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Thus the section number to be given to the 21st section in part 25 would be 25.21.

In cases where it is desired, subject to the approval of the Codification Board, the serial numbers following the decimal point, assigned to individual sections, may correspond with the present numbering of sections in the document forming the original source of the codification.

Thus, assuming that the part number 100 were to be assigned to Regulations 94 of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, Art. 113 (a) (8)-1 of Regulations 94, would have the following number: 110.113 (a) (8)-1.

(d) Alternative method of section numbering. The internal structure of sections may be indicated by the following alternative method of numbering:

(1) First method : Sections may be subdivided into paragraphs designated by lower case letters in parentheses, and subparagraphs into subdivisions, designated by lower case Roman numerals in parentheses, thus Terminology:

symbol Paragraph-

(a) Subparagraph.--

(2) Subdivision --

(2) Second or decimal method: In this system sections may be designated by the first, first two, or more digits to the right of the deoimal point in the section number, depending upon the structure of the part. Such sections may be subdivided into paragraphs, subparagraphs and subdivisions, which may be designated by adding one, two, or three digits to the section number, as the case may be. Thus, in a part requiring two digits to the right of the decimal point for section numbers, the break-down would be as follows:

Numbering Terminology:



1. 12 Paragraph.

1. 125 Subparagraph --

1. 1253 Subdivision------------------

- 1. 12539 (3) In general, the numbering within sections should conform to one of the systems indicated in (1) and (2), and the method adopted by the agency should be uniform throughout each chapter. In special cases, to be approved by the Board, the method employed in an individual part may be varied from that generally adopted for the chapter, or where there is a substantial need to retain the identity of a numbering system because of the wide-spread use of the document codified, adequate alternative methods of numbering within sections may be employed.

(4) The numbering system employed to designate sections or subdivisions thereof shall be uniformly applied throughout the chapter or part affected.*i


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**For statutory and source citations, see note to s 1.0. 1.10 Tables of contents; indexing; heads; captions. Each submission of the codification should be accompanied by a table of contents, giving the titles, chapters, parts, sections, and paragraphs, together with their numbers, headings, and headnotes. Agencies are not required to prepare indexes but they are invited to submit indexes to aid the Board in its indexing of the codifications.

(a) Tables of contents to be included. The tables of contents shall be included in copy for all:

Titles including two or more chapters or subtitles.
Titles without chapters but including two or more parts.

Departmental subtitles (see § 1.8 (b) (3)) including two or more parts.

Chapters including two or more parts.
Parts including two or more sections.

(b) Tables of contents not necessary to be included. Except upon special instructions by the Board, no tables of contents shall be included in copy for:

Titles comprising a single chapter.
Titles without chapters comprising a single part.
Departmental subtitles comprising a single part.
Non-departmental subtitles (see § 1.8 (b) (3)).
Chapters comprising a single part.
Parts comprising a single section.

(c) Tables of contents explained. In the application of this provision, the following examples may be followed :

(1) Tables of contents for titles including two or more chapters shall show the numbers and captîons of all chapters included in title, the numbers of the first part included in each chapter, and all subtitles, in the following form:





----------- 51

Subtitle A-Office of the Secretary of the Interior---------
Subtitle B-Land Regulations
Chapter I General Land Office, Department of the Interior.------
Chapter II Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior----------- 401

(2) Tables of contents for titles without chapters, departmental subtitles and chapters, including two or more parts, shall show the numbers and captions of all parts included in the chapter or subtitle and all subtitles, in the following form:




Part 51 Public Land Laws, Alaska

56 Coordination and


of (3) Tables of contents for parts shall show the numbers and headnotes of all sections included in the part, and the captions and numbers, if any, of all subparts or analogous guide lines, in the following form:

work in Alaska

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Appraisal of cattle 81.1 Words, names and terms, meaning. 81.3 By whom appraised.

Cooperation with States and Ter- 81.4 How reported.

81.5 Proceeds of marketing, report. 81.2 Chief of Bureau of Animal In

dustry authorized to cooperate

with States and Territories. (d) Numbers and captions in tables of contents. The numbers and captions of subtitles, titles, subchapters, parts, subparts, sections, etc., in tables of contents shall correspond literally with those in the text (except that the dash in chapters and part heads is to be omitted in listing these items in title or chapter tables of contents).

(e) Heads for titles, etc. Heads for titles, subtitles, chapters, subchapters, parts, and lettered or numbered subparts, shall include the designation and number or letter of the title, etc., separated by a dash from the caption, in the following form:


Subpart heads, if not numbered or lettered (see § 1.9 (b)) shall include the designation and subpart separated by a dash from the caption, thus

SUBPART—DEFINITIONS The following shall not be included in captions in heads: (1) The article “the” as an initial word in the caption.

(2) Concluding prepositions in heads (which are in inverted order so as to commence with significant words). . (f) Punctuation of heads. Heads shall be punctuated as follows:

(1) Commas, semicolons, and colons, not periods or dashes, are to be used to separate items without captions.

(2) Dashes shall be used to separate the number, letter, or designation in a center head from the caption (see (e) of this section); a section, paragraph, or subparagraph sidehead in the text from a following sidehead.

(3) There shall be no punctuation between a section, paragraph, etc., number or letter and the sidehead or text following.

(4) There shall be the following punctuation at the end of the heads:

Centered heads: None.
Sideheads for notes, etc.: Colon.

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Sideheads in body of text, (section, paragraph, etc., headnotes) : Period, if followed by text. Dash, if followed by sidehead. (See (f) (2).)

(g) Captions for chapters assigned to subdivisions of departments. Such captions shall include the departmental designation, in the following form:

Chapter head: Chapter 1-General Land Office, Department of the Interior.

Table of contents for title: Chapter I-General Land Office, Department of the Interior. Part 51. Running head: Chapter I-General Land Office (Interior).

(h) Captions for subtitles and subchapters in sideheads for notes to sections. In captions for subtitles and subchapters and in sideheads for notes to sections (which are to be set in capitals and small capitals), the initial letters of all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs (including both elements of the verb “to be”), adverbs, interjections and prepositions or conjunctions (which have four or more letters), should be capitalized. The remaining letters in such captions, including the initial letters of articles and prepositions or conjunctions of less than four letters, should be typed in lower case. In headnotes to sections, paragraphs, etc., the initial letters of the first word of all proper names only shall be capitalized.**

1.11 Joint regulations. Whenever two or more Federal agencies issue documents jointly, or whenever an agency issues documents affecting two or more agencies, the problem of the location of the joint regulations within the codifications involved should be submitted to the Board.**

STYLE 1.12 Abbreviations; CFR. Each agency shall join with the Board in settling the abbreviations peculiar to, and to be used by, the agency so that the same abbreviations will be used by all agencies for the same material.

“CFR” shall be used as the abbreviation for the Code of Federal Regulations.**

1.13 Style manual. Punctuation, capitalization, orthography, and other matters of style shall conform, so far as practicable, to the most recent edition of the Style Manual of the United States Government Printing Office. Spelling of geographic names shall conform to the most recent decisions of the United States Geographic Board made pursuant to Executive Orders, No. 27-A of September 4, 1890, No. 399 of January 23, 1906, and No. 6680 of April 17, 1934.* +

1.14 Description of tracts of land. Descriptions of tracts of land shall conform, so far as practicable, with the most recent edition of the Specifications for Descriptions of Tracts of Land for Use in Executive orders and Proclamations, issued by the Board of Surveys and Maps of the Federal Government.**

1.15 Cross references—(a) Within a title. Cross references to material within the same title in which the reference occurs should be made without referring to the title number. Thus, a cross reference to a chapter within the title, a part within the title, a section

farza Descriptions, issued

**For statutory and source citations, see note to 8 1.0.

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within the title, or a paragraph within the title, should be made, respectively, as follows:

Chapter II.
Part 30.
$ 30.19.
§ 30.19 (a) (where the reference is to a paragraph).

(b) From the body of one title to material contained in other titles. Cross references from one title to material in another title should include the title number and the Code symbol CFR. Thus, for example, cross references to a chapter, a part, a section, or a paragraph in another title should be, respectively, in the following forms:

10 CFR Chapter II.
10 CFR Part 30.
10 CFR 30.19.
10 CFR 30.19 (a) (where the reference is to a paragraph).*+

1.16 Codification of Executive orders and Presidential proclamations. The Act of June 19, 1937 (50 Stat. 304; 44 U.S.C., Sup., 311), contemplates the inclusion in the codification of each agency of all Executive orders or Presidential proclamations which are in force and effect and relied upon by the agency as authority for, or invoked or used by it in the discharge of, its duties and which are of general applicability and legal effect. This requirement is subject to the special rules outlined in § 1.17 respecting Executive orders and Presidential proclamations which contain land descriptions.*+

DOCUMENTS RELATING TO PUBLIC LANDS 1.17 Codification of Executive orders, Presidential proclamations, and other documents relating to public lands. Codifications of the several agencies need not include documents which contain only land descriptions. In cases where documents contain codifiable regulatory material and also land descriptions such land descriptions may be included in the codification to preserve the sense and continuity of the document. In cases where the rights of private citizens are affected by land descriptions which embody reservations or define areas for public purposes, such descriptions should be included in the codifications of the several agencies, in tabulated form.

(a) Cases requiring tabulation. In the following cases such tabulation should be made:

(1) All Executive orders and Presidential proclamations affecting military and naval reservations.

(2) All Executive orders and Presidential proclamations defining boundaries of wildlife refuges or designating portions of these areas as subject to specific types of regulations.

(3) All Presidential proclamations and Executive orders affecting national forests, monuments, and parks. All orders of the Secretary of the Interior designating national historical sites.

(4) All orders of the Secretary of the Interior establishing or modifying the descriptions of land within grazing districts.

(5) Executive orders prohibiting flight over restricted areas.

**For statutory and source citations, see note to s 1.0.

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