Learning Politeness: Disagreement in a Second Language
This book examines how Japanese learners of English learned about managing politeness while they were studying at language schools in New Zealand. Specifically, it investigates how they learned to produce and interpret a range of disagreement strategies during oppositional talk with native speakers of English. Employing a combined qualitative and quantitative approach to data analysis, the book discusses the initial pragmatic competence of the learners, and describes how their competence developed over a ten-week period.
The book outlines some points of cultural divergence which may have influenced the direction and the extent of the learners' pragmatic development. It also sheds light on the language-acquisition strategies utilised by the learners during their tenure in the host culture. Most crucially, the book illuminates patterns of directness and indirectness in the learners' selected disagreement strategies. These patterns challenge the generally accepted theory that politeness always increases with social distance.
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Examining shifts in production
Utterance length in disagreements
Recognising and interpreting disagreements
acquisition affective speech acts appropriate arrival group assessments Bardovi-Harlig Blum-Kulka Brown and Levinson cognitive context cross-cultural DCT questionnaire DCT situations disagreement speech acts disagreement strategies disagreement utterances discourse analysis discussed enryo example face-loss Fukushima hedged high social distance implicature implied disagreement in-group indirect interaction interlocutor politeness interpret Japan Japanese language Japanese learners JLE group JLE new arrival JLE participants judgment task Kasper L2 learners language learners learners of English linguistic mean native speakers native-speaker negatively affective speech norms Olshtain and Weinbach paralinguistic pattern perceived perceptions politeness strategies potential power distance power-equal situations power-unequal pragmalinguistic pragmatically sophisticated present study production data relationship responses role-play data s/he scenarios second language second language acquisition shift Shortland Street situational severity social distance situations sociopragmatic speakers of English speech behaviour Strategy score strategy selection Table target culture theory TV segments utterance length variables Wolfson's Zealand English