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ences.

endeavouring to raise, to diipeníe hap.

The lawyer muft be acquain, piness to his country, and to leave ted with his profession, the physician lasting monuments of his and her must be killed, before either can have fame. The Divine finds in this, full any confidence placed in them. But compensation for bis toilsome hours in this order, learning is negle&ted, of study, to render pleañog the divine the person who is poflefled of peither truths. The scholar, as a reward for knowledge, nor any aitractive virtue, all his researches, "alks but Kame. "except one, will as probably meet with ?Tis the same in every other employ- fuccess, as the most deserving. And ment, if any thing excellent is pro- in general, there is but one point neduced. No' person perhaps felt ceflary to render a mao successful ; this pifti in in greater' force than that he adheres (the most proper word the author of the extraat I have cho. I can get) to a particular system of sen for the head of my piper ; indeed , opinions. Is it posible for an enlightin general we may find it ftrongeit in ened mind to pofíeís the same notions minds the moit noble and of greatest with the man who never enquired ? ability. Cicero posseffed of the acute- A father, when his son was just go ness of the metaphysician, with all the ing to set out in the world, says, my enthufarm and imagination of the o- boy, you are poffelled of good sense, jalor and the poet, and certainly, at I know, but as you are unexperienthe same time, with the strongeit judge ced, a word or two will be useful. ment, roundly declares 'tis from glory, The term Orthodox will frequently be fame alone, arts and (ciences are pur- founded in your ear's, 'tis of almost u. sued or carried to any extent.

niversal vie, but remember the meanLet us take a review of our own ing is prejudice, and direct op potion country, and endeavour to find if to liberal enquiry.' there is not a deficiency in this respex

'Tis from this caure, “That true in some instances. In the political merit is no recommendation,” that world, the theatre.is large, the basis fo the number of learned Divines is daily. hroad, that each one is ia some mea- decreasing í nothing points out more sure gratified in the universal paffiod; ftrongly ine necessity of admitting difone can scarcely be ro low as not 'to, fereat degrees in this order, than the be able to say, I have some share in nop-attendance of honour or fame, the direction of public affairs; or, if with the greatert merit; and this (difhe is so lov in life as not to poffers the ferent degrees among the ciergy) must qualifications neceffary, to pofless we foppose be admitted in time, to theni, becomes the obje&t of this am- preserve the order any way refpe&a. bition'; and by that ineans the stare ble; or perhaps what is better suited is vastly benefited, as there is a much to the genius of the people. A rran. larger quantum cf property than there lation from one church to ano. would be, if such qualifications were ther, which in effect would nearly anot required.

mount to the same thing. When a lo toe higher orders rewards are gentleman fits himself for the desk, by so well diftributed as to be sufficient that unwearied application which to keep the mind energetic. :

seems particularly neceffary in that In civil life, the lawyer, the phyfio walk of life, if he succeeds in gaining cian is prefented with objects worthy any parish, 'ris as likely he will get one and such as will almoft neceflarily ek. of the moft insignificant living as the çite his ambition..

contrary ; and when fixed in that fiBu if we consider the fate of ano- tuation, what motive is there for ex. ther molt important order of men, we traordinary exertion ?. here he must all find their condition greatly differ: remain for life; no chance for escape ent ; doomed to drag out life in the until he is relieved by the kind hand same dull, wearifome track, they had of death, which, I helleve, in secret he very little to raise this holy fire, to frequently wishes for ; but was there urge on to noble endeavour. The before him the noble prospea of rising clergyinan of, merit, when he looks in fame and efteem in the world by round him, and compares his ftuati- great learning, when a living of imon vith a man of merit in any other portance became vacant, was it allew. order, huds the molt imortifying differ- ble íor a man of learning, politeness

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On Making Bricks.

219 and good sense, who was secreted in monwealth for regulatiug the size of some obscure corner, to be called from bricks, &c. There bricks, being so che cave of seclufion, and inducted to much below the standard, are made this one of eminence; soine object with less clay in proportion than the worthy ambition would be prelent- larger fori; for the mould is filled and ed; the fire would communicate; and ftruck off, without any presling of the the order would be filled with m'a of, clay into the mould, which cannot be merit; and the press would not so fre. done with a larger fort ; and, when quently groin, with abortions engen they break into bats, they appear ta dred by ignorance and prejudice be honey-combed and porous, receive

N. E. the weather much sooner than larger

ones, and lead the rains into the re. cond joint ; so that some walls, inuch

exposed, receive the storms through On Making Bricks.

them in a very fort time, and often To the Priaters of the Boston Ma.gurn part of the mortar out of the

joint, and what mortar remains in peGAZINE.

rishes, and turns to a kind of sand,to HE time being now at hand for the great damage of the building,

the making of Brick, it may not Clay for making of Brick PROPERbe thought wholly useless to make a LY, should be dug up in the fall of few obfervations on that subject in the year, and thould lay in a body the old couptries there is a great vari. all the winter, for tne froits and raios ety of bricks, as grey stocks, red to break the lumps and unincorpora. ftocks, place bricks, red bricks, cut- ted particles, and to meliorate and ting bricks, &c. In this country, we prepare it for the working and temperhave but two sorts, the one called the ing into morar.. If the clay is temsand bricks for arches, facia's, &c. pered in the spring by oxen treading Toe other, the common red brick. it, the particles are better broken,and As thele latter fort are made at one the mortar made much tougher, by time, and in such a quantity as to being better prepared than is commake up what is commonly called a

monly done by labourers turning it kiln, and are then burnt and sent to

over and over, and softening with toa market, it may be of advantage to be

great a quantity of water. The morsomewhat particalar about them. tar, being well tempered for the Bricks have been commonly made in moulds, is put into them. The moulds the following method. Sometime in Mould be so made, as to turn out a the spring a quantity of clay is dug brick that will measure, after being up, and thrown into a heap for the burned to a cherry red, eight inches, receiving the rain and dew; and, four and two. This fize is the best when the weather permits, it is made and most profitable for the builder, up into, what is called hy the brick- and will take more of the clay mortar makers a mortar, god put into moulds

in proportion to make them, than the prepared for the purpose; then turn- , fmall sort that is commonly made ; ed out upon the fivor, and when suf- because the mould cannot be filled ficiently dried, piled up in a kilo ; and without prelung or kneading the morthen burnt and, made ready for (ale. tar id:o the mould. The bricklayers Some of them come out of the kiln, will very soon, by frequent using this called by the brick-makers cherry. fize, lay them at the same rate as they red; some hard burnt with glazed now do the smaller (ort; and a saving ends are called clinkers ; others, but will be made on one fifth of the LIME letle burned are rost, and called chim. MORTAR. Some persons may ohjeet ney bricks. When a kiln of bricks, to this site for laying, what is called by confifting of, say, one hundred thou- bricklayers, flemish bond, or headers fand, is purchased, the purchaser must and tretchers, but from a little expeexpe& the abovementioned three sorts rience, they will soon find a sufficient of bricks. These bricks are made number for the outfide, that will preagrecably to the will of the maker, vent the over running the joint. A Rotwithstanding a lary of the Com. brick and half wall of these fized

bricks,

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bricks, is better than a two brick proach nigh to that term of time. The
wall of the small size; and a faving renovation of life was attended with
also will be made of a perpendicular the most exquisite pain, scarcely con-
joint, in addition to the one afore. Ceivable.
mentioned. When the bricks are
small, the proportion of the lime mor.
tar neceflary for laying them, is too Mefli’rs Printers,
great for the advantage of the building.
ir brick walls built in the fall months Being much pleased wiib fome
were covered the following winter,

criticisms, in your Magazine,
the mortar would adhere much better
to the bricks, and would be more firm upon English authors, from
and durable, and not turn out of the Dr. Blair's LeEtures. I beg
joints, as is too often the case by being
exposed to frequent storms, while in a

that some remarks made by green ftate, and before they are pre- an equally polite writer, ibe pared to make the refiftance necessary

late Dr. Goldsmith, upon the for their preservation.

Z. French, may be inserted. Boston, April, 1784.

I

writer to be born in a period so ea.

lightened as ours. The harvest of wit To the Printers of the Boston Ma- is gathered in, and little is left for him

except to glean what others have

thought unworthy their bringing a. The following instance is one from way. Yet, there are fill some among

many ofthe like nature, which the Frencb, who do honour to the might,without doubt,be ascer- muted to pofterity with an ample:

age, and whole writings will be transtained. It may be relied upon, though a subordinate share of fame: and tends to illujirale. Some fome of the most celebrated, are as Sentiments in philosophy, held Voltaire, whose voluminous, yet forth by i be author of Obfer- {pirited produdions, are too well vation, on Matter and

Spi- tie not resemble the champion mention rit,

P. P. ed by Zenophon, of great reputation in

all the gymnastic exercises united, bhi FRIEND informs me Å

of a inferior to each champion fingly, who fact which he bad from the excels only in one? person who was the subjeći, that Montesquieu, a name equally dehe engaged in some labour upon serving fame with the former. The a sandy hill, by the side of a ri Spirit of Laws is an inflacce, how ver or pond ; his foot unfortunately much genius is able to lead learning. 1.pid, and he fell into the water,where Is fysien has been adopted by the it was much deeper than his beigth ; lerati; and yet is it not pollibie for he role, as is common, once or twice, opinions equally plausible to be form and then went to bortom, where he ed upon opposite principles, if a ge lay upon his back ; in this fituation, niuslike his could be found to attemp he was sensible for sometime, and says such an undertaking ? He seems moi his mind was perfectly calm and un- a poet ihan a philosopher. disturbed by the thoughts of aphroach- Roullcau of Geneva. A prosesse ing difíolution ; his feelings, be lay's, man haier, or more properly speak were fimilar to those of a person when ing, 4 philosopher.enraged with on upon the point of falling into a fine, hair of mankind, hecaure they un found liep; he can by no means ar. voidably make the other half opha certain the continuance in this state ; py. Such sentiments are generally bat he was taken op in about half an result of much good nuure, and li mous; and fuppofco, it did not ap. tle experience.

Pyro

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Memoirs of Major-General Warren.

221 Pyron, an author pofTefled of as The, marquis D'Argens attempts inuch wit as any man alive, yet with to add the character of a philosopher as little prudence, to turn it to his to the vices of a debauchee. own advantage. A comedy of his, The catalogue might be encreased called La Metromanie, is incompara- with several other authors of merit, bly the beft theatrical production, that such as Marivaux, Le Franc, Saint has appeared of late in Europe. But Foix, Deftouches, and Modonville, I know pot, whether I should most but let it suffice to say, that by there, commend his genius, or cenfure his the chara&ter of the present age is toobscenity ; his ode a Priape, has juft- Jarably supported. Though their ly excluded him from a place in the poets seldoin rise to fine enthusiasm, academy of Belles Lettres. Howe- they never fiok int» absurdity; though ver, the good-natured Montesquieu, they fail to aston in, they are generalby his interest, procured the farving ly possessed of talents to please. bard a triling penfion. His owo ep! taph was all the revenge he took upon the academy for being repulsed.

The fair sex in France have not a Cy Git Pyroni qui ne fut jamais rien little contributed to prevent the dePas meme Accademicien.

cline of taste and literature, by ex

peeing such qualifications in their Crebillon, junior. A writer of real admirers. A man of fathion at Paris, merit, but guilty of the same indeli- however contemptible we may think cate faults with the former. Wit em him here, must be acquainted with ployed in dressing up obscenity, is like the reigning modes of philosophy as ihe art used in painting a corpse; it well as dress, to be able to entertain may be thus rendered tolerable to one his mistress agreeably. The charmsense, but fails not quickly to offend ing pedants are not to be caught like ome other.

some damsels to be seen in Holland, Grefset, agreeable and easy. His by dumbfhrew, by a squeeze of the comedy called the Merchant, and an hand, or the oglog, of a broad eye; homourous poem, entitled Ver. vert, but must be pursued thro' all the lahave original merií. He was bred a byrinths of the Newtonian philosojesuit, but his wit procured his dit- phy, the mazy metaphysics of Locke, miffion from the society. This last and ftill more, the variations of fea work particularly, could expect no male inclination. I have seen as bright Pardon from the Convent, being asa- a circle of beauties at the chymical tyr,against nurneries!

lectures of Ruelle, as graciog the Dalembert, has united an extensive court at Versailles. Wisdom never skill in scientifical learning, with the appears fo charming, as when graced moft refined taste for the polite arts. and protected by beauty. His excellence in both, have procured him a seat in each academy.

Diderot, an elegant writer and subtle reasoner. He is the supposed author of the famous Thesis, which the able Memoirs of Major-Generci Prade ruftained before the doctors of the Sorbonne. It was levelled against

WARREN. Chriftianity, and the Sorbonne too Thath generally been thought hastily gave it their fan&tion. They useful and entertaining to exhiperceived its purport, however, when bit the characters of persons of it was too late. The college was worth and eminence ; and such, brought into some contempt, and the as have distinguished themselves in the abbe obliged to take refuge at the events of the present day, or have court of Berlin,

been active in bringing about the re. volution which hath established our

American

American empire, have a peculiar displayed equal bravery and humani claim to our attention and respect. ty. We think it must be agrecable to the public, therefort, to Have a hurt Sketch of the life of Major General Three days before the battle of Bun. Warren, in our Maqaz ne,' a man

ker H I, he was appointed a Major who made an early figure in the con

General in the American army. teft, and will ever be numbered with On that memorable day, he fell glothem who adorn the historic page of rioully in the trenches Had success at this country

tended the Americans,his death would

have been sufficient to damp the joys He was born in the town of Rox. of vi&tory, and the cypress must have bury, dear Boston, in the year 1740;

beco blended with the laurel: The where he received the first rudiments Jols of such a man, in addition to our of bus education. Having fu Med his deleat, and at a time when the distracftudies at tre University of Cambridge ted flare of affairs greatly needed his in 1759, he applied himself to tbe ilu. advice in the council, as well as his dy and practice of phyfic, and soon active services in the field, threw a became very respectable in the pro- general gloom upon the countenances fettion. His fine address, as well as of people, and excited the most fincere tafte for prelosophy and belles lettres, Tamentation and mourn ng. «The ele. made himn highly eftet med hy gant, the generous, and the humane, the polite and leatoed, while his frapk, all mingled the sympathetic tear,"and open di posis100, and obliging atten- paid their respects to his memory. Afe tions to persons under the various cir- ter the departure of the British troops, cumstances of their distress and sick- his body was brought from Charlesnels, caused him to be much beloved town to Boston, the several lodges of by them who tread the humbler free masons walking in procession, walks of life.

having appointed one of their num

ber to speak his fuperal eulogium, His political reputation began some For several years he had been Grand years before the flames of war burft Mafter through North America, of forth. Many speculations upon Ame. imat part of this free acd respearican taxation, and such as drew the able body which pafles under the de. attention of government, at times,

nominalion of the Ancient Fraterniwere supposed to flow from his pen. ty. Twice he appeared as the publicora. tor of the town, and his orations are fill reckoned among the best compo

in private life, General Warren Sitions delivered upon there occasions. was amiable. In person, mind and He had the confidence of his fellow- manners, being equally well accomcitizens so fully, that ihey chose him plished, be gained the love of those to alt for them in the Provincial Con- who lived with him in habice of intigress, which sat at Cambridge, of macy, as much as he was admired by which body he was afterwards chosen the public voice. With sensibilities President. But although he had suf: uncommonly strong and lively, and a ficient merit as a fazerman ; and zeal which blazed in the cause of li. though his abuities and extenfive eru. berty, be was candid, generous, aud dition made him so highly noticed in ready to do kind offices to those who the republic of lettere, yet was he al

had different sentiments about the lored by the more dazzling glory of caule in which he was engaged. Inarms, and chose the character of the deed, wherever, this worthy man is soldier. The firft beat to arms roured mentioned, his liberal mind, and bu. his martial spirit, and he was among

mane borom ought to be reckoned a. them who fought the battle or - Lex- mong the excellencies of his characington, 19th April, 1775, where he

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