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infinite fupineness, the true character high spirits as could be, and by his of the Portuguese, has hitherto been interpreter cold feveral facetious filoTeputed very long, arduous, and dan ries; laid he was acquainted with segerous. I must coolels that great veral Englih gentlemen, particularly part of the road required one accuf Captain Montago, Lord Sandwich's tomed to hills, and the mule is tha brother, with whom he was very in. only animal I Mould chvíe to trust timale ; related several of their mad myrell on; for many places were praoks jointly, asked if he was mar. really extremely frightful, but tuore ried, if he had children, and of I generally walked.

which rex; and his jaterpreter ex: In the evening I walked up to the plained our dricourse in one tbird of quinta to the large chesnut tree, the time we took to say it; the domb accompanied by an English gentle man often forestalling his explication man settled here, who, by pailing his by letting him know he under food it. younger days with one well versed in He invited us to his town and coongardening, is looked upon among the try house, asked how long we Aayed, inhabitants in this island as such him and told us he had made his gardens self; and is much the most under in a place thought too barrea for any standing person among them in the improvement; commended the tree vegerable world; for that reason I we sat under, and the situation of the had been introduced to his acquain. place. tance, to get any seeds, plants, &c. Had I not been an eye witness of it, that I thought might be worth our I could not have believed the poifibipropagating in England; I take two lity of such a thing; for he did not or three trivial ones the voyage form letters by his fingers, but his round with me, and letele a corres. explication seemed without method, pondence with him to send me the although it doubtless was otherwise. feeds of some trees, &c. that this is Having spent an hour in this manaer not the proper season for, and cuttiogs we returned a different way home. of all their vines.

Yesterday morning I went on foot, I coníels, excepting the teel tree, with a guide to a church that is rethe jellimines, and alexandrian lqu. pairing aud beautifying, called No. rels, I see not any that will quite an- ftra Seignora delle Monte, abou: four rwer, or bid fair to fucceed in our miles off; our rout, to it was fill climate. Their peaches, apricots, through the vineyards, feeper than plumbs, or pears, and apples; are in our day's ride, and the laft ball mile ferior to ours much ; as they never through the chesnut groves, which on touch them with a knife, gralt, nor this fide grew nearer the town, and take any pains to improve them: were finer than those where our ride I am however told that the bei forts the day before led us. are not yet ripe.

The church was on a (agar loaf While we at this quinta, hill, on the side of thegrand ridge, so (which my new acquaintance it reem: as to overlook the chesnuts immedi èd had contrived for the late poffer. ately under it, the whole country for) there came there also to fit un- and town, out into the sea. Tbe der the tree, a rich Portuguese of fa. mountains on the back (mofily cotion; born deaf and dumb); and vered with chesnuts) inexpreffibly with him a young man, who by signs irregular, seemed ready to fall, and inparted to him every thing that was overwhelm it; although towards the faire, and explained his answers. sea we seemed to be up in the air. Ny gardening' acquaintance knew There was nothing in the church him well, and made his compliments worth a particular notice. From by signs, and talked to him a good Thence we walked about a mile the deal, understanding him almoil as same teight from the sea, and also well as his interpreter.

under the same made, and impending He was very fond of the English, mountains; and then breakrafted on anu begged (for we were just going) fruit and bread under the vines that that we would lay longer, and on covered a cottage. We continued our all fitting down, he was in as about three miles more voder mofily



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the rame Mhade, but sometimes of Brafils, who, at his defire, transmit to large pines ; we gradually descending him, when opportunity offers, which hut making a large circuit round the is however, rare, any curious plants ; town; and no park or garden was some of which he tells me he forever half so lovely; for under the wards to the Royal Society in London. closef shade were citen little spots of And he boasts of having been the oncorn, and some vines, twined to the ly person that has introduced there very tops of the chesnut trees. The

many plants that I remember to be path was often unpleasantly seep, esteemed great curiosities, and some but might with ease, and a trivial ex- are only in the physic gardens. pence, have been made to wind more Less pleasing, although not less curound the hills,and it did so nearer the

rious than any thing I have yet derchurch; maue ío, I suppose, by the cribed, is a chapel here, whore fides. good priests, who probably were fen- and covered roof is intirely composed fible of the beauties of that place : of dead men's bones, in a Mosaic patand indeed vo situation, when once it. tern; the skull forming the center, was ascended to, could I believe com- with various bones Auck in end ways pare with it. We, on quitting the round it, and the arm and leg bones, chesnut groves, which brought us length ways, forming the hars, within two miles and a half of this strongly inspiring the penserose, and town, came through the vineyards, therefore well adapted to the place; without the unpleasing impediment yet could one forget the materials, of fences; for, as I before told you, the wonderful good effeat they have they run no risk of cattle breaking would give pleasure, and be well in here; in the town the hogs lie in worth imitation in any ruftic build. the freets, at the doors, and in the ing entry at the bottom of the fairs of One singular fortunate circummoll of the houses, which you may Atance in this climate I must not imagine adds greatly to the cleanli- omit. Between nine and ten o'clock, ness and delicacy of dwellers in a ftrong vapour, like a cloud, rises such.

and hangs about a mile perpendicu. Yesterday evening I walked to the Jarly high, ro as to skreen you the quinta of Don Juan Josaios, de Vin- remainder of the day from the rays celles, Conrallos, Bittoncour; the

of the sun, without in the leaft obe richeft inhabitant of the island. His

ftruding the view, or rendering it place was remarkable for nothing less clear; but serving as an umbrel. but a longer bercer walk of grapes Ja, under which, freed from an inconthan usual, the top frame of which venient glare of sunshine, you can wassupported by square ftone pillars

with greater ease and pleasure conat every ten foot, with a wallon each

template the objes.

W. lide waist high, and a heavy summer house at the end, to prevent the sea terminating the berceau. There was ftone and lime enough to have built a

Of WOMEN. tolerable dwelling; his house had

(By Dr. Alexander.) large high rooms, but still, as the reft, bare .

, ed of irregular, disjointed, and un- small planed boards. This I more wonder been divided by naturalifts into seve. at, as he is lately returned from Eng- ral difiind species, each marked with land, where he passed near three corporeal differences, which could years, had a house at ! hmond hill hardly arise from cuftom or from and has an English joiner he brought climate, and with intelle&ual powers over with him.

scarcely less indicative of this divi.. The majority of the inhabitants, fion than the marks of their bodies. even the rich, fit on matts on the These species, like those of moft other foors. My friend, the botanist, or animals, are again divided inio sexes, quondam gardener, has a correspon. with different fentiments and faculdence with the missionaries in the ties, adapted to the different purpo.


base walls, no ceilings, foors compof: Talhe degree of probability,

res for which they were intended. tigate with precision the powers and So far the diftinctions are plain; but propenfities of women, it is necessary man has carried them farther, and to be a woman ; to inveftigate those arrogated to his fex a superiority of of man, it is neceflary to be a man ; body and mind which he cannot to compare them impartially, to be prove himself poflefied of ; for al. something different from either. fhough we find in general through On compariog the aggregate of the the whole of animated nature, the corporeal and intelle&ual powers of males of every species e:dowed with tbe two lexes in savage lile the dif. a degree of bodily Atrength fuperior ference will appear much less than it to the females, yet we have no plain generally does on a superficial view, indication of any fuperiority conferr. Though in the hunting, fimog, and ed upon these males in the powers warlike excursions of the men, there and faculties of their minds. Among appears a considerable Mare of art the brute animals ne do not recullett and iogeouity, yet these are in 2 that any one hus been hardy enough stationary condition, and time imto contend for this mile supenority i memorial have been taught by f2. ainong human beings, however, it thers to their sons, without their has been and is fill to strongly con- ' fons ever having deviated from the tended for, that we thall give a Mort road chalked out by their fathers, or view of this contention, as the hir. thinking of adding any improvetory of one of the moft peculiar opi- ments to whai they perhaps confider. nions that have been entertained con- ed as already perrea. Though, in cerning the (ex.

dying and making of Irinkeis, as Whether this supposed superiority praaised by the women, there is also is, in civil life, owing to any arro. an appearance of art, we have not the gance inherent in male nature; or no itaft doubt, that they are rather The pride of more numerous acquifi. customary operations, which have tions, we hall not at present ex. for many ages been performed with: amine. In favage life we may ac. out the smallest improvereat or count for it upon another principle. variation ; this we tbe more readily Ainong uncivilized people bodily believe, when we conlider, that in Arength was the only thing held in many places the domestic employ. particular eslimation ; and women ments and economy of (avages, are having rather a less portion oi this Dearly the same as in the patriarchat than men, were on that account ne. ages. ver ro much efteen ed, nor rared at When, from lavage life, we proso bigh a value. From the body it ceed to consider the share that each was easy to make a tranqtion to the sex has had in the progress of these mind, and ruppose it's powers less improvements, wbich lead to civilja exten Gible, becaule for want of op. zation, it appears, that each, in its portunities they were less extended ; proper sphere, has contributed nearhence an inleriority, which arose on. ly, in an equal proportion to this ly from circumstances, was supposed great and valuable purpose. The to have arisen from nature, and the Egyptians ascribed the invention of sex were accordingly treated as be- many valuable medicines to'Isis, and ings of an inlerior order.

consecrated her, goddess of health. But let us take a nearer view of the The art of spinning, one of the most matter, and we mall see that this useful that ever was in vepted, is, by boafted pre.eminence of the meo is all antiquity, ascribed to women. at least as much the work of art as of The Jews gave it to Naamah, the nature ; and that women in those daughter o Lamech : the EgyptiSavage States, where both sexes are ans give the honour of it to I&s; the alike upadorned by culture ; are, Chinese, to the confort of their Emperhaps, not at all inferior in abilities peror Iao. This, and the art of rew. of mind to the other sex, and even ing, ao art hardly less neceflary, the scarcely inferior to them in Arength fables and traditions of almost all naof body. This subject is, however, tions ascribe to the fair rex. The of the moft difficult aalure, lo inver- Lulians ascribed them to Arachne;


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Of women. the Greeks to Minerva ; the anci- fonable, and humiliating to the sex. ent Perovians to Mama-Oella ; wife Such is the pride of man, that where. to Mancocapac, their first lovereign ; ever the do&rine of immortality has and the Romans gave the invention ,ohtained footing, he has entirely connot only of spinning and sewing, but fined that immortality to his own also of weaving, to their women. geous, and considered it as a prero Such, and perhaps many others of a gative much too exalted for any other Amilar nature, were the contribu- beings. And in some countries, not tions of female genius towards the ftopping here, he bas also considered utility and convenience of life; con. it as a distinction too glorious for tributions which at least egual, if not

Thus degrading the fair rival, whatever has been done by the partners of his nature, he places them boasted ingenuity of man.

on a level with the bealls that perish. The hitory of every period, and Whatever votaries this opinion of every people, prefenis us with may have had in the ear, it has had some exiraordinary women, who but few in Europe; a few, however, have mone in all the different cha.

have even here maintained it, and ra&ters, which render men enzinent alligned various and sometimes laughi• and conspicuous. Syria furnishes us able reaions for so doing among with a Semiramis, Africa with a there,a story we have heard of a Scois Zenobia ; both famous for their he

clergyma 10 is not the least particular. roism and skill in government. Greece This peaceable ron of Levi, whose and Rome, with many who set pub. wife was a descendant of the famous lick examples of courage and forti. Xantippe, * in going through a course tude ; Germany and England have of lectures on the Revelations of St. exhibited Queens, whore talents in John, from that abftrule writer imthe field, or in the cabinet, would

bibed an opinion, that the rex had. have done honour to either sex ; but

no rouls, and were incapable of fuit was reserved for Ruffia, in the per- ture rewards and punishment. It fon of the presenc Empress, to join was no rooner known in the country both these illustrious talents together, that he maintained ruch a dottrine, and to add to them, what is fill more than he was summoned before 2 noble, an inclination to favour the presbytery of his brethren, to be scieoces, and to reftore and secure the

dealt with according to his delinnatural rights of her subjets ; rights quency. When he appeared at their which almost every other sovereign bar, they asked him, if he really held has endeavoured to deftroy.

so heretical an opinion ? He told them We kuow that it is a generally plainly that he did. On desiring to cftablished opinion, that in Atrength be informed of his reasons for ro of mind, as well as of body, men are

doing, “la the Revelations of St. greatly fuperior to women; an opi: John the divine," said he, "you will nion into which we have been led,

find this passage ;" " And there

was by not duly considering the proper filence in beaven for about the space propenfities, and paths chalked out of half an hour." "Now I appeal to . to each by the author of their nature.

all of you, whether that could poffi. We bend our thoughits to make lise

bly have happened had there been convenient. They turn theirs to

any women there ? And since there make it easy and agreeable : would it be difficult for women to acquire imagine that they are all in a worle

are none there, charity forbids us to the endowments allotted to us by place;

inerefore it follows, that they nature? It would be as much so for

have no immortal part ; and bappy us to acquire those peculiarly allotted to them. Are we superior to them

is it for them, as they are thereby in what belongs to the male charac

exempted from being accountable ter? They are no less so to us in what belongs to the female.

The idea of the inferiority of fe- Xantippe was the wife of Spe male nature, has drawn after it re- crates, and the most famous coni, veral others the most absurd, unrea. antiquity.


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for all the noise and disturbance they can be allowed than bare infine. have rail din this world.

Men utterly ravage have been caughty. Some tribes of the Asiatic Tartars literally caughi, in the woods.. are of the same opinion with this re- Hardly, however, could they be said verend gentleman.

to differ from the beasts with which (To be continued.)

they bad associated ; aod for this ab vious reason, that, lo circomfizocede

they had never been subjected to any From the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. political regulation or form of geThoughts on the Rise and Pro- Animated by ideas equally fallac..

ous, many politicians have racked grejs of Civil Government ; their imaginations in order to prove, end on the General Caujes of that in the formation of every plan National Imbecility, and of ginally exified a preliminary code National Grandeur.

vention between the people and tbeit

intended chief ; in other words, a T: O the eye of a philocopher, the

political body before aug hat like a Aructure of society affords the noble spectacle upon earth. To

lyftem of politics had being

A social compa&t necessarily inaffemble in a body a number of (cat: tered individuais, io kip them of plies anterior diftinctions. The two

contracting parties Bust be equally their natural liberty, in order to

informed in whatever reiate to their render ibem fubitansia!ly freemIc vnire them by the very prin

respective interefis ; and, if other.

wise, the one must obtain an adyanciples which would otherwise have

tage over the otter, and thus taya kept them eternally alunder-to

foundation for tyranny. make them renounce their private

By the visionaries in queftion it is intereAs for the promotion of the general good, and to direct the gene gravely supposed, that when men be

gan to form themselves into comaral good to. their own advantage in. dividually to cause their pallions, lightened; that in the compacts with

nities, their understandings were ea. and even their vices, to contribute to the advancement of wisdom and of

their legislators the conditions were virtue. there are circumstances that

equal ; that they retained, in fine, u

much for themselves as they granted form one of the mon ftupendous

to the persons who were to govern phenomena in the political world,

them. What a world of wisdom, ia to which we seen to pay little arten.

men who were as yet without know. lion ; but of which, rightly confi

ledge! dered, we can never sufficiently ex

That system of politics whics press our admiration. The reason of

would refer to the firft principles of this. peg'ect is obvious. bren habituared, from our cradles, to

things, is itself in want of an aduat

ing principle. There is, in fact, so appear on a theatre that has been firithed for ages

hiftory of mankind, evident as it is

that the chronology of the world has. every man iniensibly plays his part,

been literally devoured by time. without at all reflecting on the won.

Writing and printing, which, while deriui fyftem of laws by which he is

they fix ideas, perpetuate events, are enalied to flir. It has been repeatedly affi, wed--by

new arts, when compared with the

creation of man. The oldef annals. writers of genius (ou affirmed, chat,

hardly in the absence of laws, mankind are governed by a sense of morality, But, uninstumaltly for this argumeut,

# The woods of Hanover, for ex.. morals are a confequence of laws; and ample; and they who remember the experience thews, that to people who hiftory of Peter the Wild Man re. live perred, and who are arabera quire ao farther illustration of this 10 Yer and governmen!, incrie more truth.

We have

-a theatre on which

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