Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers

Front Cover
Catia Bastioli
iSmithers Rapra Publishing, 2005 - Science - 534 pages
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In recent years the use of renewable resources as chemical feedstocks for the synthesis of polymeric materials has attracted considerable attention due to the finite nature of traditional petrochemical derived compounds in addition to economic and environmental considerations. A key goal of the coming years will be the development of sustainable raw materials for the chemical industry that will replace current fossil-based feedstocks. This book gives a thorough overview of the manufacture and uses of low environmental impact polymers.
 

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Contents

Biodegradability of Polymers Mechanisms and Evaluation Methods
1
Biodegradation Behaviour of Polymers in Liquid Environments
33
Defined Liquid Media
43
Biodegradation Behaviour of Polymers in the Soil
57
Ecotoxicological Aspects in the Biodegradation Process of Polymers
103
References
137
International and National Norms on Biodegradability
145
References
175
References
241
StarchBased Technology
257
PolyLactic Acid and Copolyesters
287
AliphaticAromatic Polyesters
303
Material Formed from Proteins
339
Enzyme Catalysis in the Synthesis of Biodegradable Polymers
385
of Lactones
402
Environmental Life Cycle Comparisons of Biodegradable Plastics
431

General Characteristics Processability Industrial Applications
183
References
212
Polyhydroxyalkanoates
219
Biodegradable Polymers and the Optimisation of Models
485
Abbreviations
507
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