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Memoirs of Mademoiselle D'Eon procure every anecdote relative to de Beaumont ; commonly called Miss D'Eon

de Beaumont that merits

the public notice, and in order to conthe Chevalier D'Eon.

vey a proper idea of the person of this *** H E extraordinary person, lady, in whom we shall find a Arange

age who has been known in heterogeneous compound of male and London, and many other

female qualities, we obtained a Atriking parts of England, by the

resemblance of her face, from an oriname of the Chevalier D'Eonever ginal drawing from the life, by a prifince the year 1763, when the Duke de vate gentleman, at the time of the disNivernois was ambassador from the putes between D'Eon and the count de court of France; having been finally Guerchy. The realons for directing discovered to be a woman, by authen the ingenious artis, who executed the tic, indubitable evidence giveo in the

whole figure, 'o decorate it in a manner court of King's Bench, at a trial for truly characteristic, will appear in the recovering a sum of money on certain requel. policies opened on the sex of the pre- Mirs D'Eon de Beaumontis descended iended Chevalier ; every anecdote re- from a genteel family of the town of lative to our heroine has become a new Beaumont sur l'Oise, in the Ife of fubject of curiofity, and though many France, from which place Me takes the of the principal traplations of that addition to her family name, a circumpart of her life which the passed in ftance very common among England are generally known, and French, in order todilinguish the genhave frequently appeared in priot; yet try, from yeomen and tradesmen. it' was the defire of many of our re- The rank in life of her parents, the spectable correspondents, that we time of her birth, and every thing rethould draw up a concise account of lative to her domestic situation during the whole, to serve as a memorial of her infant years, seems involved in to angular an event; and as a warning profound secrecy; however, from her in future again at that credulity which uncommon understanding and critical Jeads so many of the good people of this knowledge in classical and polite learnkingdom into egregious errors, to the jog, it seems as if great care was taken prejudice of their fortunes, and to the to give her a fininhed education. At impeachment of their understanding. what time the first appeared in the habit In compliance with the request of our of a man,or what were the motives for friends, no pains bave been spared to so extraordinary a disguise, no person

has

the

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has been able to ascertain upon proper could have obtained as a mistress of evidence; all that has been circulaied the marmal Dukes de Broglio, de in public, is founded upon conjecture. Choiseul, &c. &c.

Some affert, that her parents pot By recret infuence then, easily to be her upon this scheme, thai fe mignt greit at, the was appointed minister fucceed to an eftate in the family en- plenipotentiary to the court of Pereritailed on the male heirs. Others say, burgh, vefied with full powers to conthat the had a brother an officer in trie ciude a private negociation with ine Gens-d'armes, whom he frequently.' unfortunate emperor, Peter III. soos vifited at Versailles, and who, finding after his acceflion; the has not thought her a girl of high spirit and of aspiring proper 10 favour us with the object genius, advised her to enter herself as of in's commiffion, all we know is, * Cadet, and to pursue the inilitary that Me executed it to the entire fatis. path to honour and fortune in tne faction of the French miniftry; and character and dress of a m19. A third as a reward for this importent letvice, report, and the most probable is, that

the was nominated Secretaire d'Am. The absconded from her friends with a baliade to the Duke de Nivernois, Jover in this disguise, and being alter. when he was sent to England in the wards forsaken by her swa'l), wilo was charadier of his lute Mot Christian an officer, the took the military life matcfty's amballador extraordinary, from choice, after having acquired a ' and nipitter plenipotentiary to the talte for it during her co-habitation sourt of London in 1962. Upon the with him. But all we can depend on return of the Duke de Nivernois to R$ autliegtic is, that the obtained a cor- France, in the mooth of May 1963, mercy of horie in the Fiench service, DEon was lelt as is vsual charge when he was very young, that the af.

d'affaires in the absence of the ambas. terwards role to the rank of captain of

ador ; butine nomination of another dragoons, and aid de camp 10 Mar- being, fulpended for some time, the Thai Broglio, under whom the made Duke de Nivernois made such a repre. soore than one campaign in Germany Tentation, it is said, of the secretary's in the last war; and for her personal abilities, that the French miniftry bravery, as well 10 reward for some thought proper to honour him with polirical tracts on the internal admini- the commuffion and title of minister tration, of government, the was bo- plenipotentiary: but this was io fact dioured withine royal and m litary or- only an empty honour, for there could der of St. Louis, the crois of which or- be no occasion for the exercise of any der me conitantly wore in England, tuli powers, after the ratifications of jaendaot froin a ribbon faftened to a the treaty of peace were exchanged. bution hole of her coat. To fine, by To say the truth, no arfair of any con: "ne of thole.u!rigues not unubral in sequence, with respect to ine iwo courts, especially in that of France, crowne, feli under this lady's managejie was taken in:o the minifterial de ment ; but having been secretary to partment ; but they must be frangers. the embaffy, a post in some measure indeed to the private billuries of the minifterial, becaute ait the Gispatches Elantries of Verlailes, who ascribe pass through the bands of the secreinis promotion to any legree of traur. tary, trus gave her an opportunity of cendcnt inerit in Milo D'Eon. Lo detaining some papers in her hands to arins, !nleiters, and in love, me was an!wer the purposes of leil inte eft at equally ikolied, 1.10 equally succesful. the expence ol political intrigues. la k her word th: acquired renow!),

the month of Occber 1763, the Count for perional courage, wearing it ever de Guerciiy appeared at St. James's in 1914 yio lop ite tongue of calumisy, tie Onaracier of ambassador from a:1 10 juisini daie forward inquirers. Fiduce, and the Nam Chevalier With her p:n live compported her pa- Dikon had orders in re allume the tous, ine French in nittry, aur even functions vi secretary to the new am. ained char) witianer advice; and by balíader, but this tné Chevalier polliti'w powers the picture is bør oatural tively relused,and confronted the count amicis es, 11: 0,4-dio nerrell a Calle de Guerchy in the chicle at court, re!), to herler promision at court, Co. taining the quality of minifter plenide: Ile disorie of a malty than the potentiary, and expecting tie houu 078

of

315

Memoirs of Mademoiselle D'Eon de Beaumont. of that rank from the king and queen. a pension was granted to D'Eon, by The court was greatly ambarrassed up. the Court of France ; and another, if on this occafion : the Count de Guer.

report speaks true, by Lord Bote. chy wrote home to complain of the Tous made easy in her circumstances, ipsule offered to his character ; D'Eon the pretended Chevalier again appeardid the same, and in lifted upon hold- ed in public, furnithed a house in Petty ing his rank, until the king of France, France, add lived in splendor and eie. voder bis own hand, mould displace gaoce. Before the end of the same him: a letter for this purpose was year iho publithed Memoires pour fer. immediately forwarded from the re- vir a l'histoire generale de Finances Cretary of fiate's ofice at Versailles par Monsieur D'Eon de Beaumont, by order of the king : but this had no Chevalier de l'ordre royal & militaire eifect on D'Eor, who fill maintained de St. Louis, Capitaine de Dragons, her poft, yotil Louis XV. was obliged Cenieur Royal, Aid de Camp de M. to write a letter in his own name to M. le Marechal, Duc & Comie de our gracious sovereign, to iníorin his Broglio,et Mioiftre Plenipotentiaire de majesty that D'Eən had no longer any France aupres du Roy de la Grande public character at London, upon Bretagne, 2 vol. 890 A work of great which he was for bid the court. Ex- erudition and not unworthy of a miasperated at this, our heroine came to nifter of fate. It should seem that 20 open rupture with the Count de D'Eon meant to have thrown herself Guerchy, and then first made it under the protect on of the minority known to both courts, that Me was in who voted agaiof the peace, if they posleifion of certain papers relative to had availed themselves early enough the peace, which if made known to of her offer ; but this being negleed, the public,. would embroil the people the accepted the pensions, and Dr. of England with adminiftration. The Musgrave's ipformation of her intenalarm occafioned by this circumftance tions The turned to ridicule. was very great in the cabinets of both From this period, losing all hopes of courts, and in the first motions of re- being employed again in any public seatment it was faid Counc de Guer- charaAer, and being unsuccessful in chy was countenaoced in an attempt her applications to be permitted to to po con D'Eon; and the matter went retarn home in safety, he gave a loose so far that upon an information on to the pleasures of gallantry and in. oath, the grand jury of Middlesex trigoe, and in consequence of an illa found a bill of indictment against the placed coa Sidence, the secret concernambilador for this offence ; the pro ing her sex began to be whispered ; fecution, however, was stopt by a writ but it is false that the ever appeared fooli profequi. The following year, in a female dress at Petersburgh, nor D'Eon published an account of his cor- was her lex known in France by more respondence with the French ministry, than two or three persoas of rank, under the pompous title of Negocia. among whom were Broglio and Choitions ; but they contained little more seul. Tne firti rumourihat the Chevathan private letters on triting common hier was a woman paísed only through bubnels. Yet the reflections on the the circles of the guy and polite about Count de Guerchy were deemed to S: James's and Weltminster, but the amount to a libel, co which D'Eon affiir getting wind, it reached the was profecused in ine Court of King's cuiy about the winter of the year Bencn, found guilty, and aiterwards 170, and opened a scene of gaming out laved for non-appearance. Her

extriordinary kind : ladyfhip no: thoughic proper to ab.

premiums were given from ten to fcond, but the couit of France find. heeen guineas to receive one hundred, ing her to be in the veio for publica. is tbe chevalier, minifter, captaio, &c. 110, and apprehensive of some dis- proved to be a woman. In April azreable discovery, thought proper to

1771, madam absconded, and her but an cod to the dispuée, on the in Inends thought proper to colour her tercero yn euf Coont Viry, the Sardi. ableace by an alarming advertisement, Intan ambulicior, and Lord Bute, the purporting apprehensions that me magiacturers of the peace ; by re

might have been seized and carried Calling Gueschy, and at the same time clandefinely to France ; but in June

followiog

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of the most

1

following the returned after an absence phical principles, and a prifice of that
of fix weeks, about the time fufficient are confonane to such principles, in
for lying in, and a ftrange le fer from every part of the United States of
ner to Mr. Fontaine was put in the America, would make them eminent.
papers, importing that the had been in ly inde perdent.
Germany. All th:s time the game of The Earth hath God given to the
the policies went on, and the sums children of men; and from a rational
done upon tnem are raid to annount cultivat:on of that earth, may be pro.
to half a million. As the parties be. duced, every thing necessary for food,
came more and more interced, it was phyfick a'd cloathing,even to luxury.
necessary for the lady to be upon her I hesruly with that some benevo-
guard ; and fuch was the spirit and lent pen, equal to the talk, would
address the newed upon all occafions, take up the theme, and, for the good
when any aitempt was made at a dir- of this young world, amuse the learn.
covery, that no map dorst offer any ed and instruet the vulgar, in this im.
violence: hoviever, to avoid too criti- portant art. I mean to throw my mite
cal observations the shisted about from

into the public treasury, and, though place to place.

At length, a quarrel it be bot a mile, I hope it will be ac. with Mri Muurande, one of her coun. cepted, in as much as I give accord. trymen, to whom the had imparted jug to that I have. the secret, and to whom the had given To write a regular fyftem of hufHrong demongrations of her rex, bandry, might not lo well antwer the brought the matter to light, and Mr. porpoie of a Magazine publication, as Hayes, a surgeon, in Lerefter-fieids, not being so immediately preful. Cli. inaintained a prosecution against the mate, foil, feed and plants, domeftic under.writer of a policy for 700 l. and exotic, and appropriating the seed the evidence produced was clear and to its properest 1011, are subje&ts that politive, a verdict was given for Mr. may be handled occahonally, and Hayes, the 2d of July, and before the when any person fall be in a MOOD, end of the montigour heroine decamp- fo handle either of those subjects, the rd for France; in an advertisement be. mind then would be onfettered, and, fore he left England, the disclaimed all in time, a regular fyftem might grow interest in the policies ; but advised out of such speculations. I mean to trofe nho may be insers by the decisio brave no hand in the sublimer parts of po! ine Court of King's Beuch, not this icheme, but in fay fomething apon tu Pły tire mony.

This is a piriful the mere practical pari. As the seed is evation ; undoubteliy tive presents committed to the earth for the present made ier, or any collateral beiefit the fealou, I Mall only make frime lewe might have tur ihe seriet, might be remarks on the error:eous mode of cutse demanded on 'its discovery: Me tuie, common anong us. I have fpare was therefore ja ter : 10 return time, at present, only to mention honit ; bui it is the height of van sy that very useful rooi, the potatoe. aud French duplicity to liy, “ the gots This root delights mottinaron loom, to enjoy, near hier auf uit matter, a but not too moilt: weiland produces Areaser alurance of tranquility, than too much top and watry fruit, which all toe magna charci's of wisisind will not keep thiengh the winter, and could giver,” wise it is well known is always ftrong and onpleasant to the the received an order from court afte. Very dry land, produces a to confine herself witon the walls or a small crop, and nurley fim. Land content. In a word, alier all the great that is apt to bake (as we commonly praises bettuwed upon her; serious, phase it; should also be avoided. impartial persons will only consider The carih for this crnp Mould he iiri as a successiul, accomplithed so weli ploughied and kepiclear of wrests, poftr.

and nor Mady, as all orchard, &c.

But the principal error in tending a To the Editors of the Boston Maga. field of potatoes, is, the enormous hiil.

ing. I have found, by many years exHE true knowledge of Prac. perience, that if potatoes are planted ric. Huib.núry, upoo philoiu- in meilon r, they need scarcely

aily

zine.

T

T Hitation of their minds, are nearly

On Education.

317 any hilling, they will bed ihemselves candor, as the time allowed me was very at that distance from the surface of ihort, if this should be acceptable, you the ground which gives then the may perhaps hear further from greatest advantage to procure povrith,

AGRICOL A. ment; this depti, I have observed, is generally about four inches, and ihis.

On Education. depth, the plant finds by something which I will venture to call inftinat, HAT con .. it seems to be so much Ike, but in a lower degree, that principle, or rather upon an equality, has been asserted, faculty, ia ihe lowest order of the by some of the greatest men, who have. brute creation.

written in ancient or modern times. If the earth in which you plant po. This was the opinion of Mr. Addison, tatoes Mould be nard, and not yield to who seems to have ftudied human nathe presture of the roois, it will then ture, and wrole with clearness, and be necessary to hill then, but great precision, upon every subject, about care thould be taken not to earch them which, he has employed his pen. Sitoo much, pever let them be covered. mular were the seatiments of the late above foar inches, and this billing muft Lord Chesterfield, who, in a peculiar be given with discretion, for if they manuper, made man his particular have bedded themselves (as they will ftudy. I would not have it thought in mellow, laud) four inches, and from these observaions, that I conyou add four inches more earth, you ceive there exifts a perfect equality fuffocate the fruit.--- Take an ex. inple ; in the rational powers of every indi. potatoes, just before they blossom, be- vidual of the human fpecies ; for it gin to form their bulbs, if you leave must be plain, that there are, among them now, the fruit will grow rapijly, our face, eminent and towering ima. but if you mould add earch to the hili ginations, which as far exceed, in the young bulbs (for want of that air, fublimity of sentiment, the common that can pervade four inches of earth) level of mankind, as there are bills willperilhand others will sprout above and mountains in the natural world, them ; this will be the progress of rearing their lofty heads above the nature, fu long as you coorinue to buro Heighbouring plains. These sublime den them with earth. Therefore, to pro- fpiritsimbibe the dews of heaven, and cure an early crop of potatoes, be sure, impari their blessings to the couptry to give them your last earth as soon as which they inhabit, and hence, bea the plant is bg enough to receive it, Come as useful to their fellow men, as when they know (excuse the mode of those mountains are, in befowing sera expression) you have left earthing tility to ine Coil below them. But, then they will begin to vegetate and would it not be as unreasonable to say increase with great rapidity, but will not that, because the land, in the neighwhile you keep burdening and fliding bourhood of mountains, produced in them. Thus much(at present )as to the much greater abundance, than that, culture, a word relative to the time of at a distance from such a situation, gathering this crop molt conclude ibis that therefore, the hand of cultivation essay. Every production of the earth was not useful, in affifing ehe earth in has its time of maturity, consequently general? And would it not be equal. the potatoe, if you harvest them before ly absurd, to assert, that because there they are ripe, the juice will be crude ; were to be found, here, and there, in they will be unpleasant to the taste the course of a century, men of unand will not keepro well as if suffered, common genios, who were enlightned to grow longer; the sign of ripeness in as it were, with a ray from heaven, to this fruit, is the turning and lading of inftru&t and illuminate the age, in the leal and thrinking of the falk. which they lived, that therefore, it It is remarkable in almost all bulbous. was neceffary, for mankind to attend. roots, especially the onion and potatoc, to the rodiments of letters, or exert that they receive their first nourish themselves in the education of youth. ment from the root, and finish their That there is a considerable fimilarity growth by what they receive from tbe, of mensal powers, arnong men, is prets sop. I liope this will be received with ly certain, miwick lading the forego;

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