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Advice to Married Women.

267 hin, he lock'd his arms around her, from fuch a scene of dullness,to Mrs.Deand after two painful efforts to speak, lamot's famous French school; and he said with a ligh"live my Charlotte, one great motive for doing so was that to console my mother," and expired: there is the very best danciog master Tis imposible to paint the scene, or in England. I am sorry, however, to describe the gries, which every one felt tell you, Charlotte continues ftill fat who knew hiin There were but two and thort, and I greatly fear will be a men wounded in the expedition, and clumsy woman. As to Louila, your the Compte was the only one killed. god daughter, I grieve to say, her fea

When I passed thro' Berlin, inluly tures grow like those of her father : 1779, this lady had not recovered her her skin is lamentable ; ftill as brown reason

as a Creolian. I am quite unhappy too

about her Mape!” Alas! little reason From the WESTMINST LE MAGAZINE: had this vain ridiculous mother to reADVICES TO MARRIED joice in the accomplishments of her WOMEN

Caroline; as the miserable girl (edu1.

Cated only to allure) at the age of 18 ORD Halifax, in his excellent

became a prey of a vile libertine, with

whom (being a married man) she elopcalls very fine dancing “excelling in

ed to France, and died soon aster, a fault." Whether the opinion of this

equally wretched and infamous,

II. wise man (who lived in the last century) was right, I will not pretend to

As to dress, an elegant finplicity is determine ; but certain it is, that in the

to be preserred to a loid of finery and present day, so far from looking on fawdry ornaments. Many women litthis accomplishment of dancing in the

tle imagine how much dress is expreslight of the above honorable author,

five of their characters ; vanity, levity, it is universally made the most impor

fluttishness, often appear through it. tant article in the whole present lyr.

An old Spanih proverb says, " Tell tem of female education. I once saw

me what books a man reads, and what a letter from a vain fashionable woman

company he keeps, and I will tell you (who was the mother of three girls)

what manner of man he is :” but I which run thus : “ As to Caroline, my

think we may with greater propriety eldeft, I am happy to say every mo.

say, Tell me how such an one drelles, ment of her day is employed with her

and I will tell you what sort of man he

is. It would be a more certain way to danciog and her finging mafter: the begins to discover a pretty taste for dress,

discover the secret bias of each person; and knows how to manage her fine

it is a kind of index to the mind. Upon hair to the best advantage, with very

the Atage you see the moft exa&t and little help of false, or of a frizeur. I

strictest atiention is paid to what they fiatter myself her person will be ex

call dressing their characters. The tremely beautiful. I never saw such a

most perfect elegance of dress appears ikin-such lovely red and white !...

most easy, and the least studied. WoYou would be delighted with her in

men ought to accustom themselves to duftry. I assure you, the has herself

an habitual neatness. The finest woinvented (which I tried myself) a wash

man in the world news her beauty for the ceck, greatly superior to War

most by endeavouring to conceal it. ken's milk of roses, and also an ex

(To be continued.) cellent paste for the hands. She makes the very prettieft card purses you ever The Advantages of CURIOSITY, saw. As to the two youngest, whom you enquire after, I have not seen them A F A BL E. a long time; but I have changed their boarding-school : for that Aupid wo

From the Miscellaneous Tracts. man where they were, Mrs.Stri&land, HE reven wise men of Greece taught them nothing in the world but


were once met together seading English and plain work: I have Athens, and it was proposed that evetherefore removed the poor things ry one of them Mould men.ion what



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he thought the greatest wonder in the A fine concert of music is introduced, creation. One of them, of higher the young ones begin to dance, and conceptions than the rest, proposed all is turned to jollity ; so that this the opinion of some of the astronomers whole day was spent in galantry, till about the fixed stars, which they be- some of tbe neighbouring inhabitants, lieved to be so many suns, that had growing envious at their mirth, rutheach their planets rolling about them, ed in with drawn (words. The elder and were stored with plants and ani- part of the company tried to appeale mals like this earth. Fired with the younger, prom fing the very next this thought they agreed to supplicate day they would bring the rioters to Jupiter, that he would at least permit justice. This they performed, and them to take a journey to the moon, the third day the caule was heard, and stay there three days in order to and what with accusations, pleadings, tee the wonders of that place, and exceptions, and the judgment illelf, give an account of them at their re- the whole day was taken up, on turn. Jupiter consented, and order- which the term set by Jup ter expir. ed them to aflemble on a bigb moun. ed. On their return to Greece, all rain, where there should be a cloud the country flocked in upon them to ready to convey them to the place hear the wonders of the Moon dethey desired to see. They picked out fcribed; but all they could tell was, some cholen companions, who might for that was all they knew, that the afliit them in describing, and painting ground was covered with green, inthe objects they Mould meet with. termixed with flowers, and that the At length they arrived at the moon, birds sung amongft the bianches of and found a palace there well fitted the trees ; but what kinds of flowers up for their reception. The next day, they saw, or what kinds of birds they being very much fatigued with their heaid, they were totally ignorant. journey, they kept quiet at home till Upon which they were treated every noon ; and being still faint, they re- where with contempt. If we apply freshed themselves with a inost deli- this fable to meo of the present age, cious entertainment, which they re- we fall perceive a very fuft fimiliImed so well, that it overcame their tude. By these three days the fable Curiosity. This day they only saw denotes the three ages of man. First thro' the windows that delightfulfpot, youth, in which we are too feeble in adorned with the most beautiful flow- every respect to look into the works ers, to which the beams of the run of the Creator. All that season is gave an uncommon iuftre, and heard given up to idleness, luxury, and pathe linging of most melnd ious birds ftime. 2dly, Manhood, in which till evening came on. The next day men are employed in settling, marthey rose very early in order to begin rying, educating children, providing their observations ; but some very fortunes for them, and raising a fabeautiful young ladies of the country, mily. 3dly, Old age, in which, afcoming to make them a visit, advised ter having made their fortunes, they them first to recruit their firength be- are overwhelmed with lawsuits, and fore they exposed themselves to the proceedings relating to their eftates. laborious task they were about to un. Thus it frequently happens that men dertake.

never consider to what end they were The delicate meats, the rich wines, dellined, and why they were brought the beauty of these damsels prevailed into the world. @ver the resolution of these Arangers.


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The Free Republican.

271 The Free Republican No. III. and property. The rights of there

are different, diftin&t and indepen

dent. Those of the former are, in II

T is a principle well established,
that the rights of persons and those

many instances, possessed without any

of the latter If a man enters inta of property are the only rights, which are alienable by the laws of nature, the society, poslessed only of the rights of power of regulating the exercise of these his person, and, since his becoming a rights for the promotion of publick member of government, has made no happiness, and safety, man as entering acquisition of any other, though he into political society, surrenders in eve may be entitled to give his voice in ry in kance, either explicitly

or impli. every law, that respects the persons, citly to the supreme power. But as the yet he cannot pretend to have any in

tereft in one, that is to effe&t but the whole power of the magiftrate is de. rived altogether from what is surren. property of the governed. On the dered by the individual, it necessarily other hand, as stole, who are holfollows that there can be no other fit ders of property, cannot be deprived obje&t of legislation in any goverment,

of it, or have it differently modified than the persons and properties of

and altered without their consent, those, who compose it.

this must be obtained, before a law,

for such a purpose, can of right be The obtaining the combined force: f enforced. If a majority of the peoall to render life and the bleffings that attend it secure, from the hand of paffi- nority of the property, could controut

ple in a government, poffesling a mion, avarice, cruelty or cunning is the

the residence of it, property muit at only motive that can operate on the once be rendered in secure. And if a mind of man for relinquishing those majority of the people hould be gopowers and personal rights, that ope

verned by laws, made by a minority, rate in some degree as a Mield in the

becaure poflessed of a majority of the more defenceless flate of nature, as no

property, a door would be opened for man can relinquish any of those rights and powers given him by his Maker, render a law valid in a free govern.

every species of oppression. Hence, to without receiving an equivalent, arbi

ment, if it refpe&s the persons and tary government cannot be founded on property of its citizens, it must have compa&t. By arbitrary government is the consent of a majority both of the meant that in which we do not recieve one and the other. From these obad equivaient for the rights we have

servations it will necessarily follow, relinquished,or in other words, that in which the safety of our persons and

that no government can be free, property are not absolutely secured, vil power is not so difpored, as that

whatever may be its form, where ci. This definition of arbitary govern- this two-fold consent thould always ment is the reverse of what, an

he had to every law, that is to direct, excellent writer on the English confti regulate and controul the persons and tution, gives of LIBERTY: “Liberty: properties of its citizens. A mona says that writer, confifts in this, that every man while he respects the arbitrary. An aristocratical govern

archy is of all governments the most persons of others, and allows them

ment is certainly less so, but neither quietly to enjoy the produce of

that nor a democracy are free. The their induftry, be certain himself to

reason is plain. In neither of these enjoy the produce of his own indul

is power lo diftributed and arranged, try and that his person be fecured. As

as to secure that two-fold conseni, com this certainly cannot exift, in a poli- evidentiy necellary to the existence tical sense, without the consent of the

of Political Liberty. That this rentigoverned to the existence of laws, a

ment is true, as relative to a democra. free government may in other words be defined to be that, in which the

cy, as well as to a monarchical gocitizens are governed by laws of elucidated by an example.

vernment or an arisocracy, may be their own making.

take a society composed of an hundred It has been observed, that there men, ten of whom are proprietors of are two obje&s of legislation, persons all the property. If the government

Let us

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s a democracy the Supreme power is is a well knowntruth, that the present hen placed in the whole body of noblemen ofEurope,in moft inftances, the people, united by the social con- date the origin of their rank from the tract, and acting in every infance by feudal administration of government,in a majority of voices. In this case it which property was the chief, if not is plain, that the whole property of the only source of diftinction. But thole, who possess it, may be taken rank, when once obtained, is often from them against their unanimous preserved after the cause of it ceases voice, and thius rendered totally in to exist. The great Barons in the secure; and perhaps subje&t to greater European nations, having at firft acAučivations, than if the government cumulated certain dignities and pow. was an absolute monarchy or a com- er, from the extent of their poffef, pleat aristocracy. Nothing is more true, sons, soon united them to their per than that bodies of men are subject to cons ; and have been generally able all the vices, follies and passions of an in- amid all the revolutions, that have dividual, with this difference, that while taken place fioce the eleventh century the latter generally pursues his mea. to retain in a greater or less degree, i fures with union, energy and lyften, Aare in the adminiftration of governa the former are frequently hurried in

Though, in England, they to sudden exertion by some paroxysm are deprived in a great measure of of zeal, the fever of parties or the rage their wealth, yet from the riches of of fad on.

their blood,the honours, the pomp and When the supreme power is so dif. peculiar priviledges that await them, posed by the constitution of the govern- they continue an effe&ual check upon ment, that no law can be made, that that levelling spirit of the people, which Mall affe&t the persons and properties is the parent of democratical tyranny. of the governed, without the consent Kings owe their origin to war. of each, power may be then said to be Mankind ever have been formed in. ballanced between them, and while the to different societies, differing in their ba!lance is preserved, the one can never intereits and of course their pursuits. encroach on the rights of the other; but A knowledge of these discordant io. if it be destroyed, whetherit be done in terefts can never fail to create a sense favour of the few or the many,usurpa. of danger ; and, as it is agreeable to tion and tyranny immediately rear principles of nature and reason, in their heads, and bring dissention and times of difficulty and diftress, to fly civil war in their train.

for aflistance to a single person in preIt is a melancholy idea, but it is a true ference to a multitude. Every ro. one, that the seeds of conteft, abuses ciety in the early and more warlike and corruption are sown in every go. ages of the world was furnished with verment, at the very moment of its its particular leader. He led them to institution. The poor have in their own battle in war, and prelided at their mistaken notions, every thing to

councils in peace. Nimrod, that gain by opprefing the rich ; the rich mighty hunter before the Lord, is I have everything to preserve by cramp- think the first king upon record. Por. ing the poor and rendering them sub- fefsed of a bold and enterprizing spiservient to their views. These differ- rit, he gained the affections of the Aro ent and discordant interests have in all syrian people, formed them to the use societies at some period or other of of arms, inured them to discipline rheir being, made their appearance and and fatigue, led them to vidory and been diftingushed by various rights, established one of the moft extenfive immunities and powers. In some go. empires of the world. From him vernments these different rights have {prang the monarchs of the kingdoma been settled by compact, in others by of the east, who always commanded lawgivers, but in the greatest part by their armies in battle, rendering every ufurpation and power. Ia Athens the political inftitution subfervient to men of property coostituted the Sen- military views. The States of Greece, ate; In Rome, the body of Patricians; Sicily, Carthage and Rome, had at in France, Germany and the other first their kings, who were officially Nations of Europe, the Nobility, If their chief commanders in war. When


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The Free Republican.

273 the inhabitants of the north over-ran property of the governed secure ; pa Europe, and destroyed the Roman triotism confifts in endeavours to pre empire, the generals of their forces serve the ballance. Wherefore as this eftablished themselves their kings--- ballaoce may be destroyed, as well by Warmly attached to those, who after the encroachments of the many on the participating their sufferings, were rights of the few, as by the encroachihe authors of their glory and success, ments of the few on the rights of the and long habited to render them im- many, popular leaders may not, at plicit obedience, the people chearfully all times, be patriots. submitted to their government in the A ballance supposes three things, intervals of peace. Monarchy being

the two scales and the hand that holds thus established, that species of govern- it. If the supreme power be altogement has continued through memora

ther divided between the persons and ble revolutions, in almoft every nati. property of the governed, though it on in Europe, to the present day. In be lo distributed, that the scales shall fome, the power of the kings is great- perfe&ly poise, yet the experience of Jy encreased, in others diminiled, but ages has taught us, that that governin all they have invariably retained meot cannot long continue free. So the supreme command of the armies.

exorbitant are the defires of men for Under the feudal fyftem we find, power, that each will be grasping at that civil power was divided into three the whole, and in a little time destroy diftin& branches. The king or lord pa. the ballance. In Athens the supreme samount,had his fare, the great barons, power was vested in the Senate and and the people had theirs. In France the People, and though the execution and some other European govern

of the laws was placed in the hands of ments, a variety of events have concur- other magiftrates, yet as no checks red to deprive the lords and commons were provided against the encroachof their whole authority,and vefted the ments of the Senate on the people, or fupremepower absolutelyin the monarch the people on the Senate, thatfate was In England we find the reverse. The constantly the sport of diffention and people have obtained their due pro- cabal. A few years after the inftiportion of political power, which, un.

tution of Solon, Pififratus rendered der the present form of their govern.

himself the tyrant of the city. Alter ment, is so wisely diftributed and his decease and the expulsion of his equally ballanced, that it is perhaps family, the laws of Solon were again beyond the reach of human wisdom revived. But after a few years, being to devise a lyftem, in which life, and torn to pieces by internal feuds their the bieflings of it can be more effec- conftitution was again thrown afide, tually lecured. But if the ballance and the whole adminiftration of their Mould be destroyed,or in other words, affairs given to four hundred magis. is one branch of ihe government hould trates chosen by the people. But ever obtain the power of either of the

these magiftrates proving a body of obers, liberty would at once be ban- insupportable tyrants they were soon ined and tyranny succeed in her place. deposed in rage. Thus for the want For instance, if the people should de- of some conftitutional checks, the gothrone the monarch, and usurp his

vernment of Athens was as unstable authority, the rights both of persons as the tempers of its inhabitants, and aod of property would at once be continued constantly Au&uating un2 Hoat. If the king on the other hand, til with all Greece, it submitted io the should ever wrett from the people arms of Rome. Syracuse represents their previliges and powers, and at- a fimilar picture. The supreme pow. tach them to himseli, life and all its er of the city was placed in the hands enjoy inents would be held at the mil- of the elders and the people. But erable tenure of an individual's will the latter soon destroyed the ballance, and caprice.

murdered the best and wiselt citizens, From the observations that have and sported away their liberty for the been made, if true, I think it is plain, adulating speeches of Dionyfius, who tbar when power is to disposed and proved one of the most cruel tyrants ballanced as to render the persons and upon record. It is also a well know?


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