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ry, madam, says he, must be a great Fair couple, link'd in happy nupti relief to you amidst there calamities.

al league. « Ah! Don Carlos, replied Elvira

MILTON. * I must no more know comfort: " the curse of marrying without team So soon as Lovisa discovered herself, s ven's direction puríaes me through she was received with such a graceful “ every circumstance of life. It is transposi, and chearfulness as spoke “ but seldom I can see my poor boys, fincere-atfection. After entertaining “ he has learned already to despise her some time with the agreablene's « his mother, and lives the miserabie of the garden, they were called to a “ monument of his father's vices;, fupper, wholesome, fimple, and eie

which he bids fair to inherit as well gant: the attendants looked (as they " as his diseases. Louisa whom you were used) rather like bumble friends “expected here, my bulband's bru. than servants: respect and satisfadia “tiness drove away, some few days: on appeared on every countenance, “ fince, and she is now retired witir and, to make up the family of love, “an inexpresible load of sorrow to two sons and one little daughter com, "thiok what her too ambitious views pleted their felicity. la chort, happy " have brought me too. The only. tempers, well suited to each other, a " reason why Alonzo married més moderate fortune, and a pleasant ha. “ was, that my fortune might disa bitat:00, furnithed them with more "' charge an incumbrance on his real happiness than. all. Alonzo's " estate. That turn is served, and wealth could purchase. " Jam of po farther use; he looks on The king's favour, afterwards, raisa .“ me as a mercenary wretch who sold ed Carlos to a more advantageous.em. myself by marriage, and treats me ployment, so that by his good con. " like his llave," Don Carlos and duct, and heaven's blesiings, he bet Jacintha greatly pitied the unior- came master of more wealan than he tunate Elvira, and retired, but just thought conveniens: for, his childrea before night, to a little habitation to share. All he proposed. was, to which they had hired, at a small dir- set them out handsomely in the world, tance from the city.

and enable them to provide for them. Louisa (pent her life in solitude, selves.: this, if they were induftrious, under the bitter remorse of having would be as much as they wanted, persuaded her eldeft daughter into and, if they proved idle, much more ruin, and the forrowful apprehension's than they deserved. And arterwards, of what the imagined Jacintha's im. be found a melancholly opportunity prudence had drawn upon herse!f. of disposing of the overplus. Alonzo's For some years the did not see her, extravagant way of living threw him and at laft resolved on an unexpected inco great ftraits, to recover himfell wisit, that she might surprise her in of which he pursued such measures her true and undisguised manner of

as made his life a sacrifice to the laws, life. She arrived one evening and and his estate was a forfeiture to the was conducted by a servant, without crown: so that Elvira was left a defe notice, by her request, into the gar. titute and miserable widow. But hea. den, where, un perceived, the beheld ven Mut the scene of all her miseries, the loving pair fitting under the shade and took her to itself: her son was of a jessam:ne, Jacintha employed in dead, and the left one daughter only. her house wifery, and Carlos entertaio Carlos took home his little neice, as ing her with the merry works of the a companion for his daughter, gave. immortal Cervantes, when anon her an equal fortune, and, what was would be feal away his eyes to fix Atill a greater blefling, educated ber them upon Jacintha, and often met like his own... Louila, cured of her bers wandering from her work upon blind ambition, spent the quiet evena like errand.

ing of her life with Carlos, in all the

tranquility which peace, affluence and Nor gentle purpose, nor endearing innocence could give. She died in a smiles

good old age : and the fortune that Wanted, nor youthful dalliance, as Me was possessed of, descended to the bereemo

family.

Observations on the Story of Brutus and Lucretia.

429

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two

family. Carlos soon after followed than any necessary consequence of re. her, and left Jacintha the richest wid. lapfed virtue, and a refinement that ow in the neighbourhood. She would would juftify or excuse Brutus's never hear of marrying, but devoted crime upon his professed principles, herself to the memory of her Carlos, or (taking Lucretius's cale) make her whore lors was made up, as much as

accountable for it in any degree possible, hy the affection, obedience, would, from one pretence or other, and prosperity of her children. extend to the murdering of all the

good husbands, and the diftrefling of all the innocent wives in the world.

I hope therefore to be excused in obFor the BOSTON MAGAZINE.

serving that this story (if believed)

muft serve to prevent the return of Observations on the Story of falling virtue to her forsaken Aation :

seeing that a woman under Lucre. Brutus and Lucretia, in tia's earliest misfortune would sooner Page 382.

embrace the coarse, pleasures of the

world, than honourably, ally herself, Wie hero confequence of folly

to a paflion, which, in Brutus's own

words, “ innocence will not remove we should take the greatest care not

nor reason filence." to let our real for virtue run to that

Spes recuperandi.
height which represents every mis.
take as attended with ruin. This
would be to drive the Nightest offen- An Esay on Beauty.
der to despair; and to allow no re-
treat from the threshold of error. For

(Continued from Page 366.)
this reason, I look upon the story
above mentioned (with great defer-

HE

other conftituent ence to the pen which prefaced it) to parts of beauty, are expression, be very ill calculated « to promote and grace. The former of which is the cause of innocence and virtue." common to all persons and faces, and I do not believe the fact ever existed the latter is to be met with but in very in real life ; bu. if it did, Brutus ei- lew. By expression, I mean the exther killed himself from other causes pression of the passions, the turns and than those mentioned in his letter, or

changes of the mind so far as they are he must have been a very bad reason

made visible to the eye, by our looks er indeed. That the predilection or gestures. Though the mind apMewn for him in a ftate of indepen. pears principally in the face and atdence should be construed as an evi

titudes of the head ; yet every part dence of Lucretia's preferring ano.

almost of the human body, on some ther to him in a state of obligation, to

occasion or other, may become exe prefer him to all others, and that too preflive. Thus the languishing hangwhere the means of persuasion to ing of the arm, or the vehement exvice must be lessened, argues nothing ertions of it ; the pain expressed by but a jealous brain, that would invert the fingers of one of the sons in the the order of things to torment itself. famous group of Laocoon, and in the He certainly appears a very un.

toes of the dying Gladiator. But suitable representative of mankind, this again is often loft among us by a whimsical chara&ter, ignorant of the our dress; and indeed is of the less contrue principles of human nature, and cern, because the expression of the so the dupe of his own cuspicion : passions passes chiefly in the face, And had he not been furnished with which we (by good luck) have not as this lucky excuse for killing himself,

yet concealed." it is more than probable that he The parts of the face in which the would have found a thousand others paslions most frequently make their equally triling. In Mort, the story ra- appearance, are the eyes and mouth. ther affords a new apology for suicides But from the eyes they diffuse them.

selves

TH

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of virtue.

Selves (very strongly) about the eye. The former of these naturally give brows; as, in the other case, they an additional luftre and enlivening appear often in the parts all round the to beauty, as the latter are too apt mouth. Philosophers may dispute to fing a gloom and cloud over it. as much as they please about the seat Yet in these and all the other passions of the soul, but wherever it refides, I do not know whether moderation I am sure that it speaks in the eyes. may not be in a great measure the I do not know whether I have not rule of their beauty almoft as far as injured the eyebrows, in making moderation in actions is the rule them only dependent on the eye ; for they, especially in lively faces, have as Thus an exceffive joy may be too it were a language of their own, and boisterous in the face, to be pleafing, are extremely varied according to and a degree of grief in some faces the different sentiments and passions and on some occafions may be ex. of the mind. I have sometimes ob- tremely beautiful. ferved a degree of displeasure in a Some degrees of anger, fhame, for. lady's eyebrows, when he had ad. prize, fear, and concern, are beauti. dress enough not to let it appear in ful, but all excess is hurtful, and all her eyes : And at other times have excess ugly. Dullness, aufterity, imdiscovered so much of her thoughts in pudence, pride, affe&ation, malice the line juft above her eye brows; and envy, are I believe always ugly, that me has been amazed how any The fineft union of passions that I body could tell what passed in her bave ever observed in any face, mind, and as me thought undiscover- confifted of a jnft mixture of model. ed by her face, so particularly and ty, fenfibility, and sweetness: Each diftinAly.

of which, when taken lingly, is very · Homer makes the eyebrows the pleasing: but when they are all blendfeat of majesty, Virgil of dejection, ed together, in such a manoer as eiHorace of modefy, and Juvenal of

ther to enliven or corred each other, pride. And I queftion whether every they give almoft as much attraction one of the paffions is not affigned by as the passions are capable of adding one or other of the poets, to the same to a very pretty face. The prevailpart. If you would rather have the ing paffion in the Venus of Medici, authorities from the writers of hon is modefty : It is expressed by each eft prose, Le Brun (who published of her hands, in her looks, and in the a very pretty treatise to Mew how turn of her head. And hy the way, the paffions affe&t the face and sea- I question whether one of the chief tures) says, that the principal seat of reasons, why side faces please one more them is in the eyebrows, and old than full ones, may not be from the Pliny had faid much the same thing former having more of the air of mofo many hundred years before him. defty than the latter, however that Hitherto I have spoken only of the be this is certain, that the best artifs paffions in general: we will now con- usually chuse to give a fide face rather fider a little, if you please, which of than a full one, in which attitude the them add to beauty, and which of turn of the neck too has more beauty, them take from it. I believe we may and the passions more adivity and Say in general that all the tender and force. Thus as to hatred, and affeckind passions add to beauty, and all tion in particular, the look that was the cruel and unkind ones, add to de. formerly supposed to carry an infe&iformity. And it is on this account on with it from malignant eyes was that good nature may, very juftly, a llanting regard like that which Milbe said to be “the beft feature even ton gives to Satan . when he is viewin the fineâ face.” Mr. Pope has in- ing the happiness of our first parents cluded the principal paflions of each in paradise and the fascination, or Sort, in two very pretty lines, « Love, Hope, and Joy, fair Pleasure's

* Afide the devil turn'd. (miling Train ;

For envy, yet with jealous Leer * Hate, Fear, and Grief, the family

malign, of Pain."

..-Eye'd them askance.--

froke

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As Elay on Beauty.

431 froke of love is most usually (I be. loved by any body. This ineffe&ulieve ) conveyed at first in a fide ainers of all her beauties was occafiglance. It is owing to the great force oned by a want of the pleafing paffions of pleafingness which attends all the in her face, and an appearance of the tender paflions, “ That lovers do not displeasing ones, particularly those * only seem but are really more of pride and ill nature. Nero, of old, « beautiful to each other, thau they seems to have had this unpleasing " are to the rest of the world,” be. fort of bandsomeness, and probably cause when they are together the most from much the same cause, the goodpleasing paffions are more frequently Dels of bis features being overiaid by exerted in each of their faces, tan the ugliness of the passions that ap. they are in either, belore tlie rest of peared in his face. The fneft eyes the world. There is ten (as a certain in the world with an excess of malce French writer very well expresies or rage in them, will grow as shockit)“ a soul upon their countena aces" ing as they are in that fine face of which does not appear when they are

Medusa on the famous seal in the abrent from each other, or even Strozzi family at Rome. Thus you when they are together converfing see that the pasions can give beauty, with other persons who are indiffer- without the assistance of colour or ent to them, or rather lay a refraint form, and take it away where they upon the'r features.

I dare say you have united the most Atrongly to give begin to see the preference, that the it. And it was this that made me beauty of the passions has over the assert, at first, that this part of two parts of beauty before mention- beauty was so extremely superior to ed; and if any one was not thoroughly the other two! This, by the way, may convinced of it, I Mould beg him to help us to account for the juftness of consider a little the following particu. what Pliny says in speaking of the Jars, of which every body inuft have famous ftatue of Laocoon and his two met with several inftances in their fons : He says, it was the finest piece life time. That there is a great deal of art in Rome and to be prefered to of difference in the same face accord. all the other statues and pi&tures of ing as the person is in a better or which they had so fipe a collection at worse humour, or in a greater or less that time; it had no beauties of codegree of liveliness. That the best lour to vie with the paintings, and complexion, the finest features, and other flatues there (as the Apollo the exa&teft shape, without any

Belvedere, and the Venus de Medici thing of the mind expreft on the in particular) were as finely proporface is as infipid and unmoving as tioned as his I.aocoon. But this bad the waxen figure of the fine Dutchess à much greater variety of expression, of Richmond, in Weftminster Ab. even than those fine ones, and it must bey.

be on that account alone, chat it could That a face without any one good have been preferable to them and all feature in it, and with a very in- the rest. different complexion, thall have a Before I quit this head, I would very taking air, from the sensibility juft remind you of Iwo things that I of the eyes, the general good humour. have mentioned before: that the ed turn of the look, and perhaps a. chief rule of the beauty of the paffions, little agreable smile about the mouth. is moderation. And that the part in And these three things, I believe, which they appear moft ftrongly is the would go a great way towards ac- eyes. It is there that love holds all counting for ihe je ne rcai quoi, or his tendereft language: it is there that inexplicable pleasingness of the that virtue commands, modefty face (as they call it) which is so often charms, joy enlivens,forrow engages, talked of, and so little understood, and inclination Gres the hearts of the as the greater part, and perhaps all beholders; it is there that even fear, the rest of it would fall under the last anger and confusion can be charming. article, that of grace. I once knew a But all thele, to be charining most fine woman who was admired by be kept with their due bounds and every body that saw her, and scarce lim.is; for too sulla!! an appearance

F

of virtue, a violent and prostitute if washed in fresh water, the filth and swell of desire, a ruftic overwhelming dirt may be thrown off, and this sand modefty, a deep sadness or too wild will be equal in goodness to any that and impetuous a joy become all either can be obtained. One cait load and oppressive or disagreable.

a half of this land is sufficient for one

hoghead of lone or quick lime con. OF GRACE in our next Number.

taioing one hundred gallons. More ta: for outside work thouid rot be made in too large beds. Take one

third of a hogshead of lime and bali On Making Moriar.

a cart load of land, let the sand be

put on a foor of rough boards mak. (Continued from Page 383 )

ing a circle of lay lix or eight feet

diameter and put the lime in the ROM the extraits and otrerva. centre, then throw the water go in

tions on making Mortar, &c. such quantities as to set it a flaking, in the preceeding numbers, we may

but not so much at once as to drowa conceive there are different opinions the lime. As the lime begins to open up in this subject. In this number and smoke throw on alternately the I'mall confine myself to making a sand from the outer part of the cir. few observations upon the mortar cle or bed, and repeated quantities generally used by the bricklayers in of water keeping in as much as poffithis metropolis and the neighbour. ble the smoke and fteam ; that the hood of it, and thall produce some fine particles or Hour of the lime may facts that I hope may be useful, if not fly off. Thus ibe lime and sand carefully attended to. Mortar has fhould be incorporated as soon as been moft commonly made with any poffible ; for if it is suffered to lay fort of lime and find that could be unul it is cold, before it is worked purchased at the cheapest rate and up, the cement will not be good. Ia moft easily come at. This lime and about a week or ten days you will fand are often mixed haftily toge- find a kind of sweating in the mor. ther without being properly incore tar somewhat like a fermentation, it poraled ; besides which, the mortar is then in its best fra e for adhering is used sometimes too new and some. to the flope or brick and will conti. times 'oo old for the purpole of ce- sue in this fiare a sufficient time for merting with proper Arength. In

use. This kind of mortar for more several parts of this ftale are to be than tbirty years contioues in the found large quartities of exceeding joint, as fi m and, hard as the good lime fone. That in the county None and brick, In brick work of Lincolo, at St. Georges, has the made of such murtar I have preference. The rooner quick lime koown it difficult to get a nail of any is used after it is taken from the kila fort into the joint. Mortar made of the better ; for age will weaken it loamy fine land in which are parti. and the air will nack it, however clore cles of clay and dirt answers very well The caiks may be into which it is pur. for chimneys, filling of walls, and inSiind is an article that thould be care- fide work not exposed to the weather, fully attended to ; that which is of A much larger proportion of this a grey colour and free from fileh, will fand may be used with the lime than make the brizbteft mortar and is the the other before mentioned if it has heit for our fide work. The sand the labour.given to it which is reqrir. should be of a harp grit, and its par- ed. It is vecellary that the bricks Ricles like very imill tones, and may for outside walls hould be a little aihe got at the lands in this barbour. tev dedio in this place, not withfand. An objection may be made to this ing I have more largely, treated of sort of land as being what is called tiin in a former number, page 219,10 salt water (and i but after it has which I refer. Bricks in the hot been washed vith the rain and ex. months are exceeding thirsty, more pied to the sun and air, it becomes especially if they are carted from the fith an equal io any pii cod; and, kila immediately to the work without

having

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