Page images


[ocr errors]

Ejay on Flallery. 'After all there important exercises to your friend, who he is sure will and trials, and after again taking tell you again. A young beginner in oaths by wholesale, and paying the this mystery, will take care how he teps, 15e acedein:c is honoured witin tells you of your flips ; but a praditi2 Mifer's degree, and flues out into oner of greater experience throws you the world with ins undeola!le pail.

out hali a dozen blunders of his own, port to carry him through it with to keep you in countenance. Credi.

In order to be a thorongh proficient in this polite science, we should have a good insight to human nature in ge

neral, and a knowledge of the perEjay on Flattery.

son's mind in particular, whom we in: Modo fit obfequens, hujaris, comis, tend to Airler. This is necessary, be

como in unis, concordis, duin id qoud Cause we may other wile commend a perit. potitur.

person for that which he has no ambiEx aure ejus ftaligmiumn domi habeo. tion to excel in, or perhaps may der

Caecil. Frag. pise and ridicule. Besides, a perfect TICES for the generality, are understanding of a man's powers and

inclinations, will make the flatterer to others, than by the criminals them- blanchism, in a way that shall only felves; as ftanders by caa frequently wear the face ci ftridt impartiality and detect a plot, which escapes those who jurice. Hirry Smooth is a pattern in are employed in the heat of the game. idis particular. I was a few days ago But although thirrule will hold good with him to visit a gentleman, whose with respect to most other lauls, yet chief pride is to excel in the polite there is one particular crime which tongues. When Harry with a voluthe guilty are more coolerous to than bility address'd himself to the gentle#xen the person wronged ; and that is flattery. This is a vice of ro subtle mankind does, that you are a perfect

man, Sir, says he, allowing what all and iatreaguing a nature, that it may master of the Latin, che Greek, the dance in a man's head, and play upon French and the Italick languages, yet his tongue, and yet conceal itielt from I could not forbear contradiding Mr. the whole world besides. It may roll Poliin, when he to’ther day affirmed, in the eyes of a coquet, or glide

you was very Auent in the Wild-Irish. through i he eloquence of a beau, and This account of Mr. Smooth, is cera, yet neither of the designing hypocrites. jaioly very useful and necessary in a be leafble of the artifice of one ano. fatierer ; for what signifies complither. I have seen it (pread a deep nienting him with ikill in poetry, who attention upon the face of a depen (eeks tiie name of mathematician? daot, when his patron has been rell- Methinks there is no vice which ar ing a fory; and smile on the lips of one view shows meanness, danger a debtor, as often as the creditor has and injustice, in a greater degree than beea pleased to jeft. Nay, I have Battery. Nothing appears more balo Dot been without my fears, Icall it and abjed, than to see a cringing pamight possibly, one time or other, rasite, ever on the watch, to alleat to, leize the peos of rome of my brother and applaud all that his patron says authors, and dedicate to an honest or acts. How little does the wretch well-meaning gentleman, an odd qua.

look, even in the eyes of the very lification or too, which he mght be

person to whom he endeavours to reBatirely innocent of.

commend himself? What rnuft a man The arts of Battery are very va

of sense think of such a fawning crearious, and of a more or less delicate

ture? For my own part, if I must be nature, aà they are managed by men

flattered, I had much rather it should of weaker or fronger capacités. A be done with spirit and resolutio!', coxcomb will give you to your face, a

than in such a dull groveling manloug detail of your envied accomplishmen:s; while one of a more polished

But take the flatterer at his beit pro wili only speak the same things and mor artful managements, yet,



eveil none.

even theo, he a&s beneath the digni.. indifferently ferve for dedicators, and
ty of a rational creature, while he and or her branches of the plain deat-
subunits to such a low dependance and ing world;
flavery. Add to this, that he is in For sure this truth to poets Mould
Ferpetual danger of being detected in

be knowo,
his despicable tricks, and becoming an That praising all alike is praising
ubiversal hiss and odium. In short,
I advise all my readers to fpeak fin- I must freely acknowledge that it
cerely, till they are demonftratively seems to me but a piece of equity, to
allured that their fraud will never be give the true characters of persons

when we are obliged to speak about If Battery be mean and dangerous them. · And if so, as it is a fault to in the futieres, tis no less lo in him Aatter persons to their faces, so it is who allows it. A desire after repu- wrong to give thein too good a cha. tation built on a meaner bafis than rader when they are absent. I kao merit, betrays a narrow soul, and ren- fome for whom I have the highest raders the person ridiculous. I cannot lue, who leem fond of the chara&er, See wbat advantage it will be of io me, of being never heard to speak a harh to be commended for actions which I word of an absent person : But, with never performed, and admired for all due fubmission to their better judg. talents I was never the owner of. Per. ments, I could aever see the beauty haps those gentlemen who are so cele and propriety of such over officious brated as the writers of these my circumspection. I think it would be elabora!e speculations, would be al. much more for the good of mankind, together as great genius's, if it were if we allowed ourselves fometimes to more generally known that they have speak freely of one another, provided no manner of hand in them.

that we always keep within the limits However, the meanness of him who of truth and prudence. By this means courts Autery, is not gieater than the men would have stronger excitations danger ne rups by allowiog those false and motions to square their actions applauses. bt tends to swell up his by the rules of decency, than they mind with pride and arrogance, which have, when they are conscious that will render him insupportable in this let them do what they will, people world, and ruin him in the next. The will never dare to condemn them maw who hearsevery mouth filled with left they should be guilty of (can his worth and excellencies, learns to dal. deify himself,to (purn his fellow.crea- Though fattery be vile and dete rures, and rival his Maker.

tanle, yet most certainly, the amiat The injustice of Patiety appears Arokes in the chara&er of a man from many confiderations, of which worth ought to be observed and Imali ou y mention one or two. It ken of. Pame and reputation are is onjup to the man himself, as it puts undoubted tribute of desert, lumn out of a capacity ever to be ap- orght to be paid by every one proved when he dererves well. If he has any sense of honour and gen is complimented with Excelencies fity. It is from this principle, when he thows node, what can they have always acknowledged ray more of him when he really dif- wherever I have discovered it covers them? If the words, a fine gen. have I been backward, while I tleman, a compleat Scholar, together conscienciously adhered to what with generosity, candor, penetration persuaded to be ftri& truth, to and impartiality, Aand for norbing such things to the perfon hi liow thill we cloath the ideas we have which I have always asserted for then, when we have really oc largely and emphatieally to oth cafion to express them.

do not look upon- it as Aattery By thus admiring every one equal. Sometimes give a gentleman or ty, wa Mhall not be true to any. What widerftand, what I fincerely is a diseilie: to pacis, may, perhaps in their favour, I know the

Remarks on Sir C. Grandifon.

185 In generally averle to this, and would landing, and his heart. An inferior keep the secret of 'a 'man's fame as genius could not wriie with so much much as may be from his own cars ; purity and elegance. And a bad but as I have always thought reputa mind could not design such an accomtion to be the revenue of merit,' ro ! plished character as Sir Charles Grancould never value myself upon a good dison. name while I did not know whether Impreffions of a virtuous kind I I had one. The conamom, plea against early received from this excellent this practice, of telling a man what performance. It taught me the meanothers say in his praise, is, that it is ness of vice ; and the emptiness of apr to ftir up and quicken the seeds thore pleasures to which young perof pride in his mind, and spirits him fons are generally devoted.

It in to del pise and contemo his fellow crea. spired me with the utmoft contempt tores. But this may receive a very of the mere coxcomb, and the mere easy answer. The man to whom you rake. I had formed frange and can say moft in this respect, is gene- frightful ideas of religion : But this rally the least apt to be hurt by it ; undeceived me. To my surprise I and in proportion as you can fairly found, that a man might be virtuous, applaud him, he has wisdom to bear without being auftere ; and that he.. it without damage. Nay, it not on. might in some measure conform to ly, in a negative sense, is not perni- the fashions of this world, without cious, but often of great service, to being enslaved by the follies of it. In animate and encourage a fine modeft short, it convinced me, that softened genius, which would otherwise fleep by politeness, and divested of superftiin retirement and obscurity.

tion, virtue had charms to make an HONESTUS. universal conqueft.

But " Richardson has drawn a fine

portrait, where can he find the oriTo the Printers of the BOSTON Ma- ginal ?” This is a common obje&ion

to the work before us. I have often

heard it urged by gentlemen who neRemarks on Sir C. Grandifon. ver examined it ; and by ladies, who & And sense and nature GRANDI

wanted patience to encounter a num-SON deGre.”

ber of volumes. But, I conceive, wo

need not go out of the world to find a Gentlemen,

Sir Charles Grandison. In every exEVENING CONTEMPLATION, accomplished human character. Is it which appeared among the poetical impossible a man frould possess an amessays of your last Magazine. It ple fortune and a good mind' ? Are a abovads with wit and humour; it fine person and good sense incompaticontains many just sentiments; and ble ? Is it a contradi&ion to suppose as a compofition is not deftitute of me- a series of juft, generous and noble rit. The author, I am convinced, a&ions performed by a man of underwas a man of sprightly parts. Me ftanding, under the influence of relipofseffed other taleots besides those of gion, enlightened by science, and acå mere PARODIST, or it is inconcei- quainted with the world? Strip this vable, he Mould imitate with so much celebrated charader of his very great slegance and ease.

fortone, and I know persons, who Bat the line, which particularly en. poffefs all his accomplishments ; and gaged my attention, was that which are adorned with all big virtues. selles such honour upon the cele. But admitting the author in this inbrated RICHARDSON. He was an ex- fance has not copied nature ; that a cellent preacher of morality. His superior being sat for the pi&ure of GRANDISON will always be admired Sir Charles Grandison : Still this does by those who possess good sense ; or not reflect upon his judgment, nor have any juft ideas of the dignity of defeat the object he had in view. His buman nature. As a performance, motive for undertaking this work, ist dets equal honour to his ander. wat worthy of a chrikian. I was to




impress mankind with the charms of serves, " that the same principle aevirtue, and to convince them that the “ counts for the remarkable fertilityin path of duty was the paths of honour, “ ground after repeated frofts ; proand real happiness.

To effe&t this, « vided they are not continued too bis good fenre told him, nothing “ late in the spring. A division of the would have a readier tendency than "particles of the earth is necessary to give life to a system of morality. " that the roots of the plants may " He raw (lays a modern writer) that " seek iheir way through the soil, man was composed of passions and “ and may spread round to a sufficiu imagination, as well as understand. "ent extent, to colled their nourish., “ing. And farther, that example

16 ment." " was the great point which formed It seems to be the intention of your “ the young. These were his general correspondent to establish an idea, that “ principles; and upon these princi- the fertility of the ground depends “ ples ne reasoned thus.

A young

on a separation of its particles, and “s person coming into the world withes that the plant Hourishes in proportion "to be perfed. But how fall he to the ease, with which its roots find " learn? The world is a bad school; their way through the soil. " and precept will not engage his at. Being persuaded, that he was in

tention. An example would sorin Auenced to offer his sentiments to the !! him ; but where is it to be found ?

public, from the best of motives, "None exifts. I will then create one ine cause of truth, I Aatter myself “ for him. I will let before him a

that he will not be displeased with the “ model of perfcation. The more he

following observations, which I am "imitaies it, the more per ledt he will sure flow from the same good intenti“be; the more perfect he is, the hap

ons, though in some degree they may pier he will be.This reasoning seem to militate with his own opiniSurely, cannot be condemned by those who exhort us to imitate the divine Although a search into the princiauthor of our religion ; and to be ples of vegetation is among the most perfect as our Creator is perfect. interesting and plearing enquiries, Convinced thereçore, of its great

which have happily fallen to our lot ; efficacy in forming the beart of a

yet from their intricacy, the queftion young peison, I cannot but recommend

remains involved in obscurity, and it the frequent and serious contempla

is quite uncertain, at this day, whether tion of this character, and thank the

the plant is fed solely, either from the author of the parody for his encomium upon it. Thus employed, a youth both.

ear:h or atmosphere, or jointly from will have the best fecurity for bis mo.

Your correspondent fuppofes, that rals. He will dare to be virtuous at the plant is fed from the former, for a reason of life, when others are de

he tells us, that the frofts cause a divoted to forbidden pleatures. The vision of the particles of the earth, empty coxcomb, and the professed that the roots of the plants thereby libertine will excite his contempt. And Moo: around, with ease. fufficient to he will obtain universal applause by colleet their nourishment. That the nobly aspiribg to deserve it.

frofts do pulverize the earth, and that T. P.

the roots afterwards thout with more eare, none I suppose will deoy. Bot

it may be questioned whether this muy To the Printers vi the Boston MA

tation of the earth,merely as it affords GAZINE.

an easy progress to the roots, adds YOUR correspondent A. A. has much to the luxurient growth of the

given us some very useful ofer- plant, or we fiud it true by every vations on the effets of f1a zivig of day's experience, that roils ihe most water, which when congealed and has open and the most eally perforated become ice, occupies more space than are not the most fertile. belore; hence he jully observes, our A judicious farmer will plow hia vessels are burfed, our pavements clayey and stubborn ground in the become loose, &c. He farther obe fall of the year, that its tenacity may


[ocr errors]

On Agriculture. :

187 be fubdued by the frosts, during the certain qualities necessary to vegitasucceeding winter. This will not only tion, upon which the plant may conmake it easy of culture, but it will stantly feed. If from the atmosphere prepare it to receive, and unable it to those same particles in the manure retain the dews and rains, with which serve to attract like particles floating updoubredly, fall a large proportion in the air, upon the principle that fiof those qualities necessary to vegeta- milar bodies attract each other, and tion. Were not the particles thus in their way to the earth, fall upon separated, the rains, which fall upon and being drunk in by the plant serve the earth, would not penetrate with

to nourish it. the same eale, or in the some propor- If the observation be just that there tion, but the greatest part would run are those attractive qualities in differof and sweep away with them that ent kinds of manure, we see the advan. food for the plant which always falls tages which are reaped therefrom by with the dews and rains.

the attentive and industrious bolbandTo plow open and sandy lands in

man, more than are enjoyed by the the fall of the year, would be as inju.

inattentive and indolent,

Much depends on the time when dicuous as to leave the clayey and

our lands are manured. If in the Aubborn ones unplowed; for a coat of spring, unless it may be very early, grass on such lands is highly to be valued, not only for its attra&tive qual

the manure Thould be plowed in,other ities, but because a body of grass with

wise it will be exposed to the heat of

the sun, which will cause an evapo. its roots serve to retain the rains and

ration of the dampness in the maoure, dews, while the soil of itself without

and exhaust it of many of its vegetathis covering, would be too open, and like a sieve, let everything

ting qualities. through

Althouga fewer evils will be expe.

rienced by covering the manure in the Clayey soils Mould be intermixed spring, than will be suffered by its with those of this kind, for thereby remaining on the surface, yet I am they will become more compaat, and fully of opinion, tha: it cannot be will, in tim., contra&t a degree of te- ured with equal advantage in the Dacity sufficient duly, to reclaim the spring as in the fall, and that it ought waters, which fall upon them. The to be spread on our land, the latter undue cohesion of clayey and ftub. end of October, however they are born foils may, with the fame ease, to be improved the next year ; at this be reduced by intermixing sand with season the sun will have but little ef. them. An attention to these things feet upon the manure, the attrading hould be among the just cares of the quality will be great through the winhusbandman. He may affea, in a ter, and the ground, by the spring, degree, this desirable obje&t, by high. be greatly impregnated with nutriJy manuring his lands, in regard is tive particles. had to the different kinds of manure, While I am considering the advanThose which are heavy, such as tages which result from frosts, I may parl, wood ashes, before and after not omit to mention that our grain is the lees are drawn off, &c. must be often injured thereby. Hard frofts laid upon open and sandy lands, while continuing for a considerable time minures of a different and lighter without rain, prove very injurious to kind, mould be reserved for his heavy our graia, on dry sandy open soils, soils. A pra&tice of this kind will which very soon loose the little cogreatly avail him, and inattention hefion, they acquire by frequent thereto will as certainly deprive him rains, this being deftreyed, they are not only of the benefits of his manure, blown off by hard gales of wind, and but in some cases will really injure the roots being left bare, the grain his (oil.

foon withers and dies. Manoring our lands is indispenfible Frosts of this kind do not injure the whether the plant is fed from the grain on our clayey and ftobborn foils. eartb or atmosphere. If from the in such lands it is only injured when tartin, we adu thereto in our madures the frost-rakes immediately after hea


« PreviousContinue »