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tiply, which would have been urné ver, hath been so frequently mifted. cessary, if they had before exifted with From the bank of that river, at a the powers of propagation, while the place called Hockanum, near the bot earth was covered with water. tom of Holyoke mountains, the door

The appearances at York-Town, post of an house, with the iron hinges and Nanialket, and at other places remaining on it, was lately washed out near the sea, more especially where where it had.long been buried a conthe earth is loose and landy, may be 'siderable depth. ' In Modena, a city accounted for, from those mutations in Italy, at fourteen feet below the which have frequently, though per

furface are found the rubbish of an anhaps very gradually, taken place on cient city, paved streets, &c. Below the globe. The process of them in this they find solid earth, and then countries inhabited, have been made black mud, briars, &c. Signoir Ratoo lowly, to have caught atten- mazzina, who gives this account, says tion in a manner, fufficient to produce that he desceoded a well twenty-four an accurate account of them in hiftory. feet deep, and there saw wheat entire. The changes in this country took Yet there is no account in hiftory place, many of them. before Euro- when this city was deftroyed, or that peans visited these regions. It is ruch an one ever exifted. Some anciconje&ured, and with great probability, ent charters in England, mention, a that the fat country in New Jersey, certain wood once Aanding, one mile between the highlands and the sea, from the sea, which is now as far was once a part of the extent of the within it. In the reign of Heory the ocean. But we have never heard of first of England, a great part of

any marine rolls being found there in Flanders was overthrown, from Anking wells, or in any other way. which the sea has never 'yet receded. The city of Ravena, in Italy, once A great number of the sufferers Aed stood on the sea thore, but is now to England, and settled about Carfar diftant from it. The earth at the lifle and South Wales. This conmouth of great rivers, and at the feet

tention between the land and water, of great mountains, is constantly en- hath always exifted, sometimes the creased with the mud,and filt, brought one prevails, and sometimes the other. down, by the current and the rains. But trees, and other heady bodies, By then, the mouths and channels frequently sink and gather dirt, fo as of rivers in Hat fandy places, are to lay entire beneath the furface of often lifted in the Philo. Trans.Num. the earth, for a long time : Such are 277 se, 1256, as cited by Doctor those found deep in fens, and morafles; John Ray, one of the fellows, there there are found in Burmingham, large is an account of several old boats, be- fir trees under ground, with the iming dug up at twenty or thirty yards prefies of the ax plain upon them: distance from where the river Wel. "De la Prime says, it can be sufficient. Jand, in Great Britain now is, also the Ty proved, that they were cut dowr head of a tunel used in former times by the Romans, to dislodge the Rri. to einpty the laod water, through the tons from their faftnesses.

Many Lank into the river. And the Jettys, mutations have been made by earthused to secure the bank, are found 'quakes. The one accompanied with ftanding in their order, under ground. the most extenfive deftruation now On the other side of the river have known of, is that mentioned by Athabeeo dug up old can vaits, cattle's Dalius Rircher the Jesuit, which haphorps,&. But no hiftorian or even pened in Calabria, in the year 1638, tradition, gives an account of this mu. where the cities for the space of two

At Harfeld, in this flate, hundred miles were overthrowo and there is a tree now diftant three rods ruined. Kagura, Smyrna, aed Kingfrom the river, to which, within the 'fton in Jamaica, have been supk with memory of perfous lately living, the in a century paft. ferry boars used to he died. It is Many other inftances of the mutaprobable from the


tions which have taken place, might in the jatervale laud at Northamp. be produced ; but I thall ously add ton, tiat the beds of Connedicui ri. "here, that if there lokaceous rabitan.




Anecdote of M. Wbifon.

109 con fotad in the dat countries, near to be found in that forn within the the sea, were ever che habitations regions of the ocean. of fell filh: Their present bed was There are found on some of the at sometime or other, a part of the highest mountains, in Genoa, and on bed, or the bank of the sea ; for no the Alps, and Appenine hills, subaccident or human force, could have Aances which have the appearance of deposited them there in the manner petrified Mells. If there are marine in which they are now feen. But I productions, the sea hath at sometime consider the fact of their having once or other overflowed the earth, for so beco the crufts of animals, to be far long a space of time, as to admit the from being proved; if they were found mell fish to bed,and propagate on those no where but in the flat countries, I mountaios ; for the mells lay in beds could suppose the conjecture pro- several feet thick. This could not babie.

have been done by Noah's food, for It is a maxim that nature makes that was on the earth but a few days,

more than ten months. There was nothing to be useless ; and perhaps it is ftrialy true : But does it follow,

another flood at Attica, in the days that because we do not discern the of Ogyges, five hundred and forty ose of all we see, that there is no use years after that of Noah, but it was for it? Was this true, we should deem topical, agd of consequence did not a great part of the animal creation, as

a rise to a great height, two hunwell as lome part of the vegetable, to

dred and forty years after there be merely the sport of nature.

another food in Thessaly,

which was celebrated by Ovid; and Doctor Edward Lhwyd, in a letter called Ducalians Abod. But neither to a member of the Royal Society, in of these could be high enough, or reft the year 1692, says that these marine long enough on the particular places forfils, in the form of thells, are found

where they happened, to produce in folid marble on the face of broken the effe&ts abovementioned. I am re. Sea cliffs; and from the tops below ther of cpinion, that those foffils were the surface of the sea, and they are made for some wise purposes, in the not only in the face of the rocks, but places where they are found, and were throughout the whole mass, perhaps never the shell of living filh. in the same manner as we find the pebbles-contained in the large rocks a tie vicinity of Bofton says the The following Anecdote, relating same gentleman, rome foffil fhells, are of fpar. or chryftal, in the same form to Mr. WHISTON, is an inas those found on the sea shore. The 'rocksiu whales are almoft wholly com

stance of primitive plainnefs posed of these vertebrae, or broken of Speech, and integrity of pieces of the radii of sea stars, which

beart, seldom found in Courts. are called by some fairy ftones: ja places far from the sea thore, have HISTON was a penfioner to been found an impreffion on incumhant stones, similar to the form of one times admitted him to the honour of fide of a fith. Do&or Lifter says that her conversation, and paid the pension these marine subftances, have been with her own hands. One day, the found in men and other animals. Doc. faid to him, Mr. Whifton, I undertor Lhwyd has found the form of sand you are a free speaker, and hoJeaves of plants in a cole pit, which be neftly' tell people of their faults ; no believes to have been produced there, one is without faults, and I wish you otherwise the branches would have would tell me of mine ; and the pressbeen discovered near them. Incredi- ed him to do so. He was fill upon ble numbers of those exotic shells, the reserve, and the pressed him the have been found, when the feas of more. Well, said he, since your Ma. those countries where they were dis- jefty infifts upon it, I must obey you. covered, produced no filh any ways There are abundance of people who imilar to them, apr were there any come out of the country every spring


to London, and they all naturally de- fan&tion and encouragement of men fire to see the King and Queen, and the moft eminent for their wisdom and bave not any opportunity of seeing virtue: and it is much to be feared, your majesties so convenieatly as at that those, whose imaginations are the chapel-royal; but these country. not enlivened by the charms of Poetry, folks, who are not used to such things, muft either have their affe&ions dewhen they see your Majesty talking praved, or be gaturally infenfible with the King, almost all the time of of the exquifite pleasure resulting from divine service, are perfectly astonith

the proper exercise of them. ed, aod depart with Atrange impreffi.

TOMKINS. ons into their respective countries, and make their reports there (let me tell you) not at ali to your Majesty's

Enigmatical List of young Lahonour. I am sorry for it, answered

dies in Boston. Elle Queen ; I believe there may be

1. THE seat of thought. 100 much truth in what you lay : 2. A border. But pray, Mr. Whiston, tell me of

3 A park for rabbits. another fault. No, madam, said he,

4. A bundle of wheat. let me see you mend of this, before I.

3. White and black. tell you of another.

6. The largest room in a houle. Oo POETRY.

7. A small horse for ladics.

8. Silent, and the lord of earth. OETRY may be said to claim our

9. A fruit, and a fathionable French firft attention, as it was originally word. intended to express our gratitude to

10. A polishing ore. the Deity, and teach mankind the

11. One of the softeft colours, and most important piecepte of religion and virtue : by which the human soul

part of a tree. is not only exalted and refibed, but

12. A magnificent edifice.

STREPHON. The beart is fortified againf all the various assaults of human calamities and by which we are taught to confider happiness as entirely depending on An Enigmatical List of wearthe reflections of our own minds. We Thall be sufficiently convinced of

ing Apparel. these truths, if we only consider the

1. Part of the body; half a comparticular eod and design of the leve- mon coarse cloth, and the head of a tal pecies of poetry.

tribe. The EPIC POEM was intended to

2. Two thirds of a domestic aniconvey inftru&tions disguised under mal ; two fifths of a favourite liquor, the allegoryof an important and heroic and part of the face. aiction. The Ode to celebrate the

3. A feet animal, a numerical letaction of great men, in order to excite

ter, and half a name of a patriarch. a general imitation in others. TRA

4. Useful servants in inns. GEDY to inspire us with a derelta- 5. Three quarters of a written in. tion of guilt, by painting the fatal Arument, and what fishermen use. consequences that follow it; and with 6. Plunder, changing the last letter. a veneration for virtue, by repre. 7. Part of a bird, changing the first fepting the reward and just praises

letter. that attendit, COMEDY and SATIRE,

8 Not to fand Aill, a consonant, to correct whilft they divert us and and half a negative. wage implacable war with vice and 9. A term common to a useful fer folly. ELEGY, to weep over the of men in capital towns. tombs of such as deserve to be lamented ; and PASTORAL, to sing the inno.

N. B. Wants better regulating in cence of pleasures of rural life.


CELIA. To promote such defirable ends, the Audy of poetry has ever met with the


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Poetical Effays, &c, for January, 1784.

HAIL divine

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Ode for the New Year,

The father, friend, of human kind,
Jaouary it, 1784.

By the Almighty fire design'd;

To lend Columbia filial aid, Alme Sol, curiu nitido diem qui Amidst embattled havocks field, Promis et celas, aliosque'et idem

To lead her safe thro'sav'rys Made, Nalceris ; posiis nihil AMERICA

The warrior, patriot, saviour, Mield. visere Majas. Hor. Car. Sec.

Nor can the hard forget the brave, TAIL sacred truth ! firft power Reclind on honours blooming grave, divine,

Who ftill ex ift in ev'ry breaft,
Sure guide thros times dark maze, By freedoms feelings e're pofseft.
I kneel at thy immortal shrine,
And candour guard these lays. For eight long years of dubious Arife,

The free born sout, contemaing life, Ye Dations round attend the Atrain, His heard the trumpets hoarse alarms, The raptur'd muse triomphant fings Or wak'd to combats din of arms; AMERICA's Imperial reign,

But now fell wars, terrifick forin, Enthron'd above the frowns, above Is chang'd for concord's softer air, the smiles of kings.

The world is friendship's favorite care ;

No longer foes on hoftile ground,
For why have Albion's martial bands, Bid desolation, burn around,
Urg'd daughter on with crimson'd Or wing the battles deathful form.

Or bid their thunders awful roar, See white rob'd peace, from heaven
Attempt to shake Columbia's fhore ;

descends • How weak their arms, how, vain their In loves celestial garb array'd ; schemes,

The powʻrs of war unite as friends, Like playful fancy's idle dreams ; And sheathe the faulchion's reeking Whild this was wrote in heaven's

blade. bright page,

Arts, commerce, wealth, adorn ber Repel their hofts, oppose their rage, train, Ye lons aroure, and watch your fa- Content and plenty lead each hour, thers clay.

Learning asserts her ancient reiga, Nor barely give the hallow'd duft a- And HARVARD hails the gracious way.


Whilf science decko in robes of tight Bold as the chieftain laurel crown'd, Burlts from the veil of horror's night

See the rude peasant, pant for fame, Calls FRANKLIN forth, to him resigns He hurls his country's vengeance round,

And yields the scepter once ador'd her And deals Bellona's hottest Aame, Sach were the troops by WARREN led, When glory hov'rng o'er his head, But happiest, brighteft, beft presage, The hero rapt, in freedom's radiant Of empire lafting age to age, car,

L Freedom's godlike troops repair, Where joining Gods, he pour'd vin- From fanguin'd plains, to private di&ive war.


A Civic crown enwreaths their heads, Swell ev'ry note, burnt peals of praise, Nor creft plum'd' via’ry blazes Great WASHINGTON demands

there. the lays


the throne


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Whilft other kingdoms pass away,

By fatal luxury's bancful sway ; CORIN, cease the idle tealing;
or ank ia foul corruptions tide, Love that's forc'd is harm and
Ovirwhelm'd by grandeurs haughty


If the lover be displeafing, Columbia's CONGRE85 form'd in vir.

To perfift disgusts the more. , tues cause,

CORIN. Guard equal rights, by Majefty of 'Tis in vain, in vain to fly me, laws.

SYLVIA, I will fill pursue ;

Twenty thousand times deny me,
Hear then the truths, their high decree I will kneel, and weep anew.
Imparts to every state

The voice of heaven, of liberty, CUPID ne'er thall make me languish,
To form the good and great.

I was born averse to love ;

Lover's fighs, and tears, and anguish,
Rear'd at Jehovah's dread command, Mirth and paftime to me prove.
The scourge of Britain's guilty land,

Avoid the crimes her annals Thow, Still I vow with patient duty
Be virtue, freedom's fame below. Tous to meet your proudest scorn ;

You for unrelenting beauty,
Absorp the views of partial good I for conftant love was born.
In energetick, social love,

But the fates had not consented, No hoftile flep shall dare intrude,

Since they both did fickle proves Or pluck the olive from the dovs,

Of her scorn the maid repented,

And the shepherd...of his love.
This be your chiefef heart-felt joy
To comfort, succour human kind,

For the Boston MAGAZINE.
Your nerves, your frength, for this

WEST and COPLEY -- two And loose the wretch whom setters.

of the most celebrated painters bind. So Mall you rise to empires nobleh in England, having been born height,

and educated in America, the Whilft other nations rush with sudden flight,

following lines, extraited from To ruin'd grandeurs filent gloom ; HAILEY, on painting may Rock rooted deep, the queen of worlds remain

be agreeable to some of your Till God's lat fiat breaks th' eter. readers--the poetry cannot nal chain

but please, and the truth of And all creation sleeps in nature's tomb.

the charaEters is well known.

UPREMELY skill'd the varied A SONG.

group to SYLVIA.

And range the crouded scene with ta EAVE me, simple thepherd leave sy grace ;

To finih parts, yet not impair th Drag no more a hopeless chain:

whole, I cannot like, nor would deceive

But on th'impaffion'd action fix t thee ;

foul ; Love the maid that loves again. Thro wandering throngs the patr

CORIN. Tho' more gentle nymphs surround The shame of CARTHAGE, as

Rome the pride ; Kindly pitying what I feel,

Or, while the bleeding vi&tor yie Only you have power to wound me;

his breath, SYLVIA, only you can heal. Give the bright lesson of her




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