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every circumstance, and finding, as country, and in such an unlucky time rooo as day.light appeared, that the of the year, when we were not only land till continued to have an oppo. deprived of the relief we might have fi:e bearing to that on the other fide got, at any other season, from the na. of the point, we had no doubt re- tural productions of the earth ; but maining, but that we were upon the when even the animals, inhabitaats of North Cape of the island of Breton, both elements, had retired to their which, together with Cape Roy on che holes and hiding places, to shield iland of Newfoundland, marks the themselves from the intense cold entrance of the Gulf of St. La vrence.
which prevails during the winter in Our provisions were now courely this in hospitable climate. contumed, and having not the moft We fill continued our search, no!diftant prospect of getting any more, withfanding the ill succefs we had we were ready to abandon ourselves hitherto experienced, and contrived to despair. As we were certain of be- at length to gather about two quarts mg on an inhabited inaud, we might of hips, or wild rose buds, by throwhave fatte ed ourselves with the hopes ing up the snow, and searching in difof getting relief, by persevering in our ferent parts of the bank. Having dilatory progress, had we wherewith- with this sorry food allayed in fome al to provide for our iinmediate fubfift. degree the keen sense of hunger, and ence. Hivilig weighed the neceffity of the wind having become somew bat thecase, andibe mifery of perithing by more moderate, we go! into our boat hunger, I wasof opinion as wellas the and pushed off, the day being already inace, that it would be most adviseable
drawing towards a cooclufion. Our to sacrifice one for the preservaton progress was however soon impeded of the reft; and that the inolt proper by the quantity of ice that Hoated method would be by cafting lois, upon the water ; which ohliged os which hould be the unfortunate vic- to put afhore on another part of the tim. But, this Mocking, though pru. same beach. In landing I had the dent resolution we agreed to put off misfortune to let the tinder.box fall to the last extremity.
from my borom into the water, by We had not been able to secure our which means we were unable to kin. boat so effectualiy, but that the sea dle a fire ; and being exceedingly wet, bad beat ber higher up on the beach, as was generally the case when we and filled her with land. We were landed, we were in this place in a obliged therefore to fet two of the most uncomfortable firuation, and men to work in clearing her, and af- suffered much from the cold. We terwards in hopping the deaks, as al- therefore thought it beft to get into ready described; while the remainder our boat again as fast as ponible, and of our party were detached by difer. return to the spot from whence we ent routs along the fhore, to see if came, in hopes of finding some fire they could find any kind of provision. fill remaining. The mare and myselftravelled along It was with the greatest difficulty we the sandy beach eill we were prevent. got back, being the whole way uader ed from going any farther by an inlet the neceffity of breaking through the of water, when we were a good deal ice, which had by this time formed furprised to observe the ride to almoft into a folid Theet. We were ebb and how every ten minutes. very 4oxious teit our fire thould, We were not however at present meanwhile, have gone out, and in a disposition to piy much regard thought it a lucky circumstance we to this or any other extraordinary had not been able to go any farther appearance of nature ; and seeing from it. On our arrival at the place a great quantity of oyster shells iyo we had the fatis!a Aion to find it was ing upon
the shore, we searched not totally extinguithed: had this them diligently, in hopes of finding been the care, we must have perihed fome that were full; but without luce in the course of the night. The fire cess. This again made us curse our being repaired, I cut up the remain. deftiny, that we thouid have been cast der of my thirt to make some more away on ro barren aad miserable a tinder ; and, as the damage it got bad
T like any of the others,from which
On the Management of Bees.
561 Dearly proved so fatal to us, was re- common, and which fome pradise, folved to be more particular in my thinking the other bees are not able care of it for the future.
to do it, is highly prejudicial to the (To be Continued.)
prosperity of a hive.
A most fingular circumstance at.
tending the generation of bees, is, that An Elay on the Management although there are so many males to of Bees.
one female, and they have been ob
served to couple like other inseAs; yet (Continued from Page 526.)
that this thould be to impregoate the
ovaria for a future, not that present Of the Drone or Male Bee. season, is exceedingly remarkable. He drone or male bee is very un
In order to prove this, we need only observe that bees begin to breed fo ear,
Jy as the month of February, sometimes he may eafily be diftinguished; he is
sooner, and the drones are seldom Comewhat shorter in general, than the
seen before the beginning of May, queen ; though of a thicker and clum.
and are always destroyed before the fier make. He is covered with a sort of following winter commences.
la down at the nether end, and is confi. Mhort, there is no drone hatched before derably larger than the common the latter end of April or the begin. working bee; and whenever he fies
ning of May. he makes a rougher and deeper sound. When the drones first appear in The drones, however, are not all of
the spring, swarms, from the fingle one fize, for some of them are much
hives, may then soon be expected, if smaller than others; they are not like the weather be favourable. They the others, armed with a fling, there.
seldom appear before eleven in the fore may be handled without fear.
morning, and very few are ever seen Five or lix hundred, or more, are of. afer fix in the evening. An exception ten bred in one bive; they are not to this rule is, when the bees are going formed to collect either honey or wax, to swarm., which they sometimes do but feaft on the labours of the rest; in very hot, sultry weather, so early as Jeading a luxurious life of idleness and eight o'clock in the morning, though love. But their piea!ures with their
very seldom ; and part of the drones lives are very hort; for as they rele always attend the warms. dom appear before the middle of
Thore hives that have the greatest M-y, so they are generally deftroyed,
number of drones generally turn out or expelled the hive, by the other bees
the most rwarms: it shows they are before the mom of August, if the pofseffed of the moft prolific queens. hive is Arong. At this time, the breed. Those in which are found no drones ing season being partly, over, a molt at all thould either be immediately tacruel war is commenced again it them ; ken, or else united with some other for as they contribute nothing to the Rocks; for this circumstance Mows winter kores, by their industry, there. that the bees have loft their gwen, or sore, when they are no longer of any else she is a barren one: in either case vse, they are all destroyed : even the the hees can never prosper. Whatyoung brood are dragged from their
ever may have been said that bees cells, and every veftige of drone is to
have been known to prosper without tally annihilated.
any drones appearing; this for cerTo weak hives they are suffered to
taio may be depended on, thai those live longer, and the reason is, not that hives which breed no drones, breed the other bees are not able to drive
no other sort of bees. them out, but that they find them ne. cessary in harching the young brood, to which their additional warmth
Of the Working Bee. greatly contributes, being themselves The working bees are much less in but few in number. Therefore the fize than the queen, or drone ; they cuftom of killing drones, when they are armed with a fling, and are loon 27€ observed to remain later than irritated to malis use of it. They may, with some propriety, be called Bees have, if I may be allowed the mules, being of neither rex. There exprellion, a sort of language among are the only labourers, and of this fort
tierielves, whereby they know tacü the hive or colony chießy connais. other's wants. This will be eakly The working bees colle& all the wax known to the most superficial oblerand honey, build the combs, Ruard ver, by giving the leaft attention to the live, &c. and are ever ready to them, in building their combs, u. facrifice their lives for the general loading the labourers, feeding each good. And all the observations
other, &c. They also fore-knot I could ever make, there appears
storms; and will sound an alarm, allo of these, a variety of species in when any thing injurious approaches every hive. Some seem to be form.
their habitation; and such founds ed to collect the honey, whilft others will be loftantly under food, and an. Search the flowers for wax only; fivered by the whole hive. But not others again I observe, never leave one of the least instances of their sathe hive, but seem as is constantly
gacity is, a day or two before they employed in the various works with. iwario the second or third cime, in i ruch as building the comb, dir
when it Mould seem as if a sort of burdening those that return from the
council were held, night and more. fields, feeding the young brood, and ing, debating whether it will be for guarding their treasures, &c. In short,
the general good that any more Doold they seem to be endued with a pecua emigrate. If there are bees sufficient ljar inftinet, directing each one its in the hive, to spare so many as will different rask; and inat without a
compose the cast, leave then is given fufficient number of there in each de
to the young queen by the old one partment, no colony will prosper. to lead a second or third warm. It has been thought that bees, all
This may be readily known by her the winter months, are in a state of
descending to the bottom of the hive Seep, and inactivity ; but this is very erroneous: They are then equally repeated calls, in a louder and more
and summoaing her new subjects by alive and alive within the hive; and
Thrill tone than what was used before. consume pearly as inuch provision as
The next day the cast or second
Swarm, &c. may be expected, if the
weather be favourable. Il leave is quently the more severe the winter
not obtained by the young queen, the roves, the greater quantity of ffores
is then facrificed to the peace of the jemain with the bees in (pring.
commonwealth. If any accident del:oy's the mother,
(To be Continued.) or queen, the rest :nmediately cease 10 ladour, and only live whilf their ttores remam ; wless there is a prora relt of a you is one's being soon Story of Venoni and Louila. hatched,or anno di can be given them
(From the MIRROR.) from some other hive. But as the giving them one from another hive Ah, Vices! gilded by the rich and will be attended wth great trouble gay.
SHENSTONE. and difficuliy, I would advise, when ruch accuen: happens, always to unite E we examine impartially that ef. them with some weak hive The timate of pleasure, which the inethod of doing which will be found biglier ranks of society are apt !0 in the directions given for uniting form, we shall probably be surprised farms.
to Gud how little there is in it either Alilough every food fwarm is of natural feeling or real satisfaction, #umpored of many ticusands of bees Many a fashionable voluptuary, who canimogiy between forty and fifty has not tolally blunted his talle or choulaad, yet such is their peculiar his judgment, willow, in the interinftinét, bata single bee of any other vals of recolleion, how often he has buve fall vot obuude himlell, but he fuffered from the infipidity, or llie is inftanery koo:vn, and seized on as paju of his enjoyments; and tha', it Grubber.
Story of Venoni and Louisa.
it were not for the fear of being laugh- of Sir Edward brought up their mal. ed al, it were sometimes worth while, ter in the condition I have described. even on the score of pleasure, to be The compassion natural to his situation virtuous.
was excited in all ; but the owner of Sir Edward
to whom I the mansion, whore name was Vegohad the pleasure of being introduced ni, was particularly moved with it. at Florence, was a characer much He applied himself immediately to the beyond that which diftinguites the care of the ftranger, and with the generality of English travellers of aslistance of his daughter, who had fortune. His ftory was known to left the dance she was engaged in, with some of his countrymen who then re- great marks of agitation, foon reftorfided in Italy; from one of whom, ed Sir Edward to sense and life. Ve who could now and then talk of fome. noni pofseffed some little skill in surge thing beside pidures and operas, I ry, and his daughter produced a book had a particular recital of it.
of receipes in medicine. Sir Edward, He had been firft abroad at an ear. after being blooded, was put to bed ly period of life, soon after the death and tended with every possible care of his father had left him matter of a hy his hoft and family. A coofderavery large eftate, which he had the ble degree of fever was the confe. good fortune to inherit, and all the quence of his accident ; but after inclination natural to youth to enjoy. some days it abated ; and in little Though always sumptuous, however, more than a week, he was able to and sometimes profore, he was observed join in the society of Venoni and his never to be ridiculous in his expences ; daughter. and, though he was now and then talk- He could not help exprefling some ed of as a man of pleasure and diffipation surprise at the appearance of refinehe always left behind him more inftan- ment in the conversation of the latter, ces of beneficence than of irregularity. much beyond what her fituation seemFor that respect and esteem in which ed likely to confer. Her father achis chara&er, amidst all his little er.
counted for it. She had received her rors, was generally held, he was sup. education in the house of a lady, who posed a good deal indebied to the so. happened to pass through the valley ciety of a gentleman, who had been and to take theller in Venoni's cothis companion at the university, and tage (for his house was but a better now attended him rather as a friend sort of cottage) the night of her than a tutor. This gentleman was,
birth. " When her mother died, unfortunately, seized at Marseilles " said he," the Signora, whose name with a lingering disorder, for which ". at her desire, we had given the child, he was under the necessity of taking “ took her home to her own house ; a lea-voyage, leaving Sir Edward " there she was taught many things, to prosecute the remaining part of his « of which there is no need here; yet intended tour alone.
« Mhe is not so proud of her learning Descending into one of the valleys " as to wish to leave her father in his of Piedmont, where, notwithstanding " old age; and I hope foop to have the ruggedness of the road, Sir Ed. "lier set:led near me for life." ward, with a prejudice natural to his But Sir Edward had now an oppor. country, preferred the conveyance of tunity of knowing Louisa better than an Engliñ hunler to that of an Italian froin the description of her father. mule, his horse unluckily niade a false Music and painting, in both of which step, and rell with his rider to the arts she was a tolerable proficient, ground, from which Sir Edward was Sir Edward had ftudied with success.. listed by his servants with scarce Louisa felt a sort of pleasure from her any signs of life. They conveyed bim drawings, which they had never given on a litter to the nearest house, which her before, when they were praised by happened to be the dwelling of a pea- Sir Edward; and the family concerta. (ant rather above the common rank, of Venoni were very different from before whole dror some of his neigh: what they had formerly been, when bours were assembled at a scene of once his guest was so far recovered as rural merrineat, when the train to be able to join in them. The Aute
of Venoni excelled all the other music Agrio ft this nui'ch as had always of the valley ; bis daughier's lule was protested as frongly, as a sense of desuch beyond it ; Sir Edward's violin ty, and ide miidoels of her naturt, was finer than either. But his con- would allow; but Venoni was obite versation with Louila---it was that of narely bent on the matchi, zod she was a fuperior order of beings!. science, wretched from the thoughts of it. --tafte, rentimeot!....it was long hoce “ To marry where one cannot love," Louisa had heard there rounds ; " lo marry lucha mau, Sir Edward is amid the ignorance of the valley, it It was an opportunity beyond his was luxury to hear them; from Sir power of refinance. Sir Edward Edward, who was one of the most preted her liand; fad it would be engaging figures I ever saw, they were profanation to think of such a mantidoubly delightful. In his counte. age; praised lier beauty, extolled her Dance, there was also an expression virtues; and concluded, by [wearing, animated and interesting ; bus fickness that he adored her. She heard him had overcome somewhat of the fift,
with unsuspeling pleasure, which ter but greatly added to the power of the blumes could ill conceal.- Sir Edlatter.
ward in proved the lavourable moLouisa's was no less captivating... ment; talked of the aidency of his and Sir Edward had not seen it fo paflion, the insignificancy of ceremoJong without emotion. During his ill- nies and forms, the inefficacy of legal hress he thought this emotion but grati. engagements, the eternal duration of tude; and when it first grew warmer,he those dictated by love ; and, in fiac, checked it, from the thought of her nrged her going off with him, to Situation, and of the debt he owed her. crown both their days with happiness. But the ftruggle was too ineffectuiico Louisa Maried at that proposal. She overcome; and, of consequence, in- would have reproached him, bot ber creased his passion. There was bot heart was not made for it; the could ove way in which the pride of Sir Ed.
only weep. ward allowed of its being gratified. They were interrupted by the ar, lle fometimes thought of this as a base rival of her father with his intended and voworthy one; but he was the son in law. He was juft such a man fool of words which he had o'ten de.
as Louisa had represenied him, coarse, tp fedt, the five of manners le had of
vulgar, and ignorant. But Venoni, reu condemned. Ple at lalt coinpro. though much above his neighbour amiret matters with bimreli; he re. in every thing but riches, looked on solved, if he could, to think no more him as poorer men often look on the af Louisi; at any rate, to think 110 wealthy, and discovered none of his anore of the ties of gratitude, or the imperfections. He took his daughter reftrainis of virtue.
afide, told her he had brought her fu. Loura, wlio trufled to both, now ture husband, and that he intended communicated to Sr Edward an im- they Mould be married in a week at portant recret. It was at the close of fartheft." is piece of mufic, which they had been Next morning Louisa was indisporplaying in the absence of her father.' ed, and kept her chamber. Sir B3. She took up hier lure, and touched a ward was now perfeâly recovered. Ittle wild melancholy air, which she Ile was engaged to go out with Venofind composed rollie inemory of her ni; hut, before his departure, he took solber " That," raid , nobody up his violin, and touched a few plain. "pver heard except my father; I five notes on it. They were beard by as play it lornetimes when I am alone Louisa. candin low fpiris I do not know In the evening the wandered forth (how I came to Uink of it nou; to indulge ber sorrows alone. Sie
yat lave fore reason to be faci." had reached a sequeflered(rot, where Sir Edwarii preftadio know ihe cure; rome poplars formed a thicket, on the her fome lafirit on me roll it all. banks of a little stream that watered Harfiolier had fixed on the son of a te valley. A nightingale was perched rrig.bour, rich in pofíeffioue, but on one of them, and had already he. rud: in manners, for her husoand. gun its accustomed rong. Louisa sat