Market Expansion for U.S.-produced Wine: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Trade of the Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, Second Session, July 24, 1984
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1985 - Foreign trade regulation - 244 pages
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action addition administration agreement agricultural agricultural product alcoholic beverages Amendment American Association authority average barriers bill bottle Brock California Chairman GIBBons Commerce Commission Committee Community concerns Congress considered Constitution consumption continue countries Court crush decision Department determination dollar domestic domestic wine duty economic effect European existing exports federal follows foreign France FRENzEL GATT Government grape growers hearing imports included increase injury interest International Trade issue Italy legislation major Michigan million gallons negotiations percent practices present President problem processed proposed question raisin record reduce regard regulation relations Representative require respect restrictions result share shipments Sources statement Subcommittee subsidies substitute table wine tariff Thank tion tons trade U.S. wine United varieties Wine Equity Act wine exports wine industry wine production wineries York
Page 177 - It is quite apparent that if, in the maintenance of our international relations, embarrassment — perhaps serious embarrassment — is to be avoided and success for our aims achieved, congressional legislation which is to be made effective through negotiation and inquiry within the international field must often accord to the President a degree of discretion and freedom from statutory restriction which would not be admissible were domestic affairs alone involved.
Page 177 - The President is the constitutional representative of the United States with regard to foreign nations. He manages our concerns with foreign nations and must necessarily be most competent to determine when, how, and upon what subjects negotiation may be urged with the greatest prospect of success. For his conduct he is responsible to the Constitution.
Page 178 - And while this rule in respect of treaties is established by the express language of cl. 2, Art. VI, of the Constitution, the same rule would result in the case of all international compacts and agreements from the very fact that complete power over international affairs is in the national government and is not and cannot be subject to any curtailment or interference on the part of the several states.
Page 176 - The President is the sole organ of the nation in its external relations, and its sole representative with foreign nations.
Page 110 - The Equal Protection Clause of that amendment does, however, deny to States the power to legislate that different treatment be accorded to persons placed by a statute into different classes on the basis of criteria wholly unrelated to the objective of that statute.
Page 187 - Congress may touch a field in which the federal interest is so dominant that the federal system will be assumed to preclude enforcement of state laws on the same subject.
Page 217 - The Legislature shall provide for apportioning the amounts collected for license fees or occupation taxes under the provisions hereof between the State and the cities, counties and cities and counties of the State, in such manner as the Legislature may deem proper.
Page 216 - Governor subject to confirmation by a majority vote of all the members elected to the Senate, and shall serve at the pleasure of the Governor. The director may be removed from office by the Governor, and the Legislature shall have the power, by a majority vote of all members elected to each house, to remove the director from office for dereliction of duty or corruption or incompetency. The...
Page 224 - domestic like product" and the "industry." 8 Section 771(4)(A) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act), defines the relevant domestic industry as the "producers as a [w]hole of a domestic like product, or those producers whose collective output of a domestic like product constitutes a major proportion of the total domestic production of the product." 9 In turn, the Act defines "domestic like product...