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Art. 4. The subje&ts and inhabit. article hall in any manner deregate tants of the said United States Thall not from the ordinances published in Swepay in the ports, havens, roads, is- den againft emigrations, or which may lands, cities and towns under the do- hereafter be published, which hall minion of the king of Sweden any m. remain in full force and vigor. The ther or greater duties or impofts of United States on their part, or any of what nature soever they may be, or them, fhall be at liberty to make relby what name soever called, than peding this matter, such laws as they those which the moft favoured nati- ihink proper: ons are or Mall be obliged to pay ; Art. 7. All and every the subjets and they Mall enjoy all the rights, inhabitants of the kingdom of Sweden liberties, privileges, immunities and as well as those of the United States exemptions in trade, navigation and Mall be permitted to navigate with commerce which the said nations do their vesels in all safety and freedom, or Mall enjoy, whether in pafling and without any regard to those te from one port to another of the dce whom the merchandizes and cargoes minion of his said majesty or in go. may belong, and from any port whating to or from the same, from or to ever, and the subje&s and in habitantsany part of the world whatever. of the cwo fates, Mall likewise be per

Art. s. There Mall be granted a mitted to fail and trade with their full, perfect and entire liberty of con. vefsels, and with the same liberty and science to the inhabitants and subjects safety to frequent the places, ports and of each party, and no person thall be havens of powers, enemies to both or molested on account of his worhip, either of the contrading parties, withprovided he submits so far as regards out being in any wise molested or the public demonftration of it to the troubled, and to carry on a commerce Jaws of the country: Moreover liber. not only dire&ly from the ports of an ty Mall be granted, when any of the enemy, to a neutral port, bot even subje&s or inhabitants of either par- from one port of an enemy to another ty die in the territory of the other, port of an enemy, whither it be under to bury them in convenient and de. ihe jurisdi&ion of the same or of difcent places, which Mall be assigned ferent princes. And as it is acknow. for the purpose : And the two con: Jedged by this treaty, with resped to tracting parties will provide each in Mips and merchandizes that free tips its jurisdition that the subjects and Mall make the merchandizes free, and in habitants respedively may obtain that every thing which Mall be on board certificates of the death in case the

of thips belonging to suhjes of the one delivery of them is required. or the other of the contrading parties,

Art. 6. The subje&ts of the con. shall be considered as free, even tho tra&ing parties in the refpe&tive ftates, the cargo or a part of it should belong inay freely dispose of their goods and to the enemies of one or both; it is ne effects either by teftament, donation, vertheless provided, that contraband or otherwise in favour of such persons goods Mall always be excepted; which as they think proper ; and their heirs being intercepted Mall be proceeded in whatever place they Mall reside, againit according to the spirit of the Mall receive ine fucceffiou even AB following Articles. It is likewise agreed, INTESTATO, cither in person or by that the same liberty be extended to their attorney, without having occa- persons who may be on board a free sion to take out letters of naturaliza- thip, with this effect, that altho' they tion. There inheritances as well as be enemies to both or either of the par. the capitals and effe&s, which the ties, they shall not be taken out of the subjects of the two parties, in chang. free Mip, unless they are soldiers in ing their abode, thall tedefirous of re- the adual service of the said enemies, moving from the place of their abode Art. 8. This liberty of navigation Thall be exempted from all duty,called and commerce, fall extend to all “ droit de detra&ion," on the part of kinds of merchandizes except those the government of the two states res- only which are expressed in the folpectively. But it is at the same time lowing articles, and are diftinguished agreed, that nothing contained in this by the name of contraband goods.

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Art. 9. Under the name of contra. Art. 11. In order to avoid and preband or prohibited goods shall be com- vent on both sides all disputes and dirprehended, arms, great guns, cannon cord, it is agreed that in case one of balls, arquebuses musquets, bombs, the parties shall be engage in a war, petards, granadoes, saucisses, pitch, the tips and vessels belonging to the balls,carriages for ordnance, murquet fubjet's or inhabitants of the other refts, bandoliers, cannon powder, Mall be furnilhed with sea letters or matches, salt-petre, sulphur, bullets, passports, expressing the name, propikes, sabres, swords, morions, hel- perty and port of the vessel, and also mets, cuirasses, halbards, javelins, the name and place of abode of the piftols, holsters,belts, bayonets, horses mafter or commander of the said verwith their harness, and all other kinds sel, in order that it may thereby ap. of arms and instruments of war for pear that the said vefsel really and truthe use of troops.

ly belongs to the subje&s of the one or Art. 10. These which follow fall the other party. These passports, not be reckoned in the number of which shall be drawn up in good and prohibited goods, that is to say, all due form, thall be renewed every time forts of cloaths, and all other manu- the vessel returns home in the course factures of wool, fax, filk, cotton or of a year. It is also agreed, that the any other materials, all kinds of wear. faid vessels when loaded Mall be proing apparel together with the things vided not only with sea letters, but of which they are commonly made; also with certificates, containing a pargold, silver coined or uncoined, brass, ticular account of the cargo, the place iron,lead, copper, latten, coals,wheat, from which the vesel sailed, and that barley, and all sorts of corn or pulle, of her deftination, in order that it may tobacco, all kinds of spices, talted or be known, whether they carry any of smoaked Aeth, salted fil, cheese, but- the prchibited or contraband merchanter, beer, oil, wines, sugar, all sorts dizes, mentioned in the gth article of of salt and provifons, which serve for the present treaty ; which certificates the nourishment & fuftenance of man ; Mall be made out by the officers of the all kinds of cotton, hemp, fax, tar, place from which the vessel Mall depitch, ropes, cables, fails, fail cloth, part. anchors, and any parts of anchors, Thip-mafts, planks, boards, beams and Art. 12. Although the vessels of the all sorts of trees, and other things one and of the other party may naviproper for building or repairing ships; gate freely, and with all safety, as is nor small any goods be considered as explained in the 7th article, they Mall contraband, which have not been nevertheless be bound at all times, worked into the form of any inftru- when required, to exhibit as well on ment or thing for the purpose of war the high Tea as in port, their passports by land or by rea, much less such as and certificates abovementioned. And have been prepared, or wrought up not having contraband merchandize for any other use. All which thall be on board for an enemy's port, they reckoned free goods, as likewise all may freely and without hindrance purothers which are not comprehended sue their voyage to the place of their and particularly mentioned in the fore- deftination.' Nevertheless the exhibigoing article ; so that they Mall not, tion of papers shall not be demanded by any, pretended interpretation bé of merchant fiips under the convoy comprehended among prohibited or of vefsels of war, but.credit Ahall be contraband goods : on the contrary, given to the word of the officer com. they may be freely transported by the manding the convoy. subje&ts of the king and of the United States, even to places belonging to any Art. 13. If on producing the faid enemy, such places only excepted as certificates, it be discovered, that the are bélieged, blocked or invefted, and vessel carries Come of the goods which those places only fall be confidered as are declared to be prohibited or consuch, which are nearly furrounded by traband, and which are configned to one of the belligerent powers, an enemy's port, it shall not however

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be lawful to break up the hatches of none Mall be presumed to be ignorant fucia Mips uor to open ny cheft, co- of it, which merchandizes Mall not in fers, packs, casks or vessels, vor to any manner be subject to consiscation, semove or dilplace the smallest part of but fhall be faithfully and specifically the merchandizes until the cargo has delivered to the owners who hail been landed in the presence of officers claim or cause them to be claimed beappointed for the purpose, and until (ore confiscation and sale, as also their an illventory thereof has been taken ; proceeds if the claim be made within por thall it be lawful to sell, exuuanse 8 months and could not be made foodor alienate the cargo or any part there- er after the sale which is to be public: oi, until legal process Mail have been provided nevertheless, that if the said bad against the probibited merchan- merchandizes be contraband, it shall dizes and sentence thall have palled de- not be in any wise lawful to carry claring them liable to connícation, them afterward into a port belonging saving nevertheless as weil the thips

to the enemy. themielves as the other merchandizes which shall have been found therein, Art. 15. And that more effe&tual wvbich by virtue of this present treaty care may be taken for the security of are to be eitteined free, and wnich are

the two contrading parties, that they not so be detained on pretence of their suffer no prejudice by the men of war having been loaded with prohibited of the other party or by privateers all merchandize, and much less confiscat

captains and commanders of ships of ed as lawful prize. And in case the his Swedish majesty and the United contraband merchandize be only a States and all their subjects Mall be part of the Caigo, and the master of forbidden to do any in jury or damage the vessel agrees, contents and offers to those of the other party, and if they to deliver them to the veifel, that has ad to the contrary, having been discovered them, iu that case the latter, found guilty on examination by their after receiving the merchandizes

proper judges, they fhall be bound which are good prize, thall imme

to make satisfadion for all idamages diately let the vefiel go, and shall not and the interest thereof, and to make by any means hinder her from pursu.

them good under pain and obligation ing ber voyage to the place of her der

of their persons and goods. tination. When a vellel is taken and brought into any of the ports of the Art. 16. For this cause, every indicontracting parties, if upon examina. vidual who is desirous of fitting out a tion she be found to be loaded only privateer thail, before he receives let. with merchandizes declared to be free,

ters patent or special commission, be the owner or he who has made the

obliged to give bond with sufficient prize, shall be bound to pay all costs fureries, before a competent judge foc and damages to the mailer of the ver. a sufficient (um, to answer all damafel unjustly detained.

ges and wrongs which the owner of the

privateer, his officers or others in his Art. 14. It is likewise agreed that employ may commit during the cruise, whatsoever (all be found to be laden

contrary to the tenor of this treaty by the subjects of either of the two

and contrary to the ediéts published contrading parties on a fhip belong. by either party, whether by the king ing to the enemies of the other party, of Sweden or by the United States, in the whole effects, although not ofte virtue of this same treaty, and also number of chose declared contraband, under the penalty of having the said fall be confiscared as if they belong. letters patent and special commillion ed to the enemy, excepting neverthe- revoked and made void. lers such goods and merchandizes as were put on board before the decla. ration of the war and even six months (To be concluded in our next.) after the declaration, after which term

Monthly

Monthly Ckro:lology:

303

Monthly Chronclogy for May 1794.

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Foreign News.

gom trade for nine years, to com.

mence the itt of July next." LONDON, MARCH 10 March 25. The town was yesterday Elearn frorr Lyons, that on the thrown into a very great ferment, by

one of the most extaordinary incidents city Heclared Mr. Edwird de Munt. that ever happened in the annals of goifir a Fellow of that Society. They hiftory. Some robbers having got out announced at the same time an extra- of the fields over the garden wall of ordio isy premium of 1200 livres, ap- the Lord Chancellor's hoole, in Great propriated by the Sieur Fieffels, Inten- Crmond Street, from thence found dent of inat Generality, and the Mar- means to get into the area, where they Guis de St. Vincent, forsithe discovery forced two bars of the kitchen winof the most certain and simple method dow, and pro eededthrough it up stairs, of direåing at pleasure the aerofiatic made their way into a room adjoining biloon horizontally.” The different to his Lordship’s fiudy. Here they competitors are to deliver in their broke open several drawers, and at pieces on the ift of September, 1784, last coming to that in which the great and the premium is to be diftribuied feal of England is deposited, Uzey took in the public Affembly on tie 7th of it out of the bag in which it was kept, December following.

and carried it off, together with two Marah 5. The Academy of Lyons filver hilted (words, and about 100 have offered a prize of gol. to the au- guneas in money. thor of the best essay on the following HOUSE OF LORDS, theme, viz. " To discover the safest,

WEDNESDAY, March 25. le aft expensive, and most efectual His Majesty being seated on the means of directing air balloons at plea- Throne, the Commons were sent for, ture." The candidates are to write in and being come with the Speaker, the Latin, French, or Englid, and to send King gave the Royal Allent to 17 in their tracts before the first of Feb. public and 6 private bilis ; after which 1785.

his Majesty made the following moit 13. The late disputes between the gracious sprech from the Throne : Republic of Venice, and the StatesGeneral of Holland, which were oc

" My Lords and Gentlemen, calioned by the latter seizing three « On a full consideration of the preVenetian ve fels, under presence of sent fituation of affairs, and of the extheir being concerned in a contraband traordinary circunstances which have trade on the coaf of Guinea, we are produitd it.I am induced to put an end allured is likely to be settled to the

to this feffion of Parliament; I feel it Satisfaction of both cations by the a duty wrich I owe to the conflitution mediation of thit Empress of Rusia. and to the country in iuch a bituation,

to recur as specdily as posible to the Extract of a Letter from Paris, sense of my people by calling a new February 16.

Parliament. " By an arret of the Council of " I trust that this measure will tend State of the ind of January, the king to obvide the mischiels arifing from has suppressed the exclusive privilege the unhappy divifions and difractions of the negro trade; but through that which balelale'y subrified; and that fpirit of uprightness which charac- the various important oljes which terizes him, lit grants, as ao indemoi- will require consideration, may be affication to the administrators and

terwards proceeded upon with lofs in Erantees, ite exclusive privilege of the terruption and with. Irpicr cffect.

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" I can have no other obje&, but of secrecy, till lately, on account of to preserve the true principles of our their being under a commitment. In free and happy conftitution, and to in their joint letter of the 18th of July, employ the power, intrufted to me by the preliminary articles and their realaw, for the only end for which they sons for concluding them are explainwere given, the good of my people." ed. They observe that the British Then the Earl of Mansfield, Lord were very unwilling to make use of

Chief Justice of the Court of King's any terms that might give uneasiness Bench, Speaker of the House of to the Refugee Tories, and that the Lords, by his Majeily's cominarid, words for reftoring the property of faid :

real Britith subje&si were well under« My Lords and Gentlemen, ftood and ascertained between them, " It is his Majesty's royal will and

not to mean or comprehend American pleasure, that this Parliament be pro

Rsfupees. Mr. Fitzherbert and Mr. rogued to Tuerday, the fixth day of

Crwald, they say, know this to have April bext, to be then bere holden,

been the case, and will readily conand i hisParliament is accordingly pro.

fels and admit it. rogued to Tuesday, the sixih day of

They observe it was a more deApril next.

licate mode of excluding the Resugees,

and making a proper dillinction beExtrait of a Letter from Narles, Fib. 3. tween them and the subjects of Britain,

'The vast quantity of foow, that whore only particular interest in Amehas fallen detained the courier expect- rica confilled in holding lands and ci from Calabria a whole week, how- property. ever be is at last arriver, and has "They think the 6th article, debrought very melancholy accounts claring that no future confircations from those parts ; the earthquakes Bould be made, &c. qught to have have returned again. Near Palermo, Lixed the time wirn greater certainty, the sea bas inundated upwards of fix and the more fair conftru&tion is, that miles of country. Several warehouses, it relaces to the date of the ceffation of full of merchandizes have been ruined; bofilities, as they says that it is the and it is reported, that after a violent time when peace in fact took place, in fhock of an earthquake, Catania consequence of prior, voformal, tho' was covered by the lea."

binding contracts, to terminate the

war.' American News.

«They consider the definitive treaty

as only giving the dress of form to PHILADELPHIA, APRIL 2.4. those contracts, and not as conftituting As many erroneous opinions and ideas the obligations of them; they observe,

have been adopted respecting the that had the ceffation of hoftilities TREATY OF PEACE, and a false, been the effects of a truce, and conand tortured conftrud on put there- sequently nothing more than a temon by designing and selfth men, we porary fulpenfion of war, another conare happy in having it in our power fruction would have been the right to present our readers with the following extrait of an official letter, They fay, Mr.Heartly had officidated Princeton, OA. 16, 1783, from ally assured chem, that positive orders the delegation of a filer fiate, to the for the evacuation of New York had Governor thereof; which will, no been dispatched, and that no avoidable doubt, satisfy every candid mind delay would retard that event ; that as to the true intent and meaning of had they proposed to fix a time ior it, ibe Preliminary and Definitive the British Ministry would have conArticles of Peace.

tended that it should be a time post« WE thould before this time have erior to the date of the definitive trea. transmitted to your Excellency the ty, and would probably have been material parts of the communications more disadvantageous to us, than as Congress havelarely received from the that article now ftands. Minifiers of the United States at Paris, “ They are surprised to hear that bad they not been under an injunction any doubts have arisen in America

respecting

one.

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