« PreviousContinue »
The Life, &c. of Edward Drinker. in a small cabin near the present cor- the events of later years ; and so faithDer of Walnut and Second Streets in ful was his memory to him, that his ibe city of Priladelphia. H s parents son informed me that he never heard came from a place called Beverly, in him tell the same ftory twice, but to Maflachusets Bay. The banks of the different persons, and in different Delaware, on which the city of Phi companies. His eye-light failed him ladelphia now stands, were inhabited many years before his death, but his at the time of his birth by Indiaps, hearing was uniformly perfeâ and un. and a few suedes and Hollanders. impaired. His appetite was good till He often talked to his companions of within a few weeks before his death. picking huckle-berries, and catching He generally ate a hearty Lreakfast rabbits on spots now the most popu- of a pint of tea or coffee as soon as he lous and improved of the city. He're- got out of his bed, with bread and colleted the second time William Penn butter in proportion. He ate likecame to Pennsylvania, and used to wise at eleven o'clock, and never failpoint to the place where the cabbin ed to eat plentifully at dinner of the ftood, in which he and his friends groffest solid food. He drapk tea in that accompanied him were accommo- the evening, but never ate any fupper. dared upon their arrival. At twelve He had lost all his teeth 30 years be-' years of age he went to Boston, where fore his death (his son says, by drawhe served an apprenticeship to a cabi- ing exceffive hot smoke of tobacco innet maker. In the year 1745, he re- to his mouth) but the want of suitaturned to Philadelphia with his fami- ble mastication of his food did not ly, where he lived till the time of his prevent its speedy digestion, nor imdeath. He was four times married, pair his health. Whether the gums, and had : 8 children, all of whom were hardened by age, supplied the place by his fiift wise. Al one time of his of his teeth in a certain degree, or life he sat down at his own table with whether the juices of the mouth and 14 children.
Not long before his ftomach became fo much more acrid death he heard of the birth of a grand- by tinie, as to perform the office of child to one of his grandchildren, the dissolving the food more speedily and fifth in succeflion from himself. more perfeâly, I know not ; but I
He retained all his faculties till the have often observed, that old people last years of his life ; even his memo- are more fubje&t to cxcessive eating Ty, ro early and ro generally dimiothed by age, was but little impair- taught when a boy perfe&ly, but had ed. He not only remembered the inci. dents of his childhood or youth, but
forgotten it from disure. The Coun-
ed to speak her language, which the • It is remarkable, that the inci- foon forgot after fie bad acquired the dents of childhood and youth are sel- French, which was her mother tongue. dom remembered or called forth till In the delirium of a fever, many years old age. I have sometimes been led, afterwards, Me was heard to mutter from this and other circumstances, to words which none of her family or atfufpeat that nothing is ever loft that is tendants understood. An old Welsh lodged in the memory, however it may woman came to see her, who foon be buried for a time by a variety of perceived that the sounds, which causes. How often do we find the were ro unintelligible to the family, transactions of early life, which we were the Welsh language. When
me had reason to suppole were loft from recovered me could not recollect a . the mind forever, revived in our Single word of the language the bad memories by certain accidental fights spoken in her fickaess. I can con: or founds, particularly by certain ceive great advantages may be derinotes or airs in mufic! I have known ved from this retentive power in cui a young man speak French fuently memories, in the advancement of the when drunk, that could not put two mind towards perfe&tion in knowsentences together of the same lan. ledge (fo essential to its happiness) in guage when sober. "He had been the future world,
than young ones, and that they fuffer and died in a full assurance of a happy fewer inconveniences from it. He immortality.
Thallue of this man was inquisitive after news in the last is marked with several circumstances years of his life ; his education did which perhaps have seldom occurred not lead him to increale the ftock of in the life of an individual; he saw his ideas in any other way. But it is and heard more of those events a fat well worth attending to, that which are measured by time, than old age, inftead of diminishing, always have ever been seen or beard by any increases the desire of knowledge. It man fince the age of the patriarchs; he mult afford some consolation to those raw the same spet of earth in the who expéd to be old, to discover that course of his life covered with wood the infirmities, to which the decays of and bushes, and the receptacle of nature expose the human body, are beafts and birds of prey, afterwards Tendered more tolerable by the enjoy. become the seat of a city, not only the ments that are to be derived from the first in wealth and arts in the new,but appetite for fensual and intellectual rivalling in both many of the first cities food,
in the old world. He saw regular The fubje& of this history was re- ftreets, where he once pursued a hare; markably sober and temperate. Nei- he saw churches rising upon moralies ther hard labour, nor company, nor where he had often heard the croakine the usual afflictions of human life, nor of frogs ; he saw wharves and ware. the wastes of nature, ever led him to houses where he had osteu seen Indian an improper or exceffive use of Arong savages draw fish from the river for drink. For the laft 25 years of his their daily rubrilence; and he faw life he drank twice every day a draft Ships of every lize and use in thore of Toddy, made with two table spoons treams where he had been used ta. full of (pirit, in balf a pint of water. see nothing but Indian canoes he liis ron, a man of 59 years of age, saw a fiately edifice Alled with legiilatold me he had never seen him intoxi.
tors, astonishing the world with their cated. The rime and manner, in wisdom and virtue, on the same spot which' he used fpirituous liquors, I probably where he had seen an India, believe, contributed to lighten the an council-fire ; he saw the firft creaty Weight of his years, and probably to ratihed between the newly coniederaprolong his life. "Give wine to him ted powers of America, and the an. á that is of a heavy heart, and strong cient monarchy of France, with all “ drink to him that is ready to perfh." the formalities of parchment and (with age as well as with Ackness.) seals, on the same 'fpot probably “Let him drink and forget his sorrow, where he once saw William Peon rati"and remember his misery no more." fy his first and last treaty with the la
He cojoyed an uncommon share of dians, without the formalities of pep, health, insomuch that in the course of ink or paper ; he saw all the intermchis long life he was never confined diate ftages through which a people more than three days to his bed. He pass from the most simple to the most often declared that he had no idea of complicated degrees of civilization ; that most diftrefling pain called the he saw the beginning and end of the head-ach. His feep was interrupted empire of Great Britain in Pennsyla little in the last years of his life, with a defluxion, in his breast, which pro. He had been the subje&t of reven duced what is commonly called the crowned heads, and afterwards died 2 old man's cough.
citizen of the newly created republic The character of this aged citizen of America. The number of his So. was not summed up in his negative vereigns, and his long habits of subquality of temperance; he was a man miffion to them, did not extinguish of a molt amiable temper; old age the love of republican liberty, which had not curdled his blood ; he was is natural to the mind of man in its uniformly chearful and kind to every healthy fate. He embraced the libody ; bis religious priociples were as berties and independence of America feady as his morals were pure ; he in his withered arms, and triumphed attended public worship above thirty in the last years of his life in the salva. years, in the Rev.Dr.Sproat's churchi, tion of his country,
Disquisition on the Nature of Time. Disquisition on the Nature of days; by dividing these days we form
hours, minutes, and seconds;. and by Time.
multiplying them,' months, years, and From a late Publication. ages ; then by measuring these imaE are so accustomed to coonet ginary periods against each other, and
our ideas of time with the hil beftowing on each diftin& denominatory of what parses in it, that is, to tions, we give them the appearance of miftase a succession of thoughts and something real: yeherday, which is attions for time, that we find it ex- past, and to morrow, which is not yet tremely difficult, perhaps impoflible, come, assume the same reality as ibe totally to separate them from each present day; and thus we imagine ottet : and indeed, had we power to time to resemble a great book, one of effect this in our minds, all homan whose pages is every day wrote on, language is fo formed, that it would and the reft remain blank, to be filled fait us in our expression: yet certain up in their turns with the events of it is, that time, abftraded from the futurity; whilf in fact this is all buc thoughts, attidos, and motions which the delufion of our own' imaginations, 'pass 10 it, is a&ually nothing : it is and time is nothing more, than the only the mode in which some creared manner in which past, present, and Beings are ordained to exift, but in it. future events fucceed each other : fell has really no existence at all. yet is this delufion ro correspondent
Though this opinion may seem chi- with our present state, and so woven merical to many, who have not much up with all human language, that confidered the subject, yet it is by no without much reflection it cannot be means new, for it was long since adop. perceived, nor when perceived can it ted by some of the mort celebrated be remedied : nor can I, while enphilosophers of antiquity, particular. deavouring to prove time to be noly by the Epicureans ; and is thus thing, avoid treating it as someWell expreffed by Lucretius :
thing in almoft every line.
There seems to be in the nature of Tempus item per fe non eft ; sed re- things, two modes of existence ; one, bus ab ipfis
in which all events, past, present, and Confequitur fenfus, tranfa&um quod to come, appear in one view; which, fit in ævo,
if the expression may be allowed, I Tum quæ res inftat,quid porro deinde fhail call perpetually instantaneous ; sequatur;
and which, as I apprehend, conftitutes Nec per te,quemquam tempus sentire, Eternity ; the other, in which all fatendum eft,
things are presented separately, and Semotum ab arum, motu, placidaque fucceffively, which produces what quiete.
we call Time.
Of the first of there'human reason Time of itself is nothing; but from
can afford us no manner of concepthought
tion ; yet it assures us, on the frong. Receives it's rise, by lab’ring fancy iftence of the Supreme Creator of ble
est evidence, that such must be the exwrought, From things confidered; while we things, that such probably may be think on some
the existence of many superior orders As present, fome as past, and some of created Beings, and that such polli
bły may be our own in another fate: No thought can think on Time, that's to beings so conftituted, all events Aill confess'd,
paft, prelent, and future are presentBut thinks on things in motion, or at ed in one congregated mass, which to reft.
us are spread out in fucceffion to CREECH. adapt them to our temporary mode
of perception : in there ideas have no From observing the diurnal revolu- fucceffion, and therefore to their tions of the sun, and the various traof thoughts, afions, or existence, time, ations which pals during those revo
which is succession only, can bear not lutions, we acquire conceptions of the least relation whallaever. To M
existence of this kind alone can eter- the animals to whom they belong nity belong ; for eternity can never and when they cease to exift, time can be composed of fioite parte, which, be no more. There are also several however multiplied, can never be passages in the scriptures, declaring come infinite ; but must be something ibis apoibilation of time, at the confimple, uniform, invariable, and fummation of all things : " And the indivisible ; permanent, though inftan. Angel, which I saw ftand upon the taneous, and endless without pro sea and the earth, lifted up his hands gression. There are some remarkable towards heaven, and swore by him expressions both in the Old and New that liveth for ever and ever, &c. that Teftament, alluding to this mode of there fould be time no longer. " existence; in the former, God is deno- To this opinion of the non-entity minated I AM; * and in the latter, of time it has by some been objected, Chrift says, “ before Abraham was, I that time has many attributes and am t :” both evidently implying du- powers inherent in its nature; and sation with succeffion : from whence inat whatever has attributes and the schoolmen probably derive their powers, muft itself exift: it is infinite, obscurs notions of such a kind of duo say they, and eternal; it contains all ration, which they explain by the things, and forces itself on our imamore obscure term of PUNCTUM ginations in the absence of all other
existence: but to this it may be ane With the other mode of existence swered, that the human mind is able we are sufficiently acquainted, being in the very fame manner to realize nothat in which Providence bas plieed thing; and then all the same attributes us, and all things around us, during and powers are applicable with equal our residence on this terrenrial globe; propriety to that nothing, thus supporin which all ideas follow each other in led to be something : oor minds in a regular and uniform succession, not unlike the tickings of † Nothing, thou elder brother ev'n a clock; and by that means all ob.
to Made! jects are presented to our imaginatin Thou hadft a Being, e're the world ons in the same progressive manner: was made, and if any vary much from that defti- And well fix'd art alone, of endned pace, by too rapid, or too low a ing not afraid. morion, they immediately become to us totally imperceptible.
Nothing is infinite, and eternal; perceive every one, as it passes, throl that is, hath neither beginning nor a small aperture separately, as in the end : it contains all things; that is, Çamera Obscura, and this we call it begins where all existence ends; and time; but at the conclusion of this therefore furrounds and contaios all ftate we may probably exift in a man- things : it forces itself on the mind, in per quite different; the window may the absence of all existence ; that is, be thrown open, the whole prospect where we suppose there is no existence, appear at one view, and all this appa- we must suppose there is nothing: ratus, which we call time, be totally this exact resemblance of their sattridone away : for time is certainly no- butes and powers, more plainly des thing more than the thifting of scenes monftrares, that time is nothing. necessary for the performance of this tragi-comical farce, which we are here exnib ting, and must undoubted
Rev.x. g. + Lord Rochefter: Jy end with tbe conclusion of the dra.
( To be continued.)
From Dr. BLAIR's Ledures.
the head of those that have em. * Exod. iv, 146
ployed the Plain Style. Few writers. Joha. viii. 58.
have discovered more capacity. He
CharaEters of Harvey, Tillotson, and Temple's Style. . 91 treats every subje& which he handles, to imitate Mr. Harvey's piety, rather whether serious or ludicrous, in a than his Style ; and, in all compositimafterly manner. He knew, almoft, ons of a serious kind, to turn their atbeyond any man, the Purity, the Ex- tention, as Mr. Pope says, “ from tent, the Precifion of the Englifh Lan- sounds to thiugs, fronu fancy to the guage ; and, therefore, to such as with to attain a pure and correa Style, he is one of the moft useful models. But we muft not look for much ornament Character of Tillotson's Style. and grace in his Language.
From the same. haugbty and morose genius, made bim despise any embellishment of this
the great beauo livers his sentiments in a plain, down. manner. Tillotson has long been adright, pofitive manner, sike one who mired as an eloquent writer, and a is sure he is in the right; and is very model for preaching. But his eloindifferent whether you he pleased or quence, if we can call it such, has 'not. His seotences are commonly been often misunderstood. For, if we negligently arranged; diftinétly enough include, in the idea of eloquence, veheas to the sense ; but, without any re- mence and strength, picturesque der. gard to smoothness of sound ; often cription, glowing figures, or corre&t without much regard to compa&ness, arrangement of sentences, in all these or elegance. If a metaphor, or any parts of oratory, the Archbishop is other figure, chanced to render his exceedingly deficient. His Style is alsatire more poignant, he would, per- ways pure, indeed, and perfpicuous, haps, vouchsafe to adopt it, when it
but careless and remise, too often feecame in his way ; but if it tended ble and languid ; little beauty in the only to embellish and illuftrate, he conftru&tion of his sentences, which would rather throw it afide. Hence, are frequently suffered to drag unbarin his serious pieces, "his ftyle often moniously ; seldom any attempt toborders upon the dry and unpleasing; wards Arength or sublimity.
But, in his humorous ones, the plainness not withstanding these defeats, such a of his manner gives his wit a fingular conftant vein of good sense and piety edge, and sets it off to the higher ad- runs through his works, such an earvantage. There is no froth, nor
neft and serious manner, and so much affectation in it; it flows without any
useful inftru&ion conveyed in a Style Audied preparation ; and while he so pure, natural and unaffected, as will hardly appears to smile himself, he juftly recommend him to high regard, makes his reader laugh heartily. as long as the English Language re
mains ; not, indeed, as a model of
the highest eloquence, but as a fimple Charakter of Harvey’s Style. Arongly expreffive of great goodness
and amiable writer, whose manner is From the same.
and worth. Simplicity of manner CANNOT help thinking, that may be consistent with some degree of gious turn, and good difpofitions of beauty of that fimplicity which makes the present age, than on the public the negligence of such writers seem tafte, that Mr. Harvey's Meditations graceful. But, as it appears in the have had so great a currency.
Archbishop, negligence may some
The pious and benevolent heart, which is
times be carried so far as to impair the always displayed in them, and the beauty of Simplicity, and make it bor: lively fancy,which, on some occasions,
der on a fat and languid manner. appears, jufly merited applause ; but the perpetual glitter of (expreffion, the fwola imagery, and Atrained des
CharaEter of Temple's Styles cription which abound in them, are
From the fame. ornaments of a false kind. I would,
IR therefore, advise ftudents of oratory remarkable writer in the Style of