels. Owners or masters of vessels carrying animals from the United States to a foreign country shall provide for such ani.mals food and water, space, ventilation, fittings, and other facilities as hereinafter set forth: Provided, however, That shipments of animals to points in nearby countries involving not more than 72 hours in transit shall be subject only to such requirements as to space, ventilation, fittings, food, and water supply as the Chief of Bureau shall prescribe. Such owners or masters shall not accept for transportation any animal that in the judgment of the inspector is in an unfit condition to withstand the rigors of such transportation.
§ 91.9 Headropes and halters Halt. ers, ropes, or other suitable equipment satisfactory to the inspector shall be provided for the handling and tying of horses and cattle.
§ 91.10 Space on vessels. Except as specified in g 91.8, space on vessels for the various species of animals shall be as follows:
(a) Horses. Space for horses shall be not less than 6 feet 3 inches from roof or beams overhead to floor underfoot and shall be at least 8 feet in depth, except that upon approval of the inspector stalls 7 feet deep may be allowed for medium-sized horses. Single stalls shall be not less than 212 feet wide. Not less than 20 square feet shall be allowed for each horse loose in pen, and for every large horse there shall be at least 27 square feet.
Subject to the approval of the inspector as many as four horses, or as many as seven horses weighing not more than 500 pounds each, may be shipped in pens not less than 10 by 8 feet in size. Mares in foal and stallions, however, shall be shipped only in separate stalls, which shall be not less than 8 feet deep by 3 feet wide and for mares due to foal en route shall be not less than 8 feet deep by 5 feet wide and readily accessible.
Extra stalls suitably located shall be provided in each compartment or on decks where horses are carried so that adequate hospital space can be made available for any that become sick or disabled aboard ship. The number of such stalls shall be as follows: One for the first 4 to 10 horses shipped, another for any number in excess of 10 up to and
including 25, and still another for each additional 25 horses or fraction thereof.
(b) Cattle. Space for cattle shall be not less than 8 feet in depth and 6 feet from roof or beams overhead to flooring underfoot, except that where floors are raised over pipes and similar obstructions a height of not less than 5 feet 6 inches may be permitted at the discretion of the inspector. No more than four cattle weighing over 850 pounds each shall be shipped in each pen, except at the ends of rows, where five may be allowed together. In such pens there shall be at least 20 square feet of space for each animal. When any such pen includes stanchions, sounding tubes, ventilators, and other obstructions, there shall be not less than 24 square feet of free space for each animal.
Single stalls for cattle shall be not less than 8 feet in depth by 3 feet in width, and larger stalls shall be provided when required by the inspector for cows in advanced pregnancy and for large dairy or breeding cattle. Cows in advanced pregnancy and bulls shall be shipped only in separate stalls. For cows that are due to calve en route, the stalls or pens shall be not less than 5 by 8 feet in size and so located as to be easily accessible.
Calves and yearlings may be stowed at the discretion of the inspector.
(c) Sheep, goats, and swine. Space for these animals shall be not less than 3 feet in height. For each animal the space provided shall be at least 1 foot greater in length and breadth than the animal itself, with a 50-percent increase for animals in advanced pregnancy. Double-deck pens shall not exceed 20 x 8 feet in size. Lambs, kids, and pigs may be stowed at the discretion of the inspector.
§ 91.11 Crates and portable stalls. Animals may be carried in crates or portable stalls which meet the space requirements of $ 91.10 and are so constructed as to afford comfort and security. All crates and portable stalls shall be equipped for the feeding and watering of the animals carried therein, and when placed on exposed decks the roofs of same shall conform with the requirements of $ 91.22. Crates and portable stalls shall be subject in all cases to the approval of the inspector at the port of embarkation.
§ 91.12 Hatches. Hatches above animals shall be kept clear at all times, no feed for the animals or freight of any kind being placed thereon.
Animals may be placed on hatches on exposed decks, but the pens or stalls shall be lashed down securely to the satisfaction of the inspector.
Animals may be placed on hatches on underdecks provided the height requirements of $ 91.10 can be complied with, but suficient space shall be left clear on such hatches for passageway across ship and for brow.
On all hatches on which animals are carried and under which hay and feed are stowed, sufficient space shall be left clear for the proper removal and handling of such hay and feed. Such hatches shall be watertight.
$ 91.13 Upper-deck fittings. Animals may be carried on upper decks in space abutting the outside rails or bulwarks only if such rails or bulwarks are 3 feet or more in height from the deck and are of sufficient strength to hold the necessary fittings securely, or if the space available is suficient to permit securing the required fittings to provide the necessary strength. When animals are carried on upper decks, bulkheads shall be erected at all unprotected ends of stalls.
$.91.14 Protection from heat of boilers and engines. No animals shall be stowed along the alleyways by engine and boiler room unless the sides of said engine and boiler rooms are covered by a tongue-and-groove tight sheathing, making a 3-inch air space: Provided, however, That on ships powered with internal-combustion engines this sheathing will not be required.
$ 91.15 Ventilation. Each underdeck compartment on which animals are being transported shall be equipped with a system of ventilation either natural or mechanical that will furnish a complete change of air in the compartment every 5 minutes. When the latter method is employed, a suficient number of portable blowers of approved type shall be carried to provide ventilation in case of break-down. Natural ventilation may be procured through ventilators, hatches, doors, and portholes when approved by the inspector.
$ 91.16 Feed and Water. For animals embarked for a voyage which on an average is of more than 20 hours' duration, there shall be provided to the satisfaction of the inspector sufficient amounts of suitable feed and fresh wa
ter, and proper accommodation shall be provided on board for distribution of the water and for stowage of the feed so that it shall not be unduly exposed to the weather at sea.
$ 91.17 Attendants. Each vessel on which livestock are embarked shall carry one man who is experienced in the handling of the particular species and a sufficient number of attendants to insure proper care of the animals.
§ 91.18 Lighting. All vessels carrying animals shall be equipped to provide adequate light at all times for the proper attending of all animals.
§ 91.19 Alleyways. Alleyways running fore and aft that are used for feeding, watering, and loading animals, inc'uding horses in box stalls, shall have a minimum width of 3 feet, but when horses are stowed in other than box stalls the minimum width of alleyways shall be 4 feet: Provided, however, That for a distance not to exceed 12 feet at the end of alleyways in bow and stern of ship, and where obstructions less than 3 feet in length occur, the width may be reduced to a minimum of 18 inches. A sufficient number of athwartship alleyways at least 18 inches in width in the clear shall be provided to afford ready access to scuppers and to ends of alleyways running fore and aft except that on exposed decks where scuppers and the ends of fore and aft alleyways are readily accessible athwartship alleyways may be dispensed with.
§ 91.20 Stanchions. Stanchions shall be provided for all stalls and pens for horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and swine. Metal stanchions will be acceptable if equal in strength and security as hereinafter provided for wooden stanchions.
(a) Horses and cattle. Rail stanchions shall be of not less than 4"x6" lumber set 5 feet apart on centers secured to ship's rail or bulwark with 5/8" hook bolts or collars, and with heels properly braced to sheer streak, or waterway. Inboard stanchions of the same dimensions shall be set in line with the rail stanchions and properly braced. Stanchions shall be securely fastened to roof beams by means of cleats 2'' x 4" x 8'' in size butted against both sides of stanchions and also by means of angle braces not less than 1" X 6'' x 24" in size properly placed and nailed to secure each stanchion to its beam. Stanchions afixed to bulwarks shall be chucked down with pieces not less than 2'' 83'' x 8" lumber. On open-rail ships, spaces between the rails shall be blocked out to permit the affixing of outside planking. If supplementary stanchions are required for rump boards, these shall be not less than 3'' x 4" in size properly cleated to beam and deck.
Stanchions on underdecks shall be secured by appropriate bracing, cleating, and wedging and set not more than 7 feet 6 inches apart on centers, except that this spacing may be increased to 10 feet when 3'' x 10" breast boards are used.
(b) Sheep, goats, and swine. Stanchions for single- or double-tier pens for these animals shall be of not less than 3" x 4" lumber set at no greater distance than 5 feet on centers and secured in the same manner as prescribed in this regulation for horses and cattle.
$ 91.21 Beams-(a) Horses and cattle. Beams shall be of not less than 3" X 6" lumber. Those at the ends of fittings and each alternate one shall extend across the ship's beam or abut against permanent deck fittings. The intermediate short beams shall not extend beyond the inner edge of the roof.
(b) Sheep, goats, and swine. When two tiers of pens are constructed on upper or exposed decks, beams shall be provided as specified in this regulation for horses and cattle. Beams of not less than 3" x 4" lumber bolted to stanchions with 5/8" bolts shall be provided to support the roof of single-tier pens on exposed decks and the floor of double-tier pens on all decks. Beams supporting upper-tier pens shall be braced in centers by uprights of not less than 2" x 4" lumber extending from deck to under side of beams.
$ 91.22 Roofs. All pens for carrying animals on exposed decks shall be roofed with not less than 1%8'' lumber, tongued and grooved or square-edged, extending from outside planking to 2 feet beyond the line of breast boards: Provided, however, That if square-edged lumber is used, it shall be properly covered with roofing paper.
$ 91.23 Flooring-(a) Horses and cattle. Flooring shall be laid athwartship and secured by placing ends beneath the under side of foot and rump boards or under a 2" x 2'' strip nailed along these boards. Floors may be either
of two types, flush or raised. The flush type shall be of not less than 1" lumber laid flat on the deck. The raised type shall be of not less than 2' lumber nailed to scantlings of at least 2" x 3" dimensions laid 2 feet 6 inches apart. If desired, flooring may be laid in portable sections. Flooring will not be required on ships with wooden decks provided footlocks are secured to the deck. Cement or composite material diagonally scored one-half inch deep may be used on iron decks instead of wooden flooring if the footlocks are molded in the same and bolted to the deck.
(b) Sheep, goats, and swine. Flooring for these animals shall be the same as prescribed in this regulation for horses and cattle except that raised flooring need not be greater than 1 inch in thickness.
$ 91.24 Footlocks-(a) Horses and cattle. There shall be four footlocks of 1" x 4" lumber laid fore and aft with flat side down, and so placed as to provide in-between spaces of 12, 14, 26, and 14 inches, beginning at inside of footboard. They shall be well secured with
ails of a length that will permit 1-inch clinch in l-inch flooring and 2-inch penetration in 2-inch flooring.
(b) Sheep, goats, and swine. Footlocks for these animals shall be of not less than 1" x 2" lumber, four to each pen, equally distributed and laid in the manner prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section for horses and cattle.
$ 91.25 Outside planking. All pens for carrying animals on exposed decks shall be provided with outside planking of not less than 1%8" tongue-and-groove lumber laid fore and aft of ship driven tightly together and securely nailed to backs of stanchions in a manner to cover all open spaces properly: Provided, however, That during warm weather the topcourse planking may be left off in order to allow a free circulation of air.
§ 91.26 Breast, front, and foot boards(a) Horses and cattle. Except as provided in $ 91.8, all stalls and pens shall be equipped with breast boards of not less than 2'' x 10" dressed lumber securely nailed to the stanchions. Where butting occurs the joints are to be on the stanchions and shall be covered with metal plates 3" square or 5' in diameter and not less than 44" in thickness. A 58" bolt shall then be passed through the plate, joint, and stanchion and securely fastened with a nut. All breast boards shall have l' holes bored through them at proper distances for tying animals. Breast boards shall be provided with removable sections in order that animals may be loaded into and removed from stalls and pens. All stalls and pens shall be provided with foot boards of not less than 2'' x 10" lumber securely nailed or bolted to stanchions.
(b) Sheep, goats, and swine. Front boards shall be of not less than 1" X 6' pieces appropriately spaced and extending to the proper height for these species of animals. Provision shall be made for removing a section of front boards to allow entry of animals into pens and removal therefrom.
$ 91.27 Rump boards-(a) Horses and cattle. Rump boards shall form a solid wall at least 4 feet 6 inches high and shall be of lumber not less than 148" thick if tongued and grooved or 2" if square-edged. Where deck is clear of obstructions rump boards may be set on inside of rail stanchions. When this is not possible, sections so affected may be brought forward to clear such obstructions and shall be fastened to stanchions provided for this purpose. In lower decks, where ship's construction so justifies, rump boards may be affixed to 2" x 6" wooden pieces set the same as prescribed for stanchions. Rump boards may be formed by filling spaces between cargo battens. Rump boards in stalls or pens built alongside hatches need be carried down only to line of coaming.
(b) Sheep, goats, and swine. Pens for these animals on all exposed decks shall be provided with rump boards of the specified size built to a height of 2 feet 6 inches.
§ 91.28 Division boards-(a) Horses and cattle. Division boards shall be used to separate all stalls and pens and to close the sides of same at the ends of rows. They shall be used in sets of four boards of 2" x 10" dressed lumber separated by 3-inch spacers, shall extend from the rump boards to the inboard stanchions, and shall be fitted into appropriate channels or slots at both ends in a manner that will permit their ready removal.
(b) Sheep, goats, and swine. Division boards and those forming ends of pens shall be the same as prescribed for front boards for these animals in $ 91.26.
§ 91.29 Troughs and hayracks. All stalls and pens shall be equipped with proper troughs for feeding animals as hereinafter provided. Racks or nets furnished for feeding hay shall be of a type acceptable to the inspector.
(a) Horses and cattle. Troughs may be of metal or wood either removable or fixed. The space between the first footlock and the footboard may be utilized for feeding cattle provided a 2" x 4" piece is affixed along the top surface of said footlock so that it, together with the footboard and the battens, will form an enclosure. When wooden troughs are used an adequate supply of buckets shall be provided for the proper watering of the animals.
(b) Sheep, goats, and swine. Pens for these animals shall have feed troughs not less than 8 inches wide and proper receptacles for watering. Pens for sheep and goats should also have ample hay racks suitable for these animals.
$ 91.30 Defective fittings. If previously used fittings are employed, any portion thereof found by the inspector to be worn, decayed, unsound, or otherwise defective shall be replaced.
$ 91.31 Cleaning and disinfecting vessels, fittings, utensils and equipment. All parts of vessels, fittings, utensils, and equipment used in the loading, stowing or other handling of animals in compliance with the provisions of this order shall first be thoroughly cleaned and then disinfected with a Bureau approved disinfectant under the supervision of an inspector before being again used for or in connection with the transportation of animals from United States ports. Such disinfection of halters, ropes, and similar equipment used in handling and tying the animals shall be by immersion in the approved disinfectant.
PART 92-IMPORTATION OF LIVESTOCK INTO THE UNITED STATES (EXCEPT FROM MEXICO) (REVISED]
Sec. 92.1 92.2 92.3
Presentation of papers to collector of
customs. 92.8 Inspection at port of entry. 92.9 Articles accompanying animals. 92.10 Movement from vessels to quarantine
station. 92.11 Periods of quarantine. 92.12 Feed and attendants for animals in
quarantine. 92.13 Quarantine stations; visiting re
stricted; sales prohibited. 92.14 Milk from quarantined animals. 92.15 Manure from quarantined animals. 92.16 Appearance of disease among animals
in quarantine. 92.17 Horses; accompanying forage and
equipment. 92.18 Dogs for handling livestock. 92.19 Animals from Canada; declaration of
purpose. 92.20 Cattle from Canada. 92.21 Sheep and goats from Canada. 92.22 Swine from Canada. 92.23 Animals from Canada for slaughter. 92.24 Horses from Canada. 92.25 In-bond shipments from Canada. 92.26 Animals from Central America and the
West Indies; permits required. 92.27 Ruminants from Central America and
the West Indies. 92.28 Swine from Central America and the
West Indies. 92.29 Horses from Central America and the
West Indies. AUTHORITY: $$ 92.1 to 92.29, inclusive, issued under secs. 6, 7, 8 and 10, 26 Stat. 414, as amended by 44 Stat. 774, 32 Stat. 791 as amended; 21 U. S. C. 101-105, 111-113, 120–122.
SOURCE: $$ 92.1 to 92.29, inclusive, contained in B.A.I. Order 379, Secretary of Agriculture, Dec. 26, 1944, effective Feb. 1, 1945, 9 FR. 15035.
CROSS REFERENCE: For special regulations governing the importation of livestock from Mexico, see 9 CFR, Cum. Supp., Part 93.
$ 92.1 Definitions. Whenever in $$ 92.1 to 92.29, inclusive, the following words, names, or terms are used they shall be construed, respectively, to mean:
(a) Department. The United States Department of Agriculture.
(b) Bureau. The Bureau of Animal Industry of the Department.
(c) Chief of Bureau. Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry.
(d) Animals. Cattle, sheep, goats, other ruminants, swine, horses, asses, mules, zebras, and dogs.
(e) Cattle. Animals of the bovine species.
(f) Ruminants. All animals which chew the cud, such as cattle, buffaloes,
sheep, goats, deer, antelopes, camels, llamas, and giraffes.
(g) Swine. The domestic hog and various varieties of wild hogs.
(h) Horses. Horses, asses, mules, and zebras.
(i) Communicable disease. Any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease of domestic livestock or other animals.
(j) Inspector. An inspector of the Bureau of Animal Industry.
(k) Recognized slaughtering center. Any point where slaughtering operations are regularly carried on and where Federal, State, or recognized local inspection is maintained.
(1) Accredited areas. Areas in Canada in which the percentage of cattle infected with tuberculosis is officially declared to be less than one-half of 1 percent.
(m) Restricted areas. Areas in Canada that are in process of becoming accredited as defined in paragraph (1) of this section.
$ 92.2 General prohibition. No person, firm, or corporation shall import or bring into the United States any of the animals covered by the regulations in this part except in accordance with the provisions thereof; nor shall any animal or animals be handled or moved after physical entry into the United States and before final release from quarantine or any other form of governmental detention except in compliance with the regulations in this part.
$ 92.3 Ports designated for the im. portation of animals—(a) Ocean ports. With the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury the following ports are hereby designated as quarantine stations and all ruminants and swine except those from Canada and Mexico shall be entered through said stations, viz: Boston, Mass.; New York, N. Y.; Baltimore, Md.; Jacksonville and Miami, Fla.; San Juan, P. R.; New Orleans, La.; Galveston, Tex.; San Diego, Los Angeles, and San Francisco, Calif.; Portland, Oreg.; Tacoma and Seattle, Wash.; and Honolulu, Hawaii.
(b) Canadian border ports. The following stations in addition to those specified in paragraph (a) of this section are designated as ports for the entry of animals from Canada: Eastport, Calais, Vanceboro, Houlton, Monticello, Bridge