Compound Words in Spanish: Theory and History
This is the first book devoted entirely to the history of compound words in Spanish. Based on data obtained from Spanish dictionaries and databases of the past thousand years, it documents the evolution of the major compounding patterns of the language. It analyzes the structural, semantic, and orthographic features of each compound type, and also provides a description of its Latin antecedents, early attestations, and relative frequency and productivity over the centuries. The combination of qualitative and quantitative data shows that although most compound types have survived, they have undergone changes in word order and relative frequency. Moreover, the book shows that the evolution of compounding in Spanish may be accounted for by processes of language acquisition in children. This book, which includes all the data in chronological and alphabetical order, will be a valuable resource for morphologists, Romance linguists, and historical linguists more generally.
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List of figures
List of tables
List of abbreviations used
Chapter 1 Definitions
Chapter 2 The internal structure of compounds
Chapter 3 Finding compounds
Chapter 4 Endocentric compounds with adverbial nonheads
Chapter 5 Endocentric compounds with nominal nonheads
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adjectival adjective adverb agua appear araña attested by century Au,M bien carta casa Century Compound Earliest Chapter complex Compound Earliest form compound patterns compound status compounds attested compounds in Spanish concatenative compounds considered coordination CORDE database denote dictionaries DRAE dvandvas Earliest form Sources endocentric Endocentric and exocentric español example exhibit exocentric full form Google head-final head-final compounds head-final patterns head-initial hierarchical compounds historical hombre inflection internal structure interpretation language Last Latin lengua lexemes lexical category Linguistics linking vowel literal gloss mala meaning N]N compounds N]N pattern nominal compounds nominal constituent nominal head non-head noun number of compounds one-word spelling orthographic pájaro papel percentage period phrasal plural possible pounds predicate preposition Real Academia Española relationship Romance Section semantic Sources First att Spanish compounding speakers suffixation syntactic syntax theta role tion total number two-word spelling univerbation verb verbal WCMP word class marker