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Esay on Vanity.

223 To the Editors of the BOSTON MA- to obferve how they will keep up the

appearance, when the means have failElay on Vanity.

ed them ; how they will firive to roll

in opulence, when they are indeed than this, whea described as a

poorer than the half farvet mendipailion of the mind ---d desire to be cant,who gazes at the splendour which

surrounds them. adimired, or a supreme value for the praise of the world. It Arangely open count of in hiflory is Solomon. He

The richest prince we have an acTates upon the temper of mankind,

was from his own relation the vaineft. and is the wo in their conduct,whether we regard orders, ages, or sexes.--And

How superb were his buildings, his Wherever it operates, there is danger play of his afluence did he afford to

seraglios, his gardens ! What a dirof its enchanting the whole soul. absolute;y makes some who'might be

the Queen of Sheba, when he led her

to behold the glories of his palace! thought, and become wise,' pursue enly after folly ; and others, whose na

He she wed, indeed, as much vanity in tive propenfities are turned towards

his plans of human happiness, as he

found the things to be VAIN, after he virtue, take pains to form babits of vice. See the child of famion follow

had accompli thed his original withes.

He who hath an ambition after hoing the multitude to do evil...this

nour is also vain. , It matters not will thew us what it is to be buoyed up on the pinions of a vain imagina. by the mere accidents of time and

whether he be exalted by his merit, or tion.

place. How sweetly perfumed is the To do justice to the subject, we must

offered incense, while the voice of the hoid forth vanity under

various It is discovered in the gay

Aatterer sounds more melodious than

the finest mu fic to his ears! Perand profligate, who fail along the Aream of fashionable follies and vices;

haps it is to the circumstances last

mentioned most men owe their digniand it is discovered allo in the mind

ty and importance in society; they of the philosopher, who receives as

are adorned more by the places they much pleasure in the applause of men); as in searching into the nature of fill, than by any lustre lining from

themselves. But it is sometimes the truth. It is displayed by the rich and the honourable. The most beautiful

care that they love Aattery, who repart of the creation can thew likewise ally deserve to be applauded. They ho. much their minds are tickled by

cannot bear that their laureis should

be under cover, or that their merio the admiration they excite,and by the

Mould resemble the flower whiche compliments that are paid to their external appearance.

blushes in obscurity and diffuses its

sweets in the wilderness. To what we have suggested about a person's being vain of his know- I have said, likewise, that the beaud ledge, let me say, that much of the

tiful person is vain.

Parden me, yo falle way of thinking now in the gentle and lovely fair-- I mean not to world is owing to this desire of being sendan arrow which shall wound you, thought great, above the common o

as you will be convinced by my depinions or different from the common

claring in the honeft fimplicity of my Tease,of mankind. And it is indeed

heart my opinion, that the sexes are a friking instance of the littleness and

about equal in making appearances, depravity of human paffions, which though nature hath certainly en as often tarnish a bulliant underfland.

dowed you with superiour personal ing, as discolour the native glow of cbarms. innocence.

Are the ladies of old described as No one will dispute the vanity of walking and mincing in all the pathe rich. It is only to observe the

geantry of dress, that they might pomp and splendour of their equip

shew their beauty to greater advanages, the sumptuousness of their ta.

tage..... Our modern fine gentlemen bles, the magnificence and elegance of

will equal them in affe&tation, if not. their houses and gardens. It is only in grace. I pretend not to deny thas




vanity is common to the fair sex, but take offence at it, let them keep their I deny that it is peculiar to them. objeâions to themselves; otherwise my They may appear with their bonnets next Essay shall take in the devout a. and bracelets, with a wanton vivacity mong the vain. And it Mall be done in their eyes, and stretch forth their by the pen of my madam, who, with pecks, to display the shapeand snowy all her loftness and sugar, hath some whiteness of their bosoms. But do satire in her composition. not we ftrive with equal arts to aliure? Who are they ihat, with an austere Are we behind them in dress or man- couotenance, tell us they are very ners? How many new converts are good ? The fair face of charity is daily made by the writings of Lord mild and placid, and vaunteth not it. Chesterfield, * ile a postle of the graces, self. Who are they that make long who are as winning, as (plendid, as ef. prayers, &c. &c. for a presence ? feminale, (though the hand of nature My good sirs, you must be more was never employed to give them a ariiul in your hypocrisy ; we know polish) as they who have a rignt to too much to be deceived by your ape peiticoats, and wao perhaps chuse i he pearances. Some new methods must hoop ones.

be tried to make you even seem to be Look in the glass, most amiable firs, religious, as the fiver the gold current and, when you go away, do not forget in a kingdom, the more ingenious what manner of perions you are ; if mult rogues be in their devices to. you do, we shall conclude there is no

N. T. small reseinblance between your mind. and the mirror.

But is not vanity the eff fion of a weak mind ? Now, Mr. Efrayill, thie

Account of Sorre fuperftitions fcripture says the woman is the weaker praflised in the Highlands of vefiel.

Scotland, from the second part You will take notice, however, who it is that says lo: One who

of Mr. Pennant's Tour. confeffes that he did not at all e mes SHALL now proceed from the speak by inspiration, and who polibly. disorders of the body to those of might have some of the peculiaritie's the soul; for what else are the fuof the fingle like about him. I can perfiitions that infect mankind ? a few rid myfeir of the difficulty till better. unnoticed before are till preserved, My parson, who is well versed in or have, till within a small space, been scripture, thinks it thould be rendered found in the places I have vifited, and finer or more delicate,i-tead of weak which may merit mention, as their er. I remember he made use of the exiftence in a little time may happilyo expresion at my weddioe.

be loit. much: Aruck with it. My Deary more After marriage, the bride immedi. so, a most sensible and amiable girl, ately walks round the church unat. who is without any kind of vanity,100 tended by the bridegroom. The preeven wisat is common to the lex: caution of loosening every knot about

This, text amounts then to an ex- the new joined pair is strictly obserhortation about conjugal tenderness. ved, for fear of the penalty denounWe ought to be attentive and conde. ced in the former volumes. It mot fcending in our regards to thefa r lex, be remarked, that the custom is ob. aud by no nabang ice them suferthro'. served even in France, nouer l'aiguila want of delicacy in our mode of treat- Jette being a common phrale for dir ing them.

appointments of this nature. This explanation must be satisfacto- Matrimony is avoided in the months ry to all rational chrittians. And if of January, which is called in the fome pingue no!ed profesors foald Erse the cold month; but, what is

more singular, the ceremony is avoid.

ed even in the enlivening month of Vid. Chefier field's Lettece. May. Perhaps they might have


I was


Superfitions pratiled in Scotland.

225 esght this fuperftition from the Ro: in. Other charms were Ailed Paiders, mans, who had the same dread of en. a word taken from the Pater nofter. tering into the puptial state at that A necklace is called Padreuchain, beseason; for the amorous Ovid informs cause on turning every bead they used

one of these Paiders. Other charms Nec viduæ tædis eadem, nec virgi,

again are called Toisgeuls, from the

use of particular verses of the Gospel. nis apta Tempora, quæ nupfit non diu- The fuperftition of making pil. turna fuit.

grimages to certain wells or chapels Hacquoque de causa, fi te prover

is Atill preserved. That to St. Philbia tangunt,

lan's is much in vogue: And others Mense malas Maio nubere vul, again to different places. The object gus ait.

is relief froin the disorders mankind Falli, v.485

labour under. la rome places the No tapers then shall burn ; for ne- pilgrims only drink of the water : ver bride,

In others, they undergo immersion. Wed in ill season, long her bliss en- A highlander, in order to protect joy'd.

himself from any harms apprehended If you are fond of proverbs, always from the fairy tribe, will draw round say,

himself a circle with a sapling of the No laís proves thrifty, who is wed oak. This may be a relique of Druin May.

idism, and only a continuation of the

respect paid to the tree held in such After baptism, the forft incat that veneration by the priesthood of our the company talles is crowdie, a mix. ancestors. fare of meal and water, or meal and They pay great attention to their ale thoroughly mixed. Of this every lucky and unlucky days. The Roperson takes three spoonfuls.

mans could not be more attentive on The mother never sets about any similar occasions : And surely the work till the bas been kirked. In highlanders may be excused the sun the church of Scotland there is no ce- perftition, since Auguftus could say, remony on the occasion : But the wo- that he never went abroad on the man, attended by some of her neigh day following the Nundinae, nor bebours, goes into the church, rome- gan any serious undertaking on the times in service-time, but oftener Tonæ, and that, merely to avoid the when it is empty ; goes out again, unlucky omen. The Scottish mounsurrounds it, refreshes herself at some taineers esteem the 14th of May unpublic house, and then returns home. fortunate, and the day of the week Before this ceremony, she is looked that it has happened to fall on. Thus on as unclean, never is permitted to Thursday is a black day for the preeat wrh the family ; nor will any one

sent year. eat of the victuals the has dressed. They are also very classical in ob

It has happened that, after baptifm, serving what they first meet on the the father has placed a basket, filled commencement of a journey. They with bread and cheese, on the pot- confider the looks, garb, and charac- book that impended over the fire in ter of the fir person they fee. If he the middle of the room, which the has a good countenance, is decently company fit around ; and the child is clad, and has a fair reputation, they thrice handed across the fire, with a rejoice in the omen. If the contrary, defigo to fruftrate all attempts of they proceed with fears, or return evil spirits or evil eyes. This origi- home, and begin their journey the fe. nally seems to have been designed as cond time. a purification, and of idolatrous ori- The Beltein, or the rural facrifice, gio, as the Israelites made their chile on the first of May, 0. S. has been dren pass through the fire to Moloch. mentioned before. Hallow eve is al

The word used for charms in general, so kept sacred: As soon as it is is, Colas, or Knowledge, a proof of dark, a person sets fire to a buth of the high repute they were once held broom fafened round a pole; and,


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