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CONTENTS

Page

FOREWORD

EXPLANATORY NOTE

ABBREVIATIONS

K. LAW OF THE SEA AND SELECTED MARITIME LEGISLATION

1. Law of the Sea

2. Marine Pollution

3. Tuna Conventions

4. North Pacific Anadromous Stocks Convention Act of 1992 (Public Law

102–587) (partial text)

5. North Pacific Anadromous Stocks Act of 1992 (Public Law 102–567) (par.

tial text)

6. High Seas Driftnet Fisheries Enforcement Act (Public Law 102–582) (par.

tial text)

7. International Dolphin Conservation Act 1992 (Public Law 102–523) (par-

tial text)

8. Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990

(Public Law 101-646) (partial text)

9. Dolphin Protection Consumer Information Act (Public Law 101-627) (par.

tial text)

10. Negotiation of International Agreements for the Conservation of Sea Tur-

tles (Public Law 101-162) (partial text)

11. Driftnet Impact Monitoring, Assessment, and Control (Title IV of Public

Law 100-220)

12. Wildlife Sanctuary for Humpback Whales (Public Law 99-630)

13. RMS Titanic Maritime Memorial Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-513)

14. Pacific Salmon Treaty Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-5)

15. Antarctic Marine Living Resources Convention Act of 1984 (Title III

of Public Law 98-623)

16. Atlantic Salmon Convention Act of 1982 (Title III of Public Law 97-

389)

17. United States Fishery Export Promotion (Public Law 96-561) (partial

text)

18. Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Public Law 93–205) (par-

tial text)

19. Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, as amended (Public Law 92–

522) (partial text)

20. Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967, as amended (Public Law 83-680)

21. Whaling Convention Act of 1949 (Public Law 81-676)

L. ENERGY, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND ENVIRONMENT

1. Atomic Energy and Related Materials

2. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978 and Related Materials

3. Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486) (partial text)

4. Energy Emergency Preparedness Act of 1982 (Public Law 97–229)

5. Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94–163) (partial text)

6. Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act (Public Law 96-487)

(partial text)

7. Negotiations With Canada Concerning the Alaska Pipeline (Public Law

93–153) (partial text)

8. Environment and Natural Resources

M. AVIATION, SPACE, AND INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CO.

OPERATION

229

1006

1007

1009

(partial text)

10. Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (House Rule XLVIII) (partial

text)

11. David L. Boren National Security Education Act of 1991 (Public Law

102–183) (partial text)

12. Creation of a House Select Committee to Investigate the Problem of

United States Servicemen Missing in Action in Southeast Asia (H. Res.

335, 94th Congress)

13. Creation of a Senate Select Committee on POWMIA Affairs (S. Res.

82, 102d Congress)

14. Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended (Public Law 95-452)

15. Assignment of National Security and Emergency Preparedness Tele-

communications Functions (Executive Order 12472)

16. National Security Emergency Preparedness Responsibilities (Executive

Order 12656) (partial text)

17. United States Government Opposition to the Practice of Torture (Public

Law 98-447)

18. Commission on the Ukraine Famine Act (Public Law 99–180) (partial

text)

19. Proclamations

APPENDICES

INDEX

1013

1022

1024

1027

1049

1058

1069

1071

1075

1089

1125

K. LAW OF THE SEA AND SELECTED

MARITIME LEGISLATION

CONTENTS

91

Page
1. Law of the Sea

3
a. Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976, as
amended (Public Law 94–265) (partial text)

3

b. Fishery, Conservation Amendments of 1990 (Public Law 101-627)

(partial text)

37

c. Fishery Conservation Zone Transition Act, as amended (Public Law

95-6) (partial text)

40

d. Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act (Public Law 96–283) 46

e. Establishment of Exclusive Economic Zone of the United States

(Proclamation 5030)

82

f. Establishment of Territorial Sea of the United States (Proclamation

5928)

84

g. Governing International Fishery Agreements

(1) Governing International Fisheries Agreement with Russian

Federation (Public Law 103–206) (partial text)

..... 85

(2) Governing International Fishery Agreement with Estonia

(Public Law 102–587) (partial text)

87

(3) Governing International Fishery Agreement with Japan

(Public Law 101-224) (partial text)

88

(4) Governing International Fishery Agreement with the Soviet

Union (Public Law 100-629) (partial text)

89

(5) Governing International Fishery Agreement with the Ger-

man Democratic Republic (Public Law 100–350)

(6) Governing International Fishery Agreement with Japan Con-

cerning Fisheries of the Coasts of the United States (Public

Law 100–220) (partial text)

92

(7) Governing International Fishery Agreement With South

Korea (Public Law 100_66) (partial text)

(8) Governing International Fishery Agreement with Iceland and

the European Economic Community (Title I of Public Law
98 623)

94

(9) Governing International Fishery Agreements with Japan and

Spain (Title IV of Public Law 97-389)

...... 95

(10) Governing International Fishery Agreement With Portugal

(Public Law 96-561) (partial text)

96

2. Marine Pollution

a. Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-380) (partial text)

97

b. Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships (Public Law 96-478)

99

c. Deepwater Port Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-627) (partial text) 113

d. Intervention on the High Seas Act (Public Law 93–248)

120

3. Tuna Conventions

125

a. Tuna Conventions Act of 1950, as amended (Public Law 81-764) 125

b. South Pacific Tuna Act of 1988 (Public Law 100_330)

132

c. Eastern Pacific Ocean Tuna Licensing Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-

445)

144

d. Atlantic Tunas Convention Act of 1975, Appropriation Authorization

(Public Law 96–339) (partial text)

149

e. Atlantic Tunas Convention Act of 1975, as amended (Public Law

94–70)

152

4. North Pacific Anadromous Stocks Convention Act of 1992 (Public Law

102–587) (partial text).

164

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Nore.Conventions and agreements referred to by Acts
in this section may be researched according to the conven-
tional citations to such materials or by consulting the com-
pilation Treaties and Other International Agreements on
Fisheries, Oceanographic Resources, and Wildlife Involving
the United States. U.S. Congress, Senate. Committee on
Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Prepared by the
Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress.
Washington, U.S. Govt. Printing Off., 1977 (95th Congress,
1st Session. Committee Print, October 1977).

Partial Text of Public Law 94–265 (H.R. 200), 90 Stat. 331, approved April

13, 1976; as amended by Public Law 956 (Fishery Conservation Zone

Transition Act; H.J. Res. 240), 91 Stat 14, approved February 1, 1977; Pub-

lic Law 95–364 (H.R. 10732), 92 Stat. 519, approved August 28, 1978; Public

Law 96_61 (S. 917), 93 Stat. 407, approved August 15, 1979; Public Law 96-

118 (H.R. 2035), 93 Stat. 859, approved November 16, 1979; Public Law 96-

470 (Congressional Reports Elimination Act of 1980; H.R. 6686), 94 Stat.

2237, approved October 19, 1980; Public Law 96-561 (American Fisheries

Promotion Act; S. 2163), 94 Stat. 3275, approved December 22, 1980; Pub-

lic Law 97-191 (S. 2535), 96 Stat. 107, approved June 1, 1982; Public Law

97-453 (H.R. 5002), 96 Stat. 2481, approved January 12, 1983; Public Law

98 623 (H.R. 6342), 98 Stat. 3394 at 3408, approved November 8, 1984; Pub-

lic Law 99-659 (S. 991); 100 Stat. 3607, approved November 14, 1986; Pub-

lic Law 100-239 (Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel Anti-Reflagging Act

of 1987; H.R. 2598); 101 Stat. 1778, approved January 11,

1988; Public Law

101-627 (Fishery Conservation Amendments of 1990; H.R. 2061), 104 Stat.

4436, approved November 28, 1990; Public Law 102-251 (Flower Garden

Banks National Marine Sanctuary; H.R. 3866), 106 Stat. 60, approved

March 9, 1992; Public Law 103–237 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act,

Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995; H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30,

1994; and by Public Law 103-437 (U.S. Code Technical Amendments; H.R.

4777), 108 Stat. 4581, approved November 2, 1994

AN ACT To provide for the conservation and management of the fisheries, and for

other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the

United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act,

with the following table of contents, may be cited as the “Magnuson

Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976”. 1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Sec. 2. Findings, purposes, and policy.

Sec. 3. Definitions.

TITLE I-UNITED STATES RIGHTS AND AUTHORITY REGARDING FISH AND

FISHERY RESOURCES

Sec. 101. United States sovereign rights to fish and fishery management authority.

Sec. 102. Highly migratory species.2

Sec. 103. Highly migratory species.
Sec. 104. Effective date.

TITLE II-FOREIGN FISHING AND INTERNATIONAL FISHERY AGREEMENTS

Sec. 201. Foreign fishing.

Sec. 202. International fishery agreements.

116 U.S.C. 1801 note. Sec. 238 of Public Law 96-561 changed the name of this Act from the

"Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976", effective Jan. 6, 1981. Sec. 238 further

stipulated that all references to the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 shall

be redesignated as references to the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act of

1976.

2 Effective January 1, 1992, pursuant to sec. 103(b) and (c) of the Fishery Conservation

Amendments of 1990 (Public Law 101-627; 104 Slat. 4439), the title for sec. 102 became “Highly

migratory species".

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