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order, but does not include non-work days established by administrative order, or days on which, by Executive order or administrative order, certain classes of employees are merely excused from work.

(k) The minimum charge for annual leave shall be 15 minutes, and additional leave shall be charged in like multiples. Annual leave granted for less than 1 day shall be charged in the ratio that the amount of annual leave granted bears to the number of work hours of the regular work day prevailing in the agency concerned. For the purposes of this paragraph, Saturdays and part holidays shall not be considered regular work days, except as may be required under paragraph (j).

(1) Annual leave shall not be granted with pay at the beginning of a calendar year immediately following a period of absence in a non-pay status in the preceding year unless and until there is a return to duty, at which time leave may be retroactively granted. Leavə without pay under any other circumstances may not later be converted into annual leave.

(m) Temporary employees shall be granted 212 days leave for each full month of service, and Sundays and holidays occurring within a period of annual leave shall be charged as annual leave. After the first month of service such leave may be credited at the beginning of the month in which it accrues.

(n) Temporary employees who subsequently receive permanent or probational appointments in the same department without break in service shall be entitled to 212 days annual leave for each full month of service to the date of permanent appointment and thereafter at the rate of 21% days per month.

(0) Nothing in the regulations in this part shall be construed to prevent the continuance of any leave differential existing prior to January 1, 1936, for the benefit of employees of the Federal Government stationed without the continental limits of the United States. However, any department may, if it so desires, apply the regulations in this part to employees stationed without the continental limits of the United States, subject to the continuance of such leave differential.

(p) The annual leave authorized by the regulations in this part shall, except as to temporary employees, be recorded and administered on a calendar-year basis.

(q). The heads or governing bodies of the various Government agencies to which this part applies shall be responsible for the proper administration of the regulations in this part in so far as they pertain to the granting of annual leave to employees under their respective jurisdictions; and they may, within the limits authorized by law, issue such regulations as are not inconsistent with the regulations in this part.**

54.3 Employees excepted. The regulations in this part shall not apply

(a) Teachers and librarians of the public schools of the District of Columbia.

(b) Officers and employees of the Panama Canal and Panama Railroad on the Isthmus of Panama.

**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 54.1.

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(c) Temporary employees engaged on construction work at hourly rates.

(d) The Postmaster General and officers and employees in or under the Post Office Department, except those serving in the departmental service and in the Mail Equipment Shops.

(e) Persons paid security or prevailing wages from funds allocated by the Works Progress Administration on State, municipal,

or other public but non-Federal projects, or on a Federal project: Provided, That annual leave shall be granted in accordance with the regulations in this part to employees in the central office of the Works Progress Administration in the District of Columbia and at district and local headquarters, and to other employees in administrative or clerical positions who receive other than security or prevailing wages, as prescribed in Executive orders.

(f) Employees not required to be continuously employed during regular tour of duty, such as: (1) per diem or per hour employees engaged in an emergency who may be employed for more than one 7- or 8-hour shift within 24 hours during the emergency; (2) parttime or intermittent employees; (3) persons engaged under contract; (4) employees engaged temporarily for less than a month on a piece-price basis; (5) employees who are paid at hourly rates but who are not engaged on construction work, such as mechanics, skilled laborers, and others engaged in various services on maintenance, repair, clean-up work, etc., where employment is more or less intermittent and not on a regular and continuous basis; and (6) employees paid on a fee basis, such as physicians, surgeons, and other consultants.*+

54.4 Ratification; revocation; effective date. (a) All tempotary regulations issued by the heads of the various departments and independent establishments under authority of Executive Order No. 7321 of March 21, 1936, are hereby ratified. All such temporary regulations and all other regulations relating to the granting of annual leave are hereby revoked in so far as they are inconsistent with the regulations in this part.

(b) This part shall be effective as of January 1, 1938, and shall, as of that date, supersede Executive Order No. 7409 of July 9, 1936,6 prescribing regulations relating to annual leave of certain Government employees.*+

PART 55-SICK LEAVE REGULATIONS

Sec.

Sec. 55.1 Definitions.

55.4 Ratification; revocation; effective 55.2 General provisions.

date. 55.3 Employees excepted.

Section 55.1 Definitions. As used in this part "employee” and "employees" shall include:

(a) Officer and officers, respectively.

(b) Permanent employees--those appointed without limitation as to length of service or for definite periods in excess of 6 months.

"1 F.R. 766.

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**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 54.1.

(c) Temporary employees—those appointed for definite periods of time not exceeding 6 months.

(d) Emergency employees—those whose compensation is paid from emergency funds and whose tenure of appointment is limited to the period for which the emergency funds are available.

(e) Indefinite employees—those appointed for the “duration of the job” and those who, although paid only when actually employed, are continuously employed or required to be available for duty for a period of not less than one month, as distinguished from part-time or intermittent employees.**

*88 55.1 to 55.4, inclusive, issued under the authority contained in sec. 7, 49 Stat. 1162; 5 U.S.C., Sup., 30e.

†The source of 88 55.1 to 55.4, inclusive, (except for the amendment noted in the text,) is Executive Order 7847, prescribing Regulations relating to sick leave of government employees, Mar. 21, 1938, 3 F.R. 614.

55.2 General provisions. (a) Sick leave with pay shall be granted to employees when they are incapacitated for the performance of their duties by sickness, injury, or pregnancy and confinement, or when some member of the immediate family of the employee is afflicted with a contagious disease and requires the care and attendance of the employee, or when, through exposure to contagious disease, the presence of the employee at his post of duty would jeopardize the health of others.

(b) Except as provided in (c), employees shall be entitled to sick leave at the rate of 114 days a month, and if such leave is not used it shall accumulate: Provided, That the total accumulation shall not exceed 90 days. Sick leave accruing during any month of service shall be available at any time during the month.

(c) In cases of serious disability or ailments, and when the exigencies of the situation so require, sick leave may be advanced not in excess of 30 days in addition to the unused sick leave that has accumulated to the credit of the employee: Provided, That temporary employees shall not be entitled to an advance of sick leave: And provided further, That no advances of sick leave shall be made to any employee unless the absence from duty on account of illness is for a period, or periods, of not less than 5 consecutive days, except that advanced leave in a less amount may be granted to supplement accrued leave to cover a continuous absence of 5 days or more; that every case of advanced leave shall be supported by a certificate of a registered practicing physician or other practitioner; that the total of such advances shall not at any time exceed 30 days in excess of the accumulated sick leave; and that such advances shall be charged against sick leave subsequently accumulating.

(d) When an employee applies for sick leave in excess of the amount accumulated to his credit and the circumstances do not justify such an advance, the excess leave applied for, if granted and used, shall be charged against any unused annual leave to which the employee is entitled, or, if there is no unused annual leave, the excess shaủl be charged as leave without pay, and such excess leave, however charged, shall not thereafter be converted into either sick or annual leave subsequently accumulating.

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(e) Sick leave shall not be advanced in an amount that would exceed the total that would accumulate during the period from the date of the advance to the termination of a limited appointment (not temporary in character) or one expiring on a specified date.

(f) Advanced sick leave may be granted irrespective of whether the employee has to his credit unused annual leave.

(g) Sick leave shall not be granted for slight illness or indisposition not incapacitating the employee for the performance of his regular duties, or for absence for the purpose of being treated professionally by a dentist or oculist in his office; but sick leave may be granted for detention at home or in a hospital by illness or disability due to causes as to which a dentist or oculist is qualified to certify.

(h) Effective as of January 1, 1938, an employee transferred or reappointed without break in service from one permanent, emergency, or indefinite position to another permanent, emergency, or indefinite position within the same or a different Government agency shall be credited with accumulated sick leave and charged with sick leave previously advanced in excess of that accumulated at the time of transfer or reappointment. “Break in service” means separation from the service for a period of one or more work days. [As amended by E.O. 7880, May 9, 1938, 3 F.R. 905]

(i) Sick leave shall accrue to an employee while in a leave-with-pay status. Sick leave shall not accumulate to an employee while in a non-pay status due to leave without pay or furlough when the duration of such non-pay status in any calendar year aggregates 30 days or more: Provided, That when the duration of such non-pay status is in excess of 30 days in any calendar year, such excess shall affect the accumulation of sick leave only when it aggregates 10 days, and likewise for each aggregate period of 10 days thereafter. Sick leave shall not accrue during any period of suspension for disciplinary

(j) In the case of voluntary separation or removal for cause of an employee to whom sick leave has been advanced in an amount in excess of that accumulated, the employee shall refund the amount paid him for the period of such excess, or deduction therefor shall be made from any salary due him or from any deductions in the retirement fund to his credit. Such indebtedness shall be charged against the employee on the basis of the salary rate obtaining during the period of advanced sick leave, and on the basis of 1 day's pay for each day of absence, inclusive of Sundays and holidays. Absences for fractional parts of a day will be charged proportionately. Refund shall not be required in cases of death, retirement for age or disability, reduction of force, or when an employee who is no eligible for retirement is unable to return to duty because of disability, which shall be evidenced by an acceptable certificate from a registered practicing physician or other practitioner.

(k) Sundays, holidays, and non-work days within a period of sick leave shall be charged as sick leave, except when immediately preceding or following a period of sick leave, if the employee shall have

reasons.

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been in a pay status immediately prior to or following such Sundays, holidays, or non-work days.

(1) The minimum charge for absence on account of sickness, except on Saturdays or on other days on which 4 hours constitute a full work day, shall be 42 day; and additional fractions authorized on the same day shall be charged in multiples of 12 hour. On Saturdays, or other days on which 4 hours constitute a full work day, absences on account of illness shall be charged as follows: For 2 hours or less12 day; for more than 2 hours and not more than 3 hours—34 of a day; for more than 3 hours a full day.

(m) Notification of absence on account of sickness shall be given as soon as possible on the first day of absence. If such notification is not made in accordance with this paragraph, such absence may be charged to annual leave or leave without pay. Application for sick leave shall be filed within 2 days after return to duty.

(n) Application for sick leave for a period in excess of 3 days shall be supported by a certificate of a registered practicing physician or other practitioner, except that in remote localities where such certificate cannot reasonably be obtained, the applicant's signed statement as to the nature of the illness and the reason why a certificate is not furnished, may be accepted. For periods of 3 days or less, the total of which shall not exceed 12 days in any 1 calendar year, the applicant's signed statement on a prescribed form may be accepted.

(o) When sickness continuing for more than 5 days occurs within a period of annual leave, the period of illness may, upon presentation of the certificate of a registered practicing physician or other practitioner, be charged as sick leave, and the charge against annual leave reduced accordingly. No such charge against sick leave shall be made for illness which does not last more than 5 days. Application for such substitution of sick leave for annual leave shall be made within 2 days after the expiration of the annual-leave period: Provided, That this provision may be waived by the head of the department or agency concerned.

(p) Sick leave may not be granted for a period immediately following a period of absence in a non-pay status, unless and until there is a return to actual duty, nor may such leave without pay be converted into sick leave.

(9) Sick leave accumulated during temporary appointment shall be credited to an employee who receives a permanent appointment in the same Government agency without break in service but shall not be transferable elsewhere under any circumstances.

(r) In the case of an employee who was not entitled to sick leave under prior law, but who is now entitled thereto, sick leave as accumulated may be substituted for leave without pay or annual leave taken because of illness between January 1 and March 14, 1936.

(s) Sick leave taken in excess of 114 days a month during the period between January 1 and March 14, 1936, shall be charged against sick leave subsequently accumulating.

(t) Nothing in the regulations in this part shall be construed to prevent the continuance of any sick leave differential existing prior

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