Statistical Method from the Viewpoint of Quality Control
Dover Publications, 1986 - Business & Economics - 155 pages
The application of statistical methods in mass production make possible the most efficient use of raw materials and manufacturing processes, economical production, and the highest standards of quality for manufactured goods. In this classic volume, based on a series of ground-breaking lectures given to the Graduate School of the Department of Agriculture in 1938, Dr. Shewhart illuminated the fundamental principles and techniques basic to the efficient use of statistical method in attaining statistical control, establishing tolerance limits, presenting data, and specifying accuracy and precision.
In the first chapter, devoted to statistical control, the author broadly defines the three steps in quality control: specification, production, and inspection; then outlines the historical background of quality control. This is followed by a rigorous discussion of the physical and mathematical states of statistical control, statistical control as an operation, the significance of statistical control and the future of statistics in mass production.
Chapter II offers a thought-provoking treatment of the problem of establishing limits of variability, including the meaning of tolerance limits, establishing tolerance limits in the simplest cases and in practical cases, and standard methods of measuring. Chapter III explores the presentation of measurements of physical properties and constants. Among the topics considered are measurements presented as original data, characteristics of original data, summarizing original data (both by symmetric functions and by Tchebycheff's theorem), measurement presented as meaningful predictions, and measurement presented as knowledge.
Finally, Dr. Shewhart deals with the problem of specifying accuracy and precision — the meaning of accuracy and precision, operational meaning, verifiable procedures, minimum quantity of evidence needed for forming a judgment and more.
Now available for the first time in this inexpensive paperbound format, this highly respected study will be welcomed by mathematics students, engineers, researchers in industry and agriculture — anyone in need of a lucid, well-written explanation of how to regulate variable and maintain control over statistics in order to achieve quality control over manufactured products, crops, and data.
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CHAPTER ISTATISTICAL CONTROL
THE STATE OF STATISTICAL CONTROL The physical state of statistical
STATISTICAL CONTROL AS AN OPERATION The operation of statistical
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accuracy and precision applied approach assignable causes assume attain average basis bowl called chapter color concept consider constant constitute criteria criterion definite determine discussion distribution drawings economic efficient engineer error essential establishing estimate evidence example exists expected experience experimental fact functions fundamental future give given Hence illustrations important indicate infinite sequence involved judgment kind knowledge materials mathematical meaning measurements method necessary normal noted numbers objective observed obtained operation operationally original data percent physical possible practical prediction present probability problem production quality characteristic random reason requirement rule sample scientific scientist sense shown shows simple specification standard statement statistical control statistician steps symbol taken theory tion tolerance limits tolerance range true value universe valid variability verifiable viewpoint