« PreviousContinue »
Experiments made with the Aerostatic Machine.
323 mable air, the making of which alone toises. No acclamation, no sound was coft sooo livres The expence of the heard, for the multitude ftood filent whole apparatus amounted to po less with fear and amazement. The nathan 10,000 livres. A net was spread vigators, however, gave signals of over the upper hemisphere, which their security, by frequently waving Supported a hoop that surrounded two pennants ; and M. Charles apthe middle ; to this hoop was suspend- prized his friends below that they ed, by means of several cords, a boat, were easy and happy, by a note he that swung at a small distance below threw down among the crowd. After the bottom of the globe, and which continuing a short time stationary, was so finely ornamented, as to de- they perceived themselves moving serve, in this respect, the name they nearly horizontally, in the direction gave it at Paris of a TRIUMPHANT of N N. W. Finding ihat some of CAR. In order to prevent the burft- the inflammable air evaporated, they ing of the globe in a rarefied medium, discharged some ballaft, and soon after an opening had been left with a valve obferviog that the heat of the sun dilat. to it, which gave vent to the interior ed the inflammable air, they suffered air, but suffered none of the exterior some of it to escape; and thus they to enter. A long lilken pipe or gut kept pretty nearly in the same level. proceeded from this aperture, the far- In this manner they foued twice ather end of which one of the naviga- cross the Seine; and over many towns tors held in his hand, and thereby and villages, the surprize of whose inobtained a considerable command habitants can more easily be conceiv. over the inflammable air. The car ed than described. About 56 minutes was ballafted with fand. bags. By after their departure, they found these means they hoped, and in fact themselves out of fight of Paris ; they they succeeded, to guide themselves then descended so low as to skinn in point of elevation , for, by letting along the surface of the ground, and' some of the air escape, they naturally
conversed with reveral labourers descended, and on discharging some in the fields : seeing a hill before them of their ballast they were sure to al- they caft some of their fuperfluous cend.
clothing out of the car, and thus clearThe ift of December laft was fixed ed the eminence. They now made a upon for this pompous display. Two comfortable meal. Finding themselves hundred thousand people affembled in near the Ine D'Adam, where the and gear the garden of the Thuille. Prince of Conti has a Palace, they aries. The apparatus food on a scaf- gain approached the ground, enquired ' folding raised for the purpose, in the after the Prince, and were told that middle of a piece of water, to prevent he was at Paris. At forty five minutes its being approached by the multi- after three they found themselves otude. Upon this it refed, merely by ver Nelle, a small town about nine the weight of the ballast in the car. leagues (twenty seven English miles) The friends of the navigators had from Paris. And there, after fiding ftored it with plenty of provision and a little way along the surface of the clothing ; besides which, proper in- ground, they alighted gently, and ftruments were also embarked. A without the least shock or concuffion,” small balloon, which had been pre
in a field. pared for the purpose, was offered to Of a great number of those who had M. Montgolfier, who, at the request galloped after the balloon from the of M.Carles cut the string by which Tnuilleries, only the Dukes de Charit was heid, and by this allegory ta- tres and Fitz James, and Mr. Farrer, citly received the tributary homage an English gentleman, who had relays due to him and his brother as the au- posted in the direction of the wind, arthors of the invention,
rived a few minutes after the landing. At 40 minutes after one Messrs. The others either lamed or killed their Carles and Robert ascended the Car. horses or grew tired of the pursuit. They threw out 19 lb. of ballast, and After the warmeit congratulations, an inftantly rose, with an accelerated ve. aifidavit was drawn up, and signed by locity, to the height of abou: 300 all the parues present.
M. Charles now declared his inten- promile to the Duke de Chartres, he, tion to reascend alone; but to this the ielolved to descend, he suffered Duke de Chartres consented, only on some of the infammable air to escape, condition that he would return in and he was moreover afined by the half an hour. M. Robert alighted, coolness of the evening which conand by the diminution of bis weight, densed chat air. The globe was about the machine acquired a power of half emptied when it fettled geotly in ascension equal to about ioolb. a lallow, about three miles from the
M. Charles made a signal to a place from whence it had ascended number of peasants wholeaned against The second time. This second fight she edge of the car to keep it down, lo lafted about 35 minutes. All the inHarithdraw ou a sudden, which being convenience ne had experienced in done, he rushed into the air, with that elevated region, was a dry, Harp great velocity. In ten minutes he cold, with a pain in. one of his ears, thought himself at the elevation of and a part of his face ; which he about 1500 toises. The globe being ascribed to the dilatation of internal pow in lo rarefied a mediu in swelled air. We must here observe, that the confidcrably, but fome of the infam. small balloon let off by M. Mont. mable air being let out, it rose Aill golfier was found at Vincennes, in a higher. The barometer which besore direction opposite to that taken by the his departure food at 28 inches 4 lines, great balloon. A circumstance which had now fallen to 18 inches to lines. proves the different directions of wind 'The thermometer from 7d s above 0,, at ditferent elevacions, whence no or the freezing point ou Reaumur'a (mall advantages may probably be scale, had funk to gd. below o.. A dif. derived, bould aerial navigation ever ference of about 28d. of Farenheit's be reduced to pradice. Thus far the fcale. From these data the elevation experiments hitherto made. of the globe was eft.inated at 1524 toises. * The scene that here presented itself, mul no doubt have been aw. iætera pars Anika per totum difta ful and sublime beyond description.
Luc. M Charles had seen the sun (etting T xlore he left the land, but it soon
a view of the human soul, as she is role to him again, and not long after leated iq all her grandeur ; dispenses ne saw it let a l'econd time. Trcva. her orders to the various members ; pours rising from die ground colle&t.
and prefides in the court of the senses. ed clouds inder his feet, covered the
The soul of man, as it labours under dariin, and concedied it froin bis light:
many inconveniences and dishonours "The inoon phone, and jis pale light
from its present uoion to the body; so Apreut various bues over the fancar.
is also enjoys fome dignities and satisiorms oi these úccuinalaient mai
factious, of which a created (pirit unfes. No wonder that the first mortal
embodied is, per haps, utterly incapa«ye wlio ever, iu fucb circumiances,
bie. On the one hand, innumerable theid ro majestic a scene, could no: refrain from thedding tears of joy and
paris and languors bang like to many
chains about it,which take their origin aamilaiiont. But recollecting now his from she Heth : on che contrary, a thou. * Ve fulpect some error here.
and delighes (pring up in the senses, he Formula we can soake no more
blive smoothly into the brain, paint aan 8000 ftet, or about oue baile dori
lut imagination, and (mile upon the
fou. ali of this elevation. † This part of our narrative is It is a pleasant speculation, to repreCelly extracied from the
sent the mind as the fits retised in her M. Charles bas himself given to an 1. cro: apartment and collected in herfelf kayal Academy of his variogi'selings iwiges o the severaldifferent reports of during this extraordinary navigi (1.1,
ine.fcs. Nomonarch on his throne Few d nas, in our opinior, are leta!
isdeaded by fervants ro diligent, expictures thail the ingrellions ha de act and numerous. The eyes waken rivet from the magnificent diipisy
and roll about for her recreation and 3:end hiiv, morre nos elts of his impre:tment ; infouin ber of tlie pro
On the different Organs of the buman Budy. 325 miscuous colours of obje&s; and kill Sight is the most neceffary of all the present her with some fine and elegant senses, for the well-being of the living picture. The ears open to entertain her world. However difficult it may seem with the mistery of rounds, ware her to determine, which of the senses is of discords and a harsh noise, or trans- most necessary for the individual, it is port her with the heavenly frains of very plain, fight is of the greatett imharmony. She deterinines upon rastes portance to the species. All mankind by the various reports of the palate ; night, perhaps, till live in communithe olfactory verves regale ber with ties, and maintain their forms of goincense and perfume ; and the ideas veroment, without the senses of smell, of touch travel up to her throne
or taste, or hearing, but it would be through a million of different roads. next to imposible for them to subfift By a single act of her will, the can com- were an universal blindness scattered mand an army of bones and tendons through the race. aad at least fifty complaisant muscles The several senses in the posseflion Nand ready to Aatier her whenever of man, appear to me to observe the Me is disposed to laugh.
following order and method, as they Among the numerous organs of the
ascend gradually one above another. body, none entertains the roulin a more
The lowest of all is that of smelling. agreable manner than the Eye. All
Next above, and of a very near afnature is covered with charms to allure finity to this, is the tafte. As the and transport the faculty of seeing. For
hearing is a much nobler power than this, the light plays about the fields of
either of them, so it employs more oræther, and paints the earth about gans, acts in a stronger manner, and us with its various landscapes. The enjoys a much wider compass of opeglow of blossoms in the spring, the
ration. The fight crowas the whole : changing verdure of the summer groves
It is of more importance in its uses ; the blush of the autumnal fruits, or the more various in its pleasures ; more unsullied lustre of the Snows in winter,
arbitrary in its action, and as much are owing to its promiscuous rays. It
quicker in dispatch, as it commands is to this that even the lovely sex owe a larger sphere in which to exert ittheir moft refiftless graces. It scatters
self. My reader will observe, that I the fair temple, and the rosy cheek
bave left the feeling entirely out of this with its blended colours ; lights up a
scale of rense, as it possesses no particircle of beauties round the exact form; cular place of excellence, but is a kind and kindles a rapture in the heart
of general redium to them all. Or, to of the spectator.
[peak more intelligibly, the (mell, che
tase, the hearing, and the right, are all If the delights of the eye are very but so many different modes of feeifuperior, no less wonderful is its struc
iog. ture, and manner of operation. Thos if the right claims the precedence of the theory of foonds is perplexed with the other Ten ses, how great thould be greater mysteries than that of vision,
our commiseration to those few unhapand there have been more nice ad
py parts of our species, who from vances made in the knowledge of the their birth are lost in a total blindness. eye than of the ear : yet the visive fa.
They can form no idea of the most culty Nill remains full of curioflies and beautiful scenes ju nature ; and are in wouders, to amuse the ingenious, and a manner dead to the sublimeft fatis. puzzle the inquisitive. The several fa&ions of life. They wander in Mades humonrs that refract and temper the and darkness, among all the glories of rays of light, as they pass througir to colour and light. Neither the delica. gild the retina ; the feveral tunicles cy of bluth in the skies, nor the glow of that inveft and reperate them ; toge. the western heavens in the evening, ther with the muscles that give them can give one single joy to dawn upon their sudden aad easy roll, and the their fancy. The gloom of midnight, nerves which propagate the sensation and the blaze of noon are alike to to the brain, are so many demonstra. them; and they are equally in seofible tions of an All wise Creator ; and of the fierce fplendour of the fun, and Arike the admiring philosopher into a the foster lights of the lefs, or more Piolouad reverence and devotion. diftant luminaries.
· I have often fancied to myself, that 'nor do I wonder at it ; I should have our ideas of the invifible world, are no opinion of your taste, if you was not altogether as remote from the reality, charmed with the correa stile, the ele. as the imaginations which a man born gant di&tion, the harmony of language, blind, forms about colours. The way
the thousand beauties of expression we have got of confounding spiritual that run parrallel with the knowledge and sensible thing together, and mixing of the world, and the arts of life, the conceptions of vitble and invifible through this complete system of refineohje&ts, teams with as many absurdi. ment. This mifterly writer has ties,as a man blind from his birth would furnithed the present generation with make in a treatise upon therays of light. a code of politeness, which, perhaps, It is a well-known story of one of these surpasses any ining of the kind in the dark gentlemen, that when he had English language. But when he sacri. with much labour and application stu: fices truth to convenience, prabity to died the nature of SCARLET, he with pleasure, virtue to the graces, generofiuncommon fagacity and penetration, ty, gratitude, and all the finer feelings determined, it must needs be exactly of the soul, io a momentary gratificalike the sound of a Trumpet. Our tion, we cannot but pity the man, as blessed Saviour alludes to inis incapa- much as we admire the author; and city of mankind so fuok in sense, to I never see this fascinating collection conceive the things of another world, of letters, taken up by the youthful when he tells us, “ if I have told you reader, but I tremble, least the honeyed earthly things, and ye belleve not, po son, that lurks beneath the sairest how Hall ye believe if I tell you of Powers of fancy and Rhetoric, hould heavenly things." Objets and actions leave a deeper tincture on the mind, of so different a nalure from any thing than, even his documents for an exwe have seen, could never be described ternal decency and the semblance of to our understandings any more than morality. colours and light may be brought down to the apprehensions of a man
I have no quarrel with the graces ; who never saw either. Those who I love the Douceurs of civility, the would be glad of an example to il. placid manners, L'aimable, and a'l Juftrate the impotence of the imagina. the innocent arts of eogaging the el. tion to conceive some fimple image, teem, and alluring the affe tions of which it never received hy the eyes,
mankind-The passion is laudable, would do well to form an idea of the and may be indulged to the highest colour of those garments, with which, pitch, confiftent with the eternal law the Author of “ A Voyage to the of reditude ; but I love better that World in the Moon," says, the lunar frankness and sincerity, which bespeak inhabitants covered themselves from
a roul above diffimulation ; that gene. the cold, when his traveller (aw them. rous, resolute, manly fortitude, that He tells us, that the colour was the equally despises and refifts the rempia. moft beautiful he ever faw, but he
tions to vice in the Purlieu's of the could no: describe it, because it was as
Brothel, or the anti chamber of the different from any colour upon earth, Princess, in the arms of the emaciated, as red and white.
diftempered prostitute, or beneath the Having thus prepared my reader smiles of the painted courteran, who før it, I intend in my next to give decorates her guilty charms even with him a late hiftory, from the Philolo.
the blandihments of honour. And phical Tranc&tions, of the cure of a however ennobled by birth, dignified person blind from his infancy.
by rank, or juftly admired for his liter.
ary productions, I must beg leave to A Letter from an American Lady to differ from bis Lordship, and thinkit
her son in Europe, on the celebra by no means necessary that a gentle. ted letters of the late Earl of Cher. man, in order to be initiated into the terfield.
science of good breeding, should drop My dear Son,
bis humanity; or to acquire a courtly I
Perceive hy your last you are en. mein and become ap adept in politeness, raptured with lord 'Chefierfeld, that he Mould renounce the moral feel
ings; A Letter from an American Lady to ber Son. 327 ings: or to be master of the graces, contempt be affects to pour on lo fair that his life Mould be a contrast to
a part of the crezion, are as much every precept of Christianity.
beneath the refel!ment of a woman of Can there be a portra t more unna. education and reaction, as derogatory tural and deformid, or an olije 7 more to the candour and eejerosity of a wrio completely ridiculous, than that of a ter of his acknowleged abilities and father exerting a'line powers of bus fare ; and I believe in this age of reJiant talents, ided by the chicanery finement and phiio oply, few men inof subtie politician, ie fale reilun. dulje a peculiar asperity with regard ings of the infidel tribe, and he vuigar to tie sex in general, but such as have witticisins or al mne voluptuaries from bren velor uzate in their acquaintJulius Cair to Burgia, io aroust the ante, unsurcellu! in their address, corrupt pings in the blom of hs or roured from repeated disappointfon, to infiame the desires, and to urge meits; and however practicable this those loose gratification, which it has connoiseur in the spirit of intrigue, teen the work of age to c untreact,by might announce the conquest of the all the arguments of rearon, rolig on whole fex, it has been alertej by one and philofophy. And, in the pangs of his biographers, that he was never of paternal anxiety, lit had sometimes known to be successful in any of his omitted the consonant S. and incul. gallantries, but that which brought cated on his votary of pleasure, the Mr. Stanhope into the world. I ever neceffity of a spark of įrace in the condered human nature as the time beart,however exploded by les beaux- in both sexes, nor, perhaps, is the foul esprits, it m ghe have produced a very differently modified by the vea, brigh'er embellishment of mancers in hicle in which it is placed; the foibles, the perfon, than all his lordthip’s ftu- the passions, the vices, and the virtues died rules, his laboured maxims, his appear to spring from the same source, machiavilan politicks, improved in and under similar advantages, frethe religious school of Voltaire, or quenily reach the same degree of persupported by all the advocates for fection), or fink to the lime fiages of fimulation),and diffimulation,ihat have pravity which to often stamp disgrace: lived since the Auguftan age, when on the human form; yet, cusom, ist luxury was 'n its zenith, rilline more moft countries, has branded licentious perleå model of education, exhibited maoners in seinale life, with peculiar by the nobie Lord Chefter field, --- But marks of infamy; but we live in days I admire his fermon on $uviler in happily adroit in the arts of removing me de lo»!iter in re; yet, believe there every impediment to pleasure, wheid happy emanations are, much oftener, the bars of re&itude are systematically the etfects of a conscious moral princi. reasoned down, and no other distinctio ple, than the result of that finished on is necessary but a dextrous talent iurpitude, beld up under a simrey ve ! at concealment. of deception, ani urged on Mr. S:an- It may, perhaps, be deemed presumphope as the point of perfeétion ; and tion for a woman to speak thus freely Ium persuaded, had the same brilliancy of so celebrated a work as Dormer's or thought, and the many mifterly advice; but I thill yet venture to say ftrokes of genius been played off, with more, as I have read his letters with a view to some higher motives of ac- attention, much more with a view to tion; had his lordship land a little more the happiness of some I love, than for * ftrers on purity of fentiment,and less on mv own pleasure or advantage. ...[ the efficacy of intrigue and gallantry,it think them crowded with the repetia might have corrected the errors of his tion of the most trifling injunctions, raw traveller,and, perhaps,fooner have replete with observations, rules and robbed off the aukwardness inherent precepts, exceedingly advantageous to his chara&ter, ihan on rox! por about for the conduct of younger ble, but which the careful parent is so solicitous. marked with the most atrocious lic His Lordhip’s reverity to the ladies cence of thought, and stained with inonly reminds me of the fable of the finuations subversive of every moral 1:on and the man ; I think his trire, and religious principle; the utile is backneyed, vulgus obfervations, the so fudivusly blended witb the vile,