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and sublime. His versification is easy were amongft the principal. Other and melodious; his descriptions live accounts adă, tbat he had conceived Jy and touching. His tragedies, in a plan of reforming, and correcting general, are excellent ; his Heariade the French language ; on which he is a fine-poem; his Pucelle, or Maid laboured from six to nine hours ja a of Orleans, ought to be hid in a privy day, for some weeks before his death, on the summit
of Parnassus; but it is taking oo other suftenance but coffee, very fingular, that with such an abuo. which had been a favorite refreshment dant and rich vein of pleasants and with him many years. Complaining thumour as he possessed, he was inca- one day, to the Duke de Richelieu, pable of making any figure in come. that he found himself deprived of oy. He was not a profound philosleep; that nobleman recommended fopher, and yet he was far from being him to take some opium, and said, he ignorant in the sciences ; he was a took a certain quantity every day. tolerable metaphyfician of the second . Voltaire, however, thought he could class ; and he bad, in the earlier parts take a larger dose, which he did, with of his life, made some proficiency in out consulting any of the facu'ty, and natural philofopby. We must not thereby certainly haftened his death. Jook upon him as ar mean hiftorian, The Marquis de Villette, with because he disfigured the life and reign whom Voltaire refided in Paris, of Peter the Great, and composed a when he perceived his vi&tim's dratt Novenly hiftory of Ruffia; for his approaching, rent for Monf. BenAge of Lewis XIV, and his Essay on net, Curate of St. Sulpice, to persuade Universal History, will give him a him, if possible, to comply with the very considerable and permanent re. usual customs of their religipo, jo or putation among the historians of the der' that the proper honours might be present age His knowledge was ex. paid to his remains. The Curate be. tensive, his reading prodigious, and gan by questioning Voltaire," if he be: his aftainmenis in polite and elegant lieved io the divinity of Jesus Chrif," literature were very great. Notwith but was ha Aily Nopped by the wit's standing all this, he is said to have saying, " Ah ! M. le Core if I pass been superficial ; and this may be that article to you, you will demand more or less true; for though his app if I do not alfo betteve jo the Holy plication to ftudy was keen and a Ghost, and so on, until you finish by Tiduous, yet his restlessness and incon, the Bull Unigenitas." The Curate ftancy of mind were such as rendered departed ; buc in a few hoursafter a him, incapable ofen dwelling loog great change appearing she came a feenough upon any subject to under cond time, and began with potting Hand it thoroughly.m.
his hand on the dyjog man's head as His prose is highly and deservedly he lay in bed ; upon which Voltaire elieemed, few of the French writers raised his own hand to the curate's equal him in purity, elegance, facility's head, and pushed him away, saying, and attic salt; fimplicity reigns even I came 100 the world without a in those phrales, where his wif 18 mod bonae, and will go out without one, lively, and his exprefion is moft in therefore let me die in peace L”. He genius. It wust be conlessed, and the accordingly, corned bis back toward circumdance is fingulare-that though the curate, and died in a few mingier, his imagination was active, versatile without speaking another word, on and lively, he had bele invention. the 30th of May. The Archbishop His repetitions are Mameiul; he is of Paris refused every application ever melling old chooghts into new that was made to him for the rites of forms ; nay, often he is not even at chriftian burial. The Marquis de the pains of varying the forms. Villette, and Voltare's nephew, con
Theie are various accounts given tested with the Archbishop fome of the causes of his death ; it is pro- days, and the result was, that wolbable, that a decay of nature, owing faire mould be taken in a coach, as to old age, and his being hurried into if living, to his nephew's, Abbey at a văriety of amulements, to which he Sellieres, in Champagne, accompanied had not latterly been accustomed, by himself and the Marquis, where
An Elay on Beauty,
368 he was interred with the utmoft pri: ven; hut of those of a pi&ure, ftatue vacy The Marquis de Villecie, or building i and even of the adions, demanded his heart to be given to charaders, or thoughts of men. In him, which he has caused to be put the greater part of these there may into a vase of gold fixed on a pyra: be almoft as many false beauties as mid, on which is wrote the following there are real ; according to the diffeverse by the Marquis himself : rent tastes of nations, and men; so that
if any one was to corder beauty in Son Esprit et par tout, mais, ron its fulleft extent, it could not be done Caur eftici.”
without the greatest confusion, I shall:
therefore confine my subject to visible
ter and conduct with resped to religi. dy, and the tno latter as the foul of
Though colour he the lowest of all genuous, but was moreover, carried it is vulgarly the most friking, and on with a degree of acrimony, spite, the molt observed. For which there bitterness and bigotry, which has not is a very obvious reafon to be given, been perceivable in the writings of that severy body can fee, and very any deift
, known to us, in the present few can judge;" 'the beauties of coage. In natura religion, though he Jour requiring much less judgment seemed sometimes wavering, unde than either of the other three, I Mall termined and inconfiftent, yet he ne therefore have much less to say of it, - ver appears to have contracted the
than of each of the others ; and thall Rupid Irenzy of atheism,
only give you two or thice observati ons selating to it.
As to the colour of the body in geAn Essay on
neral, the most heautiful perhaps that
ever was imagined, was that which VER Y object that is pleaf. Apelles expreffed in his famous Ve. ing to the eye, when looked nos ; and which, though the picture
apod, of delightful to the itself be loft, Cicero has in some degrec mind, on recollection, may be called preserved to us in his excellent defbeautifui; ro that beauty, in gene- cription of it. It was (as we learn ral, may ftretch as wide as the vifible from him) a fine red, beautifully increation, or even as far as the imagi. termixed and incorporated with white; nation can go ; which is a sort of and diffused, in its due proportions, new or recendary creation. Thus thropgh each part of the body. Such we speak not only of the beauties of are the descriptions of a moft beauii. an engaging prospect, of the rising or 'ful skin, in several of the Roman po. festing lun, of of a finc fiarry hea.. ers; and (uch often is the colouring,
of Titian, particularly in his fleep. generally observed to choose the av. Ing Venus, or whatever other beauty tumoal part of the year for their that charm ng piece was meant to pieces, rather than the spring. They tepretent.
prefer the variety of mades and coThe reason why these colours please Tours, though in their decline, to alt ro much is, not only their natural their freshnels and verdure in their in. liveliness, nor the much greater charms fancy; and think all the charms and they obtain from their being proper. liveliness;even of the fpring, more than Ty blended together ; but is also ow. compensated by the choice opposition, ing, in some degree, to the idea they and richness of colours, that appear carry with them of good health; with on almost every tree in the autumn. out which all beauty grows languid Though one's judgmept is lo apt and less engaging ; and with which to be guided by some particular at it always recovers an additional life tachments (and thai more, perhaps, in and lustre.
this part of beauty than any other) As to the colour of the face, in par. yet I am a good deal persuaded that á ricular, a great deal of its beauty is complete brown beauty is really preowing (belde the causes I have alrea. Yerable to a perfect fair one, the bright dy mentioned) to variety, that being brown giving a lufre to all the other designed by nature for "he greatest colours,a vivacity to the eyes, and a concourse of different colours olany richness to the whole look, which one part in the human body. Colours seeks in vain in the whitest and moft please by opposition, and it is in the transparent Skins. face that they are the molt diversified, Raphael's moft charming Madonna and the most opposed.
is a brunett beauty ; and his earlier You would laugh out, perhaps, if I Madonna's (thore I mean of his mid. was to tell you, that the same thing die ftile) are generally of a lighter which makes a fine evening, makes a and less taking complexion. All the fine face (I mean as to the particular best artifts in the noblest age of paint: part of beauty I am now Speaking of) ing, about Leo the tenth's time, used and y'et this, I believe, is very true. this deeper and richer kind of colour,
The beauiy of an evening sky, “ing; and I fear one might add, that aboui'the setting of the sun, is owing the glaring lights introduced by Gui. to the variety of colours that are do, went a great way toward the de. Scarcered along the face of the hea. clension of that art ; ab the enfeebling vpus. It is the fine red clouds, "iite of the colours by Carlo Murat (or, it rermixed with white, and fometimes you please, by his followers) hath darker ones, 'with the azure bottom loce almost completed the fall of it* appearing here and there between in Italy. them, which makes all that beautiful I have but one thing more to men. !com pefition that delights the eye fo tion, before I quit this head; that I much and gives such a serene plea. Mould chose to comprehend Tome Ture (o the heart. In the same mag. things under this article of colour her, if you consider some beautiful which are not perhaps con monly faces, you may oblerve, that it is as meant by that name. As that apmuch the fame variety of colours pearing loliness or bikiness of some .wbich gives them that pleasing look skins that Magdalen look in some which is ro apt to attrad the eye, fine faces after weeping; that bright. and, but too often to engage che nels, as well as tini of the biair ; ibat heart; for all this sort of beauty is lustre of health, which shines forth oprelolvable in co a proper variation of on the features tbat lumipovíncis Acth-colour and red, with the clear 1 which appears in some eyes, and blueness of the veins pleasingly inter eat fuid fire, orglifeping, in others : mixed about the temples, and the some of winch are of a nature so much going off of the cheeks, and set off by fuperior to the common beauties of co. the Mades of full eye brons; and of lour, that they make it doubtful whe. the hair, when it falls in a proper ther they fould got have been ranko maoner round the face.
ed under a frigher class ; and reserve It is for much the same reason that :ed for ghe expression of the paflions : the bell landscape paintera bave been
An Ejay on Beauty.
365. but I would 'willingly give every piAures of the greatest masters: one thing its due, and therefore mention of the old Roman poets,in speaking of them here; because I think even the a very handsome man who was a canmoft doubtful of them belong partly didate for the prize in some of the to this head, as well as partly to the public games, says that he was much other.
expected, and much admired by alb FORM takes in the turn of each fpe&tators at his first appearance ; but párt, as well as the symmetry of the that, when he Aung off his robes, and whole body ; even to the turn of an discovered the whole beauty of his eye-brow, or the falling of the hair. Mape all together, it was so fuperior, I'fhould think too, that the attitude, that it quite extinguished the beauties while fixt, ought to be reckoned und they had before so much admired in der this article : by which I do not his face. only mean the pofture of the person, I have often felt much the same but the position of each part, as the effea in viewing the Venus of Medi. turning of the neck, the extending of ci. If you observe the face only, it the hand, the placing of a foot ; and appears extremely beautiful; but if so on to the moft minute particulars. you consider all the other elegancien
The general cause of beauty, in the of her make, the beauty of her face form or Mape, in both sexes, is pro becomes less friking, and is almost portion ; or an vnion and harmony, loft in such a multiplicity of charms. in all the parts of the body.
Whoever would learn what makes The distinguishing character of the beauty of each part of the human beauty in the female form, is delicacy body, may find it laid down, pretty and soltness ; and in the male, either much at large, by Felibien ;. or apparent strength, or agility.
may The fineft exemplers, that can be seen for the former, is the Ve.
• la his Enleclieos, vol. II. page 149 pus of Medici ; and for the two 45. The chief of what he there says latter, the Hercules, Farnese, and the on the beauty of the different parts Apollo Belvidere.
of the female form, is as follows There is one thing indeed in the That the head Mould be well round: laft of these figures, which ex- ed; and look rather inclining to ceeds the bounds of our present small than large. The forehead enquiry ; which I have heard an Ita- white;smooth,and open (not with the Jian artist call, Il Povra umano ; and hair growing down too deep upon it) what we may call the transcendant,or neither Alat nor promineni, but like celeftial. It is something diftin& from the head, well rounded ; and rather all human beauty, and of a nature small in proportion than large. The greatly fuperior to it: something that hair, either bright black, or brown; seems like an air of divinity ; which not thin, but full and waving; and is expref, or at least is to be traced if it falls in moderate curls, the bet. out in bot very few works of the ar. ter. The black is particularly use. tift ; and of which scarce any of the ful for setting off the whiteness of the poets have caught any ráy in their de Deck and skin. Scriptions (or perhaps even in their The eyes black, chernut or blue: imaginations) except Homer and Vir clear, bright, and lively: and rather gil, amongst the ancients; and our large, in proportion, than small. Shakespear, and Milton, among the The eye-brows, well divided, ra. moderns.
ther full than thin; semi-circular,and The beauty of the mere human broader in the middle than at the form is much superior to that of co- eods; of a neat turn, but not formal. Jour; and it may be partly for this The cheeks should not be wide; realon, that when one is observing but should have a degree of plumpa the fineft works of the artifs at Rome Dess, with the red and white finely (where there is fill the nobleft collec- blended together ; and Mould look tion of any in the world) one feels the firm and foft. mind more ftruck, and more charmed The ear ihould be rather fmall with the capital ftatucs, than with the than large ; well-folded, and with an
agreable tingo of red.
may Audy it with more pleasure to and such is the circling hoop, that himself, in the faeft pictures and fta. the women wear ia fome countries, tues: and I am forced to have re. and the valt wad of lionen that they course to them so often, because in carry upon their head, in others. life we commonly see but a small part The old Heathens used to cover the of the human body; moft of it being fineft ftatues of their Gods all over either disguised, or altered, by what with long robes on their greater ferwe call dress.
tivals : what a figure would the Ve. I was acquainted, for some years, pus of Medici, or the Apollo Belvewith a lady who has as pretty a made dere make, in fuch a dress. bead and neck as can be ce..ceivel, I do not, to this day,know whether. and never knew any thing of the mat. the famous iady of Loretto be well of ter till I happened one morning to ill thaped; for though I have seen her catch her at he, toilet, before she had several times, I have never seen her deformed bersell by putting on her without a fort of hoop petticoat, very head cloaths..
much ftiffened with pearls and jewels, If a beautiful round-oak, with so and reaching all down her body, quite îne and Arait a body, had a tent, or from her neck to her feet. Quyen foping, building, coming down from Elizabeth might have been well mathe top of its trunk to the ground, all ped to as little purpose, or ill Maped yoand it, and two or three meets with as much security in the vast farfung over thegreatest part of its head, dingal, and puffed robes, that we gewe should scarce be able to know nerally
ree her swelled out with, in w..ether it was a beautiful cree or not : her pi&tures.
(To be continued.) The note Inould be placed to as to divide the face into iwo equal parts ; The arms Mhould be white, round, thould be of a moderate lize, itrakt, firm, and folt; and more particularly and well Squared : Though some. fo from the elbow to the hands, times a little ruling in the nose, which The hand should un te insensibly is but juft perceivable, may give with the arm; just as it does in the very gracelul look to it.
Ratue of the Venus of Medici. They The mouth should be small; and the Thould be long and delicate ; and lips, not of equal thickness : they even the joints and nervous parts of should be well-turned, small, rather them should be without either any than gross; roll, even to the eye ; hardness or dryness. and with a living red in them,
The fingers hould be fine, long, A truly pretty mouth is like a rose. round, and soft ; (mall, lessering bud that is beginning to blow.
towards the tips of them; and the The teeth Thould be middle fized; nails long, rounded at the ends, and white, well ranged, and even.
transparent The chin, of a moderate size, white, The borom should be white, and soft, and agreably rounded.
charming : and the breasts equal in The neck should be white, ftrait, roundness, whiteness, and firmnessi and of a soft, easy, and Aexible make, neither too elevated, nor too much rather long than short ; less above,and depressed ; rifing, gently, and very encreasing gently towards the moul. diftinétly seperated: in one word, just ders. The whiteness and delicacy of like those of the Venus of Medici. its skin should be continued, or rather The fides Mould be long and the go on improving to the borom. hips wider than the shoulders ; and
The skin in general should be white, mould turn off as they do in the same properly tinged with red ; with an Venus : and go dowo rounding, and apparent loftness, and a look of thrive lessening gradually to the knee. ing health in it.
The knee should be even, and wellThe shoulders Mould be white, rounded; the legs strait, but varied gently spread, and with a much solter by a proper rounding of the more appearance of Hrength, than in those felhy part of them; and the feet finely of men.
turned, white and little.