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The trees, the flow'rs, imparting to the sense When now two days, as mortals count their time,
To motion rous'd the dead, inactive mass,
The dark illumin'd, and the parts terrene The rising wood, and oft the broken arch,
Impelling each to each, the circle form’d, Or mould'ring wail, well taught to counterfeit Compact and firm, of Earth's stupendous orb, The waste of tiine, to solemn thought excite, With boundless seas, as with a garment cloth'd, And crown with graceful pomp the shaggy hill. On the third morn he bade the waters flow
So Virtue paints the steep ascent to Fame 3 : Down to their place, and let dry land appear; So her aerial residence displays.
And it was so. Straight to their destin'd bed, Still let thy friendship, which prepard the way, From every part, th' obedient waters ran, Attend, and guide me, as my ravishd sight Shaping their downward course, and, as they found O'er the bleak bill or shelter'd valley roves. Resistance varying with the varying soil, Teach me with just observance to remark
In their retreat they form’d the gentle slope, Their various charms, their storied fame record, Or headlong precipice, or deep-worn dale, And to the visual join the mental search.
Or valley, stretching far its winding maze, The summit 's gaiu'd ! and, from its airy height, As further still their humid train they led, The late-trod plain looks like an inland sea, By Heav'n directed to the realms below. View'd from some promontory's boary head, Now first was seen the variegated face With distant shores environ'd; not with face Of Earth's fair orb shap'd by the plastic flood : Glassy and uniform, but when its waves
Now smooth and level like its liquid plains, Are gently ruffled by the southern gale,
Now, like its ruffled waves, sweet interchange And the tall masts | ke waving forests rise.
Of bill and dale, and now a rougher scene, Such is the scene! that, from the terrac'd hill, Mountains on mountains lifted to the sky. Displays its graces; intermixture sweet
Such was her infant form, yet unadorn'd! Of lawns and groves, of open and retir'd.
And in the naked soil the subtle stream 6 Vales, farms, towns, villas, castles, distant spires, Fretted its winding track. So he ordain'd! And hills on hills, with ambient clouds enrob’d, Who form’d the fluid mass of atoms small, In long succession court the lab'ring sight, The principles of things ! who moist from dry, Lost in the bright confusion. Thus the youth, From heavy sever'd light, compacting close Escap'd from painful drudgery of words,
The solid glebe, stratum of rock, or ore, Views the fair fields of science wide display'd; Or crumbling marl, or close tenacious clay, Where Phebus dwells, and all the tuneful Nine; Or what beside, in wondrous order rang'd, Perplex'd awhile he stands, and now to this, Orb within orb, Earth's secret depths contains. Now that blest seat of harmony divine
So was the shapely sphere, on ev'ry side, Explores his way, with giddy rapture tird: With equal pressure of surrounding air Till some sage Mentor, whose experienc'd feet Sustain'd, of sea and land harmonious form'd. Have trod the mazy path, directs his search, Nor beauteous covering was withheld, for straight, And leads him wond'ring to their bright abodes. At the divine command, the verd'rous grass Come then, my friend ! guide thou th’advent'rous Upsprang unsown, with ev'ry seedful berb, Muse,
Fruit, piant, or tree, pregnant with future store; And with thy counsel regulate her flight.
God saw the whole And lo! 't was very good. Yet, ere the sweet excursion she begins,
But man, ungrateful man! to deadly ill O ! listen, while, from sacred records drawn, Soon turn'd the good bestuwd, with horrid crimes My daring song unfolds the cause, whence rose Polluting Earth's fair seat, bis Maker's gift! This various face of things of high, of low
Till mercy could no more with justice strive. Of rough and smooth. For with its parent Earth Then wrath divine unbarr'd Heav'n's watry gates, Coeval not prevail'd what now appears
And loos’d the fountains of the great abyss. Of hill and dale; nor was its new-form'd shape, Again the waters o'er the Earth prevail'd. Like a smooth polish'd orb, a surface plain, Hills rear'd their heads in vain. Full forty days Wanting the sweet variety of change,
The flood increas'd, nor, till sev'n Moons had wan'd, Concave, convex, the deep, and the sublime: Appear'd the mountain tops. Perish'd all flesh, Nor, from old Ocean's watry bed, were scoop'd One family except! and all the works Its neighb’ring shores ; nor were they now depress’d, Of art were swept into th' oblivious pool. Now rais'd by sudden shocks; but fashion'd all In that dread time what change th’avenging flood In perfect harmony by laws divine“,
Might cause in Earth's devoted fabric, who On passive matter, at its birth impress'd.
Of mortal birth can tell ? Whether again
3 See Lord Shaftsbury's Judgment of Hercules.
* Amongst the many fanciful conceits of writers s Called in scripture, the deep, the great deep, on the subject, a learned divine, in his Confutation the deep that lieth under or beneath the Earth of Dr. Burnett's Theory, supposes that hills and the Tartarus or Erebus of the Heathens. mountains might be occasioned by fermentation, after the manuer of leaven in dough; while others ........ ..... ...... So the watry throng have attributed their production to the several dif With serpent errour wand'ring found their way, ferent causes mentioned above.
And on the washy ooze deep channels wore. The following solution, by the descent of water Easy ! ere God had bid the ground be dry, from the surface of the Earth to the centre, seemed All but within those banks, where rivers now most easy and natural to the author, and is there Stream, and perpetual draw their humid train. fore adopted. Vide Warren's Geologiæ, 1698.
Milton. Paradise Lost, book vii.
'T was to its first chaotic mass reduc'd',
Confirming, with persuasive eloquence To be reform'd anew? or, in its orb,
Drawn from the rocky mount or watry fen, What violence, what disruptions it endur'de ? Those sacred pages, which record the past, What ancient mountains stood the furious shock ? And awfully predict its future doom. What new arose ? For doubtless new there are, Now, while the Sun its heav'nly radiance sheds If all are not; strong proof exbibiting
Across the vale, disclosing all its charms, Of later rise, and their once fuid state,
Emblem of that fair light, at whose approach By stranger-fossils, in their iomost bed
The Gentile darkness fled I yenymphs, and swains ! Of looser mould, or marble rock entomb'd,
Cuine haste with me, while now 't is early morn, Or shell marine, incorp'rate with themselves : Through Upton's airy fields"?, to where yon point Nor less the conic bill 9, with ample base,
Projecting hides Northampton's ancient seat 13, Or scarry slope 9 by rushing billows torn,
Retir'd, and hid amidst surrounding shades : Or fissure deep 9, in the late delug'd soil
Counting a length of honourable years, Cleft by sucoeeding draught, side answering side, And solid worth ; while painted Belvideres, And eurve to adverse curve exact oppos'd,
Naked, aloft, and built but to be seen, Confess the watry pow'r ; while scatter'd trains, Shrink at the Sun, and totter to the wind. Or rocky fragments, wash'd from broken hills, So sober sense oft shuns the public view, Take up the tale, and spread it round the globe, In privacy conceal'd, wbile the pert sons Then, as the flood retird, another face
Of folly futter in the glare of day. Of things appear'd, another, and the same !
Hence, o'er the plain, where, strip'd with alleys Taurus, and Libanus, and Atlas, feign'd
green, To prop the skies! and that fam'd Alpine ridge, The golden harvest nods, let me your view Or Appenine, or snow-clad Caucasus,
Progressive lead to Verney's sister walls '4, Or Ararat, on whose emergent top.
Alike in honour, as in name allied ! First moor'd that precions bark, whose chosen crew Alike her walls a noble master own, Again o'erspread Earth's universal orb.
Studious of elegance. At his command, For now, as at the first, from ev'ry side
New pillars grace the dome with Grecian pomp Hasted the waters to their ancient bounds,
Of Corinth's gay design. At his command, The vast abys! perhaps from thence ascend, On hill, or plain, new culture clothes the scene Urg'd by th' incumbent air, through mazy clefts
With verdant grass, or variegated grove ; Beneath the deep, or rise in vapours warm,
And bubbling rills in sweeter notes discharge Piercing the vaulted Earth, anon condens'd Their liquid stores. Along the winding vale, Within the lofty mountains' secret cells,
At his command, observant of the shore, Ere they their summits gain, down their steep sides The glitt’ring stream, with correspondent grace, To trickle in a never-ceasing round 10.
Its course pursues, and o'er th' exulting wave So up the porous stone, or crystal tube,
The stately bridge a beauteous form displays. The philosophic eye with wonder views
On either side, rich as th' embroider'd floor The tinctur'd fluid rise; so tepid dews
From Persia's gaudy looms, and firm as fair, From chymic founts in copious streams distil. The chequer'd lawns with count'nance blithe proSuch is the structure, such the wave-worn face
claim Of Earth's huge fabric! beauteous to the sight, The Graces reign. Plains, hills, and woods reply And stor'd with wonders", to the attentive mind “ The Graces reign,” and Nature smiles applause,
Smile on, fair source of beauty, source of bliss ! 7 According to Mr. Hutchinson and his followers. To crown the master's cost, and deck her path & According to Dr. Burnett's Theory.
Who shares his joy, of gentlest manners join'd 9 There are some remarkable traces of the great with manly sense, train'd to the love refin'd event here treated of, in each of these kinds, at Of Nature's charms in Wroxton's beauteous groves 's, Welcombe, near Stratford upon Avon, formerly a Thy neighb'ring villa's ever open gate, seat of the Combe family, the whole scene bearing And festive board, O Walton 16! next invite the strongest marks of some violent conflict of Na- The pleasing toil. Unwilling, who can pay ture, and particularly of the agency of water. To thee the votive strain ? For Science here
10 May not the ebbing and flowing of the sea, to And Candour dwell, prepar'd alike to cheer whatever cause it is owing, tend to assist this ope- The stranger-guest, or for the nation's weal ration, as the pulsation of the heart accelerates To pour the stores mature of wisdom forth, the circulation of the blood in animal bodies? In senatorial councils often prov'd,
The reader may see this hypothesis very ably supported by Mr. Catcot, in his Essay on the De- the Deluge, are found in every part of the Earth, luge, second edit., together with many respectable but chiefly in fens, or bogs, or amongst peat-earth, names, ancient and modern, by whom it is patro- which is an assemblage of decayed vegetables. nised. The following passage from Lucretius is See Woodward's Nat. Hist. of the Earth, &c. quoted by him, as well expressing their general 12 Upton, the seat of Robert Child, esq. meaning:
13 Compton-Winyate, a seat of the right hon.
the earl of Northampton, at the foot of Edge-Hill. Partim quod subter per terras diditur omnes. Percolatur enim virus, retroque remanat
14 Compton-Verney, a seat of the right hun.
lord Willoughby de Broke. Materies humoris, et ad caput amnibus omnis Convenit, unde super terras fuit agmine dulci,
us Wroxton, the seat of the right hon. the earl
of Guilford, father of lady Willoughby de Broke. Quà via secta semel liquido pede detulit undas.
16 Walton, the seat of sir Charles Mordaunt, " Trees of a very large size, torn up by the roots, bart. many years a member of parliament for the and other vegetable and animal bodies, the spoils of county of Warwick. VOL. XVII.
And, by the public voice attested long,
The secret springs and nice dependencies,
In floods of grief or peals of laughter bow'd,
Or to the wizard's charm, the passive storm.
Humour and wit, the tragic pomp, or phrase From the pure rock, or moss-lin'd grottos cool, Familiar, flow'd spontaneous from thy túngue, The Naiads' humid cell! protract the way As flowers from Nature's lap.-Thy potent spells With learned converse, or ingenuous song.
From their bright seats aerial sprites detain'd, The search pursue to Charlecote's fair domain '7, Or from their unseen haunts, and slumb'ring shades, Where Avon's sportive stream delighted stravs Awak'd the fairy tribes, with jocund step Through the gay smiling meads, and to his bed, The circled green' and leafy hall to tread : Hele's gentle current wooes, by Lucy's hand While, from his dripping caves, old Avon sent Jn ev'ry graceful ornament attird,
His willing Naiads to their harmless rout. And worthier, such, to share his liquid realms ! Alas ! how languid is the labour'd song,
Near, nor unmindful of th' increasing flood, The slow result of rules and tortur'd sense, Stratford her spacious magazines unfolds,
Compar'd with thine! thy animated thought, And hails th' unwieldly barge from western shores, And glowing phrase ! which art in vain essays, With foreign dainties fraught, or native ore And schools can never teach. Yet, though deny'd Of pitchy hue, to pile the fuel'd grate
Thy pow'rs, by situation more allied, In woolly stores, or husky grain repay'd.
I court the genius of thy sportive Muse Tóspeed her wealth, lo! the proud bridge 18 extends On Avon's bank, her sacred haunts explore, His num'rous arches, stately monument
And hear in ev'ry breeze ber charming notes. Of old munificence, and pious love
Beyond these How'ry meads, with classic streams Of native soil! There Stower exulting pays Enrich'd, two sister rills their currents join, His tributary stream, well pleas'd with wave And Ikenild displays his Roman pride. Auxiliary her pond'rous stores to waft;
There Alcester 23 her ancient honour boasts.
Ev'n now his sov'reign, studious of her weal,
Applaud the choice, and bail him to their shore Nor fails he to relate, in jocund mood,
With cordial gratulation. Him, well-pleas'd How liberally the masters of the scene
With more than filial rev'rence to obey, Enlarge his current, and direct his course
Beauchamp attends. What son, but would rejoice With winding grace--and how his crystal wave The deeds of such a father to record ! Reflects th' inverted spires and pillar'd domes What father, but were blest in such a son ! And how the frisking deer play on his sides, Nor may the Muse omit with Conway's name 35 Pict'ring their branched heads, with wanton sport, To grace her song. O! might it worthy flow In his clear face. Pleas'd with the vaunting tale, Of those her theme involves! The cider land, Nor jealous of his fame, Avon receives
In Georgic strains by her own Philips sung,
Harley! by me still honour'd in his race.
Airy and light, in many a conic form, And thou, whose birth these walls unrival'd boast, A theatre compose, grotesque and wild, That mock'st the rules of the proud Stagyrite, And, with their shaggy sides, contract the vale And learning's tedious toil, hail, mighty bard! Winding, in straiten'd circuit, round their base. Thou great magic an, hail! Thy piercing thought Beneath their waving umbrage Flora spreads Unaided saw each movement of the mind,
Her spotted couch, primrose, and hyacinth As skilful artists view the small machine,
Profuse, with ev'ry simpler bud that blows
On hill or dale. Such too thy flow'ry pride, 17 Charlecote, the seat of George Lucy, esq.
18 This bridge was built in the reign of king Henry VII. at the sole cost and charge of sir Hugh 23 So called from its situation on the river AleClopton, knt. lord mayor of the city of London, and nus, or Alne, and from its being a Roman station a native of this place.
on tbe Ikenild-street. 19 The seat of James West, esq.
24 A seat of the right hon the earl of Hertford. 30 The seat of the hon. George Sbirley, esq. 25 The right hon. Henry Seymour Conway, esq. 21 The seat of sir Henry Parker, bart.
one of his majesty's princpal secretaries of state, 22 The seat of Joseph Townsend, esq.
and brother to the right hon. the earl of Hertford.
O Hewel 26! by thy master's lib'ral hand Fair-op'ning, and with woods, and circling hills,
What happy lot attends your calm retreats, To Nature's clear directions, shape your plan.
The marish drain, and with capacious urns, Is destin'd voluntary, not constrain'd
And well-conducted streams, refresh the dry. By sad necessity, and casual state
So shall your lawns with healthful verdure smile, Of sickly peace! Such as the moated hall, While others, sick'ning at the sultry blaze, With close circumference of watry guard,
A russet wild display, or the rank blade, And pensile bridge proclaim! or, rear'd aloft, And matted tufts the careless owner shame. And inaccessible the massy tow'rs,
Seek not, with fruitless cost, the level plain And narrow circuit of embattled walls,
To raise aloft, nor sink the rising hill. Rais'd on the mountain preci pice ! Such thine Each has its charms though diff'rent, each in kind O Beaudesert 29 ! old Montfort's lofty seat! Improve, not alter. Art with art conceal. Haunt of my youthful steps ! where I was wont Let no straight terrac'd lines your slopes deform ; To range, chanting my rude notes to the wind, No barb'rous walls restrain the bounded sight; While Somervile disdain'd not to regard
But to the distant fields the closer scene With candid ear, and regulate the strain.
Connect. The spacious lawn with scatter'd trees Such was the genius of the Gothic age,
Irregular, in beauteous negligence, And Norman policy! Such the retreats
Clothe bountiful. Your unimprison'd eye, Of Britain's ancient nobles! less intent
With pleasing freedom, through the lofty maze On rural beauty, and sweet patronage
Shall rove, and find no dull satiety. Of gentle arts, than studious to restrain,
The sportive stream with stiffen'd line avoid With servile awe, barbarian multitudes;
To torture, nor prefer the long canal, Or, with confed'rate force, the regal pow'r Or labour'd fount, to Nature's easy flow. Control. Hence proudly they their vassal troops Your winding paths, now to the sunny gleam 31 Assembling, now the fate of empire plann'd : Directed, now with high embow'ring trees Now o'er defenceless tribes, with wanton rage, Or fragrant shrubs conceal'd, with frequent seat Tyrannic ruld; and in their castled halls
And rural structure deck. Their pleasing form Secure, with wild excess their revels kept,
To fancy's eye suggests inhabitants
And friendly shelter to refreshment sweet,
Nor the lone hermit's cell, or mournful urn,
Build on the sprightly lawn. The grassy slope Hence gen'rous minds, with indignation fir'd, And shelter'd border for the cool arcade And threat'ning fierce revenge, were character'd Or 'Tuscan porch reserve. To the chaste dome, By gallant knights on bold achievements bent, And fair rotunda, give the swelling mount Subduing monsters, and dissolving spells.
Of freshest green. If to the Gothic scene Thus, from the rural landscape, learn to know Your taste incline, in the well-water'd vale, The various characters of time and place.
With lofty pines ernbrown'd, the mimic fane, To hail, from open scenes, and cultur'd fields, And mould'ring abbey's fretted windows, place. Fair Liberty, and Freedom's gen'rous reign, The craggy rock, or precipicious hill, With guardian laws, and polish'd arts adorn’d. Shall well become the castle's massy walls. While the portcullis huge, or moated fence, In royal villas the Palladian arch, The sad reverse of savage times betray
And Grecian portico, with dignity, Distrust, barbarity, and Gothic rule.
Their pride display: ill suits their lofty rank Would ye, with faultless judgment, learn to plan The simpler scene. If chance historic deeds The rural seat? To copy, as ye rove,
Your fields distinguish, count them doubly fair, The well-form'd picture, and correct design? And studious aid, with monumental stone First sbun the false extremes of high and low. And faithful comment, fancy's fond review. With watry vapours this your fretted walls
Now other hills, with other wonders sior'd, Will soon deface; and that, with rough assault, Invite the search. In vain! unless the Muse And frequent tempests shake your tott’ring roof. The landscape order. Nor will she decline Me most the gentle eminence delights
The pleasing task. For not to ber 't is hard Of healthy champaign, to the sunny south To soar above the mountain's airy height,
With tow'ring pinions, or, with gentler wing,
T'explore the cool recesses of the vale. 26 The seat of the right hon. the earl of Ply- Her piercing eye extends beyond the reach mouth.
Of optic tube, leveli'd by midnight sage, 27 The seat of the right hon. Iord Archer. At the Moon's disk, or other distant Sun, 28 The forest, or woodland part of Warwickshire. 29 So called from its pleasant rural situation. 31 Hæc amat obscurum, volet hæc sub luce videri. 30 Called the barons' wars.
And planetary worlds beyond the orb
Which, in its womb, the fate of Troy conceal'd, Of Saturn. Nor can intervening rocks
O'erlooks the vale.--Ye swains, that wish to leam, Impede her search. Alike the sylvan gloom, Whence rose the strange phenomenon, attend ! Or Earth's profoundest caverns, she pervades, Britannia's sons, though now for arts renown'd, And, to her fav'rite sons, makes visible
A race of ancestors untaught, and rude, All that may grace or dignify the song,
Acknowledge ; like those naked Indian tribes, Howe'er envelop'd from their mortal ken.
Which first Columbus in the Atlantic isles So Uriel, winged regent of the Sun !
With wonder saw. Alike their early fate, Upon its evening beam to Paradise
To yield to conquering arms! Imperial Rome Came gliding down ; so, on its sloping ray, Was then to them what Britain is to these, To his bright charge return'd. So th' heav'nly guest And through the subject land her trophics rear'd. From Adam's eyes the carnal film remov'd,
But baughty Rome, her ancient manners flown, On Eden's hill, and purg'd his visual nerve Stoop'd to barbario rage. O'er her prond walls To see things yet unform'd, and future deeds. The Goths prevail, which erst the Punic bands
Lo ! where the snuthern hill, with winding course, Assail'd in vain, though Canna's bloody field Bends tow'rd the west, and from his airy seat Their valour own'd, and Hannibal their guide! Views four fair provinces in union join'd;
Such is the fate which mightiest empires prove, Beneath his feet, conspicuous rais'd, and rude, Unless the virtues of the son preserve A massy pillar rears its shapeless head.
What his forefather's ruder courage won ! Others in stature less, an area smooth
No Cato now 37 the list'ning senate warm'd Enclose, like that on Sarum's ancient plain 33. To love of virtuous deeds, and public weal. And some of middle rank apart are seen:
No Scipios led her hardy sons to war,
Her tutelary gods retire, and Rome,
To pride and luxury's all-conq'ring charms.
By Roman arms, from Caledonia's bills And, in its mystic form, temple, or court
Rush like a torrent, with resistless force, Espy, to fabled gods, or throned kings
O'er Britain's fenceless bounds, and through her Devote; or fabric monumental, rais'd
Pour the full tide of desolating war. [fields By Saxon hands, or by that Danish chief
Ætius, thrice consul! now an empty name, Rollo 3+! the builder in the name imply'd. In vain her sons invoke. In vain they seek
Yet to the west the pleasing search pursue, Relief in servitude. Evin servitude Where from the vale, Brails lifts his scarry sides, Its miserable comforts now denies. And Illmington, and Campden's hoary hills From shore to shore they fly. The briny food, (By Lyttelton's sweet plaint, and thy abode A guardian once, their further fight restrains. His matchless Lucia! to the Muse endear'd) Some court the boist'rous deep, a milder foe, Impress new grandeur on the spreading scene, Some gain the distant shores, and fondly hope With champaign fields. broad plain, and covert vale In each to find a more indulgent home. Diversify'd: by Ceres, some adorn'd
The rest, protracting still a wretched life, With rich luxuriance of golden grain,
From Belgia's coast in wild despair invite
Its new inhabitants, a Saxon race!
And soon revenge them on their northern foes, Witness the sloping lawns of Idlicot 36 !
Revenge too dearly bought! These courted guests And Honington's irriguous meads! Some wind Give them short space for joy. A hostile look Meand'ring round the hills disjoin'd, remote, On their fair fields they cast, (for feeble hands Giving full licence to their sportive range;
Alas! too fair) and seize them for their own.
And now again the conquer'd isle assumes
New marks exhibiting of servile state,
Or dyke by Woden 35, or the Mercian king 39, Intent on distant themes, while what 's more near, And, nearer, more important, 'scapes its note.
From yonder far-known bill, where the thin turf 37 Non his juventus orta parentibus But ill conceals the ruddy glebe, a form
Infecit æquor sanguine Punico, On the bare soil portray'd, like that fam'd steed, Pyrrhumque, et ingentem cecidit
Antilochum, Hannibalemque dirum. Hor. 32 Stone-henge. 33 Called the king's stone, or koning stone.
38 Wansdyke, or Wodensdyke, a boundary of 34 Called Roll-rich stones.
the kingdom of the West Saxons, in Wiltshire. 35 Weston, the seat of William Sheldon, esq. 39 Offa, from whom the boundary between the 36 The seat of the late baron Legge, now belong- kingdom of the Mercians and the Britons in Wales ing to Robert Ladbroke, esq.
took its name.