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Acknowledgments to Correspondents.
XTRACTS from, and Imitations of, Gesner ; Tho'ts
on public and private Credit ; Verses by a young Lady, with a present of a Pen-knife ; and I. K's Fancy ; acknowledged as received in our last, are rejected.
Historical, Philosophical, and Philological Queries, by Senora Tobosa ; Ode to Fortitude; and a Poem on the Day of Judgment; are received, but cannot be adnicted.
Our Énigmatical Correspondents are very liberal of their favours : We have selected those two Lifts which we judge will be most acceptable to our Female Rcaders.
Page 90, for with, read without. P. Il a column & l. from bot. « Bee happieft, brighteft
, beft presage," was omitted in a few copies, before it was discovered. Same columns 31. from bot, for “honour's " read “ horror's..
The UNITED STATES in CON
table nation, I rehga with fatisfaAion GRESS assembled, Dec. 23, 1783.
the appointment I accepted with diffs. According to order, his Excellency
dence...a diffidence in my abilities to the Commander in Chief was ad.
accomplich so arduous a talk; which, mitred to a public audience, and
however, was superceded by a conf. being seated, the President, after a
dence in the recitude of our cause, the paule, informed him that the Uni. fupport of the supreme power of the ted States in Congress affembled Union, and the patronage of Heaven. were prepared to receive his com
The successful termination of the Aunications ; whereupon he arose,
war has verified the moft sanguine and addressed Congress as follows:
expe&ations ; and my gratitude for Mr. PRESIDENT,
the interposition of providence, and
the affiftance I have received from my HE great events on countrymen, increases with every 16., which my refigaation view of the momentous conteft. depended having at While I repeat my obligations to length taken place, I the army in general, I Mould do inhave now the honour juftice to my own feelings not to acof offering my fincere knowledge in this place, the peculiar congratulations services and diftinguithed merits, of
Congress, and of pre. the gentlemen who have been attachfeating myself before them, to sur- ed to my person during the war. render into their hands the trust com- It was impoffible the choiceof con. milled to me, and to claimthe indulgence Adential officers to compofe my famies retiring from the service of my coun- ly, hould have been more fortugate,
Permit me, fir, to recommend in Happy in the confirmation of our particular, those who have continued ladependence and fovereignty, and in the service to the preseot moment, pealed with the opportunity afforded as worthy of the favourable notice the United States, of becoming a respec. and patronage of Congress.
I consider it as an indifpenfible dui We feel with you our obligations to ty to close this fait folemn act of my the army in general, and will particaofficial life by commending the intere farly charge ourfelves with the inter. efts of our dea country to the pro- ests of those confidential officers who teation of Almighty God, and those have attended your perfon to this who have the superintendence of them affecting momont. to his holy keeping.
We join you in commending the Having pow finished the work as interests of our de ar country to the fighed me,I retire from the great thea protection of Almighty God, beseech. tre of action ; and bidding an affe&i. ing tim to dispose the hearts and onare farewel to this anguft body, un minds of its citizens to improve the der whose order I have so long acted. opportunity afforded them of becoming
I bere offer my commiflion, and a happy and respe&able oation. And take my leave of all the employments for you we address to him our earn. of public lise.
est prayers, that a life so beloved, may He then advanced, and delivered be foitered with all his care; that to the Prefideat his comm Nioo, with your daye tay be happy as they a copy of his address, and baving re- have been ILLUSTRIOUS, and that he' sumed his place, the President retura- will finally give you that reward cd him the following answer :
which this world cannot give. He United States in Congress
Here we must let fall the fcene---T。
assembled, receive with emoti- few tragedies ever drew more tears ons too affe&iog for utterance, the ro. from so many beautiluť eyes, as were lema refignation of the authorities
affeded by the moving manner in under which you have led their troops
which bis Excellency took his final with success, through a perilous and leave of Congress. After which he doubtful war
immediately set out for Mount VerCalled upon by your country to de- non, in Virginia, accompanied to fend, its invaded rights, you accepted South river, by his Excellency oor the facred charge before it had form. Governor, with the warmeft withes ed alliances, and whilft it was without
of the city for his repore, health and fundo or a government to supportyou. happiness. Long, long may he en
You have conducted the great mi joy them ! Heasy conteft with wisdom and forti. tode, invariably regarding the rigots
On Animal Heat. of the civil power, through ali disasier's
EAT is in the material world, and changes. You have, by the love and confidence of your fellow citizens,
the chief principle of aaivity: enabled them to difplay their martial
Hence plants and animals degenius, and transmit their fame to rive their growth and vigour ; and posterity.
nature perfect in every energy, bas You have persevered lill these endowed the animal body with a powUnited States (aided by a magoani. er of generating its own heat. Withmoue king and nation) have been en- out this, the temperature of the air in abled, under a jun Providence, 10 various climares, would have been declose the war in freedom, safety and structive of life, and man could only independence ; on which happy event
have been the inhabitant of the temwe fincerely join you in congratula- perate zones. tions.
If a thousand different in-animate Having defended the fiandard of bodies, healed to various degrees, be liberty in this new world ; having brought together in a place where taugti a leffon useful to inore who in- there is no positive cause of heat, the
.63, and to those who feel oppreftion, heat will immediately begin so flow you retire from the great theatre of from the horter to the colder bodies, action, with the blefling of your fel. till all become of one temperature. low-citizens. But the CLORY of your But this is by no means the case with virrucs will ncr terininate with your respect to animated matters ; for military command; it will concime whatever be the peculiar degree of to 20: maie remotefi ages.
heal or 'individual amiraals, they pre.
On Animal Heat. serve it kahle and unchanged in every Aapces ; but no sooner ha the heart temperature to which they can be ex- ceased to play, and the blood begun pored; provided it be not altogether to ftagnate in its canals, than the abjncompatible with life and health. Teoce of the generating cause of heat Thos we find that the ouman body is becomes manifeft: For the lifelers mars not only capable o certain circum- frokerio the temperature of the bodies Atances, of supporting without any around it. We find, indeed, a few material change, a degree of heat, in deviations from the common procewhich the the momeier rises consider. dure of nature ; but they are too few, ably above the heat of boiling water, and too ambiguous, to affed in any but like wise that it maintains its usu. degree the general faa. † Mr. de al temperature, whilst the surround. Haen, who has attended in a particuing medium is several degrees below lar manner, to the subject of animal the point of congelanon. It is there. "heat, brings as unanswerable obje&ifore evident, chat animals neither re. ons to its mechanical generation, twe ceive their heat from the bodies around cases, which fell within his own obthem, aor suffer from the infuence of servation. In the one, he found that external circumftances, any material the temperature of his patient, during alterations in that heat which is pecu. the course of an inflammatory fever, . har to their nature. Late accurate had not riseo above 103 degrees, food observations how, that the degree of at the time he expired, and for two heat in the mpre perfect animals of the minutes after at 106. From the other Same genus and (pecies, continues it appears, that the heat of a person, · very uniforroly the same, wheiher who was dying of a lingering disem, they be environed by mountains of per, rose in the last agony, from one fnow, near the pole, or exposed to a hundred degrees to 101, and continued vertical fun, in the fultry regions of there ftationary for 2 hours, and even the torrid zone.
after the expiration of fifteen hours - The ftabụity and uniformity of hadonlyfailen so 83 degrees, though the animal heat. under Fuch a disparity ambient medium did not exceed bo. of external circumstances, and so vait
It may not be improper to obferve, a latitude in je temperature of the that the vital principle is not always ambient air, leave no room to doubt immediately extinguished on the cear-, thu tae living body is furnished with ing of respiration. Breath and life a peculiar mechanism, or power of ge- have been considered in all ages, in neraring, fupporting and regulating its breathing animals as fynonimous; a own temperature ; and that this is so notion which has always been producasiapted to the circumstances of the tive of the most unhappy consequences economy, or, to speak more accu. to mankind, and daily in large counrately, so immediately dependant upon tries senda thousands to the grave bet tiem, that whatever be the heat of the fore their time. We cannot doubt, álnur piere, it Mall have very little when we reflect on the many fortunate jurarice either in dimiwiting or en- recoveries of persons drowned, and creasing that of the animal. It is ob apparently dead, that the living prinfervt i that all animals are onë degree ciple may remain in the body, after at ieft varmer than the ordinary tem respiration, and all the other natural pe *ture of the element they inhabitt. and vital fun&tions seem at an end,and
All physiolngists agrec in allowing be again by proper means excited into a necessary connection betwixt the action. The records of the humane degree of heat generated, and the stare society thew, that within the year 1778 of circulation, and every one must there 250 persons brought bave observed that whilst the motion to life in Britain. of the circulating mass continues vi. It has been afferted that some ingorous u unin
paired, the tempera. Atances within the memory of people Ture of the body suffers no change living, bave occured in this town, of from the in Agence o? external circum. persons who had been baried, and
who from after circumstances it is • Philo. Trw11,"vol 65.
probable had revived after burial. * Martin, ou Therm.
4 Ratio M édendi, vol. 1. 11.
But least any doubt the truth of an apothecary who had been in the fach assertions, we can produce a liv- same circumstances, and they togeing ioftance of this kind in a country, ther prevailed upon the phyfician to man of our own, now living in Phila- see it. Every method was used to redelphia, who was for 48 hours to all cover it, and after much difficulty, appearance dead, in the year 1781 : evident tokens of life were discovered. His ftory, as related by himself, is as I was for sometime very weak, wild follows, and which can also be con- and loft, and thought crazy, but have firmed by the atteftation of a number at length recovered perfeå health. of other gentlemen pow in Boston, Thus was I within an hour of being who were in that neighbourhood, and shut up in the place of Glence.” to whom the fad is well knewo.
It may, therefore, reasonably be “I was seized with a putrid fever in supposed, that though in the two Champagne, in the year 1781, of cases mentioned above, by de Haen, which I was ill a considerable while. the organs of respiration had ceased At the time I was recovering, I found to ad ; yet not only the principle of my appetite voracious which was also life was fill present for some time, observed by my friends. I was 20- but that some degree of circulation cordingly watched, left I should hurt was carried on, and consequently myself. The nurse that attended me some heat generated. Now, if the had a little girl in the house, who was final cause of respiration be to carry playing with an unbaked or half-baked off and temper the heat generated in cake. 'I took an opportunity of de- the system, it plainly follows that if vouring this, in the absence of the any heat be ftill produced after this nurse. About noon, being seized ceases, that heat must accumulate in with a new and violent fever, was put the body, and keep up its temperato bed, and about 9 or 10 o'clock, in ture. This however, will seldom ob. the evening (as I have fince under- rain at the same debility which put a ftood) I expired. I was considered as Atop to the organs of breathing, muft an heretic (which proved a most for- in a short time abolish the powers of tunate circumstance) and refused bu.. the heart and arteries. It is however, rial. The gentleman of the house, highly probable, that the circulation had, from acquaintance, acquired an is not stopt so early as is generally attachment, and was much affected at imagined. my sudden death, and became uneary. It is our duty then to be extremely about my interment. After a great cautious in pronouncing people irredeal of difficulty and interceffion, he coverably loft, and interring them obtained, from the head of some or- before evident symptoms of putrefacder in the neighbourhood, permiffion tion have taken place ; since it apto bury me, but that it must be at mid. pears, by experiment, that life may night, and very privately. The grave remain after the subsultory motion of was accordingly prepared, and coffin the heart hath ceased, the pulsation of brought: But it is not cuftomary to the arteries become imperceptible, put the corpse into it, until just before' and every indication of breathing it is carried away. In this fíate there- ceased. fore, it remained 48 hours. My friend continued constantly in the room. About 11 o'clock, an hour Reflections upon the Life and before the remains were to be carried
Death of Edward Drinker, a way, this gentleman was tempted to of the city of Philadelphia, put his hand on my face, but found it cold. He then iad it on my breast,
who died Nov. 17, 1782, in and thought he felt a warmth. This the 103d year of his age. alarmed him. He immediately went away to the physician: But commu
Written by an ingenious litebicating his discovery to no one in the
rary Gentleman of that city, family, except the nurse, who was brdered to remain in the chamber
for the amusement of a Lady. with the cor pre, and the door to be DWARD DRINKER was born ocked. In his way, he called upon on the 24th of December, 1680,