« PreviousContinue »
and in proof of this assertion, we over with wax, in order to stop every know that new combs, before they crevice, before the bees were put in, are filled with honey, or young brood, it would greatly forward their works. ait of a clear white colour, whereas the farina, or crude wax, is of vari
Of the Honey. ous colours, according to the flowers from whence it is brought.
BEES colleå moft of their honey, The manner in which these little
as well as wax, from flowers; a part insects cooftruct their combs, is wor.
is also got from what is commoaig thy oblervation. By the hexagonal
called honey.dews. This honey.de form of the cells, they lose norm
that is found on the leaves of treeb, as the circunference of one, makts is nothing more than a sweet jexce a part of the circumferece of ano.
which exudes from the leaves. If this ther ; whicle, was it contrived in any juice fell, as it is vulgarly supposed, other mape, there could not be fo
from the open air, it would theo comany cells, of equal capaciousness, ia
ver the leaves of any tree in its way, the same given pre. These cells,
promiscuoufiy, which never happens; tvhich are very thin, are strengthen.
we see it only on part of the leaves of ed at the entrance by a fillet of wax,
some particular irees, and never but and also at the botton by the angle
on one sider. As horey-dews never of one admirable falling in the middle
happen but in very hot (ultry *22. of its opposite.
ther, heat therefore, in all probabiliThere are different sorts of combs ty, is the cause of them. in every hive, made according to the
The goodness of honey entirely fpecies of bees which are to be bred
depends on the situation in which the in them in those combs conftru&t.
bees are placed; great quantities ed for breeding ine drones, the cells
niay be collected from coramops of are considerably larger than those
heath, or fields of buck wheat; but which are intended for the working
what is got in these Giuations is albees; and chose cells which are made ways of a very deep colour, and got
weil Favoured. The best and fineft co. for breeding the females cr queens, are of a very peculiar form, and fashi
loured honey is colle&ted from flowers, oned with a deal of labour.
The mignonettes produce the most It is very remarkable, the wonder. fragrant of any I am acquainted with furioftina peculiar to the mother bee,
in this country, and in the greated in being able io diftinguish the sort of
quantity; their flowers continuing
in bloom all the summer and €88 (out of the great oomber the ovaria is composed o!) the is going to depofir, uod to chuse one of these
In the year 1779, I made the folcells accordingly.
lowing experiment: observing bees There is another kind of wax
to be particularly fond of tbe lowers which bees collect, called propolis.
of mignonette, I therefore planted a This is a sort of refin, not gathered as
large quanti:y of it before two hives, wax is, from the siamini o! Gowers,
at a considerable distance from any but from the ind, and the leaves of other bees. Having plenty of this Srees, shrubs, &c. lis colour is of a provision co near them, very few ever reddish brown, and becomes harder
left the garden ; and these probably than wax. The bees use it to clore for water, which bees often have re
course to, in dry weather. la Sepevery cievice in their hives, and to een the hives, or boxes, to the
tember, the same year, I took the ho. board they reft on. In regard to
ney, and found a greater produce, by this particular, (mooth boxes or hives
one third and upwards, than from made of wood, are greatly to le preferred to ftraw hives ; the boxes Save the bees an immense deal of la. * The oak is the principal tree bour which the Araw hives require; which produces the honey dew in as they smooth the whole inside of
any quantity; it is oftea lovod on them with propolis. And was the thé maple, rycamore, hazei, and inside of the boxes tbemselves rubbed bramble, and also on ho? plioce.
Elay on the Management of Bees. any two of my best hives, where the ation, which however in judicious, bees were obliged to fly abroad; and has often been recommended. this equal, both in fragrance and No weeds, &c. Mould ever be percolour, to any imported from the mitted to grow near them, as they warmer climates.
not only harbour vermia, but also ocThere are two forts of mignonette cafion the loss of many bees, when plants, the one is annual and sweet they happen to fall among them in scented, the other perennial; both wet weather. If loole land is spread equally benefcial to bees. They con- pretty thick before them, it will be tinue in bloom till destroyed by found very convenient, both in obfrolls, and afford both honey and fa- ftruding the growth of weeds, and rina the whole season.
allo a drain for the wet. Honey is not, like the wax, made It is very proper that the bee garby the bees, but only collected by den should be furnished with those them: they colle&t it by fuation, and plants, herbs, &c. that yield the beeg afterwards' convey it to their cells, plenty of food ; such has gooiberry which when filled are closed with a and all kinds of fruit trees ; Spanish very thin covering of wax.
There broom, mignonette, thyme, borage, are indeed two sorts of honey, which and tobacco plants; also fields of the bees make use of; that whichi turnips, buck wheat, or dutch clover, they live upon in summer is of a more in bloom, are what they colleå from Huid, watry substance, than that in great quantities. which is colleated for their winter Those shrubs and flowers which provision. The cells which contain bloom early in the year, will be the former of these are always left found particularly useful in or near open ; their winter fores, on the con. the bee garden ; such as the yellow trary, are secured with great care, winter aconite, the crocus and snowand are never touched till the honey drop; but more especially hedges of gathering season is over, and the cold the rallows (which comes early and weather commences.
in great abundance) the bees nourish
the young brood, and nothing will Of the Situation of Bees. produce forward (warms so much as
plenty of this food. Rasberry and THE best situation for bees is fac
blackberry blofsoms also afford coning the south, rather inclining to the siderable quantities of this nutriment, weft; it being better for them to though later in the year. have the evening, than the morning The Apiary being situated near fun. Fulleast or north should always oak, or horfe.chesnut trees, is also be avoided. Bees are not able to see
very beneficial to the bees : The oak but in clear light; when therefore most freqnently producing the honey: they return late in an evening, and dews, and the chesnut trees afford are placed either north or eaft, they
great quantities of bloom. would often, in that situation, not be Bees colleA too a considerable laaro able easily to find their way into the of honey and farina from the bloc. hive; and when they return home soms of ivy; and this I believe, exheavily loaded, and miss the entrance cepting the mignonette, and what is of their habitation, they generally commonly called the bee fower®, ia fall upon the ground, which if either the latest bloom they gather from. wet or cold, chills them fo much, The Apiary Mould be Meltered as that they are seldom ever able to rise much as poffible from the north and again ; which consequently muft oc- eastern windo ; and if placed near the cafion a daily loss.
dwelling-house, will save much ate For the same reason the nearer bees tendance in (warming time. are placed to the ground the better ; five or fix inches from it is quite sufficient to secure them from the easy
This Aower is not very common, access of vermin; they should by no and the author' is probably unac means ever be placed in a higher ftu- quainted with its true name.
The floors for the bives fould al- rank, more nearly approaching their ways be made of imooth light board, owo than that of royalty. In ibis and never of lone; this lait become epitaph upon a maker of bellows, ing so intensely cold in winter, that there is better poetry, and more sit it is almoft certain deftruction to and truth :every bee that happens to alight on
“ Here lieth Joha Cruker, a maker (To be Continued.)
of bellows, His crafts matter, and king of good
fellows, Yet when he came to the hour of his
He that made bellows could not fake CAM
AMDEN'S chapter of Epitaphs afforded me some amusement,
breath!" and an extrait or two, I lancy, may
I quote the following upon 20not be displeasing to many of your
count of the shymes, which are very Teaders.
peculiar, and have been of late very The following lines, which were successfully imitated by some politi. wri ten on the removal of Queen Eli
cal poets, and Hud,brakic-forio-comic zabeth's body from Richmond 10
Eclogue writers Wweball by water, contain an allulion or figure, or what you please 10 « Under this Hone call it (for I think there is no name “ Lies Jono Knapton, in rhetoric for it) which one cannot 11 Who died juft Le but pleased with :...
" The 28 of Auguft,
« M D. XC. and one “ The Queen was brought by water " Of this Church Peti capon."
to Whitehall, At every stroak the oars tears let
But if truth, perspicuity, wit, gravifall:
ty, and every property pertaining to More clung about the barge, fil un
the ancient or modern epitaph, may der water,
be expected in one single epitaph, it is
in one made for a Mr. Borbidge, a Wept out their eyes of pearl, and (wam blind after.
Tragedian, in the days of Shakespeare, I think the bargmen might with eari.
but whet:ct nl comes from the peo of er thiglis,
that great poet, I cannot determice. Have rowed her thither in her peo,
Its bievity particularly recommends ple's eyes.
is, the following being the whole : For how lo e'er, thus much my
" Exit Burbidge.” thoughts have scand, Shad come by water, had fhe come There is a ruperiority of merit in by land."
the following, which would not dis
grace a poet of em'dence, on the usNox,Mess. Printers, I fairly challenge timely death of a child. all the modern poes, from Hyley to
“ As careful nurses to their bed do Sir Cecil Wray and Lord Nugent, to
lay produce any thing so will connected
" Their children, which too long as the above. Mr. Camden calls
would wantons play! them parlionare, dolelud lines. Tie
« So to prevent all my ensuing jica ci rowing the Queen's body from Richmond to Whilenall in her people's
“ Nature, my parse, laid are to bed eyes, is loyal, at least, if not portical; betimes," And, if it be not very practicable, must at leaft be allowed to be very marvel- The thought is quaiot, and has lo us,
beauty, although one verfification can
not be commended. The poets of these days, however, Many of the old_epitaphs fpeak have been more successful when em. very familiarly of Death, as if he ploying their pens on objets of less
Solutions of Matb. Questions in Sept. and Nov. Mag. 617 wa a door neighbour, on whom they « By whom death nothing gaia'd night at any iime crack their jokes ne (wore ; chus, upon a collier.
" For living he was duf and " Here lies the collier John of ashes, Nathes,
* And being dead he is no more.”
Answer to Question ist. in September Magazine. * for the Number of Apples,
*-738 Q *=8+7=15 the Number Requiredi.
Solution of Questions in November Magazine.
I. x for A's loss Then x=y+o
d=2000, y B's
*=3 + m m =-9000 C's
=3m-a yy taa=yy + zz + mm-aa
by completing the Square.
zz=1 mm15000 B's Result. 8000 C's
mm-4 aa- £. 8000 2 +mwa
fio 17000 A's 2
Poetical Essays, for December, 1784.
For the BOSTON MAGAZINE. Thou did Q -- but foon, I truf, thy
pow'r will end ; An Address to Fancy.
No longer will I hold thee as my
friend; (By a young Lady.) No longer thalt thou be my fav'rite HOU that in mific formiovad's
gueft, my breaft,
Unless it be to seek the paths of ret. Subeil difturber of my peace and reft, Bofton, Dec, 1784. In tidious spoiler of my thinking
powers, Unkind encroacher on my numbering Verses written by a Lady or hours :
the Addresses of a Rake. By some dire name I fain would
YOUNG Strephon, the artful, on thee call, Drive, thee from bence and meditate
My love and efleer has attempted thy fall ;
to gain ; Hunt thee from earth, fully thy, spe- With the same wicked arts, he so oft cious fame,
had betray'd, And from my breast eradicate thy
He thought to seduce one more in.
But apprizid of bis power, of my Yet something ftill my foolish soul
weakness aware, reftrains,
I baffled his scheme, and avoided the A gentle tremor seems to seize my
(nare; veins ;
For virtue I love, and was taught in Yet thou haft charms, and can I them
my dawn, forego!
When I gather'd a rose to beware of And never more thy magic pleasures
the thorn. know ?
His tears I negle&ted, his oaths I deHow haft tlou txio'd around my
For his heart, by those tears, by those trembling heart, With what affiduous Matery play'd
oaths, he disguis'd ;
What presents he brought me, I thy part,
chose to decline, How nurs'd my infant days, my ten
The prodigal bounty of art and design, And with a foft'ned voice dispeld
He coax'd, and he fatter’d, but fat
ter'd in vain, my fears.
And pra&is'd each art on my weak
ness to gain, But ah! thov fed me with a bane
Protected by prodence, I laugh'd ful food,
him to (corn, Taught me to wander from the
Tho' I fancied the rose, yet I dreaded source of grand;
the thorn. Fill'd my dark soul with a delulive. dream,
He wantonly boafted what nymph And hurlid me headlong down the
he bad won, guilty stream.