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Character of Dr. Cooper.

191 I apprehend her charms would veterate has the disorder of fickleness have been fatal ro my peace of mind become, that the first new face, which (for the absolutely refused to receive I shall fee, will, I fear, entirely banish my addresses) had I not become ac. from my mind the amiable Angelina. quainted with Harriet, who is fix Perhaps, gentlenien, you are acquainmooths younger Mill.

The beauty

ted with some remedy for inconftancy. of this lady was just in the bud; but Il you be, you would, hy communi. it promised to expand every day more cating it to me, through the channel and more till it mould bioffom into' of your useful Magazine, confer an perfection. She was tall and genteel; indifpenfible obligation upon your bad teeth white as the flock of theep conftant reader and admirer, def: ribed by Solomon, a skin delicate HENRY INCONSTANT. and clear ; tbere was a glow of health · Boston, March 16th,1784. and sensibility in her check, and a (p.Get of vivacity and frolic in her eyes. She spoke but little, but the Hfened with attention. One wished

The Charakter of Dr. Cooper. to bear her talk ; for it seemed impor- R. COOPER was the second fible that a young lady of suci. Oily son of that diftinguished divine, manners, and forintelligent a counte- the late Rev. WILLIAM COOPER, one Dance fhould not deliver herself agree- of the paftors of the church in Brat. ably. Whea I saw her, a fiame, inore tle Street: He was born the 28th of delicious than I bad hitherto felt, March, 1725. While he was passing glided through my veins. Had me through the common course of educar pofseffed only a more eloquent tongue, tion äta grammar school in this town, Paflorella could never have been able and afterwards at the university in to have taken ny heart from her. Cambridge, he exhibited such marks

Paftorella is handsorpe ; but it was of a masterly genius as gave his not her beauty which struck me. It friends the pleasure of anticipating a was her romanticideas, and her rural lite eminently useful to his country. language. I'thought I perceived Ar- His pious father having designed cadia's plain rise up to view, when I him for the gospel miniftry, was hapheard her (peak, with the most melo. py to find his son's inclination meetdious voice, of rocks and focks, of ing his own. Divinity was therefore hills and rills, of mountains and foun- the Doctor's favourite ftudy ; and tains.

having early felt the impresfions of Several ladies, who facceeded in the serious religion, the honour of being dominion of my heart, I pass over. a minister of the gospel weighed down At preseat it is retained by Angelua. every confideration of temporal adShe is not fo young as Harriet; but vantages. the pofsefses the lip of Eliza, the He early made his appearance as a (prightliners of Belinda, the romance preacher, and so acceptable were his of Paftorelia, the wit of Maria, the first performances, and such the exkoowledge of Sophia, and the finceri- pectations they had raised, that he ty of Candida. Her conversation can had scarce attained to the age of never be fully described. There is no.

twenty years before he received a thing in it low or impertinent, absurd call from the church and congregaor trice. It is at the same time (por. tion in Brattle-Street, to succeed his tive and gay, ingenious and inftruc. father who died December 13th, 1743, tive, animated and original. It is not as colleague with the celebrated Dr. a compound of nonsense and scandal, Colman. In this office he was ordainsuch as is too commonly met with ; ed May 25th, 1746, just thirty years but is

after the ordination of his father. 6 The feaft of reason and the flow The Doctor did not disappoint the of soul."

expe&ations he had raised his reAlter discovering this incompara. tion increased, and he was soon ble woman, I with moft fincerely to one of the most universally acceptable Cure my heart of inconftancy; but preachers in the country. Through alus ! I fear it is imposible. So in- à course of pear thirty-nine years



public ministry, he condufted him. When the civil conftitution of the Self with such wisdom and integrity, Commonwealth, in which he had some prudence and ability, as procured thare, was formed and approved of by him the like love and efteem from his the people, he was, according to the venerabie colleague, and the people custom of the country, called upon to ef his charge which his father had en: intro duce it with a lermon : this disjoyed, and the notice and respect of course, with others of his writings, all the clergy in the Commonwealth. have been printed in several language

He was a friend to learning, and to es, and are some specimens of his finthe voiversity in which he was edu- gular abilities. cated, and was a faithful member of He was seized with a lethargick dira the board of overseers. After the order, and after some weeks fick aess, loss of Harvard hali, with the library expired December 29th 1783, in the and apparatus, by fire, in 1762, he 59th year of his age. exerted his extensive influence in procuring subscriptions to repair that tors. There having been a vacancy Tbe Free Republican, in the corporation in 1767, the Doc. tor was elected one of that board, and

No. II. continued a very attentive, firm, and judicious member until his death. IN

Nmy publication of the last month,

I laid down, as an uncentrovertiPis fame for literary accomplish- ble truth, that in every species of nents, and his character as a divine,

government, political power ought became too great to be limited to his

ever to be attended with political Dative country; it introduced him to

wisdom and virtue. This is necessary the university of Edinburgh, from

to the happiness of the subjects in alt whence he was complimented with a diploma of doctor in divinity:

governments, and in republics, that Dr. Cooper was an ađive member partake of democracies, indifpenfibly

fo to their existence. of the sociery for propagating the POLITICAL WISDOM confifts in a gospel among the abriginals of Ame

knowledge of the nature and princirica, the work was pleasing to his be. Devolent mind, and he was ever

ples of a government, its relative in

terests and what inftitutions conduce watchful that the pious iatentions of the donors in those charities should

to its safety, and the happiness of ine

subject. POLITICAL VIRTUB is a not be disappointed. When his country had asserted her

love of the goveroment, which inright to independence, he was anxi

cludes a disposition to cherifh the naaus to lay a foundation for the en.

ture of it, support its principles, and

adminifter it's laws. POLITICAL couragement of useful arts, and the growth of the sciences in this land of

POWER is that power, which in all civil liberty. In his opinion know. governments is lodged somewhere of Jedge, as a handmaid to virtue, wis

controuling the actions, the persons necessary to support free govern ents

and properties of their fubje&s. But

as power undireéted, by wisdom, and and promote public happiness. He

uncontrouled by virtue, might be an therefore one of the foremost in forwarding the plan on foot, in 1780, wisdom and virtue fhould ever be the

engine of promifcuous defru&tion, for etablishing an American academy concomitants of it. Hence we find of arts and sciences ; and this society, that to conftitute perfe&tion in the from a sense of his literary merits, Monarch of the Universe, these three cledted him their first vice prefident.

attributes are not only united in him, The great friendship subfifting be

but are commensurate with each tween him, Dr. Franklin and Mr A.

other. Infinite wirdom and infinite dams, was one means of his bei: & goodness accompany his infinite powknown in France ; and the gentlemen coming from that kingdom were gespra!!y recommended to him by, wole teresting to a free people.

This leads to fome refle&tions inambassadors,

Firft, That great power is to be conferred




The Free Republican.

193 dut on men of great wisdom and great equality confitutes the effence of the virtue. Secondly, That whenever in government. To give the subjects e government of laws, there are not in of a monarchy the same education the community a number sufficient to with the citizens of a democracy, or All the several offices, whose wisdom the citizens of a democracy the same and virtue are equal to the extent of with the subjeAts of a monarchy, their power, the principles of its ex- would be equally prepofterous, and iftence are corrupted, and, unless the probably occasion ruin in both. In a evil receive a remedy, diffolution be. monarchy the art of governing withcomes inevitable.

out the power, and in a democracy As political virtue is but the due the power of governing without the dire&ion and proper application of art would, from a spirit of vanity and political wisdom, the latter muft pride in the former, and restlessness ever be precedent to the former, and and jealousy in the latter, originate associated with the very idea of go- those discords and that fpirit of facvernment. Virtue in the political, tion which generally produce a civil as well as the moral world, is placed war, and always end in tyranny. on an eminence, to which we gradu. As the spirit and principles of a deally ascend, as the mind enlarges, and mocracy require, that degrees of poreason colle&e its powers. In all po

litical wisdom and virtue be diffused litical infitutions therefore, policy through the mass of the people, adeand iodeed their very being absolute- quate to determining on the best inly requires that the moft careful at. terests of the community, it has ge. tention be paid to the education of nerally been observed, that a pure desuch as are to be entrufted with the mocracy never yet exifted. Perhaps civil authority. But education is not there never did unless in territories of only differently applied in different very small extent. But whether such governments, but varies entirely. as a government ever did exift or not, to its genius and temper. In a mo- is not the subje&t of the present enquinarchy every kind of political infor- ry. This is certain, that many gomation is to be given to the Prince,and vernments partake much of a demoevery attention paid to moulding his cracy, and that the principlcs I have. mind in the principles of virtue. The attempted to eftablish, if juft, will apsubjects on the other hand, thould be ply to that species of government, taught to confider their monarch as though it be intermixed with aridothe only guardian of their happiness cracy, monarchy or both. and safety, the source of every honour

Antient hiftory furnishes us with and the object of entire obedience. many instances of republics wherein This syftem of education, early adop. the mass of the people have possessed ted, excites a feble of confidence and a large share, though not the whole, security, together with a spirit of am

of the civil authority. The cause, bition to obtain the smiles and applause progress and completion of their rú. of their monarch that binds the sub- in, paint, in the moft dismal colours, jekts to him with ligatures of incon- the evils that arise from the ignoceivable strength. In a free republic

rance and follies of the people. Igthe people that compose it is the mo. norance in politics is the parent of narch ; or, in other words, the re- fa&tion, ingratitude and perfidy. This preme power rests ultimately, with black triumvirate must always create them ; hence whatever information or the revereft convulsions, and finally political virtue, is necessary to render be produ&tive of Navery and ruin. a monarch great, and a nation hap- Carthage, until the second Punick py, mut io a certain degree be fixed war, was governed principally by her in the minds, and the hearts of the fuffetes and her fenate, which was cornpeople of a democracy. The only posed of their greatest sages and most honours the citizens can of right pur. venerable men. Though an appeal fure are those that result from air.

lay to the people in case of division in tinguished virtue and reverence of the the senate, yet, confident of the wil. laws. Because, as each individual dom of their senatorial fathers, they has an equal Mare in the sovereignty, interfered but little in the adminiftra



tion of government. At this time, MILTIADBS, who bore a mof disvi&ory conftantiy awaited the arms tingu: Med part in the famous baril: of Carthage. Her conquefts had of Marathon, was fined thirty thoureached the very walls of Rome, when fand crowas hy this fickle and unthe people grown proud by their grateful people, and foally died in a wealth, took the civil authority upon dungeon, meiely because he mistook themselves. Uoprincipled and igno- a fire at a distance for a feet superior rant of the interests or their country, to his own. ARISTIDES, one of their fa&tion and cabal presided in their ableft Generals, who was intimately debates, and, led blindfold by popu. acquainted with the laws of his counJar leaders, they plucked from their try, and of such perfect integrity as own blows the founsh ng laurel, and to be denominated the just, by the in. wreathed it around the temples of trigue of Themiftocles suffered the iga their enemy. The great Hannibal nominy of being banished by Ofra. being driven into exile, and some of cism. On this occafion, a pearadt, their best generals sacrificed to popu- who could not write and did not know Jar whims and party spirit, they be- Aristides, applied to him, and defired came an ungoverned multitude. him to put the name of Aristides on this situation, the whole vengeance of his thell. " Has he done any wrong, Rome was collected upon their heads, fad Aristides. that you are for conand in a little time, their magnificent demning him in this manner?" "No, city was rased to the ground. It is replied the other, I do not so much as certain, that the ruins of that mighty know him ; but I am quite tired and people was owing more to the follies angry at hearing every body calling and the vices of the popular branches him the JUST.

Arifides calmly of their government, than to the took the thell, wrote his own name power of Rome.

in it and returned it. PERICLES, to Athens was more democratical than divert the undeserved fury of his fel Carthage. That city was governed low.citizens, engaged fis blinded by her archons, her feuite, from Countrymen in the Peloponnesian war, whom all magiftrates and officers were which led direaly to the utter roin cholen, and by the body of the people. of Athers. Jo the hands of the last were all electi- Rome, from 'its firft existence, faens, to them lay all appeals from the voured in a very great degree of a dejudgment of the magiftrates, and by mocracy. Jealoufes constantly exiftinem were determined the most in ing between the patricians and ple portant affairs of Maie, relating to beians, each were in a contingal peace or war. While the mass of the struggle for an increase of power, Th people attended to the excellent in institution of the Tribunes threw th ftitutions of Solun, the fame of the balance in favour of the latter. Thi Athenian arms extended throughout widened the breach and increased! the east. The Perfian monarch, with fa&tion, until the senate under Por bs millions at command, trembling on pey, and the people under Cæfa dois throne, solicited peace from inat brought the long quarrel to an illa Jiitle city, But when the frequent that proved the deftruation of bo aid reiterated war of Greece prevent- Diffentions never fail of routing ed an attention to the education of ambition of private men.

Eær the Athenian youths, discords and public and declared pretenfions for fattion succeeded to unanimity and gaging in the civil war, were to re! peace. Fickle and uncertain as the The tribunes and the rights of the wind, they became the sport of po- ple. But Cæsar, under the ma pular leaders, actuated in all their popular and patriotic views, entl. measures by party spirit, and finifter

his country. views. We see ihe people of Athens Lacedæmon and Argos, repr banishing the very man, who had the same wretched portrait, and but a moment before received the takliņ this truth, that free go prize of glory. On one day, they are ments soon fink into ruin, whe suing for peace, and on the next in a political wisdoın, and virtue ced Tage far war. Ioitability, ingratitude exist in the mass of the people. and perfirly, character zu the people. Nothing is more agreeable


Triumph over Old Age.

195 power to the feelings of all mankind. What is it they mean ?-..panegyricks It constitutes so great a part of our upon the fair...complimentary, ad. happiness, that it enters into almost dresses to particular females ? indeed, every pursuit in some form or other. gentlemen, that muft be left for the Hence it is sought with the greatest ar. ladies the nselves, they know their dour, and when obtained guarded own merits best---let them exhibit with inconceivable jealousy and fpi- them. rit. There is implanted in the bo- " for the eye of Man too refin'd! roms of all, a mori rolicitous fondness By the bye, gentlemen, how is ti ?--' of superiority while a consciousness of one month enigmas --the next some the reverse gives the poffeffor sensati- one starts up and puffs against them:, ons of the keeneft distress. This tem- they fall--hum..oo enigmas ?. Janu.. per and difpofition is the source of en. ary again; ftuff'd--a little wit I acvy and ambition. The former ever knowledge in one, “a park for rabattempts to effe&t a fuperiority by de. bits"..but the rest ---- February, a. grading others, the latter by rising gain, the belom of destruction with above them. Men, in their political its horrendous sweep hxes them IN A relations, are men ftill with all their CORNER --" shey can't be found.” infirmities about them. Hence in ci- In this paper the ladies shall be in. vil society, where different degrees troduced upon the BACK GROUNDof power principally constitute the I am an old fellow, perhaps an old different ranks and degrees of superi- batchelor--not an old maid I assure ority, we find some anxiously hent on you,..some small degree of sprightli. reducing all to a level, others on creat- ness remaining--a most violent affeca ing diftin&ions,and grasping the high- tion I have for life- not improper I en la a monarchy tnele paffions, if not conceive- .we ought to prize most duly humoured, gratified and divert- highly the gists of our benevolent ed, originale rebellions : In a demo. Creator. Engaged in the pursuit of cracy, if not regulated by political wil. proper means to prolong life. I fumdom, and tempered by virtue, they bled upon a treatise entitled, " The break forth into fadion, party spirit Sages Triumph over old age;" whereand diseation. To gratify their per. in is revealed inis great secret of fooal views, the laws are trampled lengthening the term of our existence on, and the conftitutiou (ported with.. to almost any period of time it caught A tyranny of the people succeeds, my attention... 'Tis contained in this which is generally concluded in that inscription found upon an. antique of a gogle person, if not in an absolute pillar. dissolution of the government by Æsculapio et Sanitati foreign force. In times of popular Lucius Clodius Hermippus diftentions and the rage of faction, a Qui vixit annos CXV Dies V. public Aation is a pod of danger to a Puellarum Anhelitu man of virtve Heace the leaders of

Quod etiam poft mortem the people in conjunctures like these,

Ejus are generally some ambitious spirits, Non parum admirantur Phyfici who regardless of their country's wel- Jam pofteri sic Vitam ducité. fare, with the vox populi vox Dei Any of your gay young fellows will in their mouths drive their fellow citi-, traplate it; and if ihey cannot, they zens to deftruétiop, and, like Cæsar, may carry it to their school mafter, rise on their ruin, and prepare the who will certainly have so much reway for a Nero, a Caligula and a Do- gard for them as after seven years mitian.

attendance upon him, to give them an elegant construction of it.

I confider this inscription as one of To the Editors of the Boston Magazine

the molt important reliques of antiGentlemen,

quity : The mode there prescribed, cry

of efficacy, I Ina the Ladies---fome wit...delicacy intentions into effe&, I have begun of Sentimeat ease of expression...

AT THIS AGE to visit the young and


You Por elke ladie..omething determined to pursue to carry my

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