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faken into view, which was the rapid against the whole fyftem proposed i foto progress of liberty in Americi. Peno one cause of any advaniage we might sylvania had already adopted a lyf- have in that respect was, the oblitem for freeing her flaves. Virginia racy of our soil, wnich yielded only to was in the same laudable tract ; and, laborious exertions, and the compara no doubt could be entertained, the tively spoutaneous productions of the human and glorious mealure theils, which allowed them to indulge would spend ilfelf to the utmoit ja many luxories that our yeomanry bounds of the union. If this thould were frangers to front necefity. But be effelied, the value of the polls the depreciation of the southero Naves, would be univerfally equal, and the was by no means acceded to. Hor. advantages resulting to the eaftero ever unequal they might be to our ftates too ohious to be mentioned. As foil, they were well calculated for that to the operation of either plan in in which tey served ; and if the whole respect to the new Rates to be erected, number of them were not labourers, if this was not too remote an obje& to the reft confifted of children and breed. have in Auence in the debate, gentle. ing women which were reckoned vamea candidiy confessed they had not luable eftate. formed a judgment. The expediency It was afíeried that the buildings of the measure was urged. It was al. and improvements in the southera ferted, that the proportion of three fales, were less conspicuous to the whites to five blacks was the best terms traveller than those at the eastward: that could be obtained in a matter it being the general practice here to which was the effect of a compromile. erect our buildings on the public road, The states supposed to be favoured by whereas, there the fears of wealthy this rule, were brought into the re. men were commonly retired, and not commendation with equal reluctance seen in a general passage through the as others; and, seeing it was the will country. This might tend to deceive of Mafsachusetts tv bave a settlement ruch gentlemen as had travelled but of the expences of the war, as one tranfiently. The old system could not means of availing herself of the sums by any means be given up by its adfupposed to have been advanced to vocates as impridicable, and arguCougress beyond her proportion is ments of inconveniency, they thought mont be consentaneous to her wihes ought not to be conclusively orged as it most certainly was to ter interest, ' againft it, in a care where every pottito adopt the alteration. To:vese ar- ble plan muft be subject to the same piments-it was replied, that the fol of objection. As to the exped-ency of the fournern states so much exceeded

the proposed mode it was observed, ourounin richness, as to ipake a com- th10'a final leitlement of the public pliance with the recommendation

charges was truly desirable ; but, to wholly unwarrantabie. Tiat this hazard anything for the lake of 7.15 fairly deduced from the arguments difpitch in matters of such moment 0!} che other fije, if they were juft in was wholly unpardonable. If the point of fact : for, is the prime cor Rates in an opposite interest were to and other disadvantages of laves were find a ferly adherence on our part to for exceedingly great as was represent. the article in the confederation as it ed, then the fol must be proportion: stood, they mull, from a consciousness ally fertile to derrev ruch charges and of the operation it would have again yeld a profit to the planter. But this them, be forced into better terms on in portant fact was not left to be estab

the new plan. Such is the subflince bihed by others which were not ab- of the argumen s used on this imporfolutely concedet. The proportion.

tant question, wh ch had been pre. ate exports of the states long fine viously determined in favour of the establihed against us, proved it be. proposed alteration by the senzte ; yond a question. Our inhabitants but when the sense of toe House was might be hardier than those at the taken, there was found a large mair.. fouthward, but if this pro ed any rity against it : and a bill was agreed tling in favour of the relative value of upon by both branches for ascertain. the poils, it certainly proved innre ing the lands, buildings and number

Monthly Chronology.

357 of inbabitants in the fate in order to Late accounts from Europe say, enable Congress to estimate the quo-' that the Dean of Gloceser gave it as tas of the respective lates ia the bis opinion, That by the great innourrion.

vations now attempting to be introThe plan of the late Court for ob- duced into the constitution, the Brie viating the British commercial system, tish empire will be as surely overturnhas been continued and ripened, and ed, and as truly set up to the highest a bill for vefing certain powers in bidder, within the walls of the House Congress for this purpose compleated. of Commons, as the Roman empire

The money matters of the Com- was by the Prætorian guards, during monwealth which met with so many the decienfion of that unwieldly, fallunfortunate checks in the last feffion, ing empire. have been taken up with better fuccess in the present, of these we thall A man belonging to Hopkington, rather give the result, than the detail. by the name of David Cutler, who It appearing that there were large ar- had been to Cambridge, to transad rearages of taxes due to government fome business, stopped at the house of on old assessments, and Congress ha- Mr. Richardson, inkeeper, about thrço ving relinquished one half of their re- miles from the college; and having prequisition for eight millions of dollars viously, by his own confession, taken on the states, at least for the present, the resolution to put an end to his life, a lucky occasion seemed to present it went into à pafture near the house for self for reducing some part of the pub that purpose ; pulled off his coat, and lic debt. The army notes amounted then with a pen-knife' cut his own to about 200,000 l. and were payable throat in a mort shocking manner. It jo thirds every year from 1784 fuccef- was in the evening, and he was observlively. On this ftate of fa&ts a tax has ed going into the pasture : His behavibeen formed for raising 140,000l. for our occasioned some suspicion, and inthe purpose of paying such of them as duced Mr. Richardson to go afterhim; are due in the years 1784 and 5 to on his seeing Mr. Richardson, he drew that amount and in discharge of which the knife froin his throat, and stabed thole notes are to be receivable ; the himself in the fide, and allo, cut his remaining 60,000 l. are to be redeem- arm; he then defifted, and was carried ed with the public lands in the easiera into the house ; he is yet alive, but Counties. Thus in so early a stage of lies dangerously ill. the peace, Mafsachusetts will be able to frike off by a single tax that will An Obituary for June, 1984 scarcely be selt by the people, about

D I E D, an eighth part of all her private debt. The fund for discharging the interest

3. At Bufon very suddenly, Mr. on the consolidated securities was not

John Malden, founder, aged

Miso, Ann Payne, fifter of Edward unattended too, and an Impoft and Excise bill similar to that ill-fated one

Payne, Esq;

74. of which we gave an account in our last Mr. William Burroughs,

4. Mrs. Mary Burroughs, wife of

44. observations, has been nearly prepared

6. Mr. Peter Cotta, an attendant at for the approbation of the chair.

the Post Office,

82. The railing of taxes, so necessarily

Capt. Samuel Downe,

63. connected with the valuation of the towns, gave rise to a bill for taking ron, a noted school dame,

8. Suddenly, Mrs. Eleanor Stephen

64. a new account of the rateable polls, and estates within the Commonwealth,

Mrs. Abigail Kiug, wife of Mr.

42. which without doubt will pass to be Joseph King,

Mrs. Fofter, wife of Mr. Abraham enaded.

Folier. Many other matters of consequence 11. Mr. William Perkins, son of are now pending before the legislature, the late Mr. Houghton Perkins, which being uncertain as to their issue, Mr. John Corbet, we conceive it not expedient to give 21. Mr. John Baker Brimmer, mer20 account of thom at present.

chart,

At

51.

20.

45

38.

20.

At Salem suddenly, Mr. Josiah At Ipswich, Mrs. Elizabeth Hora Peele, ton of Mr. Robert Peele,

kins, formerly of this town,

50. His death was occafioned by drinking Buried in the town of Boston, in too great a quantity of cold water. 26. At Boston, M:. Morse, rope

June 1784. 39 whites, 5 blacks. la maker. He died very suddenly from the fame cause.

Baptized jo.

all 44•

Meteorological Observations, for June, 1784.

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At Salem fuddenly, Mr. Josiah At Ipswich, Mrs. Elizabeth HolPeele, ton of Mr. Robert Peele, kins, formerly of this town, 50 His death was occafioned by drinking Buried in the town of Boston, ja too great a quantity of cold water. 26. At Boston, M:. Morse, rope.

June 1784. 39 whites, 5 blacks. la maker. He died very suddenly from the same cause.

Baptized go.

all 44.

Meteorological Observations, for June, 1784.

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74
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