Pursuing Equal Opportunities: The Theory and Practice of Egalitarian Justice

Front Cover
This book offers original and innovative contributions to the debate about equality of opportunity. The first part sets out a theory of equality of opportunity that presents equal opportunities as a normative device for the regulation of competition for scarce resources. The second part shifts the focus to the consideration of the practical application by courts or legislatures or public policy makers of policies for addressing racial, class or gender injustices. The author examines standardized tests, affirmative action, workfare, universal health-care, comparable worth, and the economic consequences of divorce.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
3
EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES AS REGULATIVE IDEAL
10
22 AN OUTLINE OF THE THREEDIMENSIONAL MODEL
13
23 EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR WHAT?
21
24 BACKGROUND FAIRNESS AND STATUS EQUALITY
29
25 THE IDEA OF STAKES FAIRNESS
37
26 CONCLUSION
47
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY WITHOUT NATURAL INEQUALITIES
48
53 TAKING INTEGRATION SERIOUSLY AGAIN
124
54 THE VALUE OF DIVERSITY AND INTEGRATION
129
55 THE RATIONALE FOR AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
134
56 CONCLUSION
141
CLASS
143
JUSTIFYING WORKFARE
145
62 MAKING SENSE OF WORKFARE
149
63 WORKFARE AND THE RELEVANCE OF STAKES FAIRNESS
161

32 THE ASSUMPTION ABOUT NATURAL INEQUALITIES
51
33 THE MYTH OF NATURAL INEQUALITIES
53
LEARNING FROM THE IQ DEBATE
61
35 TWO OTHER ISSUES ABOUT NATURE AND JUSTICE
71
36 EGALITARIAN JUSTICE WITHOUT NATURAL INEQUALITY
72
37 THE VULNERABLE MINORITY APPROACH
74
38 CONCLUSION
79
RACE
81
EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES AND CIVIL RIGHTS MERIT STANDARDIZED TESTS AND HIGHER EDUCATION
83
42 STANDARDIZED TESTS IN AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES
86
43 MERITOCRACY REGULATED BY EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES
88
44 THE IMPLICATIONS FOR CIVIL RIGHTS
101
45 THE WORRY ABOUT AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
111
46 CONCLUSION
114
INTEGRATION DIVERSITY AND AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
116
52 DIVERSITY OF WHAT? DIVERSITY FOR WHOM?
122
64 CONCLUSION
168
UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
169
73 TWO EGALITARIAN STRATEGIES
176
74 CONCLUSION
200
GENDER
203
GENDER INEQUALITIES IN THE WORKPLACE
205
82 UNDERSTANDING GENDER GAPS IN THE WORKPLACE
209
83 IS THE SECOND SHIFT UNFAIR TO WOMEN?
213
84 WHY FAMILIES ARE BEYOND EQUAL OPPORTUNITY REGULATION
219
85 CONCLUSION
224
EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES AFTER DIVORCE
226
92 WHATS WRONG WITH FAULTBASED DIVORCE LAW?
230
93 CONCLUSION
250
Bibliography including cases cited
251
Index
267
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